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- The Review published at Jena is the principal, but not the only one. There are several others by no neans deficient in merit. Its chief rival is the Gottingische anzeigen von gelehrien fachen, i.e. Gottingen's Tidings of learned Pablications. These are published in numbers, three or four times in the week, so as to form about two hundred and ten in a year. This literary journal is upon a smaller scale than the other. Not more than fix hundred, or fix hundred and fifty books are reviewed in it annually, but it is well conducted,

i I have lately seen proposals for a new Journal, under the title of Annalen des Geografischen und Statiffijchen Wifenschaften, i. e. Annals of Geographical and Statistical Science. It is under the direction of profeffor Zimmermann of Brunswick. According to the plan of this work, its chief object will relate to geographical, political, and statistical disquisitions ; but a review of new publications in the german and foreign languages will not be omitted. A number of the literati are already engaged for the undertaking. It is to come out in monthly numbers of fix sheets each ; fix numbers are to constitute a volume. New maps will be occasionally added. The price is three dollars and a half per volume.

. I have not heard what degree of encouragement this undertaking has received Notwithstanding the professor's known abilities in this department, I queftion whether the subjects will be sufficiently popular for a periodical publication. If it be continued for years, as is the design, I fear that the reader will be obliged to crawl like a snail over the face of the globe, and feel himself wearied before he gets halfway.

• To the above may be added the following account of publications exposed to sale at Leipfic in the course of the years 1990 and 1791. Their number at the autumnal fair 1790, was not more than one thousand and fifty-five: of these fixty-five were musical compositions, and forty-two translations from foreign languages, particularly from the english. But at the fair held in the spring, the number was more, than double, being two thousand three hundred and forty-eight. In the year 1791, the publications amounted to three thousand five hundred and four, exclusive of school books, smaller pamphlets, and forde works that were published at the expence of their authors. It is observable, says my author, that works of imagination, and political disquisitions, which were formerly the most scarce, are now become the moft popular fpecies of writing.

A story is next related of a quarrel between an orthodox and an he etieal clergyman, in which is mentioned an introduction to a fermon written in imitation of Sterne. In the introduction the follow. ing incident is suppofed to have given rise to the discourse.

2. 270. • Uncle Toby took a walk with his trusty corporal Trim. They met on the road an emaciated frenchman, in a tattered uniform, halting upon a crutch, as he had lost a leg. He took off his hat with down caft eyes, without uttering a syllable; but his dejected countenance was truely eloquent. The major gave him some chillings with out attending to their number. Trim took a penny out of his pocket, but called him, as he gave it, a french dog. The major con. cinued silent a few seconds, and then turning to Trim, he said, Trim, he is a man and not a dog. The french invalid was hopping behind them, . Upon this speech of the major, Trim gave him another penny,

and

B 4

and again added french dog. This man, Trim, is a soldier! Trim
looked at him fted fastly, gave him another penny, and repeated french
dog. And Trim, he has been a brave soldier, he has fought for his
country, and has been desperately wounded. Trim pressed his hand,
while he gave him a fourth penny, but repeated french dog. And
Trim, this soldier is a worthy though unfortunate husband, who has
a wife and four small children to maintain. Triin, with tears in his
eyes, gave all that he had in his pocket, but still called him french dog,
though in a softer tone. When the major returned home, he men-
tioned the affair to Yorick. Yorick answered, it is plain that Trim,
hates, with all his heart, the whole french nation, as being an
enemy to his country, but he loves' every individual in it that de-
serves respect.

After returning from Franckfort to Mentz, our traveller took a boat and failed down the Rhine. Hints towards a description of this passage are given in a humorous style; and the reader is taken a few miles out of his way, upon the river Nahe, to the city of Kreuzenach, given by Charlemagne as a present to his supposed friend Erchard, bishop of Spires, to communicate to him the following af fecting anecdote.

p. 303. • You recollect that the long reign of this emperor was marked with misfortunes, which are principally ascribed to his quarrel with the clergy, and the animosities they had excited againit him for having reclaimed those possessions, which had been lavished upon them by his predecessors; and yet terrified at the anathema of the pope, he was compelled to remain three days and three nights, in the depth of winter, in the court-yard of the pope's j alace at Conora, bare footed, imploring absolution in the most humiliati:g terms. You may also recollect that he was afterwards dethroned by his son, detained some time in prison, and aiteru ards reduced to the most abject poverty. In this state he applied to the fycophant of his profperity, who resided at Kreuzenach in luxuri us ease. Maier, a german historian, relates the circumitance in the following manner. « The unfortunate em. peror came to the castle in as wretched a state as when he waited at the palace of Conosa, stript to his thirt, and bare footed. He had the attitude, voice, and humiliated aspect of a common beggar. He looked up with a timid eye to that bilhop, who had been his most intimate friend in the days of his prosperity, and to whom he had been so lavish of his bounties, in hopes to receive confolation and support in the countenance of his former dependant. He then glanced his eye over the stately dome which he himself had built, and seemed to say, behold my claim to commiferation ! while the briny tear trickled down his grief-worn cheek, into the wounds which the heavy chains of his rebellious fon had inflicted. He now ventures to exclaim, with faultering accent, I have loft empire and hope! For the love of God throw me a moisel of bread upon the ground I have given you! The supercilious and inhuman prieit pretended that he could dispose of nothing without the consent of his chapter, and finally dismissed him with an oath-By the mother of Jesus I will not alij you."

