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fidenthc will acquit himself with honor whenever he is brongfet to trial. But if I could have my wish, he should be acquitted Without an enquiry unless he chose it himself." :. :•••' ■•■;.»«. -'That vou may form a clearer conception of the miseries attending the war in South-Carolina, you are presented with.a few extracts from gen. Greene's letters. While before Ninety-Six he wrote to col. I>avies, the 2Sd of May—^-" The animosity between the whigs and tories of this state, renders their situation truly deplorable. There is not a day passes, but there are mora or less who fall a sacrifice to this savage disposition. The whig* seem determined to extirpate the tories, and the tories the whig*. Some thousands have fallen in this way in this quarter, and the evil rages with more violence than ever. If a stop cannot be soon put to these massacres, the country will be depopulated in a few months more, as neither whig nor tory can live." TJius without charging, he rebuked Davies- for a crime of which he was wofully guilty, and advised him to a better conduct. Weighty reasons', though not a similar one, induced Greene to write to Pickens on the 5th of June—"The inhabitantsnear Parker'sFordy 6n-the Saluda, are in great distress from the savage conduct of a party of men belonging to col. Hammond's regiment. This party plunders without mercy, and murders the defenceless people just as private pique, prejudice or personal resentments dictate.-** Principles of humanity as well as policy require, that proper measures should be immediately taken to restrain these abuses, heal differences, and unite the people as much as possible. No violence should be offered to any of the inhabitants, unless found i» arms. The idea of-exterminating the tories is no less barbaro* than impolitic. I hope you-will exert youiself ta bring over.the tories to our interest, and check the growing enormities which prevail among the whigs, in plundering, as private avarice or;a bloody disposition stimulates them." July the SO'.h, the general thus expressed himself to the same person—" I am exceedingly distressed that the practice of plundering still continues to rage. If a check is not put to this fatal practice, the inhabitants will think, their miseries rather increased than lessened." WhileGreene remained on the High Hills of Sante.e,.he received from the president of congress, Mr. M'Kean, the following, extracts from-Je|. ters of lord G. Germaine.—To the commissioners for restoring peace. "March the 1th. Your declaration of the 29th of December, will, I trust, be productive of good effects. The narrow limits to which you have reduced your exceptions, and the generality of the assurance you have given of restoration- of the former constitutions, were, I doubt not, well considered, andjud»»


cd necessary and expedient; but as there are many things in the Constitutions of some of the colonies, and some things in alj, which the people have always wished to be altered, and others which the common advantages of both countries require to be changed,, it is necessary to be attentive, that neither your acts nor declarations preclude any disquiskion-of such subjects, or prevent sncli alterations being made in their constitution, as the people mayisolioit or consent to." [Thus it appears that the ministry xneant that, the commissioners should be so guarded in their acts and declarations, as that the American constitutions might not .obtain from the same stability and permanency.]—To $irH. Clinton. "Feb. the "5th, It gave his majesty satisfaction to find you Jbad determined to replace gem Leslie's detachment in Elizabeth river, by one under gen. Arnold, with .positive- orders to establish a permanent post there." To Sir H. Clinton. "March ,the 1th. Jt is a .pleasing, though at the same time a mortifying reflection, which arises from.a view of the return of the provincial forces you have transmitted, that the American levies in the JLirag's service, are more in number than the whole of the enlisted troops in the service of theeongress. i hope in the course of •the summer, the admiral and you will be able to spare a force ssufficienc to effect an establishment at Casco Bay, and reduce that •country to the king's obedience. As the exchanges (as it appears from Mr. Washington's last letter to you) will not be caruried on further, the measure of enlisting your prisoners for service in the West-Indies sheuld be adopted immediately, andinjdeed such has been the mortality of .the troops there from sick•uess, that I do not see any other means of recruiting them.— -The prevalency of westerly winds these last two months, has ^prevented the Warwick and Solebay, with their convoy, from -getting further than Plymouth, where they are all detained." .The president wrote in his letter of July the nth, which accompanied the above extracts.- "It further appears from these letters, that Arnold has received bills of exchange for 5000L •sterling on London, which have been paid, and the gaoney invested in the stocks.—This was probably the certain reward, the jrest may have been eventual. Congress are possessed of the originals." The following of May the 22d, is thought also to have jheen sent to Greene by a member of congress—■>-" Congress this day received a most affectionate and friendly letter from the king -«f France. He gives us every assurance of the most substantial •-aid, as far as his abilities and the exigencies of his affairs in Euiiope will admit.—He speaks in the most tender and feeling manner on the distressing situation of our affairs 4 and says, he will <K risk


