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... FEDERAL MONEY. NOTE 1. You must state the question, as taught in thie Rules foregoing, and after reducing the first and third terms to the same name, &c. you may multiply and diride according to the rules in decimals; or by the rules for inultiplying and dividing Federal Money,

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Ans. 26,52826, 52cts. But any sum in dollars and cents may be written down as a whole number, and expressed in its lowest denomi. nation, as in the following example: (See Reduction of Federal Money, page 67.).

20. What will 1 qr. 9 lb. sugar come to, at 6 dollars 45 cts. per cwt. ?

gr. lb. . Ib. cts. lb. '19 As 112 : 645 : : 37 281

37.

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NOTE 2 When tne first and third numbers are fede. ral money, you may annex cyphers, (if necessary) until you make their decimal places or figures at the right hand of the separatrix, equal : which will reduce them to a like denomination. Then you may multiply and di. vido, as in whole numbers, and the quotient will express the answer in the least denomination mentioned in the second, or middle term.

EXAMPLES

21. If 3 dollars will buy 7 yards of cloth, how many yards can I buy for 120 dollars, 75 cents ?

cts. yds... cts. As 300 : 7 :: 12075

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900(3qrs.
.

900
900

metre
$ cts.
23. If a man lays out 121, 23 in merchandize, and
thereby gains 39 dollars, 51 cts. how much will he gain
by laying out 12 dollars at the same rate i

Cents. cents. cents.
As 12123 : 3951 : : 1200

: 1200

--cts. 8 cts.
1212: 14741200(391=3,91 Anse

36369

110430'
109107

13230
12123

1107

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24. If the wages of 15 weeks come to 64 dols. 19 cts. what is a year's wages at that rate ?

Ans. 6222, 52cts, 5m. 25. A man bought sheep at 1 dol. 11 cts. per heail, to the amount of 51 dols. 6 cts.; how many sheep did he buy?

Ans. 46. 26. Bought 4 pieces of cloth, each piece containing 31 yards, ac 16s. 6d. per yard, (New-England currency) what does the whole amount to in federal money ?

;

Ans. 341. 27. When a tun of wine cost 140 dollars, what cost a quart?

ins. 15cts, 8 Shi. 28. A merchant agreed with his debtor, that if lie would pay him down 65 cents on a doilar, he would give him up a note of hand of 249 dollars, 88 cts. ; I demand what the debtor must pay for his note ? "

Ans. $162, 42ets. 2m. 29. If 12 horses eat up 30 bushels of oats in a week, how many bushels will serve 45 horses the same time?

. .Ans. 112) bushels. 80. Bought a piece of cloth for S-18 27 cts. at 1 dollar 19 cents per yard ; how many yards did it contain ?

1 Ans. 40yds. 2475. 36. 31. Bought 3 hhds of sugar, each weighiny 8 cwt. Par: 12 lb. at 7 dollars, 26 cents per cwt. what coine they to?

Ans. $182 lot, Sin. 32. What is the price of 4 pieces of cloth, the first piace containing 21, the second 23, the third 24, and the fourth 27 yarıls at i dollar 43 cents a yard ?

ns. $135 85cts. 21+25+244-27=95yds. 33. Bought 3 hhds. of brandy, containing a1, 62, 62} gallons, at 1 dollar, 58 cents per gallon, I demand how much they amount to?

Ans. $255, 99ets. 34. Suppose a gentleman's income is 1836 dollars a year, and he spends 'S dollars 49 cents a day, one day with another, how much wili he have saved at the yeaii's end.

Ans. $562, 15cts. 35. If my horse stands me in 20 cents per day keening, what will be the charge of 11 horses for the year, at that rate?

Ans. $903.

and

36. A merchant bought 14 pipes of wine, and is allow ed 6 months credit, but for ready money gets it 8 cents a gallon cheaper; how much did he save by paying ready money

: : Ars. $141, 12 cents. EXAMPLES-Promiscuously placed. ?

57. Sold a ship for 5371. and I owned of her; what was my part of the money? Ans. (201 7s. 6d.

58. It is of a sixip cost 781 dollars 25 cents, what is the whole worth ?

As 5 : 781,25 : : 16 : 2500 Ans. 39. If I buy 54 yards of cloth for: Sil. 103. what did it cost per Eli English ?.

Ans. 145, 7d. 40. Bought of Mr. Grocer, 11 cwt. Sqrs. of sugar, at 8 dollars 12 cents per cwt. and gave bin James Paywell's note for 191. 745. (New-England currency) the rest I pay in caslı; tell me how many dollars will make up the balance ?

ins. $30, 91 cts. 41. If a staff 5 feet long casts a shade on level ground 8 feet, what is the height of that stucple whose shade at the same time measures 181 feet ? Ans. 119 ft.

42. If a gentleman has an income of 300 English guineas a year, how much may he spend, one day with another, to lay up 500 dollars at the year's end ?

Anns. 82, 46cts. 5m. 43. Bought 50 pieces of kerseys, each 34 Ells-Flemish, at 8s. 4d. per Ell-English; what did the whole cost?

i Ans. £425. 44. Bought 200 yards of cambrick for 901. but being damaged, I am willing to lose 71. 10s. by the sale of it; what inust I demand per Ell-English ? Ans. 10s. 334.'

45. How many pieces of Holland, each 20 Ells-Flemish, may I have for 231. 88. at 6s. 6d. per Ell-English:

. Ans. 6 pieces, 46. A merchant bought a bale of cloth containing 240 yards, at the rate of 71 dollars for 5 yards, and sold it again at the rate of 114 dollars for 7 vards; did he gaina or lose by thc bargain, and how much?

Ans. He gained $25,71cts. 471.

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