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Notices of Recent Publications.
attractive; but by the thoughtful, who are aware of Fichte's great fame, yet know little of his personal history, it will be eagerly read, and will amply repay perusal. Whatever may be said of Fichte's theories, his practical philosophy," we believe it is universally admitted, was “ of the purest character." He had an enthusiastic love of truth and goodness, and inspired it in the breasts of others. The following extract from the short, but fresh and sparkling preface to the American edition, will show the views and wishes of the editor.
“This excellent Memoir will probably establish Fichte among us. The English edition contains also a translation of one of his finest works, the “ Nature of the Scholar.” We look to see the success of this Memoir demand a republication of that also. It will be a seasonable word to our scholars, its lofty requisitions will deepen their earnestness, its merciless analysis will abolish trifling, its simple yet smiting appeals will cause them to venerate their vocation.”
We hope that the editor will not be disappointed in the anticipated result of the publication. In his wish to see a reprint among us of the work alluded to we most heartily join.
The Acts of the Apostles, arranged for Families and Sunday
Schools : with Notes and Questions. By T. B. Fox. Boston : Crosby & Nichols. 1846. 18mo. pp. 136.
"The Ministry of Christ” published by Mr. Fox several years ago has been widely circulated and favorably known as a manual for Sunday schools. The volume of which the title is given above is intended to follow the former, resembling it in size and appearance, and having been prepared after a similar plan. It lacks however the attractiveness which was given to its predecessor by the selections of poetry introduced to illustrate the acts and teachings of the Saviour. One hundred and five of its pages out of the whole number, (one hundred and thirty-six,) are occupied with the book of the Acts itself, transferred from the New Testament, with no alteration, as we have seen, except a different arrangement of chapters, and the disuse of the division and numbering of verses adopted in our common bibles. The questions appear to be judiciously prepared, and the notes, in which the most difficult of them are answered, are accurate and satisfactory so far as they go. If they had been more numerous and full, the book would in our opinion have possessed additional value. It can now, however, be advantageously used in connexion with Livermore's valuable commentary.
Efforts at Christian Culture. By MATTIAS GREEN; being
ten Discourses, delivered to the Unitarian Society, Newhall
Hill, Birmingham, including the Funeral Sermons of the late Edward Corn and the late Thomas Gibson. London. 1846. 12mo. pp. 142.
The author of this little volume of Discourses is, we believe, a self-educated man, and he speaks of himself as elected “along with other members of the society" to which he belongs, to "conduct its ordinary public services." They are plain, serious performances, well adapted to the object for which they were prepared, and containing occasional references to the history of the society before which they were delivered, and the schools connected with it. The interest they possess must be chiefly local, yet they will prove further useful as affording an animating example of "efforts at Christian culture” among those who, with limited means, unite in the benevolent spirit of the Gospel for the worship of God and for moral and social improvement.
Report on the Condition and Improvement of the Public Schools
of Rhode Island, submitted Nov. 1, 1845. By Henry BARNARD, Commissioner of Public Schools. Providence. 1846. 12mo.
This is one of the most thorough, business like, interesting Reports on the subject of Common Schools which have ever fallen under our eye, and deserves a far more extended notice than we can here give it. The Report itself contains a great deal of information on the condition, past and present, of the schools of Rhode Island, and is full of practical suggestions for their improvement, while the ample appendix gives various documents, statistical and other matter, among the rest a history of legislation in the State relating to public schools. For iwo hundred years the " great interest” of popular education in Rhode Island, “was unrecognised and unregulated by law." She is now nobly redeeming her character in this particular, and if she perseveres as she has begun, she will soon reap the fruits of her liberality and afford an encouraging example to the world.
David Ellington. By Henry Ware Jr. With other extracts
from his Writings. Boston: Crosby and Nichols. 1846. 18mo. pp. 192.
The contents of this volume, with one or two exceptions, originally appeared in the “Monthly Miscellany." They well deserve republication in the form in which they are here presented. Like everything of the kind from Mr. Ware's pen, they are written in an agreeable style, afford the best instruction, and have much more than a temporary interest.
Ecclesiastical Record. — Since the publication of our last number Rev. Mr. May of Leicester has relinquished his ministry in that place.
