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rt^ghborhood of Augusta; and in four days completed it. Oa tfre gist of May, the British post at Silver Bluff, called Fort Breadnaught, with six commissioned officers and 10 staff, noncommissioned and privates, beside a field piece and a large quanfity of stores, surrendered to a detachment of the legion, under captain Rudolph. Pickens and Lee had for their object the reduction of Fort Cornwallis, at Augusta, where col. Brown commanded. The approaches were conducted with judgment arid rapidity; but no advantage could be gained over the brave and vigilant Brown. In the course of the siege several batteries were erected which overlooked the fort. From these the American riflemen shot into the inside cf the works with success. The garrison buried themselves in a great measure under ground, and obstinately refused to surrender till every man who attempted to fire upon the besiegers, was instantly shot down. On the 5th of June the fort, with about 300 men, surrendered by capitulation. The Americans had about 40 killed and wounded during the siege. Lieut, col. Grierson, who was greatly oh*noxious to them, was after the surrender put to death by some unseen-marksman. A reward of a hundred guineas was offered for the perpetrator of this perfidious deed, who notwithstanding remained undiscovered. Brown would probably have shared a similar fate had not his conquerors furnished him with an escort to the royal garrison in Savannah; for on his way he had to pass through the inhabitants whose houses he had burned, whose reflations he had hanged, and some of whose fellow-citizens he had delivered to the Indians* from whosehands they suffered till "the tortures which savageness has contrived to give poignancy to the pains of death. - .';
"Gen. Greene, the meanwhile, had proceeded with the main urmy to Ninety-Six; which was of more consequence than the other posts, and was defended by a considerable force under the command of lieut. col. Cruger. Greene arrived before, the town t>n the 22d of May, and two days after opened his first batteries. •The approaches were carried on with unremitting assiduity, day and night. Greene's regular ferce-was somewhat superior to that of the garrison.* The militia in that district abated their habitual
Mr. M'Kenzie, in his strictures on Tarieton's hiflory, fays, the Ameri. tan army amounted to upward of four thoufand men, p. 146. The Ameri. can deputyadjutant-geseral, col. O. Williams, dated them thus in his return* •fkrefent St for duty, rank and file, Maryland brigade, 4*7- Virginia ditto, 431, North-Carollna battalion, 66, Delaware ditto, 60—in all o,€in and made no mention of militia. Mr. M'Kenzie ftatesth* garrifon at about,Ij© men of Delancey's battalion, »oo Jersey vohiorccM, and afcout soo loyal mi,
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6rdor "for destroying each other, and waited the event of tftfe siege. The Americans not finding the aid they expected'fr&al -them, but dn the contrary being obliged to send large conwyi with the waggons that went only a few miles from camp fcir provisions or forage, the business became extremely irksome, and the event dubious; however the siege was prosecuted with indefatigable industry. The garrison defended themselves witn spirit and address, and frequent rencounters happened, with \& rious success. Riflemen were employed on both sides, who immediately levelled at every person that appeared in- sight, and seldom missed their object. The additional force of Lee?s l£» gion after the surrender of 'Fort Cornwallis, was highly seasonable, as most of the American militia had withdrawn, either ti -carry home their plunder or to secure their families from the ravages of the royalists, who began to get rid of their apprehensions, on a report that a large reinforcement from Europe had arrived at Charleston, and that lord Rawdon was marching tb the •relief of Ninety-Six.' . .
