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PUT NAM'S MONTHLY

M A G A ZIN E

OF

Imerican Literature, Science, and Irt.

VOL. VI.

JULY TO DECEMBER, 1855.

NEW YORK:
DIX & EDWARDS, 10 PARK PLACE :

LONDON: SAMPSON LOW, SON & CO.

MDCCCLV.

Haryard College Library

Gift of
Miss Longfellow, Mrs. Dand,

and Mrs. Thorp,

9 Jan. 1895.

ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1855, by

DIX & EDWARDS,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.

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PAGE
AUSTRALIANA

67
ABOUT BABIES..

139
ALFRED TENNYSON....

382
A NIGHT NEVER TO BE FORGOTTEN.... 515
ABOUT TREES.......

518
ABOUT NIGGERS..

608
A VISIT TO THE DRUZES.

613
BIRDS....
BENITO CERENO..

.353, 459, 633
BORN, BUT NOT BURIED..

415
CAPE COD.

157
Cossack SoxG,

266
CHASTILLON

514
EXPERIENCES IN MOUNT LEBANON. 396
FIRST FRIENDSHIP

164

FALL

492

How I CAME TO LIKE DIAMONDS.

40

HORACE GREELEY....

76

HENRY HEINEMA LETTER TO A FRIEND

IN PARK PLACE.....

475

How I CAME TO BE MARRIED.

572

HESPERUS....

628

IRVING'S LIFE OF WASHINGTON

1

IT MIGHT HAVE BEEN...

588
LIFE AMONG THE MORMONS.,144, 262,

376, 501, 602
LIVING IN THE COUNTRY. .166, 299,

392, 505, 629
LUISELLA.

305
Low LIFE-IN THE SAHARA.

594
LONGFELLOW's “ Song of HIAWATHA,” 578
MR. PEPPERAGE'S FOURTH OF JULY
ORATIOX...

91
My Lost Youth..

121
MY DARLING.

381
New ENGLISH POETS,

225
NOVEMBER ..

458
NOTES IN SYRIA...

493

ORIGINAL PORTRAITS OF WASHINGTON.. 337

ON MY BED OF A WINTER NIGHT. 577

PLANT-MUMMIES ....

RURAL OBJECTS IN EUROPE AND AMER-

32

RECENT AMERICAN POETRY

48

RACHEL.

290

REMINISCENCES OF A TEMPEST - TOST

LIFE-LAFAYETTE.

417

26

Ancient liistory-Memoir of S. S. Prentiss-
Amos Lawrence—Douglas's Life and Bond.
age–The Life of Curran-Calhoun's Works

- Peg Wutlington -- Christie Johnstone-
School of Life-Ernest Gray-Mary Lyndon
- Peeps from a Belfry-Kate Aylesford-
Ellen Mowbray-Initials—Dickens's Works
--Twice Married-Clouds and Sunshine
Oakfield - Ethel-Aspirations – Light and
Darkness-The Old Homestead–The Old
Farm blouse–The Rag Picker--Isora's
Child-The Elder Sister-The Match Girl
The Deserted Wife-Bancroft's Miscellanies
--Star Papers-Rhyme and Reason-Mar-
garet Fuller-Gazetteer of the World-John-
ston's Chemistry of Common Life-Jane-
son's Common Place Book-The British
Poets-Bohn's Libraries—Tennyson's Maud

Roget's Thesaurus - Opium Eater -
Comedy of Lifo-The Camp before Sebas
topol-The Mosquito Shore-The Crayon

- Leaves of Grass -- Kingsley's Glaucus
-Harvey's Sea Side-Jarvis's' Art Hints

- Spencer's Sermons — Agassiz - Modern
Mysteries--Annals of San Francisco-Hil.
dreth's Japan-Tomes' Panama-Bartol's
Pictures of Europe—The Hidden Path-
Greig's Creed-Bain's Christian Life-Tul.
loch’s Theism--Book of Fairy Tales --The
Unholy Alliance-IIudson's Shakespeare-
Spenser's Works-Heine's Pictures of Tra-
vel--Cyclopedia of American Literature-
Kant's Critique-A Voice to America,
Dickson's Elements of Medicine—Taylor's
India, China, and Japan-Private Life of
an Eastern King-British Essayists-- British
Historians-Gibson's Sumatra--Dr. Doran's
Books --Lippincot's Gazetteer-Teverino-
Juno Cliford-Mortiiner's College Life-
Glenwood-Dixon's New York Surgeon
Miss Pardoc's Confessions--Crotchets and
Quavers Ghostly Colloquies--Browning's
Men and Women-Frothingham's Poems
J. H. Bryant's Poems-Meek's Red Eagle

