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•Ttfnius fell col. Isaac Hayine in tfrr bloom of life, furnishing thaf •xample in death, which extorted a confession from his enemies* that though he did not die in a good cause, he must at least have acted from-a persuasion of its being so;* The world will judge whether his death was strictly according to law-and if so, whether the legality was not of that kind to which the maxim is to be applied—sunnhumjits sum ma injuria. •rThe operations in Virginia shall now be related. - The junction of gen. Phillips's force to gen. Arnold at Ports." tnotith, greatly increased their power of distressing the state, ttrhich they failed not to improve as far as possible, in April, the troops to the amount of "about 2500, embarked and proceeded to James-river. By the 24th they ran. up to City Point, below Petersburg!!, where baron de Steuben was with a numhefe ©fmiiitia. Their whole force landed at six in the evening, and the next day marched at ten in the morning. The baron was fully convinced that Petersburgh was their first object, Having: been obliged to send away large detachments, he had* not morethan 1000 men to oppose their ad vance: He had many- reasons, against risking a total defeat, the loss of arms was a.principal, one en the other hand, to retire without some show of resistance; Would intimidate the inhabitants, and encourage the British to further incursions.. He therefore determined to do what be couidt without hazarding too much. He made choice of Blanford (aw Wont a mile distant) for the place of defence, and a neighboringbridge for a retreat* The Americans passed the night under arms. Toward noon of the 25th.tae British came in sight, form-: «d, and extended their line-to their left. It was near three o'-f clock before the firing commenced, which continued fromposfc to post till past five, when the superiority of the enemy, and, want of ammunition, obliged the baron to order a retreat, and the bridge to be taken up, which were executed with great regularity, notwithstanding the fire of the British cannon and musket-^ ty^ The Americans disputed the ground inch by inch, and executed their manceuvres with much exactness.- The baron rctiied:to Chesterfield court-house, ten milesfrom Petersburgh. The> next day the British destroyed at Petersburgh 400 hogsheads of tobacco, aship, and a number of small vessels. On the 27th Ai> Hold marched to Osbprn's, four miles above whichplace the-Virginians had a considerable marine force with which they meant to-oppose him. Arnold- sent a flag to treat with the commander, who declared that he would defend his fleet to the last Arnold advanced with some artillery, and at length overpowered; bini. The seamen took to their b.03ts and escaped,, but notbe* * Dr. Rstmfay's Biftory, Vol. II. p. 177---J84. r." lore

fore they had scuttled and set fire to seVeral of their ships, militia were driven from the opposite shore. Two ships and smaller vessels loaded with tobacco, cordage, flour, and 01 articles, fell into Arnold's hsnds. Four ships, five brigantlnes, and a number of smail vessels, were either burnt or sunk. Ttfcj whole quantity of tobacco taken or destroyed in this fleet, ie'x» cceded 2000 hogsheads. The British by the 30th reached Jtflaiu Chester, where they destroyed 1200 hogsheads of tobacco ; tcie marquis de la Fayette with his troops, who arrived at Richmond on the opposite'side the preceding evening, being spectators of the conflagration. The royal army on their return made great havock at Warwick. Beside the ships on the stocks and in the riser, a large range of rope-walks, a magazine of flour, a number of warehouses containing tobacco and other commodi-' ties, tan-houses full of hides and bark, and several fine ni" were destroyed or consumed in one general conflagration, army then returned to the shipping, and the whole fell do\ toward the mouth of the river. While this force was sufficic; for destroying every species of property to an almost incredib'' amount, and for accumulating a great deal of spoil for the parties commanding it, the main purpose was not answered ; it w4$ incapable of bringing matters to any decisive conclusion. Heri£ and in the Carolinas, the veteran battalions were worn oV.vii and consumed, without producing any permanent advantage,.

