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rest of the fleet. Other ships came up in the heel of the action, with the Canada; but he still held Out. At length Hood, in the Baifleur, approached him just at sun-set, and poured in a most destructive fire. The count however, wishing to signalizeas much as possible,' the loss of so fine and favorite a ship, endured the repetition of it for about a quarter of an hour longer, when he struck his flag to the Barfleur, and surrendered' himself to Sir Samuel Hood, it is said that at the time, there were but three men left alive and unhurt on the upper deck» and thaijtlt* count was one of the three. • •< ■> ...j 1

The Cesar was unfortunately set on fire, and blew up in thft nightof the action. A lieutenant and SO British seamen perished, •with about 400 prisoners. The Ardent, of 64 guns, taken from the British by D'Orviiliers, in the channel, was now retaken.• The advantage of close fighting with British ships and seamen was never more happily exemplified. The number of the t rench slain in this engagement and that of'the ninth, is computed-' at 3000; of the wounded at near double. The computation isihe more probable as upward of 400 were killed on board the Viille -de Paris, and between 2 and 300 in several French ships singly. The French fleet in general, was little less than ruined. ""iTbe small superiority of British ships in point of number, contributed ■nothing to the -success of the day^ as more of Hood's-division than that difference amounted to,-were prevented coming ijjito action, through the want of wind. The whole loss of the British •killed and wounded'in the two actions, is stated only 1050, of which 253 were killed on the spot, Capt. Blair, of the Anson, who had the year before distinguished himself in the action under admiral Hyde Parker, was slain. The loss of lord Robert Manners, son of the late marquis of Granby, and brother to the duke of Rutland, was universally lamented. He had performed many brilliant actions during the War, in'the Resolution, of 74 guns. Tie was grievously wounded; and was carried off by a locked jaw a few days after the action, on his passage to Great-Britain.

Thirty-six chests of money, destined to-the pay and-subsistence of the troops in the designed attack oil Jamaica, were found in the Ville de Paris. This ship had been a-present from the; ,cit?y of Paris to Lewis XV. in that fallen ■state of the French marine, which prevailed toward the close of the former war. No pains or expencc were spared to render the gift worthy of that city, and of the monarch to whom it was presented. Her building and fitting for sea is said to have cost ,£.176,000 sterling. singularly providential, that tho whole train of artillery, with the battering cannon and travelling carriages meant for- the expedition against Jamaica, were on board the ships now taken.

■" ; 'Sir George Rodney tn*dHgh*'ta>»-for the flight: wWIe the" French fchips which escaped, made -off to leeward with the utmost d>is*- Ifateh, and were out of sight in the morning, iiome' ran down to

* 4he Dtttch- island of Cotacoa. But the greater part under Messrs, de -Boogaifiville and de Vaudreuil, kept together and made the

'tiest of their way to Cape Francois. Sir George attempted to> $>tirs-ujMhera the next-morning; but the fleet was becalmed under

- -GrtadaloHpe forthree d.iys successively after the battle, which gave "*he-French the most .favorable opportunity of escapirrg.—After

Sir George was satisfied, that they were gone to leeward, he dis'patched Sir Samuel Hood, whose division had suffered little, t<*

• the west end of Hrspaniola, in hope that lie might pick, up some -5;«*f their disabled ships. He himself followed with the rest ufihe?

-fleet, to'rejoin Shr Salnuel oft Cape 'i'iberoon. •

- - Sir -Samuel proceeded with such dispatch, that en the cPar after '• iftis'dcpart'ure, [April 19.] he descried rive sail of French vessels

- between -Porto Rico and Hispaniola. A general chase immediate

- 'if eftsaed, and continued several hours, when the Valiant and the Magnificent of 14 guns each, came up with, and after a -short en

