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on fencing and dueling (such as Saviola's Of Honour and Honorable Quarrels), but has picked up his information by listening to the gossip about the town-top.

3. 5. 116. o' the first head. See note on 2. 3. 57.

3.5. 122. Perdu's. See the Glossary. Shakespeare, Lear 4. 7. 35 :

To watch, poor Perdu
With this thin helme.

Rushw. Hist. Coll. (Ser. 4.2. 1173) : Our Purdues lie so near the Enemy, as to hear them discourse.'

Chapman, The Widow's Tears (Wks. 3. 23) :

Revolts from manhood,
Debaucht perdus, have by their companies
Turn'd Devill like themselves.-NED.

3. 5. 123. For the metre, see note on 1. I.

28. The one, | that they are shot free ; | the oth / er, sword free.

3. 5. 134. For the metre, see note on 2. 6. 74.

Or ig | norance | being | the root of it. 3. 5. 137. exemplified Malefactors. See the Glossary, s. v. exemplified 3. 5. 139. One that hath lost his eares,

And is a Histrionicall Contempt.

* This is evidently meant of Scribe Prynne, and may be considered as “ the retort courteous to the histrionical contempt with which he had assailed the dramatic writers.' --G.

Gifford made two mistakes in this note. Jonson could not have meant William Prynne, because this play was acted in 1632, and Prynne did not lose his ears until May, 1633; see DNB. He probably refers to Alexander Gill the younger, with whom ‘Jonson had a long-standing feud, which began as early as 1623, in consequence of the elder Gill's patronage of Wither's satires.'—DNB. The difficulty with this identification is the fact that Gill did not actually lose his ears: on November 1, 1628, he was sentenced to degradation from the ministry, to a fine of 2000 £, and to the loss of both ears; but on the intercession of his father, Laud consented to mitigate the fine, and forego the corporal punishment; and on November 30, 1630, a free pardon was signed by Charles I.DNB. That Jonson did actually refer to Gill is shown by his retort to Gill's attack Uppon Ben Johnson's Magnetick Ladye, in which he speaks as if the sentence by statute were equivalent to its execution :

Shall the prosperity of a pardon still
Secure thy railing rhimes, infamous Gill,
At Libelling ? Shall no Star-chamber peers,
Pillory, nor whip, (nor cart) nor want of ears,
All which thou hast incurr'd deservedly,
Nor degradation from the ministry,
To be the Denis of thy father's school,
Keep in thy bawling wit, thou bawling fool ?
Thinking to stir me, thou hast lost thy end,
I'll laugh at thee, poor wretched tike: go send
Thy blatant music abroad, and teach it rather
A tune to drown the ballads of thy father :
For thou hast nought in thee, to cure his fame,
But tune and noise, and echo of his shame.
A rogue by statute, censur'd to be whipt,
Cropt, branded, slit, neck-stockt:-Go, you are stript!

The expression, histrionical contempt, does not, as Gifford implies, mean a contempt expressed in a satiric drama; the passage means :

And is a feigned or acted comtempt
Of what a man fears most; it being an evil

In his own judgement unavoidable.
See the Glossary, s. v. histrionicall.

3.5. 145. Theeves adjudg’d to die. Theft was a capital offense. See Harrison's Elizabethan England, p. 236: 'In cases of felony, manslaughter, robbery, murder, rape, piracy, and such capital crimes as are not reputed for treason or hurt of the estate, our sentence pronounced upon the offender is,

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to hang till he be dead.' Idem, p. 243: Witches are hanged, or sometimes burned ; but thieves are hanged (as I said before) generally on a gibbet or gallows.'

3. 5. 147 The e in entertainment, &c, which originally preceded the final syllable, is sometimes retained, and, even where not retained, sometimes pronounced' (Abbott, § 488).

As being | a speciall én | tertain | e mént 3. 5. 147. a special entertainment For our rogue People. The amusement which the people derived from executions is suggested in a passage in The Devil is an Ass (Wks. 5. 136):

Iniq. . . Thou mayst have a triumphal egression.
Pug. In a cart, to be hang'd!
Inig. No, child, in a car,

The chariot of triumph, which most of them are. See also Boulton, The Amusements of Old London 2.244 : ' Could the taste of Londoners for horrors, the interest in suffering which appeared in half their sports and amusements, be better displayed than in the records of their delight in the exhibitions of Tyburn and Tower Hill? We believe that no spectacle of the last century, no coronation, no triumphal progress of captured standards to St. Paul's, or treasure to Mint during the first Mr. Pitt's great war, ever drew such crowds into the streets as when Balmerino and Kilmarnock went to Tower Hill, or Lord Ferrers or Dr. Dodd, Jack Sheppard or John Rann, made the long and doleful journey from Newgate to Tyburn. ... When the criminal was notorious, or distinguished, or pitied, or execrated above the common, his agony was prolonged by crowds in such numbers as lengthened the passage through the streets by hours. The space of time which lay between the stroke of the bell at midnight under the condemned man's cell window in Newgate Gaol and the claiming of his body by his friends, or by the surgeons for dissection, ... was a time of revel and merrymaking for his fellow-citizens.'