risk embarrassing his own affairs irt order to afford us some 1m

lief.". • ■ ■ -.. . J :>•• '>'■■' •' . .i.-c-jfl *u

After lord Rawdon's return to Charleston, an affair took place which has roused the indignation of the Americans, and may receive a fairer discussion in some future period, when in**, partiality shall- be more prevalent than at present. The whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so far as it has come to my knowledge, shall be now laid before you. During the siege of Charleston, col. Hayne served his country in a corps of militia, horse. After the capitulation no alternative was left, but either to abandon his family arid-property, or to surrender to the con* querors. He concluded, that instead of waiting to be capture edi it would be both more safe and more honoraole to go with-, in the British lines, and surrender himself a voluntary prisoner* He therefore'repaired to Charleston, and offered to bind him^ self by the-honor of an American officer, to do nothing prejudicial to the British interest till he should be exchanged. Report* made of his superior abilities and influence, uniformly exerted ia the Americau cause, operated with the conquerors to refuse him a.parole) though they were daily accustomed to-graoi.that indulgence to other inhabitants. He was told, that he must ei-j ther become a British subject, or submit to-close confinement. To be arrested and detained in the capital, was not-to himsel*" an intolerable evil, but to abandon his family both to the ravages of the small-pox, then raging in their neighborhood, and ttt the insults and depredations of the royalists, was -Ux> much tor the tender husband and fond parent. To acknowledge himself the subjtct of a government which he had from principle im nounced, was repugnant to his feelings; but without this^be was cut off from every prospect of a* return to his family. In this embarrassing situation, he waited on Dr. Ramsay witha de?> claration to the following effect—" If the British would grant me the indulgence which we, in the day of our power,- gave to their adherents, or removing my family and property, I wouid Seek an asylum in the remotest corner of the United States, Fa* therthan submit, to their government; but as they allow no o* ther alternative than submission or cohfinement in the cspita-lj at a distance from my wife and family, at a time when they are ia -the roost pressing need of my presence and support, I must lor the present yield to the demands of the conquerors*. I request !you to bear in mind, that, previous to my taking this-step, L de*. clare that it is contrary to my inclination, and rorcod on me by hard necessity. I never will bear arms> against mycountry* My -Be w masters can require" no sewice of me, but what is enjoiised-by the old militia .law.' of the province, which substitutes a tine in lie* of personal service; that I will pay as the price of my piotecti*»,T if my conduct should be censured by my countrymen, I beg that you would remember this conversation, and bear witness tornie, that I do not mean to desert the cause of America." ifa this state of perplexity, col. Hayne subscribed a declara-; tion of his allegiance to the king of Great-Britain* but not without expnessiy objecting to the clause which required him with his terms te support the royal government. The commandant of tse garrison, brig. gen. Paterson* and James Simpson, esq. intewdantof the British police, assured him that this would never be-, required; and added further, that when the regular forces could' not defend the country without the aid of its inhabitants, ifcwouki be high time for the royal army toquit it. Having submitted to the royal government, he was permitted to return to his family. Notwithstanding what had passed at the time of his submission, he was repeatedly-called upon to take arms against feis countrymen, and finally-threatened with close confinement in case of -a further refusals This he considered as a breach of Contract; and it being no longer in the power of the British to give him that protection which was to be the compensation of his allegiance,- he viewed himself as released from all engagements Co their commanders. The inhabitants of his neighborhood, who had also revolted, petitioned gen. Pickens to appoint him to the command of their regiment, which was done, and the •appointment accepted.

• Col. Hasyne having thus resumed his arms, sent out in July a small party to reconnoitre, Which penetrated within seven miles of Charleston, took gen. Williamson prisoner, and retreated to -the l>e,ad-quarters of the regiment. This was the stfme Williamson who was an active-officer in the South-Carolina militia from the commencement of the war to the surrender of Charleston, soon after which event he became a* British subject. Such was the anxiety of the British comma ml ant-to rescue Williamson, that be ordered out his whole cavalry on the business. H-ayne-'fell into'their hands. He Was carried to the capital, and confined in the provost's prison, for having resumed his-arms after accepting Brrtisb protection. At first he was promised a trial, and had council prcparedto justify his conduct by the la'.frsof'nations and »Sages of war;; but this was finally refased, atuf he Was ordered ■fot-execution by lord Rawdon andlieut.-col. Balfour.' The r»yal tieut.-gov. Bull, and a great number of inhabitants, both royai7dts and Americans, interceded for his rife. The ladres-of Charlestdn-generally signed a petition- in his behalf,1 in which was introduced every delicate sentiment that was likely to operate on ...... the

tit<; gallantly of officers or the humanity of men. His children, accompanied by some near relations {the mother had died<oiifa* small-poxj were presented on their bended knees,..sis humids 6uitors for their-father's life. Such powerful intercessions were made in his favor, as touched many an unfeeling hearty and drew tears from, many an .hard eye; but lord Rawdon and Balfour continued firm to their determination.- . ■ ... / ;..i

The colonel was repeatedly visited by bis frieuds, and conversed on various subjects with a becoming fortitude. He-pa?ticularly lamented that, on-principles of retaliation, bis execaction would probably be an introduction to the shedding of much > innocent blood. He requested those in whom the supreme powder was vested, to accommodate the mode of his death to bisieelings as an officer; but this was refused. -On the last evening, of his life, he told a friend, that he was no more alarmed atths thoughts of death than at any other occurrence which was necessary and unavoidable. ,' . uiuk

On receiving his summons on.the morning of August th^ 4th, to proceed to the place of execution, he delivered to his eldest son, a youth of about thirteen, years of age, several papers relative to his case, and said—" Present these papers to Mrs. Edwards, with my request that she would forward them to her brother in congress^ You will-next repair to the place of execution, receive my body, and see it decently interred among my forefathers." They took a final leave. The colonel's arm* were pinioned, and a guard placed round his person. The pro* cession began frem the Exchange in the forenoon. The street* were crowded with thousands of anxious spectators. He walk* ed to the place of execution with such decent firmness, compos sure and dignity, as to awaken the compassion of many, and command respect from all. When the city barrier was past, and the instrument of his catastrophe appeared in full view, a. faithful friend by his side, observed to him, that he hoped be would exhibit an example of the manner in which an American can -die. He answered with the utmost tranquility—" I wiii endeavor to do so." He ascended the cart with a firm step and serene aspect. He enquired of the executioner, who was mak* •ing an attempt to get up to pull the cap over his eyes, what fas wanted. On being informed, the colonel replied—" I will save you the trouble," and pulled the cap over himself. He was &f» terward asked whether he wished to say any thing, to whick iie answered—<T will only take leave of my friends, and be ready." He then affectionately shook hands with three gen** tlcmen, recommending his children to their care, and gave toe signal for the cart to moye. •....... ■


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