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list regiment, and two British light-infantry companies laid down their arms to the American militia. The only body of fij^ fantry that escaped, was a detachment left at some distance.jffl guard the baggage. .Early intelligence of their defeat wascGr£ veyed to the officer commanding that corps, by some royalistsT What part of the baggage could not be carried off he imrnedi* ately destroyed; and with his men mounted on the waggon arijf spare horses, he retreated to lord Cornwall's. The British hadf 10 commissioned officers.and upward of 100 rank and file killed; 200 wounded; 29 commissioned officers, and above 500 privates prisoners, fell into the hands of the Americans, beside two pieces of artillery .{first taken from the British at Saratoga, th<8jfrj retaken by them at Camden, and now recovered by the Americans) two standards, -800 muskets, 35 baggage waggons, and upward of 100 dragoon horses. Washington pursued Tarleton*? cavalry for several miles, but the far greater part of them escap-' ed. They joined their army in two separate divisions. One' arrived in the neighborhood of the British encampment upttn the evening of the same dayt the other under Tarleton, apv peared the next morning. Although Tarleton's corps had waged a most cruel warfare, and their progress had been marked witbj turnings and devastations, not a man of them was killed, wounded, or even insulted after he had surrendered. The Americanshad only 12 men killed and 60 wounded.

Gen. Morgan, together with his officers and troops, have Justly obtained the universal applause of then- countrymen. The? glory and importance of the action have resounded from one en<£ of the continent tothe other. The desponding friends oFAmelica in tire southern states, were re-animated, and enjoyed? seeming resurrection from the dead. When it was known by congress that the southern army had safely crosssed the Danintd" Virginia, they returned,, on the 9th of March, the thanks oF the United States to gen. Morgan and the officers and men under his command. They resolved also to honor the general with a gold medal, col. Washington with a silver one, col. Howard with another, and col. Pickens with a sword.

Several of the British officers censure Tarleton for not halting^ his troops before he engaged -r that so they might have been re-j freshed, and time have been given for the detachment with theK baggage, together with batmen and officers servants to come upland join in the action. They charge him with un-officer-likerimpetuosity, in directing the line to advance before it was properly formed, and before the reserve had taken its ground. TTiey ptonouueed him guilty of an error in omiuiug to give discretioa^

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axy powers to the commander of the reserve to advance, wbeir me front line was in pursuit of the militia; but chiefly in nof bringing up a column of cavalry to support and improve the acU vantages he had gained'when the American infantry were compolled to retreat. Tavleton's impetuous attacks had answered in fctmer instances; but in the present action he did not surprise fys enemy, and engaged an officer, Morgan, who had faced the tioops under Burgoyne, and served under Washington and Gates.

L,ord Gornwallis, with the expectation of regaining the prisoners^ and of demolishing Morgan's corps, instantly concluded on ^pursuit.. Morgan, aware of the consequences of delay, sent on the militia^ with the prisoners', and to cov er their retreat manoea-' ▼red in their rear with his cavalry and regular infantry* Gorn^yallis-, that he might march with more ease and rapidity, on the 25th of January, began to destroy air his superfluous baggage, arid even all the waggons, except-thoss with hospital stores, salt, and. ammunition, and four others which were reserved empty for the sick and wounded. The same day, Greene ordered Steven? to march with his brigade of Virginia' militia (whose time was nearly expired) byway of Charlotte, and take the prisoners under his care to-Charlotte Ville, in Virginia, to which place Morgan had instructions to send them; Greene concluded that being present with Morgan, he could so order the movements of both divisions for forming a junction, as wouldexcel any directions which could otherwise be given. He therefore left the camp at Hick's Creek, under the command of gen. Huger and col. Gtho Williams, and set forward on the 28th, attended by one aid de Camp, and two or three militia-men armed and mounted. The firs* intelligence he gained on his route was, that Cornwall was marching after Morgan with great expedition* His lordship gained upon the latter after the destruction of the baggage. Greene immediately sent off an express to Huger and Williams,; with directions for them to march with all possiple dispatch to form a junction with the light troops at Charlotte or SaJisbury-j,, as circumstances would admit* They marched the next day. Greene proceeded; and on the 3lst, after a journey of 150 rtules, joined the light troops encamped at Sherrard's Ford, on the north side of the Catawba. They had reached the Catawl». on the 28th, and by the evening of the'next day they and their prisoners had passed it without any difficulty. About two fours after Morgan had crossed, the British advance arrived. It rained hard that night, and the river rose so high as to prevent knd Cornwallis's getting over. The rise was owing chiefly to the rains which had fallen before in the mountains. Had the

