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act of force admiralty Albericus Gentilis allowed applied arms army authority belligerent belonging breach Britain British Brussels capture cargo carrying claim coast commanders commerce condemned condition confiscation considered contraband contract convention declaration Declaration of Paris Denmark despatch doctrine Droit effect enemy character enemy property enemy ships enemy subjects enemy's England expressly favour flag foreign France Freeman Snow French Geneva Convention Grotius ground Hague hostile indemnity individuals intent international law invader justice land latter letters of marque limited Lord Kingsdown Lord Stowell maritime mentioned nations naval necessary neutral country neutral duty neutral port neutral territory occupation operations opinion outbreak owner pacific blockade parties peace persons practice principle prisoners prize court prize law prohibited question quoted recognised redress regard Regulations relation reprisals requisitions retorsion rule Russia Scott sovereign taken things treaty troops Twiss United vessels violation voyage
Page 190 - A neutral Government is bound — First, to use due diligence to prevent the fitting out, arming, or equipping, within its jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to believe is intended to cruise or to carry on war against a Power with which it is at peace...
Page 228 - The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war. 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag. 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective — that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Page 192 - Secondly, not to permit or suffer either belligerent to make use of its ports or waters as the. base of naval operations against the other, or for the purpose of the renewal or augmentation of military supplies or arms, or the recruitment of men. Thirdly, to exercise due diligence in its own ports and waters, and, as to all persons within its jurisdiction, to prevent any violation of the foregoing obligations and duties.
Page 128 - Considering: That Maritime Law, in time of war, has long been the subject of deplorable disputes; That the uncertainty of the law, and of the duties in such a matter, gives rise to differences of opinion between neutrals and belligerents which may occasion serious difficulties, and even conflicts...
Page 95 - If, in addition to the taxes mentioned in the above article, the occupant levies other money contributions in the occupied territory, this shall only be for the needs of the army or of the administration of the territory in question.
Page 208 - ... in either of which cases the authorities of the port or of the nearest port (as the case may be) shall require her to put to sea as soon as possible after the expiration of such period of twenty-four hours...
Page 84 - The authority of the legitimate Power having in fact passed into the hands of the occupant, the latter shall take all the measures in his power to restore, and ensure, as far as possible, public order and safety, while respecting, unless absolutely prevented, the laws in force in the country.
Page 193 - ... capacity in such expedition, shall be guilty of an offence against this Act, and shall be punishable by fine and imprisonment, or either of such punishments, at the discretion of the court before which the offender is convicted ; and imprisonment, if awarded, may be either with or without hard labour. (2.) All ships, and their equipments, and all arms and munitions of war, used in or forming part of such expedition, shall be forfeited to Her Majesty. 12. Any person who aids, abets, counsels,...
Page 64 - Prisoners of war shall be subject to the laws, regulations, and orders in force in the army of the State in whose power they are. Any act of insubordination justifies the adoption towards them of such measures of severity as may be considered necessary.
Page 17 - The law of nations, founded upon justice, equity, convenience, and the reason of the thing, and confirmed by long usage, does not allow of reprisals, except in case of violent injuries directed or supported by the State, and justice absolutely denied in re minime dubia by all the tribunals, and afterwards by the prince.