- Rev. Mr. Folsom of Haverhill has closed his connexion with the church in that town. - Rev. Mr. Lloyd of Hubbardston has resigned his pastoral charge. – Rev. Mr. Clapp has dissolved his connexion with the church in Savannah, Geo., and has returned to the North.
- Rev. Mr. Adam, who has been for several months preaching at Toronto, C. W., has removed to Chicago, III., where he will for a time supply the pulpit of the Unitarian society. — Rev. Mr. Capen has relinquished the charge of the ministry at large in Baltimore, Md. – Rev. Mr. Wellington has closed his labors in the city of New York, and the attempt to gather a third Unitarian society in that city is for the present suspended. - Rev. Dr. Dewey has accepted an invitation from the Unitarian society in Washington, D. C., to preach to them five months in the year, still leaving him free to fulfil the engagement with his congregation in New York of which we spoke in our last number.
Rev. Mr. Fenner, who graduated at the Cambridge Divinity School the last year, has accepted the invitation of the Unitarian society in Cincinnati, Ohio, to become their minister. — Rev. Mr. Winkley, who graduated from the same School this year, has accepted the appointment of a minister at large in Boston. A portion of the society lately under the care of Rev. Mr. Muzzey of Cambridge, with others, have formed themselves into a new congregation, to whom he is now preaching. - The First Congregational society in Framingham, over whom Rev. Mr. Bellows was recently settled, are erecting a new meetinghouse. — The society at Westford are repairing their house of worship. — The Unitarian congregation at Troy, N. Y., have found it necessary to enlarge their house.
Cambridge Divinity School. The thirtieth Annual Visitation of the Divinity School at Cambridge took place on Friday, July 17, 1846. The exercises were attended, as usual, in the College Chapel, President Everett presiding
as head of the Theological Faculty of the University. Prayer was offered at the commencement of the exercises by Professor Noyes, and at the close by Professor Francis. Three hymns were sung in the course of the morning, written by members of the graduating class. The number of Dissertations read was twelve; one, by Mr. Henry B. Maglathlin, on “ The opinion that man is not responsible for his faith,” being omitted on account of his necessary absence. The subjects were as follows:-“The past and present value of ecclesiastical Councils” – Mr. Edwin G. Adams; *The moral doctrine and practice of the first three Centuries” — Mr. Thomas P. Allen; “How far is a doctrinal system useful or necessary?” – Mr. Robert S. Avery;“Our Saviour's purpose or purposes in forbidding the publication of his miracles" - Mr. George . Clark; " Paul's doctrine of Justification by faith explained in harmony with
the teachings of Christ, and the views of James” – Mr. Octavius B. Frothingham; “The example of Christ as a religious teacher” – Mr. Samuel Johnson;“The reality and design of the Transfiguration": Mr. Leonard J. Livermore; "The true ground of unity in the Church” – Mr. Samuel Longfellow;“ The character and influence of Zwingle”
Mr. Farrington McIntire; “Christianity in France” — Mr. Washington Very; “The love of popularity in a pastor” – Mr. Samuel H. Winkley. The dissertations occupied from fifteen to twenty minutes each, and were heard by an audience that nearly filled the chapel.
After dining together in Harvard Hall, the Alumni of the Divinity School held their annual meeting, Professor Francis presiding, and reelected the officers of the last year. Rev. Francis Parkman, D. D. of Boston, was chosen to deliver the Address on the next anniversary in case of the failure of Rev. Dr. Noyes, elected the last year. It was voted, that the meetings of this Association for business be held in future at 9 o'clock A. M. on the day of the Annual Visitation, instead of 3 o'clock P. M., to allow more time for discussion. The subject of the Peace Address lately received from Unitarian Ministers in Great Britain and Ireland having been brought before the meeting, it was Resolved, “ That a Committee be appointed to prepare a reply to the letter lately received from ministers of our faith in Great Britain on the subject of peace, and to send it to England in behalf of those who may think proper to sign it.” Messrs. Gannett of Boston, Stetson of Medford, and Bellows of New York were appointed as this Committee. One or two subjects were brought before the notice of the Association, but the single hour which alone was at the command of the Association, left no time for their consideration.