The castle of Ehrenfels, and the town of Bacherach are next described. Surrounded with vineyards, and approaching a rock, on which it is said that an altar formerly stood, whereon the romans

used

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ufed to facrifice to Bacchus, a gentleman in the party sung a favourite german song in praise of rhenish wine : both the words and memical notes of this song are given. Other songs in the same spirit are added, These are very naturally succeeded by a pretty long dissertation on shenith wine, which appears to have been written by a connoisseur. Of the protestant principality of Neuweid, under it's own prince, the following pleasing account is given.

P. 357. • The present prince of Neuweid, in imitation of his an. cestors, is the friend and father of his people. Every plan is adopted to render them induftrious and happy ;- not only is every species of manufactory encouraged, but every religious sect enjoys full toleration, Jews, hernhutters, or moravians, catholics, lucherans, and protestants, are permitted to worship the one universal Father, each in his own manner, and are thus habituated to consider themselves as brethren. Being children of the same parent, subjects of the same moral goyernment, candidates alike for a future ftate, they are taught to reflect, that the articles in which they agree, are of infinitely greater importance than those in which they differ, and that the minutiæ of speculative opinions cannot annihilace the primary duty of brotherly love. The protestant is the established religion ; but, as far as we could learn, it had no other external privilege, than that of tolling the hell to church; and the different sectaries, instead of being disconcerted at the found, regulate the hours of their worship also by its summons.

• Several instances were given us of the beneficence of this prince, and his paternal attention to the welfare of his subjects, but I fhall only mention the following :- As he was taking a walk with his family, he stopped at the workshop of a smith, who was ftanding inactive before his door. " Whence comes it," says the prince, “ that I have not heard the sound of your hammers of late?”. “ Alas, sir, I have no Iron, and a loss I sustained the last week, has deprived me of the means to procure some.", " How much iron can you work up in a week ?” is To the value of about ten crowns." " Well," answered the prince, “ I shall enquire whether this be a fact, or whether you tell me a falsehood to excuse your indolence.” The prince, upon enquiry, was convinced of the truth of the smith's assertion, and he fent him the ten crowns the day following. The smith purchased the requisite materials : joy and gratitude gave such unusual strength to his arm, that the strokes of his hammer were heard much farther than usual.'

P. 364. "To judge from external appearance, and also from the representation of those who have enjoyed the best opportunity of knowing, the inhabitants of Neuweid may be said to form one numerous and contented family. Industry, good order, morality, and religion, are respected ; and vice never makes an accidental appearance without exciting indignation, and feeling a blush. The city is sufficiently large for all the purposes of brisk trade ; but not so populous as to conceal or encourage immoralities. The enjoyments of the inhabi. tants are not of the most gay and lively kind; they chiefly consist in health, peace, and competence. This place affords no room for the reftlessness of ambition, no place for specious eloquence, no opportu. nity for the exertion of those talents which have personal distinctions, or the luft of power for their object. It affords little encouragement for the display of fruitless imagination, nor would it reward with its

approbation, approbation, that class of ideas which fhine like a meteor for the
moment, without diffusing permanent light, or producing subtantial
good.. But every hint that can be shapen into form for the comfort
or elegancies of life; every idea that is the prototype of a fome-
thing to be realized, is foutered and protected with care and with
fuccefs.

. If we contemplate this community at Neuweid, in a political
point of view, it affords an example and a leffon, for both princes and
people. It demonstrates that under a wise and good government, the
real influence and substantial happiness of the Tuperior, are rendered
permanent, or rather progrellive, by the progressive prosperity of the
1ubject. It proves, that subjects will be most disposed co obedience,
where they are firmly convinced that their principal is actuated by an
anremitted attention to their welfare. It proves, that respectful obe-
dience to wise and equal laws, is the source of tranquil enjoyment,
and the cement of society ; and it manifests, that subjects, at large,
are infinitely more satisfied, and enjoy a greater portion of happiness,
where they exercise a due confidence in their fuperiors, whose po-
litical knowledge must exceed their own, chan if every man was to
become his own legislator, or to be engaged in the pursuit of that fpe-
cies of liberty, which is mostly accompanied with the latent desire of
becoming his neighbour's sovereign; that is more eager to possess power
than to possess competent knowledge, wisdom, and benevolence, to
give it a proper direction.'

