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Hundreds of Millions:

Tens of Millions. oov olundreds of Thousands.

600 Millions

coverTens of Thousands.
600 VOGA Thousands.
o voer A e Hundreds
voer AW 20 Tens. ..

ASO-Units.

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7.1 4 farthings 1 penny, d 9 8 12 pence, 1 shillings

9 20 stillings, 1 pound, £.l.

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To learn this Table : Find your multiplier in the left hand column, and the multiplicand a-tor, and in the common angle of meeting, or against your multiplier, along at the right hand, and under your multiplicand, you will mud the product, or answer.

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' 2. Tray Weight 24 grains (gr.) make 1 penny-weight, marked pwt. 20 penny-weights, 1 ounce, 12 ounces,

.. . 1 pound,

3. Avoircupois Weight.
16 drams (dr.) make 1 ounce,
16 ounces,

: 1 pound,
98 pounds, 1 quarter of a hundred weight,
4 quarters,

1 hundred weight, ewt. 30 hundred weight, 1 ton,

7. By this weight are weighed all coarse and drossy goods, grocery wares, and all metals except gold and silver.

4. 'Apothecaries Weight.

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20 grains (gr.) make 1 scruple,
3 scruples,

1 drain,
8 drams,

3 i 1 ounce, 12 ounces,

1 pound, Apothecaries use this weight in compounding their medicines.

5. Cloth Measure. 4 nails (na.) make 1 quarter of a yard, gr. 4 quarters,

1 yard, s quarters,

1 El Flemish, E. FI. 5 quarters,

1 Ell English, E. E. 6 quarters,

1 Eli French, E.Fr.

6. Dry Measure. 2 pints (pt.) maké 1 quart, 8 quarts,

1 peck, 4 pecks,

1 bushel, This measure is applied to grain, beans, flax-seed, salt, oats, oysters, coal, &c.

3.

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7. Wine Measure.

4 gills (gi.) make 1 pint,
2 pints,

I quart,
4 quarts,

1 gallon, 314 gallons,: 1 barrel, 42 gallons,

1 tierce, 63 gallons,

1 hogshead,
2 hogsheads, 1 pipe,
2 pipes,

1 tun, . ; All brandies, spirits, mead, vinegar, oil, &c. are mea, sured by wine measure. Note.-231 solid' inches, make a gallon.

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3 barley corns (b.c.) make 1 inch, marked ix. 12 inches,

1 foot, S feet,

1 yard, 54 yards,

1 rod, pole, or pereh, rd. 40 rods,

1 furlong, 8 furlongs.

1 mile, 3 miles,

1 league, 691 statute miles,

1 degree, on the earth.' 360 degrees, the circumference of the earth.

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The use of long measure is to measure the distance of places, or any other thing, where length is considered, without regard to breadth.

N. B. In measuring the height of horses, 4 inches make 1 hand. In measuring depths, six feet make 1 fathorn, or French toise. Distances are measured by a chain, four rods long, containing one hundred links

.. 9. Land, or Square Measure.
144 square inches make : 1 square foot.
9 square feet,

1 square yard.
301 square yards, or

1 square rod. 2724 square feet, s 40 square rods,

1 square rood. 4 square roods,

1 square acre. 640 square acres,

1 square mile.

10. Solid or Cubic Measure. 1728 solid inches make

1 solid foot. 40 feet of round timber, or 1 ton or load.' 50 feet of hewn timber, 128 solid feet or 8 feet long, 1cord of wood.

4 wide, and 4 high, All solids, or things that have length, breadth and depth, are measured by this measure. N. B. The wine gallon contains 231 solid or cubic inches, and the beer gallon, 282. A bushel contains 2150,42 solid inches.

11. Time. 60 seconds (S.) make 1 minute, marked S. M. 60 minutes,

1 hour, 24 hours,

I day,
7 days, in
1 week,

W.
4 weeks,
1 month,

mo. 13 months, 1 day and 6 hours, 1 Julian year, yr. "Thirty days hath September, April, June, and November, February twenty-eight alone, all the rest have thirty-one.

N. B. In bissextile, or leap year, February hath 29 days.

12. Circular Motion. 60 seconds (*) make 1 minute, 60 minutes,

.:. 1 degrees

1 sign, 12 signs, or 360 degrees, the whole great circle of the

30 degrees,

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