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EXAMPLES IN

REDUCTION OF FEDERAL MONEY. 1. Reduce 2745 dollars into cents.

2745 dollars Here I multiply by 100, the : : 100 : cents in a dollar; but dollars are

*, Sreadily brought into cents by anAns. 274500 nexing two cyphers, and into

) mills by annexing three cyphers. Also, any sum in Federal money may be written down as a whole number and expressed in its lowest denomination; for, when dollars and cents are joined together as a whole number, without a separatrix, they will shew how many cents the given sum contains; and when dollars, cents, and mills are so joined together, they will shew the whole number of mills in the given sum. Hence, properly speaking, there is no reduction of tliis money; for cents are readily turned into dollars by cutting off the two right hand figures, and mills by pointing off three figures with a dot; the figures to the left hand of the dot, are dollars; and the figures cut off are cents, or cents and mills. 2. In 345 dollars, how many cents and mills ?

Ans. 34500cts. 345000 mills. 3. Reduce 48 dols. 78 cts. into cents. Ans. 4878 4. Reduce 25 dols. 8 cts, into aents. Ans. 2508 5. Reduce 54 dols. 36 cts. 5m. into mills. Ans. 54365 6. Reduce 9 dols. 9 cts. Om. into mills. Ans. 9099

$ cts. 7. Reduce 41925 cents into dollars. Ans. 419 25 8. Change, 4896 cents into dollars.

48 96 9. Change 45009 cents into dollars.

450 09 10. Bring 4625 mills into dollars.

4 625

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2. TROY WEIGHT. 1. How many grains in a silver tankard, that weighs lb. 11 oz. 15 pwt. ?

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359 quarters,

Proof. 28

16)161068 . 2876 . 28)10066 120. 719

4)359 1415. 10066 pounds.

16 89cwt. Sgre. 1411, 12oz,

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4. APOTHECARIMS' WEIGMT. 1. In 91 83 13 29 19grs. how many grains.

Ans. 55799. 2. In 55799 grains, how many pounds ?

Ans. 83 13 23 199*r.

5. CLOTH MEASURE.
1. In 95 yards, how many quarters and nails ?

ins, 380grs. 1520na. 2. In 341 yards, 3qrs. Ina. how many nails ?

Ans. 5460. 3. In 3783 nails, how many yards ?

Ans. 236yds. 1gr. 3na. 4. In 61 Ells English, how many quarters and nails ?

Aus. S05grs. 1220na. 5. In 56 Ells Flemish, how many quarters and nails?

Ans. 168grs. 672ná. 6. In 148 Ells English, how many Ells Flemish ?

Åns. 246E. F. 2008. 7. In 1920 nails, how many yards, Ells Flemish, and Ells English ?

Ans. 120yds. 160E. F. and 96E. E. 8. How many coats can be made out of 364 yards of broadcloth, allowing 14 yards to a coat? Ans. 21.

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6. DRY MEASURE. 1. In 136 bushels, how many pecks, quarts and pints ?

. Ans. 544pks. 4352qts. 8704pts. 2. In 49 bush. 3pks. 5qts, how many quarts ?

Ans. 1597. 3. In 8704 pints, how many bushels Ans. 136. 4. In 1597 quarts, how many bushels ?

Ans. 49bus. 3pks. 5gts. 5. A man would ship 720 bushels of corn in barrels, which will hold s bushels, 3 pecks each, how many bare. rels must he get ?

- Ans. 192.

7. WINE MEASURE. 1. In 9 tuns of wine, how many hogsheads, gallons and quarts ?

Ans. 36hhds. 2268gal. 9072qts. 2. In 24 hhds. 18 gals. 2 qts. how many pints ?

Ans. 12244, 3. In 9072 quarts, how many tuns ? . Ans. 9. 4. In 1905 pints of wine, how many hogsheads ?

Ans. Shhds. 49gals. 1pt.

5. In 1789 quarts of cider, how many barrels ?

Ans. 14bls. 25qts. 6. What number of bottles, containing a pint and a half each, can be filled with a barrel of cider i Ans. 168..

7. How many pints, quarts, and two quarts, each an equal number, may be filled from a pipe of wine ?

Ans. 144.

18. LONG MEASURE.
1. In 51 miles, how many furlongs and poles ?

Ans. 408fur. *16320 poles.
2. In 49 yards, how many feet, inches, and barley-
corns ?

Ans. 147ft. 1764inch. 52926.c. 4.3. How many inches from Boston to New-York, it being 248 miles ?

Ans. 15713280inch. 4. In 4352 inches, how many yards ? .

1. Ans. 120yds. 2ft. 8in. 5. In 682 yards, how many rods P

Ans. 682x2-11=124rods.
6. In 15840 yards, how many miles and leagues ?

3 . Ans. 9m. Slea.
7. How many times will a carriage wheel, 16 feet and
9 inches in circumference, turn round in going from
New-York to Philadelphia; it being 96 miles ?

Ans. 30261 times, and 81 feet over.
8. How many barley-corns will reach round the globe,
it being 360 degrees ? ;

Ans. 4755801600.

9. LAND OR SQUARE MEASURE. I. In 241 acres, 3 roods and 25 poles, how many square : rods or perches ? ;

Ans. 38705perches. 1.2. In 20692 square poles, how many acres ?

. Ans. 129a. Ir. 12po. . . S. If a piece of land contain 24 acres, and an inclosure

of 17 acres, 3 roods, and 20 rods be taken out of it, how many perches are there in the remainder?

Ans. 980 perches. 4. Three fields contain, the first 7 acres, the second 10 acres, the thid 12 acres, 1 rood ; how many shares can they be divided into, each share to contain 76 rods ?

tors. 61 shares, and 44 rods over.

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