3. 5. 152. For the metre, see note on 2. 5. 44. That might be avoid | ed. Í, | and with | assurance,

3. 5. 153. For the metre, see note on 1. 2.9. That it is found | in Nób | le-men, I and Gentlemen,

3.5. 154. Of the best sheafe. The term sheaf is ' applied to various things collected or bundled together.'—Nares, Gloss. Here it means rank or class. Cf. Every Man Out (W ks. 2. 51): 'I am so haunted at the court, and at my lodging, with your refined choice spirits, that it makes me clean of another garb, another sheaf, I know not how! I cannot frame me to your harsh vulgar phrase, 'tis against my genius. Cf. also Staunton's emendation of Hamlet 1. 3. 74, and Ingleby's citations in support of Staunton in the Furness Variorum, p. 69.

3. 5. 156. The accent may be upon a monosyllabic preposition (Abbott, $ 457 a).

And pub | like ré | putá | tion to defend. 3. 5. 158–65. And . . . foot. This passage apparently alludes to the struggle of the citizens of London to resist thy compulsory loans, benevolences, imposts, and rates upon merchandise by which Charles strove to govern without parliament. This play, it should be remembered, was acted three years after Charles had dissolved his third parliament. The opposition of the citizens, as Compass remarks, was not furious, but close and united. London was, later, during the Civil War, the stronghold of the parliamentary party. See Norton's Historical Account of the City of London, chap. 6, and Gardiner's History of England, Vol. 6.

3. 5. 170. For the metre, see note on 1. 3. 41. There are three vál | ours yet, / which Sir | Diaph anous,

3. 5. 175. our Genii, or good spirits. Genius: With reference to classical pagan belief: The tutelary god or attendant spirit alloted to every person at his birth, to govern his fortunes and determine his character, and finally to conduct him out of the world. Shaks. Macb. 3. 1. 56:

'Under him
My Genius is rebuk'd, as it is said
Mark Anthonies was by Caesar.'-NED.


3. 5. 188.

3.5. 179. Sine divino aliquo afflatu. Cicero, De Natura Deorum 2. 66. 167: Nemo igitur vir magnus sine aliquo afflatu divino unquam fuit.'

3. 5. 180. a Christian valour. Cf. Matt. 5. 39-41: But I say unto you, Resist not him that is evil : but whosoever smiteth thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if any man would go to law with thee, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also. And whosoever shall compel thee to go one mile, go with him two.' 3. 5. 183.

For the metre, see notes on 3. 4.64; 3. 5. 186. See also Abbott, $ 457 a.

With Ín | jury doth | untó | you; and I consists 3. 5. 188. The divine Image. Alluding to Gen. 1. 26, etc.

For the metre, see note on 1. 1. 61. The di vine İm | age in | a man? | 0 Sir! 3. 6. 13. butter'd newes ! This is an allusion to Nathaniel Butter (d. 1664), whom Jonson had satirized in The Staple of News. He was a publisher and news-collector. By his success in reporting news he virtually created the London press. See DNB., and Winter's edition of The Staple of News, Introduction, pp. XXXV-LI.

3. 6. 20. crack't within the Ring. The gold coin of our ancestors was very thin, and therefore liable to crack. It still, however, continued passable until the crack extended beyond the ring, i. e. beyond the inmost round which circumscribed the inscription; when it became uncurrent, and might be legally refused. ... The application of the expression to anything seriously injured, debased, unserviceable, factitious, &c., is perfectly natural, and in one or other of these senses it is to be found in almost all the writers of Jonson's age.'-G. See also McKerrow's note on line 642 of his edition of B. Barnes' The Devil's Charter : Broken within the ring. This recalls “ clipped or cracked, within the ring," a phrase proerly applied to a coin which was damaged within the boundary of the inscription, and hence not current. As used of women, it meant both “having lost virginity” and “dishonest."

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