tise taken place a few hours earlier, Morgan, with his whole de-r tachment and rive hundred prisoners^ would scarcely have had,» chance, of escaping. His lordship could not cross for two daysj \vhich gave an opportunity of sending the prisoners forward witb> safety. The arrival of gen. Greene was no less providential than? the rise of the river. Gen, Morgan was for retreating over tlur mountains, a different rout from'what Greene proposed* He* was so attached to his own opinion, that he declared he would not be answerable for consequences if it was not followed. Greene replied—" Neither will you; for I shall take the measure upon myself;" and gave directions accordingly. The event has shown, that the other route must have proved fatal; and that the june* tion of the light troops with the main army under Huger and) Williams could not have been effected by it. As soon as the passage of the Catawba was practicable, Cornwallis made prepay nations for crossing. The more effectually to deceive the Americans, he made a feint of passing at different fords; but the real at-? Jempt was made early in the morning of the 1st of l'tbiuary,.>ai a ford near M'Cowans, Gen. Davidson, with about 300 militia* arrived at this post the evening before, Greene, apprehensive Qif Cornwallis's real intention, . advised Davidson to encamp hi» troops close in with the side of the river, .that ho might be rea^ dy to give the enemy a vigorous opposition. The advice was ne-« glected. Davidson stationed, only a small number on "While the main body was at a distance. The party qn the banlfc tnade what opposition they could to the British, who marched} through the fiver upward of 500 yards wide, and about tine<? feet deep, without returning their fire till after landing. That firing brought Davidson toward the spot. But the British were formed, and he was soon shot dead in attempting to make a awd effectual opposition to them. The militia throughout the neigh* bouring settlements were now totally dispirited. Few of them could be persuaded to take or keep the field. A small party col* lected about ten miles from the ford, but was. soon dispersed hy? Tarleton. All the fords were abandoned, and the whoje 1' army crossed over without any further opposition. , ., i A military race now commenced between t-he pursuing- Bii?r tish under lord Cornwalli3 and the fleeing Ameiic,aus un<i$& gen. Greene. The latter retreated as expeditiously as possible* and crossed the Yadkin partly in flats and partly by fording* .pnj the 2d and 3d of the month, and secured the boats on the aortfs side. Though Cornwallis was so close in the rear, asthata.smaili skirmish happened between a party of riflemen and his advance* yet a want of hoats, aad .the rapid rising of the river from, jjg<£t ceding rains, made his crossing impossible. This second hairbreadth escape, was considered as a fresh evidence of their being favored by Heaven, They viewed it with pious gratitude ; and frequently marked, that if the rising of the river had been a few hours sooner, Morgan's whole detachment would have been in the power of a greatly superior army ; if a few hours later, that Cornwaliis would have effected his passage, so as to have enabled him to get between the two divisions of the American armyj' which might have proved the destruction of both. That trie Ainevicans should effect their passage in two successive instances, while the British (whose advance was often in sight of the American rear) were providentially restrained, affected the devout inhabitants of the neighbouring settlement with lively thanks to the Most High, and added fresh vigor to their exertions in behalf of their country.

On the 5th of Feb-. Greene wrote to'Huger—" I intend, if we; can rind a good position, to prepare to receive the enemy's attack. It is not improbable, from lord Cornwallis's pushing disposition, and the contempt he has1 for our army, we may precipitate hiru into some capital misfortune. If Cornwaliis knows his true in«y terest be will pursue our army. If he can disperse that, he completes the reduction of the state, and without it will do nothing to effect. His lordship being obliged to march his troops about25 miles to the upper fords, which are generally passable, gave time for the junction of the two divisions of the American array on the 1th near Guilford court-house, circumstances riot having admitted of its being done either at Charlotte or Sails. btory.

■ Lord Cornwallis's first object, that of retorting the fatal blow given by Morgan at the Cowpens, and of recovering the captives, being frustrated, and the British army being without tents, ardE Mke the Americans, dependant for subsistence on what could be hastily picked up by detachments on a rapid march, it was doubted whether his lordship would prosecute his enterprise further;. so that gen. Greene spent the 8th of February in refreshing all his regular forces at Guildford court-house, which was much wanted. The light troops had not time, after the battle, to take tore of their wounded or even breathe, (surgeons woe left on the field) and their retreat of 150 miles was effected under dlSeulties that harassed them exceedingly. The retreat of the battalions from the Pedee under Huger, was conducted, for 100 mires under circumstances requiring the utmost patience. The worst waggons, with the poorest teams, and most useless part of the-baggage, were early scat off by coiO. Williams to Hilhbo*

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rough ; but the best, and. even the artillery was an. infcupjfc brauce in their situation. They were sometimes without mea)^, often without flour, and alway without spiritous liquors. Np^ withstanding the wintry season, and their having little clothing,, they were daily reduced to the necessity of fording deep crec^ and of remaining wet without any change of raiment, till the, heat of their bodies and occasional fires in the woods dried their; tattered rags. Their route lay through a barren country, which} scarcely afforded necessaries for a few straggling inhabitancy They were retarded by heavy rains, broken bridges, bad roads, and poor horses. Many of them marched without shoes over thjj frozen ground, and through flinty roads, which so gashed their;; feet, that the blood marked every step of their progress. A(fe these hardships were endured without the loss of a single sentinpf by desertion. Lee's partizan legion had undergone extreme ser-» vice, through their additional expedition to George-Town,. Ijf, miles distant from the point where the retreat of the battaU«n& commenced. ■fa

Though the toils and sufferings of the Americans exceeded, those of the royal army were far from trifling. The British had;, in common with the others bad roads, heavy rains, a want off. cover, deep creeks and rivers, through which to pass in the deptbr of winter ; but then they were well supplied in the article of shoes and clothes. The difficulties and evils arising from lordCojnwallis's destroying the superfluous baggage and waggons were., not small; but they were submitted to with the most general and cheerful acquiescence from his lordship's setting the example, .j. On the 9th of February gen. Greene wrote to gen. Sumptet* <—"I shall avoid a general action if possible ; but I am afraid it will not be in my power. Our force is so small and in such di9->_ tress, that I have little to hope, and every thing to fear." The*. troops present and fit for action were 1426, beside riflemen afidK others, amounting to 397, and 176 cavalry, in all 1999. JJufr they were greatly fatigued, and in general much dispirited. Ther; forces under Cornwallis, (as Greene then thoughtand said in his- . letter to gen. Washington) consisted of between 2500 arid 3©0Oy including near 300 dragoons and their mounted infantry. These, were well clothed, amply equipped, and confident of everjp advantage. In the morning a council of war was called ; of whiclk Greene sent the following account to governor Nash of NortbyCarolina—" It was the unanimous opinion of a council of warthis day, that it would be inevitable ruin to the army, and no- less • ruinous to the American cause, to hazard a general actipn i the council therefore advised to our Grossing the Dan immediately,'*


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