■ '.gage merit took the Jason and Caton Jt>f<ts4 guns each, with two

airigates r a third escaped by a sudden shift of wind. *- . Thus the French lost eight ships of the line: six we* in the 'possession of the British-, one had been sunk, and the Ca?sar blow a ■op after her capture* four others got into Curacoa, and the french -commanders were for weeks-totally ignorant of their-fate: so that »© less than twelve sail of the line were missing. Count •6b Grasse considering the extreme importance cvf the service in 'Which he was employed, should have hazarded a temporary cen-sii're father thau have venJured the most distant risk of tire whole '".expedition. Had he submitted to the Joss of the ship which fell •"' •t&leeward, instead of bearing down to her assistance, tire British. '<Coukl not have prevented his joining Don Solano; and there"-ductiori of Jamaica would have been -next to inevitable. That •eve'fit rriust have exalted his prudence, and have stifled every re•ffftrtidn that had been pointed against his character, <■. m f -'Jf^e British having joined off Cape i'ihcrorifi; and die French. 't~%abUtgrtQ force to the windward, Sir George Rodney proceeded '^kh the disabled ships and the prizes to Jamaica, as Weil £ir their **~l#teth% a^fhe greatef security of the island, should the combined fleet stiif venture up'on the prosecution of their firmer design. -Sir 'i 'S'amflel-Mood was left with- about 23 ships of die jine; to keep the *' 'ieti and watch the motions of the enemy. :J;.w YVheh- the; news of-ad-m. Rodney's vkt&y. reached Great Bri"*'^h. the jov it occasioned was tscessivo, j-t-i not without reason. -!,Jf%k-.'iH. P p before

Before there was much despondency. It produced a sudden and unexpected change in the situation of the British; and, at an in-* stant when they seemed to be nearly overwhelmed as well as surrounded by numerous and powerful enemies, gave them an additional weight as a nation, either for the accomplishment of peace or the further prosecution of the war. The admiral was 1 created an English peer on the 19th of June, by the title of lord Rodney.

Upon the return of admiral Barrington's squadron, admiral Kempenfelt sailed [May ft.] with 6 or 9 ships of the line, to supply their place in the bay; and upon intelligence being received that the Dutch were preparing to come out of the Texel, lord Howe proceeded with a squadron of about a dozen ships of the line, to the coasts of Hoi land. The Dutch ileet had sailed, bu£ information of Howe's movement induced them to return to the Texel. After cruising near a month on the Dutch coast, Howe's squadron growing very sickly, and the Dutch 'show-Lag no disposition to venture out,tiis lordship returned to Portsmouth, where feeing joined by the ships from the bay, every dispatch- was used in preparing the fleet to oppose the designs of the combined enemy, who were soon expected at the mouth of the channel.

Count de Guichen had been for some time at Cadiz,, from whence he and Don Cordova, with about 25 French and Spanish ships of the line, sailed in the beginning of June. In their progress to the northward, and while expecting to be joined by the squadron from Brest and other ports, they fell in [June 25. J with the British outward bound- Newfoundland and Quebec fleets, under convoy of a 50 gun ship and some frigates. Eighteen cf the convoy, laden chiefly with provisions, were taken j tire ships of war, with the remainder, escaped. . .,.■■;{■, ,t

The combined fleets being entire masters of the sea, from the mouth of the straits to Ushant, were able to dispatch their outward bound convoys and to receive their homeward with the utmost safety; while the British were under no small apprehension for a rich and great convoy from Jamaica, under Sir Peter Parker, with only three ships of the line for his protection. Lord Howe sailed from Portsmouth early in July, accompanied with adinirajs Barrington, Sir J. L. Ross,and Kempenfelt. These distinguished commanders had however only 22 ships of the line to support their designs, while the combined fleets were cruising about the chops of the channel, with more than double their force. Lord Howe kept to the westward of the enemy, in order to protect and receive the Jamaica fleet, and at the same time to avoid being forced into an engagement. By the end of July Sir Pe^er Backer

Iter arrived safe with his convoy, bringing count de Grass* witir slim in the* Sandwich, of 90 guns. The count landed at Porte* irtouth on the 3 tst, amid the acclamations of a great, concourse iif people, who in that way expressed their approbation of his bravery. On the 14th of August loid Howe, with pari of the fleet, arrived at the same port.