With these judicious reflections we close our extracts from these vo.
lumes ; which we without hesitation recommend to our readers, as
containing a great variety of amusing and interesting matter.

0. S.

ANTIQUITI E S.
Art. 11. Nenia Britannica : or a fepulchral History of Great Britain ;

from the earliest Period to its general Conversion to Christianity. In-
cluding a complete Series of the British, Roman, and Saxon sepulchral
Rites and Ceremonies, with the Contents of several hundred Burial
Places, opened under a careful Inspection of the dather. The Barrows
containing Urns, Swords, Spearheads, Daggers, Knives, Battleaxes,
Shields, and Armille :- Decorations of Women: Consisting of Gems,
penfle Ornaments, Bracelets, Beads, Gold and Silver Buckles, Broaches
ornamented with precious Stones; several magical Infruments ; fome very
jcarce and unpublished Coins; and a variety of other curious Relics de-
pojited with the Dead. Tending to illustrate ihe early Part of, and to
fix on a more unquestionable Criterion for the Study of Antiquity : To
which are added, Objervations on the Celric, British, Roman, and
Danilo Barrows, discovered int. Britain. By the Reverend James
Douglas, F. A. s. Chaplain to his Royal Highness the Prince of
Wales. Folio. About 200 pa. with 36 plates and 11 vignettes.
Pr. 31. 135. Od. in boards. Whites. , 1793.

The study of antiquities has in all ages engaged the attention of
the learned and ihe curious, and, when directed to rational and proper
objects, must be allowed to merit the gratitude of the public. The
present author has chosen a subject connected with our hillory, which
it seems to have been his design to elucidate ; and this will assuredly

render

render the volume now before us more valuable to the inhabitants of this country, than those dry and unentertaining differtations, which have no other aim than to display an useless profufion of labour and of learning.

The reasons, that have induced him to undertake this work, will however be beft learned from his own preface, which, as it is short, we fhail here transcribe.

. If the study of antiguity be undertaken in the cause of history, it will rescue it felf from a reproach indiscriminately and faftidiouliy beltowed on works which have been deemed frivolous. In proportion as this ftudy has been neglected by ancient or modern historians, authority will be found to deviate from conjecture, and the eye of reason more or less taught to discern the fable which the pomp of his tory has decorated; it should therefore, inftead of being accounted the dreg, he styled the alembic, from which is drawn the purity or perfection of literature. The infcription or the medal are the only facts which can obviate error, and produce the substitutes for the deficiency of ancient records : when these are wanting, in vain will the human mind be gratified by the most acute investigation ; incredulity will arise in proportion as the judgment is matured. By contemplating the relics discovered in our ancient sepultures, the historian may have an opportunity of comparing them with similar relics found in difo ferent places, and on which arguments have been grounded by authors who have written on the ancient inhabitants of Britain. If a medal or an inscription be found in a sepulchre among other relics, the undoubucd characteriftic of the customs of a people at the time of the deposit, and the superscription on the medal or the inscription evincing a low period, it will be a self evident position, that fimilar relics under limilar forms of sepulture, discovered in other parts of the island, cannot apply to a period more remote ; hence the most trifling fact will invalidate many received opinions, and history be reduced to a more critical analysis. To explore this country in all directions, to violate tlie facred alhes of the dead, and which human nature mult feel reluctant to undertake, to drag to light the concealed treasures of old tiines, were a labour beyond the capacity of one man; and as a sense of duty to his professional studies has confined the author to certain limits, much of this interesting pursuit has been left to other antiquaries, whose labours will doubtlefs produce a succession of discoveries, which, by degrees, will convey a great acceffion of light to the dark pages of history. He is, however, amply gratified, if what has been hitherto accomplished will be deemed sufficient to acquit him of thofe obligations by which he stands pledged to the public. No pofition in the work has been assumed on mere conjecture; and when deductions have been made, they have been founded on a scrupulous comparison of tacts; but, free to form his own opinion, the work has been arranged under such heads, that the reader may frame his own conclufions, without any apprehension of being involved in the confusion of feit opinionated theory. All nations deriving their origin apparently from one common stock, have used in many respects the same funeral cultoins ; but the progress of society having evidently produced many specific distinctions, they may be methodically arranged, and the identity of a people recognized.'

Mc.

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