At 4 o'clock the Annual Address was delivered in the College Chapel by Rev. William B. O. Peabody D. D. of Springfield, on the Christian idea of Priest and King, or, the union of holiness and power in the Christian character. We hope to lay it before our readers in our next number.
The annual discourse before the graduating class of the Divinity School, delivered always on the Sunday evening before the Visitation, in the meetinghouse of the First Parish in Cambridge, was preached this year by Rev. Mr. Lincoln of Fitchburg, from Acts vi. 10, on the sources of power in a preacher; which were presented under the five heads of an earnest personal faith, singleness of purpose, a clear apprehension of the end to be effected, an acquaintance with the philosophy of the human mind, and an adaptation to the wants of the time in which the preacher lives.
Meadville Theological School. — The Annual Exhibition of this School took place on Thursday, July 2, 1846. The Report of the Visitors presents a very favorable view of its condition. Twentythree students read dissertations;- thirteen in the Junior class, seven in the Middle, and three in the Senior ;- as follows. The Parables — J. L. Towner; The scenery of Palestine - C. M. Taggart; Conscience - H. B. Poyer; The supreme law in morals — Noah Michael ; Heresy - Samuel M'Kown; Intimations in nature of the doctrine of immortality - J. W. Mackintosh ; Principles of interpretation - E. W. Humphrey; Seasonableness of the time when Christ appeared — B. D. Himebough; The emotions as connected with
religion - William Cushing; Hume on the Christian miracles – Alvin Coburn; Morals and religion - N. 0. Chaffee; Unity of God manifested in nature - Liberty Billings; Value of the Greek language to a minister - Stillman Barber; Justin Martyr - R. R. Shippen; The Hebrew language — James Elliott; Authenticity of the Pentateuch Daniel Boyer; Paul on Mars Hill – E. P. Bond; The importance of a new translation of the Bible - Peter Betsch; The foundation of confidence in the Saviour – Dolenna Barnes; Hebrew poetry – G. S. Ball; A permanent ministry – C. G. Ward; The pastor — F. R. Newell; The pulpit — G. T. Hill. We cannot but notice the variety in the subjects of these essays, - indicating the extent of ground over which the Professors conduct their pupils; and the Visitors remark, that “it is evident there has been thorough and systematic instruction, and laborious study. The students have clear views of fundamental principles, and when it is considered that many of them came to the School with but little preparatory discipline, their performances seem the more remarkable; all of them were respectable, and some of them were excellent.” The central position of the School has a tendency to “ draw students from all directions — nine from New England, iwo from Illinois, six from Pennsylvania, four from Ohio, and two from New York. The students are also of different denominations — Unitarians, Christians, and Methodists.” The library contains about two thousand volumes; in addition to which there are about nine hundred text-books for the use of the students. Some funds have been obtained for the support of the institution, and the expenses of the students are made as low as possible. Three having completed their course of study with the last year, have left the School for their chosen work, and a large class is expected to enter the next term. Indeed, everything in the history and prospects of this institution is such as to give the greatest gratification to its friends.
Unitarian Association of the State of New York. — This body held its first series of public meetings in May, 1846. On Monday evening, May 11, the Association met in the hall over the vestibule of the First Unitarian church, and the President having taken the chair, resolutions were offered concerning the progress of just opinion in the State, the importance of circulating Unitarian publications and establishing a religious newspaper, the attention which should be given to missions, and the interest felt in the Meadville Theological School. Several gentlemen spoke upon these points, and the resolutions were adopted. On Tuesday evening a sermon was preached by Rev. Dr. Dewey of New York in the church of the Divine Unity, from 1 Timothy vi. 20, on the application of the principles of the inductive philosophy to the stateinent and exposition of Christian doctrine. On Wednesday evening a sermon was preached in the same church by Rev. Mr. Osgood of Providence, R. I., from Galatians v. 1, on the position and prospects of Unitarian Christianity. On Thursday evening a meeting for discussion was held in the church, when remarks were made, - founded on resolutions similar in character to those presented on Monday evening,—by Rev. Dr. Dewey, Rev. Mr. Pierpont of Troy, Hon. Mr. Jenkins of Vernon, Rev. Mr. Hosmer of Buffalo, Rev. Mr. Farley of Brooklyn, Rev. Mr. Holland of Rochester,