'"The protection of the homeward bound Bahic fleet, the pro venting of the Dutch from sailing to the southward, and the relief of Gibraltar, were the grand naval objects that the.-British administration had still in view; each was of. high importance* Several of those ships that were in the best condition for sea, proceeded to the Downs, to attend the motions-of the Dutch ;. while. *he rest of the fleet were .in a hasty state of equipment at Portsimnuth, and were replenishing their stores- for the designed ex-jpedition to Gibraltar- It was found necessary that.the Royal <jreorgerof 103 guns,corEmandedby admiral Kempc.nfe.lt, should -receive a kind of' slight careen, and be laid in a certain degree Mpon her side, while the defects under water occasioning the cx> .arnination, were rectified, '1 his operation, in .still.weather and -smooth water, is attended with so iittle.diitieulty cr danger, that ■the admiral, captains, officers and crew-continued on board;, and -neither guns, stores, water or provisions were removed.. . , _$r"The business was undertaken [Aug. 2Sth.] early in the morn"4ftg, a gang of carpenters from the dock, attending for the pur.r pose. The ship, while on her side, was crowded with people "i^om the shore, particularly women* thought to be not fewer than '300, among whom are many of the wive6 and children of the ■seamen and petty officers, who were come to see their husbands s£tnd fathers. The greatest part of the crew. were, also on .board. !$ri this-situation,-about ten in-the morning, the admiral being writing in his cabin, and most of the people happening then to fhe between decks, a sudden and unexpected squall of wind -•threw the ship on her side, and the gun-ports being, open, she (filled with Water almost instantly, and w^nt to the bottom. A victualler along side of her was swallowed up in the whirlpool •'"Occasioned by the plunge of so vast a body in the water.. . av fiie admiral, with a number of officers, and most of those baf'tween decks perished. The guard, and those who happened to ''he along with them on the upper deck, were in general saved b*r •the bents of the fleet. About 70 more were likewise saved. Itis '*houcht that from !)00 to 1000 persons were lust. About 300, mostlv of the ship's company, were saved. Capt.. Waghorne, ; whose bravery in the North Sea, under admiral. Parker, pn»■ i ured him the command of the ship, was saved, though. severe •fcsuiscd. „ . The

The loss of the ship, though the period is critical, is not to compare with the loss of the brave men who perished in her. Admiral Kempenfelt, though near TO years of age, is peculiarly and universally lamented by tlie BvitiBh. In point of professional knowledge and judgment, he was deemed one of the first naval officers in the world p and in the art of manoeuvring a fleet, he was considered by their greatest commanders as unrivalled. ';

A letter from Sir Eyre Coote, dated Fort George, January 28d:. 1782, was received at lord Shelburne's office, June the 4th. It . relates, that after the action on the 1st of July, 178 lr Sir Eyre inarched to the northward, to form a junction with the Bengal detachment. It was effected on the 3d of August. On theiritb;,: Sir Eyre attacked Hyder Ally, posted with his army in a forniidai- . tie situation. The conflict lasted from nine in the «*orning tilfc near sun-set, when SirEyre was kft in full possession of the fieki: of battle. His loss on this occasion, was heavier than on the first of July, and that of the enemy less. On the 21th of September the. two armies engaged again before four o'clock in the afternoon, and by the evening Hyder was completely routed. Whe».: Sir Eyre was upon hik return from relieving the garrison at Vehicle, Hyder appeared in full force on the 13th of January, and, by a distant cannonade attacked his army while crossing a marshy • ground. Mhe whole having passed the swamp, the line was*.: tormed and advanced upon the enemy, on whieh Hyder guvs-- way, and retreated with precipitation. The London Gazette of July ]3th, confirmed the account before received of the suwea* der of the Bahama islands to the arms of Spain, on tlie 8th o£ . May, by capitulation.. The same day advices Were received, from captain Shirley, of the Leander* of his having destroyed* French store-ship off Senegal, valued at £.30,000 and of his., taking five Dutch forts, mounting together 124 guns, on, .the. coast of Africa, without any other assistance than the men be- .4 longing to his own ship. Toward the close of July tlie English*. • East-India Company received from Bombay, advice of Tippoo- -: Saib's having attacked colonel Braithwaite on the 16tbof Febra- ;.: ary, and obliged him to surrender with all his force two c.-tys af~\: ter; and of the French fleet consisting of 22sail, large and small;.,;: on the l&th of February, in Pondicherry road. Tippoo Saib's-. success has occasioned to the English in that quarter, the loss of 20QO infantry and 300 cavalry. • v ...... ,4

The precarious state of affairs in the East-Indies, must be -. motive with the British ministry to aim at a speedy establishment of peace. As the negociation3 for it are carrying on,, and likely So be continued, my next letter will be from Paris. •

LETTER

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