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advocate of Establishments will find it difficult to repel, even though the Essays themselves should pass for mere verbiage, or a sort of opening speech, made only for the purpose of introducing that evidence. But let it be remembered, what has been well observed by a critic in reference to the former Edition, that “nothing short of an inductive reply will meet the real emergency of the case.” It is easy for any one to reply to a few points upon any question whatever, and to leave the main matters in dispute altogether unanswered.
Not that we expect to convince any one by the weight of these authorities. We are only fulfilling the Scripture injunction on our part, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established. But if men believe not Moses and the prophets, that is, the simple word of God, neither will they be persuaded, though a thousand witnesses should rise from the dead. The truth is, that with most persons the quarrel is not in the head, but in the heart; nor have we a doubt, (indeed, we know it for a certainty,) there are multitudes, who think with us on the main matter in debate, if they could only be prevailed upon to act with us also; that is, to come forth without the camp, bearing His reproach. But it is even now as it was in time past-many believed on him, nevertheless they did not confess him, because they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God. This, namely, the dread of singularity, coupled with considerations of interest, is, we are verily persuaded, the real reason why people do not, or rather will not, sometimes see even a self-evident proposition. Interest blinds
their eyes to all inconvenient truths; and they cannot believe a system to be wrong, which they find to be so exceedingly beneficial. But let such be assured, that, by so doing, they lose their reward, even in this life. For my own part, I can truly affirm, that I never knew what real happiness was, till I took upon me, in some small measure, the reproach of Christ; and I can add, with a like sincerity, that I have scarcely known what disquietude was ever since ; even though my mind has been much occupied in what may be called “controverted" subjects; and though I have been myself the object of some not very temperate attacks, and that from quarters from which I least expected them.
But to return to the more immediate subject of these Essays. The attention of the reader is particularly directed to the testimony of Hooker, as illustrated by Neal, on the strict analogy that subsists between the supremacy of the Pope, and the supremacy of the Crown-a testimony which, it is hoped, will be sufficient to silence the cavils of some churchmen at least, and to protect us from the charge of singularity in identifying the latter kind of supremacy with the Second Beast, as the former confessedly belongs to the First. It may be doubted, indeed, whether the whole ceremony of the coronation of the kings of England be not, in itself, a most antichristian practice; and as complete an exemplification, as ever was exhibited at Rome itself, of that scripture in its most literal acceptation, which speaking of the man of sin, says: That he opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God or “ reverend,” (literally,
"a thing to be, or, that is, revered," " sebasma'') that is to say-
considered as the grand original of all such superstitious cereThe lateste which comestitate themfovereign Med the Church, begins that," albeid the King Majesty jodly rightfully irgought to be the Supreme Head of the Church of
land" 26. Hen. Vill. col. - Iwendused ask why
Wky Landouched to be?
An what authority is that a fertes ? & Why, keasliar to the king of lugland alone, ámmg all the Christian Sovereigner in the world? . a like Sufrencacy exists mix no other Christian Limetty hoheveu sic the adjoining kegion of Scotland, The Starake
monies in this Protestant country; and was conducted by
There is another point, relating to the present inquiry, to
but does it (in language which, for its decisive tone, we should be proceeds to say that this trage of the Church was toe you tref os extink all orror, heretie thereumnities pretty labow to be accessed orech men as Hecery VII, & in Eick-kegeuh Crom well.!! – and the Shahedegthe six
articles is widence of the excellent manner in Which Keurry' Dutiev, ad Head of the Church, bere dischargedé. 6.8.18.)
afraid to adopt at this day perhaps) with this addition moreover, that he calls them “diabolical inventions, any one jot of which (says he) will I never counsel any man to use.” The whole passage, which will be found in the Illustrations of Essay First, is well worth the perusal of all, especially of all Presbyterians; and will serve to screen us from a like charge of singularity, we should hope, on the part of the sister establishment, in respect of our interpretation of these marks. If we err on either of these two most important points of the present development, that is to say, either on the Supremacy, or on the Sacraments, 80 called, it is our satisfaction at least, that we err in company with Hooker and Knox; and with these preliminary observations, we take leave, for the present, of both those establishments, to which these two mighty champions respectively belonged.
Newcastle on Tyne,