On the 3d of June a fleet arrived from Ireland, having- o^ board the 13d, 19th and 30th British regiments, a detackmerit from the guards, and a considerable body of recruits; the whoSi .commanded by lieut. col. Gould. This was a seasonable arrrvi al, for the royal army had lost a number of brave officers and soldiers, through the sudden and unexpected attack of the Amei ■ricans upon their detached posts indifferent parts of the country^ On the 7th Rawdon marched from Charleston with a number of these newly arrived troops, in order to relieve the garrison- af Ninety-Six. Great were the difficulties they had to encounter* in rapidly marching under the rage of a burning sun, through the whole extent of South-Carolina; but much greater was their astonishment when they were told, that their services in the iield were necessary to oppose the yet unsubdued rebels in the province. They had been amused with hopes that nothing remained for them to do, but to sit down as settlers on the forfeited lands of a conquered country. Gen. Greene's army had advanced their approaches very near that critical point after which further resistance would have been temerity. At this interestiing moment, intelligence was received that lord Rawdon wair nigh at hand, with a reinforcement of at least 1700 foot, an'cr 150 horse. An American lady, lately married to an officer in the
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ittia; in all 550, if full, and no more than ab«ut the number specified. But •if a miftake in the account of the garrifon, any wife fimilar to that of tie -American army, ha« been committed, the difpropcrtion between both mu«' f>emuch greater than that of 5,50 and 984,
garrison, had been prevailed upon by a large sum of money fc» convey a.letter to Cruger with the news of their, approach. Atr ienapts had been made to retard theif march,, but withoutthe desired effect. Their vicinity made it necessary either to raise the siege, or make a bold attempt for the reduction of the place. The American army was eager for. this effort, in,which every one knew and despised the da,nger. But Greene considered.the coi)r sequences of a repulse, and instead of ageneral assault, ordered .[June 18.) the batteries to be well manned, and a,furious cannonade to commence, while the trpops lined the trenches and parallel lines with all the appearances of a meditated coup-de-maint .Ope of the redoubts was quiskly abandoned, and Lee's light-infantry took possession of it- Immediately afterward., a select party .from the Maryland brigade under lieut.. Duval, and another from the Virginia brigade under lieut Selden, followed by a number of pioneers provided with intrenching tools and grapples, enr tfcfed the ditch of the strongest work called the Stan fort and endeavored to pull down the sand bags and to make a lodgment. The astonishment of the enemy at .first made their opposition jjgeble; but the strength of their works requiring, much time ta Induce them, some of their troops who had abandoned the post were brought back to its defence, and parties were thrown into the ditch to charge the Americans on each fiank, who were repulsed with loss, and then succeeded by others that suffered also, while those within fought entirely under cover. The American parties in the ditch were enfiladed, and galled exceedingly by. the fire fron\ the flank angles of their, fort. The enter* prise however was not soon relinquished. Exposed as they were* with their noses almost touching the muzzles of the enemy's musketry, flanked on both sides, and fighting foot to foot, they bravely maintained possession of the ditch, and vigorously urgqii the daring design till they were ordered to retire. The conflict continued near an hour, when Greene observing that every thing had been attempted which could promise success, directed the surviving assailants to be called off. About one third fcilia. the ditch, and near as many were brought off wounded. Duval and, Selden were both wounded. During the attack, the ,1st Maryland regiment,, commanded by capt. Benson (which was to. sustain the advanced parties in case they penetrated the fort) manned the advanced parallel line, and both lines.of approach, which were within a few feet of the enemy's works. The officers could not be at once neighbors and strangers to danger.. They frequently observed the situation of affairs,, and sometimes. •lettered their soldiers to rise up and fire over the.heads, of.ibifis.
