8. There were forty-one men concerned in the pay. ment of a sum of money, and each paid 3 dollars and 9 mills; how much was paid in all ? ' : Ans. $123 36cts. 9mills. 9. The number of inhabitants in the United States is five millions; now suppose each should pay the trifling sum of 5 cents a year, for the term of 12 years, towards a continental tax; how many dollars would be raised thereby Ans. three millions Dollars, 2. To Multiply the Denominations of Sterling Money, Weights, Measures, fc. RULE.* Write down the Multiplicand, and place the quantity underneath the least denomination, for the Multiplier, and in multiplying by it, observe the same rules for carrying from one denomination to another, as in Compound Addition. INTRODUCTORY EXAMPLES. £,. s. dog sa d. (ultiply 1 11 6 2 by 5. How much is 3 times 11 g * When accounts ari kept in pounds, shillings and pence, this kind of multiplication is a concise and elegant method of finding the value of goods at so much per yard, lb. &c. the general rule being to multiply the given price by the quantity. 1 12 5 Practical Questions. i. 60 5 6 price of one yard. Arts. 682 9 6 price of nine yards. ANSWERS. fr. s. d. f. s. d. 4 gallons of wine, at ở s per gallon. i 14 4 5 C. Malaga Raisins, at 1 2 3 per cwt. 5 11 3 7 reams of paper, at 0 17 9 per ream. 6 4 61 8 yds. of broadcloth, at 17 91 per yard. 11 2 4 9 lb. of cinnamon, at 0 11 43 per Ib. 5 2 21 11 tons of hay, at 2 1 10 per ton. 25. 0.2 12 bushels of apples, at 0 1 9 per busi. 1 10. 12 bushels of wheat, at 0 9 10 per bush. 5 18 0 1.2. When the multiplier, that is, the quantity, is a com posite number, and greater than 12, take any two such numbers as when multiplied together, will exactly produce the given quantity, and multiply first by one of those figures, and that product by the other; and the last proJuct will be the answer. EXAMPLES. • 6 10 price of one yard. 2 7 10 price of 7 yards.. Multip.y by Answer, 19: price of 28 yards. Produces 27 at IIIIIII QUESTIONS. ANSWERS. s. d. grs. £i. S. d. 24 yards at 7 4 3 per yard, = 8 17 6 9 100 13 5 6 44 - at 12 4 2 27 4 6 55 - at - 8 3 1 - - i = 22 14 103 72 - at 19 11 0. - :.= 71 14 0 20 at 3 6 % . = 3 10 10 84 at 18 4 2 - = 77 3 6 96 - at 11 9 = 56 8 0 63 --- at fr. 1 17 6 0 : 4 = 118 2 6 144 - at 1 4 2 0 = 174 0 0 3. When no two numbers multiplied together will ex. actly make the multiplier, you must multiply by any two whose product will come the nearest; then multiply the upper line by what remained ; which added to the last product gives the answer. * EXAMPLES. What will 47 yds. of cloth come to at 17s. 9d. per yd. ? £. S. d. to 17 9 price of 1 yard. is 1 15 6 price of 2 vards. . 4. To find the value of a hundred weight, by leaving the price of one pound. If the price be farthings, multiply 2s. 4d. by the farthings in the price of one lb.--Or, if the price be pence, multiply 9s. 4d. by the pence in the price of one lb. and in either case the product will be the answer. EXAMPLES. . S. d. 9 farthings in the price of 1 lb. 2) |