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COPYRIGHT, 1900,

BY THE

EVENING NEWS ASSOCIATION.

Press of JOHN F. EBY & Co., 65-69
Congress St. W., Detroit, Mich.

PUBLISHER'S PREFACE.

MF

EN OF PROGRESS is a legitimate fruit of the law of evolution. Modern

journalism takes note of events in the history of persons as well as of peoples. When any noteworthy event in the life of a person of prominence in the social or business world occurs, the newspaper press regards it as within the line of its duty to publish a brief sketch of the person, in many cases giving, also, an etching or miniature likeness. When a person pays the last debt of nature, these publications are a source of information to the public, as well as of a satisfaction to friends, and may, in many cases, be valuable as matter of record in cases involving the rights of living persons.

The difficulty of procuring information of the character indicated, just at the time when it is wanted, suggested to those connected with publications of The Evening News Association the desirability of the preparation, arrangement and publication of sketches in the form embodied in this work. Primarily, therefore, the work is designed for the convenience of the newspaper press of the State, and hence is, as first stated, a legitimate fruit of the law of evolution.

Only a limited number of copies of the work are published. Aside from copies supplied to those directly represented in the work, copies will be placed in the leading libraries and leading newspaper offices of the State, and here its circulation will end.

THE EVENING NEWS ASSOCIATION.

#

INDEX TO HISTORICAL SKETCHES.

THE CIVIL COMMONWEALTH.

POSITION AND EARLY HISTORY,

Geography and Topography-First European Visitations-A French Dependency--Early Explora-

tions Roman Catholic Missions — First Permanent Settlement - Territorial Sovereignty-
Part of the State of Virginia-Claims of Massachusetts and Connecticut-General George
Rogers Clarke-The Western Reserve Civil Jurisdiction of the United States.

1-3

0

TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT.
The Ordinance of 1787-The Governor and Judges-A Landed Qualification-A Legislative Coun-

cil Provided for- The Territory to Be Formed Into States-First Seat of Government–The
Five States of the Northwest-Michigan as a Separate Territory-Large Grants of Land to
Revolutionary Heroes-Comparative Influence of Cities—The Landed Qualification Abrogated

3-4

ORGANIZATION OF THE STATE GOVERNMENT.

The Right to Statehood-Adoption of the Constitution and Election of State Officers-Meeting

of the Legislature-Election of United States Senators—The Disputed Boundary-Objections
to the Admission of the State-Judge Campbell's View of the Case, and Other Authorities-
Terms Proposed by Congress-Military Demonstrations--A New Territorial Governor Ap-
pointed-The Slavery Question a Factor--Two Conventions of Assent—Final Admission of
the State-Calendar of Events Leading Up to Statehood-Seat of Government and State
Capitol

5-8

CONSTITUTIONAL AND STATUTORY HISTORY.

First Constitution and Statutes Similar to Those of New York - Method of Choosing State

Officers and Judges—Time of Elections-Process of Amendment-Senators and Representa-
tives, How Chosen-Salaries--Constitution of 1850—Legislative in Its Character-Variances
from the First Constitution-The More Important Amendments—Constitutional Convention
of 1867 and Constitutional Commission of 1873—The Work of Both Rejected by the People
Subsequent Votes on the Question of Ordering a General Convention-Legislative Authority
Under the Territory-Compilations of the Statutes in 1822 and 1833-Revised Statutes of
1838 and 1846–Compilations of 1857 and 1871—The Howell Compilation-The Miller Com-
pilation--Reprint of Territorial Laws...,

8-12

THE JUDICIARY.
Judges and Courts Under the Territorial Government and Under the First Constitution Asso-

ciate Judges in the Counties-Increase in the Number of Circuits-County Courts—The
Supreme Court-When Provided for and Organized--Provision for a Fifth Judge-Circuit
Court Commissioners and Masters in Chancery.

12-13

THE MILITARY RECORD.

COLONIAL AND INDIAN WARS.

First Conflict on Michigan Soii--One Thousand Indians Slain-Decisive Campaigns Elsewhere-

Conspiracy of Pontiac-Battle of Bloody Bridge-Massacre at Mackinac...