The marquis de la Fayette has been mentioned as present *a Virginia. When he had marched back to the head of Elk', 1^ received aH order from gen. Washington to go on to Virginia, that he might oppose gen. Phillips. His troops were in want« almost every thing, however they proceeded to, and arrived af Baltimore on the 17th of April. Here he was under the greatest embarrassment for want of shoes, there not being a pair in his" whole command. But the love and confidence he had excited^ enabled him to borrow of the merchants two thousand guineas upon his own credit, with which he procured such necessaneTiaS4 were wanting for the forwarding of his detachment. The mar-, quis, being jealous that Richmond was Phillips's object, made x forced march of 200 miles, and arrived at that place the evening, before the latter reached Manchester. During the night* whiclj was spent in making dispositions of defence, tire marquis wat*. joined by some militia under baron Steuben. His presence wiA* such a body of troops secured Richmond from the hostile attach of the British, and saved the military stores with whic h it1" then filled. The marquis, with a very inferior force, kept'ori t] north side of James-river, and acted so entirely on the defens' *

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fiidatthe same time made so judicious a choice of posts, and showd such vigor and design in his movements, as prevented any {advantage being taken .of his weakness. Upon the falling down 6f the British forces to the mouth of the river, with a view of Collecting contributions at Williamsburgh, the neignborhood, the marquis discovered no small activity in counteracting them. On tlieir sudden return up James-river, he conceived their object to be the forming a. junction with lord Cornwall's, of whose matching through North-Carolina he had received soma faint intelligence, lie therefore made a rapid movement, that he might get before .them to Petersburg!! ;. but vv;ts foiled in his flesign, through the vigilance of the British commanders. The last act of gen. Phillips was the taking possession o£ ibis place lata in the night of May the 9th: on.the ) 3th he died. .. . " .

T Lord Cornwallis alter die action .with Greene neaT Guilford court-house, crossing Dsep-riyer, marched for Wilmington, and Jrrfived in the neighborhood on the 17-th of April. He concluded Cpon matching to Virginia, and endeavoring a junction with Phillips. The troops were now to encounter a new march of 30O miles } while so destitute of necessaries, that the cavalry might be' Slid to want every thing, and the infantry every thing but shoes. Neither were in any suitable condition to movie, even the day before marching. His lordship provided tor every possible con-> tiagency as far as in his power ;. and then began his march on the 25th of April. He arrived at on .the 20tth of May. IJeie he received the unwelcome news of Phillips' death?

St had the consolation of meeting with a freshreinfo icementot uut IS00 men, whom &r Henry Clinton had sent to support the? War with vigor. Lurd Cornwallis, on taking the command, felt biihielf so superior to the American farce, that he exulted in the prospect of success; and despising the youth of his opponent, unguardedly wrote to Great-Britain—" the bcnj cannot escape me."—< 1 he marquis's little army consisted of 1UUO continentals, 2000 mUitia, aud 60 dragoons. Cornwallis proceeded from Petetsburgli to James river, which he crossed in order to dislodge hayetto from Richmond: it was evacuated on ihe 27ih. His lordship tjien. marched through Hanover county, and crossed the South 4||(*a-river. layette constantly, following bis motions, but at a girded distance in every part of his progress. His lordship at one tttieplanned the surprisal of the marquis, while on the same side oTJjgjimes- river with himself; but was diverted from his intention . bjTj spy> whom Fayette h id sent into fyis camp. The marquis ^^pwfgry desirous of obtaining full intelligence concerniag hi* lordship: and concluded- .upon prevailing, if possible, upon rot. III. B b one