Familiar Quotations-Cowper's Task
Keble's Christian Year--Fairy Stories --God
Revealed Christian Theism - Abbott's

Hoary Head-Prescott's Philip II.
II. European Literature-England.-Life of

Sydney Smith-Doran's Lives of the Queens
-Macaulay-Queens before the Conquest-
Cestello's Anne of Britanny-Martineau's
Guide to the English Lakes-Tennyson-
The Brownings — Arnold - Leslie's Hand
Book – Jervis's Printing and Celebrated
Painters-Pictures from the Battle Field-
The National-Oxford Essays-Sellar on
Lucretius---Froude–The Duke of Bucking,
ham’s Memoirs of George III.- Past and
Present English Expeditions--Lord Chat-
ham and Lord Raglan-Memoirs of John J.
Gurney-Morality in Exeter Hall and in
Lombard Street-Wrightson's Modern Italy
- Madame d'Ossoli— Poems by Aubrey de
Vere-Brewster's Life of Sir Isaac Newton
- Tegoborski's Russia - Cotton's Rhemes
and Doway - Stirling's Velazquez-Stan-
ley's Synopsis of Dutch and Flemish Paint-
ers-Carlyle's Frederick the Great-Brown-
ing's Poetry–Bailey—Memoirs of M. A.
Herzen-Véron's Memoires d'un Bourgeois
-Burton's Pilgrimage-Bellot's Memoirs-
Bailey's Works--Kerzen's Russia and Si-
beria--Lewes's Life of Goethe.
France.-Schnitzler and V. Amanton on the

Crimea---Notice sur les diverses Populations
de la Tauride-Duc D'Aumale's Zouaves
Nettement's French Literature-Barante's

Directory of France-Life of Marnix de
Sainte Aldegonde, by Quinet-Life of Wash-
ington, by M. De Wit-M. Dumas, fils, Le
Nionde Interlope—La Grèce Contemporaine,
par M. E. About–Tolla Feraldi-Courrier
des Etats Unis-Les Paysans, by M. De
Balzac-Lamartine's History of Turkey-
History of the German Empire and Russian
Empire-George Sand-M. Dupin-Lamen-
nais' Works Stendhal -- H. Bayle - M.
Merimée-M. de Lamartine's Russie-Le
Play-Les Ouvriers Européens- Ampère's
Promenade en Amerique-Voyage autour
de L'Exposition, par M. About-Pallegoix's
Description de Siam-Maynard's İmpres-
sions de Voyage de Paris à Sebastopol-
Chasles Les Souvenirs d'un Médecin-For.

gues' Lamennais.
Germany.-Karl Von Raumer's Geschichte

der Padagogik-Baron Von Reichenbach's
Sensitive Mensch-Von Brugsch's Notes of
Egyptian Travel Goldhanu's Æsthetic
Wanderings in Sicily-Kestner's Goethe
and Werther-Zwischen Hudson and Mis.
sissippi-Nach Amerika–Herr Gieselrecht's
Geschichte der Deutschen Kaiserzeit-Ger-
vinus' History of the 19th Century-Loher's
History of Germans in America-Elben's
National German Manners-gesang-Giebel's
Meister Andrea---Schasler on Kaulbach's
Fresco Paintings Malerische Feier-