14-15

THE WAR OF 1812.

Indian Discontent-Tecumseh and His Brother, “The Prophet”—The Hull Surrender--Massacre

at the River Raisin-Perry's Victory on Lake Erie-Battle of the Thames and Death of
Tecumseh-British Occupancy of Detroit-A British Provisional Government-Joint Procla-
mation by General Harrison and Commodore Perry-Capture of Mackinac Island by the British

15-17

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THE SHADOW OF TWO WARS. .
The Toledo War-A Bloodless Campaign-The Patriot War-Canadian Refugees in Detroit-

Local Sentiment in Sympathy With Them-Efforts of State and Government Officials to
Maintain Neutrality-Invasion of Canada at Windsor-Its Disastrous Failure-Participants
Hanged and Transported—John H. Harmon-Dr. E. A. Theller.

17-18

THE WAR WITH MEXICO.

Causes Leading to the War-The Annexation of Texas-Michigan Troops in the War-General

Taylor-General Scott-Alleged Political Scheming

18-19

THE GREAT CIVIL WAR.

First Steps Taken in Michigan-First Troops Raised — Succesive Calls for Troops Ready Re

sponse on the Part of the State-Enlistments, Drafts and Commutations-Whole Number of Troops Sent to the Front From Michigan-Table of Enlistments by Counties-Bounty Jumpers—“We are coming, Father Abraham”-Southern Refugees in Canada-C. L. Vallandigham-Capture of the Philo Parsons-Bennet G. Burley—“Michigan in the War”-A Brief Summary_Tabular Exhibit of Michigan Regiments in the War—The Artillery Service-Col. C. 0. Loomis-Grand Army of the Republic....

19-25

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THE WAR WITH SPAIN.

War Loan Authorized--Mobilization of the National Guard-Regiments Mustered In-Summary

of Their Service-Gen. Henry M. Duffield- Col. Cornelius Gardener-The Naval Reserves....

25-26

THE STATE MILITARY.

Early Laws on the Subject-General Trainings-Derivation of the Custom-Fell Into Disfavor

Independent Volunteer Companies-Absence of Military Spirit-A Marked Revival Preceding the Civil War--A Demand for Legislation Favorable to the Military-Revision of the Militia Laws—The State Troops--Re-organization After the War-Encampment-Home Service of the State Troops-Michigan National Guard—The Naval Militia-General John E. Schwarz and General John Robertson...

26-29

EDUCATIONAL.

EARLY AND CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEES.

The Ordinance of 1787–Land Grants by Congress-Provisions of the State Constitution-First

Superintendent of Public Instruction-A Comprehensive System Outlined.

30-31

THE STATE UNIVERSITY.

Act of Congress, 1804–Judge Woodward's Pedantic Scheme-Second Act of Establishment, 1821–

Branches-Local Academies-- The Branches Abandoned..

31-32

THE UNIVERSITY UNDER STATE CONTROL.

Organic Act of 1837-Located at Ann Arbor-Proposed Separate Departments for Females-State

Loan for Building Purposes-First Opened in 1842—The First Professorships-Financial Embarrassment-Elements of Hostility-First Graduating Class-Dismissal of Members of the Faculty-Professor Ten Brook's Work.....

32-34

THE UNIVERSITY UNDER THE NEW REGIME.
First Elective Board of Regents-President Tappan-A Feeling of Unfriendliness Toward Him-

Tempest Over the Term “Chancellor”-Other Carping Allegations-Fruits of Dr. Tappan's
Work—The Astronomical Observatory—The Law Department-Remission of the University
Loan-Dr. Angell's Tribute Removal of Dr. Tappan-President E. O. Haven-Acting Presi-
dent Henry S. Frieze....

34-36

THE UNIVERSITY UNDER PRESIDENT ANGELL.

Appointment of Dr. Angell-His Diplomatic Service-Acting President Hutchins-Incidents in

the History of the University-Admission of Women Introduction of New Schools and Extension of Courses—The Semi-Centennial and the Quarter Centennial of President Angell's Administration-A Comparative Summary-A Metrical Prophecy-Homeopathic Medical College-Annual Revenues—List of Acts Relating to the University...

36-38

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