one Charles (generally called Charly) Morgan, a Jersey soldim* of whom he had entertained a favorable opinion, to turn deserter and go over to the British army, in order to his executing the business of a spy more effectually. Charly was sent for, and agreed to undertake the hazardous employ;, but insisted,, that in case he should be discovered and hanged, the marquis, to secure his reputation, should have it inserted in the Jersey paper, that he was sent upon the service by his commander. Charly deserted, and when he had reached the royal army, Was carried before his lordships who inquired into the reason of his deserting, and received for answer—" I have been,, my lord, with the American armyfroiw the beginning,and while under gen-Washington was satisfied; but being put under a Frenchman, I do not like it, and have left the service." His-lordship commended and rewarded his conduct Charly was very diligent in the discharge of his military duty, and was notin the least suspected; but at.the same time carefufly observed all that passed.. One day while on particular duty with his comrades, Cornwallis-, in close conversation with some officers, called Charly to him, and said—"How long time wiH* take the marquis to cross Jarnes-river?" Charly paused a moment, and answered—"Three hours, my lord." His lordship exclaimed —"Three hours! why it will take three days." "No, my lord," said Charly, "the marquis has so many boats, and each boat will carry so many men. If your lordship will be at the trouhle'or" calculating, you will find hecancrossin three hours.'" lias lordship turned to the officers, and in the hearing of Charly remarked—" The scheme will not do." Charly concluded this was the moment for his returning to the marquis. He, as soon as possibter plied his comrades with grog,* till they were well warmed, aiul then opened his masked battery..He complained of the wants tha'. prevailed in the British camp,commended the supplies with wftifh. the American abounded, expressed his inclination to return, aad then asked-—" What say you, will you go with me?" T%p*y agreed. It was left with him to manage as to the sentries. Tb. the first he offered, in a very friendly manner, the taking a. draught of rum out of his canteen. While the fellow was dridk


* A mixture of rum and w»ter, which gained »t« name in the following wiy. When admiral Vernon commanded in the Welt-Indies, to prel'erve the hearth and lives of the Tailors, he ordered their allowance of rum to be mixed with, aproper quantity of water, and the liquor to be put upon deck far their ufe. The r Jailors refented the alteration; but the resolution of the admiral obliged tb to drink the mixture or go without. It fo happened that he generally wore bosrd an old grogram coat; the faiior* took occafion from thence to nature that was impefed upon them—Grog. ■-.•.„•

»g; sCharly secured his arms, and then proposed his deserting With j;hem, to which he consented through necessity. The second was served in like manner. Charly Morgan, by his manager eoent, carried offseven deserters with him. When he had reach* ed the American army, and was brought to head-quarters, the -marquis upon seeing him cried out, " Ha 1 Charly, are you got 4»ack?'.' " Yes and please your -excellency, and have brought se> •rea more withme," wasthe answer. When Gnarly had related *he reason of his returning, and the observations lie hadraade, the saarq.uis ofFered'him money ; but he dectined, and'oniydesired to have his gun again, The marquis then proposed tojpromote him to the rank .of a Corporal or sergeant. To this sMorgan replied—" I will not have" any pormotion. I have abiMtiesfor a common soldier, and have a good character; should! be promoted, my abilities. may not answer, and I may lose my 4iui acter," He however nobly requested for his fellow-soldiers, ^rh© were not so well supplied, with shoes, stockings, and clothing as himself, that the marquis would promise to do what he «ould to relieve their distresses, which lie-easily obtained. . r- Lord Comwallis, meeting with a plentiful supply of fine hordes in the stables of private gentlemen, mounted a considerable 'body of troops. Colonels Tarleton and Simcoe were dispatched from, the South-Anna with separate detachments to scour the in.^erior country, They penetrated into the recesses, which had Jbeen hitherto free from spoilers, and might have done considerJtble more mischief to the inhabitants. They destroyed a numJ|ex-of arms under repair, some cannon, aquantity ef gunpowder* .•akr harness, and other matters, designed for, orcapable of being applied to military services. Had their destructive operations 6i ,4his nature been ever so considerable, instead of trifling, they ,te\isX have escaped all censure, and the Americans would-have iud no just ground of complaint* but if was otherwise in variAUSi instances. Baron Steuben, who was at the Point of Fork r*rith -500 regulars of the Virginia new levies and a few militia, ^retired upon the approach of Simcoe. He had been separated jfrom the marquis, in consequence of an order from Greene for the baron to come and join him. The baron had proceeded to "^borders of North-Carolina. This left the marquis so weak, he was obliged to fall back as Cornwallis advanced, till he loe reinforced* His lordship's march to Virginia made the v^eation of Greene's order necessary. Tarleton penetrated, [forced march, as far as Charlotte-ville, and had nearly surfd and taken the whole assembly of Virginia prisoners. They 'removed from Richmond to Chariotte-YJlie to be out of the 5« way

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