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Also the following passages from Burton's Anat.Me. 1. 252—4: 'Amongest herbs to be eaten, I find gourds, cowcumbers, coleworts, melons disallowed, but especially cabbage. It causeth troublesome dreams, ans sends up black vapours to the brain. ... Crato, lib. 2, consil II, disallows all roots. ... Magninus is of Crato's opinion, they trouble the mind, sending gross fumes to the brain, make men mad.... All pulse are naught, beans, pease, ... they fill the brain ... with gross fumes.' Anat. Mel. 1. 474: ‘And from these crudities windy vapours ascend up to the brain, which trouble the imagination, and cause fear, sorrow, dullness, heaviness, many terrible conceits and chimæras . . . If it (head-melancholy) proceed from dryness of the brain, then their heads will be light, vertiginous, and they apt to wake, & to continue whole months together without sleep.' 5.7.7. For the metre, see note on 3. 3. 43.
That are | melancholičke, 1 to worke / at first,
5. 7. 13. telling mysteries, that must be heard. Somnambulists were believed to possess prophetic or magical power. The following passage is taken from Ennemoser's History of Magic 1.71: 'In inflammatory diseases, particularly those of the brain, prophetic delirium often takes place. De Seze considers it an undisputed fact that in apoplexy and inflammation of the brain ecstatic states manifest themselves, and that not only new ideas are formed but a new power of looking into the future. Fernel tells us of a patient who in sleep spoke Latin and Greek, which he was unable to do when awake; he also told the physicians their thoughts, and laughed at their ignorance. This book contains a considerable list of similar cases recorded by physicians.
5. 7. 14. sewing pillows. Cf. Ezekiel 13. 18, and NED., s. v. pillow, 1. d. It is interpreted : 'to give a sense of false security.'
5.7. 32. For the metre, see note on 1. 3. 16. My Neice is on my Lá | dies side: 1 they'll find | her there. 5.7. 36. This line can hardly be forced into metrical form. Hére, he is come! | sooth; and have all out of him.
5.7. 37. How doe you Lady-bird PCf. Romeo and Juliet 1. 3. 3: 'What, lamb! what, lady-bird !'
5.7. 42. Almond for Parrat. This is an allusion to one of the latest of the Martin Mar-Prelate pamphlets, which has been attributed to Nash, Lyly, and others. See the Cambridge History of English Literature 3. 450-1.
5. 7. 51. a Citie Lady too, o' the streight waste P Corsets were then in fashion. Cf. Gosson, Pleasant Quippes for Upstart New-fangled Gentlewomen (1595):
These privie coates, by art made strong
with bones, and past, with such like ware, Whereby their backe and sides grow long, and now they harnest gallants are ;
Were they for use against the foe
Our dames for Amazones might goe. Also The Poetaster (W ks. 2. 440) : 'This strait-bodied city attire, I can tell you, will stir a courtier's blood, more than the finest loose sacks the ladies use to be put in.'
5. 7. 58. Lle clense him with a pill. For Jonson's satire of the physician's pretended power of exorcising spirits, see note on 5. 5.8.
5.7.67. Machaon, Podalirius, Esculapius. 'Machaon, a celebrated Greek physician, a son of Æsculapius. He is said to have served as surgeon at the siege of Troy, and, according to some authors, was one of the Greek heroes inclosed in the wooden horse. See Virgil's Æneid, book ii, 1. 263.'—Lippincott's Pron. Biog. Dict. Vol. 2.
Podaleirius, a son of Asclepius and Epione or Arsinoe, and a brother of Machaon, along with whom he led the Thessalians of Tricca against Troy (Hom. II. II. 729, &c.; Apollod. iii. 10.8; Paus. iv. 31.9). He was, like his brother, skilled in the medical art.'—Smith, Dict. Gr. & Rom. Biog. & Myth. Vol. 3.
' Æsculapius, ... the god of medicine, supposed to have been the son of Apollo and Coronis. He is said to have raised men from the dead, so that Jupiter, fearing lest the realms of Pluto should become depopulated, struck him with thunder. After his death he was translated to heaven. He is usually represented as a venerable old man with a flowing beard. Hygieia (i. e. “ Health ') is said to have been a daughter of Æsculapius.'-Lippincott. Vol. I.
5.7.68. a golden beard, ... as he had. Æsculapius was represented in sculpture, generally with a beard. See PaulyWissowa, Real-Encyclopädie, Asklepios. Vol. 2, p. 1690.
5. 7. 82. 'Twill purchase the whole Bench of Aldermanity. Cf. The Staple of News (Wks. 5. 246):
Tat. He has rich ingredients in him, I warrant you, if they were extracted ; a true receipt to make an alderman, an he were well wrought upon, according to art.