Stunden-Lemcke's Spanish Literature.
Hungary. Republication of American

Works.
Italy.--Turrisi Colonna-Guerrazzi-Massari

Gioberti's Della Rifforina Cattolica.
New English Engravings.-Landseer's New

Works—Night and Morning-Wellington
at Waterloo – Highland Congregation –
Hunt's" Peasant Girl at Prayer"-Duncan's
Historical Pictures of the Pretender-The
Sistine Chapel - Winkelmann's superb

print.
III. Fine Arts.-Trinity Chapel--Academy

of Music -- Richard Greenough - W. W.
Story - Crawford's Beethoven - Story of
Crawford--Allston-J. Vernet-Ary Schef-
fer-Dante and Beatrice-Millet-American
Landscapes—Kensett-Church--Cropsey-
Doughty--Durand-Gay-Wild-Leutze-
Faust and Margueret Hunt's Fortune
Teller-Mr. Darley-Irving's Sleepy Hol.
low-Judd's Margaret-Scheffer's Beatrice
and Dante Greenough's Boy and the
Eagle--Dr. Abbott's Egyptian Antiquities
-Hemicycle des Beaux Arts-Faed's Pic-

ture of Shakespeare and Milton.
IV. The Opera and Music.-Grisi-Mario-

Steffanone — Brignoli – Vestvali --William
Tell-Il Trovatore-Mrs. Perkins' Ball-
Madame Legrange-Miss Louisa Pyne-
German Opera-Mr. Harrison-Mr. Bris.
tow-Lowell Mason a Mus. Doc.-American
Opera in Paris and Naples-Norma-Signor
Mirate-Don Giovanni-Mme. De Vries-
Miss Elise Hensler-German Song-Unions
---Ditson's series of Operas--Lucia di Lam-
mermoor-Signora Parodi-Bristow's Opera
of Rip Van Winkle-Le Prophète-M. Mey-
erbeer.
V. The Drama. - Rachel - Burton's-Wal-
lack's-The Broadway-Bokor's new Tra-
gedy-Davenport - Airs. Hoey-Placide-
Lester-Brougham.—Thackeray's Lectures.
VI. Correspondence. -Can there be a New
Architecture ?

PUTNAM'S MONTHLY.

Magazine of Literature, Science, and Art.

VOL. VI.—JULY, 1855.-NO. XXXI.

IRVING'S LIFE OF WASHINGTON.* BIO BIOGRAPHY may be said to bear to modern times we have no heroes; but

history somewhat the same relation the reason, probably, is not so much that portraiture does to historical painting. that men or society are yet very differLike other comparisons, there are some ent from what they have been, as that points in which this one fails; but it is we have a different way of viewing exact enough for purposes of illustration. things-perceiving that to be accomThe great essential requisite for histori plished by the united weight of many cal composition, as for historical paint persons acting under a common impulse, ing. is the power of grouping. If there which, according to the old method of is a failure in this respect, skillfulness explanation, would have been regarded and elaboration in details, so far from as the heroic work of some single indimaking up for it, may only render con vidual. fusion worse confounded, and the failure History, considered as a science, and more conspicuous. This power of group historical compositions, looked upon as ing is, indeed, essential to every species demonstrations, have, no doubt, gained of composition, whether pictorial or much by this change. But, the great written; but a much less degree of it mass of the reading public are hardly will answer for biography or portraiture yet prepared for this journey into the than for compositions in history. Nor wilderness of historical speculation, even is this by any means the only advantage though the promised land of a reorganwhich the former possess. Though not ized and regenerated society may be ranked so high in the critic's scale, their alleged to lie beyond it; while fed merits and beauties and power of pleas with this philosophical manna, they do ing are much more level to the common still look back with great longings and apprehension, and more likely to be some murmurings to the flesh- pots of generally felt and appreciated.

Egypt, breaking out into occasional History, as it becomes more compre complaints that they have been led into hensive, more scientific and abstract, the desert to starve. giving more and more of its attention to Hence, the popularity of that semirelations and causes not accidental, but historical species of biography, of which natural and necessary, comes to deal Washington Irving, in the volume beless and less with men as individu fore us, has furnished the first installals, and to confine itself to those mo ment of a very pleasing specimen. tives and impulses shared by groups Biography, indeed, in this shape of it, and, masses in common-motives and may be said to have picked up not impulses to which, rather than to in merely the dropped mantle, but, as it dividual peculiarities, the course and were, the cast-off body of the ascending order of events is every day more and muse of history; and, as yet, the great more traced. It is said that in these mass of readers seem much to prefer a

Life of George Washington. By Washington Irving. New York: G. P. Putnam & Co. Three vols., Vol. I., pp. 504

VOL. VI.-1

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