panions, to prevent the enemy from looking and firing ove* their sand bags. Capt. Armstrong received a ball through th$ head, and capt. Benson a very dangerous wound through" ttfe left shoulder and neck. Rawdon's near approach obliged GreeniS to raise the siege on the evening of the 19th, after having loSti since the 22d of May, about 150 men in killed, wounded, and missing. • •
It was a mortifying circumstance to the Americans, to be orji Jiged to abandon the siege when in the grasp of victory^to be compelled, when nearly masters of the whole country, to retreat to its extremity. On this sudden turn of affairs, Greene was afli. vised by some persons to leave the state, and retire with hfs re* xnaining force to Virginia. To such suggestions he nobly ahiSwered—" I will recover the country, or die in the attempt." On the 20th of June the American army crossed the Saluda, aridrei. tired toward Broad-river. They reached the Enoree on the 2'4trl —Thus far lord Rawdon pursued them- when finding it impossible to overtake tlrem,-he faced about and returned'. He consoled himself with the apprehension that they were gone to North-Carolina or Virginia, but they halted and refreshed them'selves hear the Cross-roads, till Greene was informed that his-lordships with about half his army was marching to the Congaree. Tjpofc this the American invalids and heavy baggage filed offtowaril Camden, and all the effective infantry marched by Way of Wynshoroughto meet his lordship at FortGranby. The cavalry was previously detached to watch his motions, and did it so effectually, that a part of them charged and took a captain, a lieutenant, a cornet, and 45 privates of the British dragoons, with aU the'ttcff* ses and accoutrements, one mile from their encampment. The day following, the 4th of July, his lordship marched from the Congaree to Orangeburgh, where he was joined by the 3d re-, giment under lieut. col. Stewart, with a convoy of provisions. Greene, after collecting the militia under Sumpter and Marion", and attaching them to the continentals, offered him battle ofrfrrfc 12th. His lordship, secure in his strong position, would not venture out, and Greene was too weak to attack him with any prospect of success. Advice being received that Cruger had evacuated Ninety-Six, and was marching with his-troops to join'HaWdon, Greene ordered the Americans to retire about seven rtiilffi that evening. The next day the cavalry of the legion, the state troops and militia, were detached to make a diversion towarti Charleston, and the rest of the army was ordered to the High Hills of Santee. The same day Rawdon and Cruger formed a junction. A few days after his lordship left-Orangeburgh, wi^h
* considerable detachment and a great number of waggons, and inarched to Charleston. His lordship intends returning to GreatBritain. His ill state of health will fully justify his using that leave #f absence which has. been granted, while, the nature of the service in the Car.olinus can be no inducement for him to remain. I. The evacuation of Camdea baying been partly effected by striking at the posts below, Greene was for trying how far the like measures might induce,the British to leave Orangeburgh. r£'he detachment wjs sent off to Monk's Conler.and Dorchester, and moved d.own by diff:vent.roads; in three days they commeaced their operations. Lt-c took all the waggons and waggon horses belonging to a convoy of provisions. Lieut, c.oi. Wade Hampton, with the state cavalry, charged a party of British dragoons ^ithin five miles of Charleston. He also took 50 prisoners at Strawberry ferry, and burned four vessels loaded .with valuable stores for the British army.. Sumpter appeared before the garrisoo^at. Biggin's church, consisting of .500 infantry, aad upward <ef 100 cawalry. Lieut, col. Cuates who commanded there, after tepuLsing Sumpter's advanced party, on the next evening destroyed his stores and retreated toward Charleston... He was,closelypursued by.Lee's legion and Hampton's; state cavalry. The leS,lon came up with them, and took their rear-guard and all their baggage. Surnpter and Marion came up with the main body after, same hours; but by this time the British had secured thenajselves by taking an advantageous post in a range of houses. An attack was however made, and continued with spirit til! upward jjkf '40 were killed or wounded by the fire from the houses. The "British lost in these different engagements 140 prisoners, beside several killed and wounded, all the baggage of .the 19th regijiient, and above 100 horse* and several waggons. . Gen. Greene with the main army reached the High Hills of Santee, on the 16di of July, and there reposed them till the 22d pf August. In a letter from theace of the 8th of August, to. a jriehd atPhiiadelphia, he thus expressed himself—;" Gen. Gates left this country under a heavy load, and 1 can assure you he did natdeserve it. If he was to be blamed for any thing at all, it .iyariyr fighting, not for what he did, or did not do in or after ^jje action. I have been upon the ground where he was defeated, "1 think it was well chosen, and the troops properly drawn up, had helialtedaftet the defeat alCharlotte, without doing the ijtt thing,.I am persuaded there would have been as little murMapjiag: upon that occasion as in. any instance whatever, whe^e jSki/i'public meet with a misfortune of equal magnitude, l.thiflk ardex of.c oneness for.an inquiry was pe; mature, and am cun"IIL A a fident