Expect. I would fain see an alderman in chimia, that is, a treatise of aldermanity truly written !
Cen. To shew how much it differs from urbanity.
Mirth. Ay, or humanity. Jonson's poor opinion of the London aldermen may have been due in part to differences of political view ; see 3.5.158–66, and note.
5. 7. 86. Merchants-Taylors-hall. Merchant Taylors' Hall in Threadneedle Street, a little beyond Finch Lane, ... designed in 1844 by Samuel Beechcroft, the Hall of the Merchant Taylors, the seventh of the Twelve Great Livery Companies of London. ... The banquets have maintained their fame down to the present day. The Merchant Taylors' is the great Conservative, as the Fishmongers' is the great Whig, Company, and in our own dayits banquets have afforded to the leaders of the party the opportunities for important political statements and explanations.'—Wheatley and Cunningham, London Past and Present, Vol. 2.
5. 8. 9. For the metre, see notes on 1. 2.9; 1. I. 28. He drives ! another way, now, | as I's would have him.
5. 8. 13–16. That... night! Sir Moth’s anticipated gratification of his avarice has so inflamed his imagination that he attributes as real experiences to Needle such escapades as the doctor enumerated in 5.7.15–18 as incident to frenzied people. 5. 8. 14. Waltham Forrest. What is now called Epping Forest, near Waltham Abbey, or Waltham Holy Cross, Essex. In early times it was called the Forest of Essex. ' As late as the middle of the 17th century, Thomas Fuller, who lived here many years, wrote:“On the one side the town itself hath large and fruitful meadows ... on the other side a spacious forest spreads itself, where fourteen years since (1640) one might have seen whole herds of red and fallow deer.” -Thorne, Handbook to the Environs of London 2.651.
5. 8. 22. For the metre, see note on 3. 5. 156. In this verse a pause apparently takes the place of a short syllable.
A Suitor to your Neice? 1 - Yes. You were
5. 8. 32. For the metre, see notes to 4. 8. 40 ; 1. 2. 32.
And claimes it. You | doe héare | he's már | ried ?
5. 8. 39. For the metre, see note on 1. 3. 16. And yet I sheis not I heard of. I Be she nere | heard of, 5.8. 51. For the metre, see notes on 3. 5. 156; 3. 3. 43.
You shall | have time, . Sir, to i triumph / on him, 5. 10. I. For the metre, see notes on 1. 1. 81; 3. 4. 62.
Helpe, helpe | for Charity; Sir | Moath interest 5. 10. 14. A pause apparently takes the place of a short syllable.
All starres were re | trograde. I – ' | the name 5. 10. 14. All starres were retrograde. The connection of medicine and astrology was close. Burton, in his Anatomy of Melancholy, 1. 235–9, writes an account of the stars as a cause of melancholy. Astrology was a favorite subject of satire to Jonson and other dramatists. See note on 2. 2. 50.
5. 10. 34. For the metre, see note on 1. 3. 41. And Dame Placentia | his wife. The action's entired,
5. 10. 45.
You must to prison, Sir, Vnless you find Baile the Creditor likes. Laws giving the creditor power over the person of the debtor were introduced in to England in Plantagenet times, and survived till well on into the nineteenth century. See the article, Debt, in Palgrave, Dict. Pol. Econ., and in Larned's History for Ready Reference. Vol. 1.
5. 10. 50. at mine owne apperill. This unusual term Jonson employed also in A Tale of a Tub (Wks. 6. 148) :
Now, don constable
5. 10. 62. bid an Oftring. This was evidently a custom at the wedding of poor people ; cf. Tale of a Tub (W ks. 6. 127) :
I'll bid more to the bason and the bride-ale,
5. 10. 74. The Law is plaine ; if it were heard to cry. It will be recalled how this law figured in George Eliot's Adam Bede.
5. 10. 83. The truth, the whole truth, nothing but the truth. This, of course, is taken from the language of the law-courts. 5. 10. 91. For the metre, see note on 1. 1. 28.
By this / meere false- / stick Squi | re Need | le, but
5. 10. 112. A double breake. Farmer and Henley define break as ' a collection (of money) ... more generally applied to a pause in street performances to enable the hat to be passed around.'
5. 10. 123. nor the purchase. The purchase of his friend ship; see 4. 3. 36–47. 5. 10. 134. For the metre, see note on 1. 2. 47.
In reconcile | ment. When the por | tion 5. 10. 139. And make him Lord of me, and all my fortunes. A partial excuse for the precipitate match of Lady Loadstone and Ironside may be found in the fact that he is a soldier : see An