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Censure on Howe's attack on Bunker Hill, 25–Sufferings of the British,

25–Great loss of officers, 26–Death of Abercrombie, 26–Election of Ameri-

can major generals, 26—Artemas Ward, 26—Charles Lee, 26–Opinion of

him in England, 26—His character, 27—His demand of indemnity, 28–New

York proposes Schuyler, 28–Montgomery’s opinion, 29–Schuyler’s charac-

ter, 29–Choice of Israel Putnam, 20–His previous career, 29–His charac-

ter, 29—Horatio Gates Adjutant General, 30–His rank, 30–His character, 30

—Incompetency of the general officers, 30–Thomas Jefferson enters Congress,

30–Election of brigadiers, 30—Seth Pomeroy chosen, 30–His character, 30—

He declines, 30—Richard Montgomery chosen, 30–His character, 31–

Choice of David Wooster, 31—Of William Heath, 31–0f Joseph Spencer, 31

—Of John Thomas, 31–Of John Sullivan, 31—Of Nathaniel Greene, 31–

Washington’s farewell to Congress, 31—His departure from Philadelphia, 31

—His reception at New York, 32—Reception of Governor Tryon, 33—Ad-
dress of New York Congress to Washington, 33–His answer, 34–New York
plan of accommodation, 34–Congress expects but one campaign, 34—Its finan-
cial system, 35–Increase of the army, 35—Congress authorizes the invasion
of Canada, 35—Causes of taking up arms, 36—Measures advised by John
Adams, 37—Franklin's message to Straham, 37—Second petition of congress to
the King, 37—Union announced, 38–Congress addresses the people of Great
Britain, 38—Address to London, 39–Appointment of Richard Penn as agent
for congress, 39–The alternative proposed, 89.

CONGRESS STILL HOPES To AvRRT WAR. July, 29—August, 1775.

AMERICA Awaits THE KING's DECISION. August—September, 1775.

Moderation the wise policy for the central provinces, 71—System of Wil-

liam Franklin in New Jersey, 71—Provincial congress of New Jersey, 71–

Provides for defence, 72—Lord Stirling, 72—Pennsylvania, 72—Willing and

its first convention, 72–Reed and its second convention, 73—Mistakes of

policy, 73–The social influence of Philadelphia, 73—Influence of the pro-

prietary governor, 74—Dickinson misuses his power, 74—Insincerity of the

assembly, 74—It appoints a committee of safety, 75–Firmness of Delaware .

75—Mackean, 75–Unanimity of Maryland, 75–Its conservative measures, 76

—It restores equality to the Catholic, 76—Charles Carroll, 76—Lukewarm-

ness of Dulany, 76—Character of Samuel Chase, 76–Spirit of the colony, 77,

—The proprietary, 77—Prudence of Eden, the lieutenant-governor, 77—Con-

vention at Annapolis, 78—Its spirit and measures, 78—It places Catholic and

Protestant on an equality, 78—Rashness of Dunmore in Virginia, 78—Mode-

ration of the assembly, 79–Arrogance of Dunmore, 79–Unanimity of the

assembly, 79—Regal authority abdicated, 79–Virginia convention at Rich-

mond, 80—Its measures, 80–Military rank of Patrick Henry, 80—Richard

Bland, 80—His retirement, 81–George Mason elected to congress, 81—He

declines, 81–Election of Francis Lee, 81—Choice of a committee of safety

81–Edmund Pendleton, 82—Virginia issues more paper money, 82—Taxa-

tion suspended, 82–Declaration of the convention, 82—Spirit of Jefferson, 82.

Satisfaction of the king, 99–Uneasiness of Lord North, 99–Burke mis-

Judges, 99–Effect of news of Bunker Hill battle, 100—Opinion of Vergennes, 100

—Animation of the king, 100—He will have twenty thousand men in America,

100–Barrington's hesitation, 100—Ministers supersede Gage, 100—Hano-

verian troops taken into British pay, 101—The senate of Hamburg befriend

the embarkation, 101—The British secretary provokes France, 102—Self-

possession of Vergennes, 102—He desires to send an emissary to America, 102–

Selection of De Bonvouloir, 103—The message of Vergennes to the Americans,

103—The emissary sails for America, 104—Vergennes amazed at the folly of

the British ministers, 104—American affairs a subject of attention in Russia,

104—The Empress Catharine the Second, 104–Her character, 104––Character

of her first minister, 105——Alexis Orloff, 106–Potemkin, 106–Indifference

of Frederic of Prussia, 106—Of the court of Moscow, 107—Gunning's abrupt

proposal, 107—Courteous answer of the empress, 107–Cunning deceives him-

self and misleads his government, 107—Want of decision in the American

congress, 108—Georgia joins the confederacy, 108––Vermont wishes to do so,

108—Kentucky and its representative, 108–Dickinson and John Adams, 109

–Jealousy of New England, 109–Gadsden defends New England, 109—Slow

movements of congress, 109—Negroes allowed to serve in the army, 110

—Washington complains of neglect, 110–Congress send a committee to the

camp, 110–Gage embarks for England, 111—IHowe takes the command at Bos-

ton, 111—Committee from congress hold a conference at Cambridge, 112–

Friendship of Franklin and Washington, 112—Fate of Church, 112–Mowat

burns Falmouth, 113—Effect of this on Washington and others, 113—Origin

of the American navy, 114–Washington employs armed vessels, 114—The

new legislature of Pennsylvania take the oath of allegiance to the king, 114–

Remonstrance of the committee of Philadelphia, 114–Congress uncertain, 115

—New Hampshire asks leave to organize a government, 115—Answer de-

layed, 115.

Historic candor and love of truth, 116—History must not hide faults, 116

—Nor neglect the influence of principles, 117—Unity of the material universe,

117–And that of intelligence, 118–Experience confirms intuitive reason, 117

—Duty of the historian to be unbiassed, 118—Why candor is possible, 118–

Antagonism in society of unity and individuality, and their conciliation, 118–

Antagonism of right and fact, and their conciliation, 119—There is a reason for

every party, 119—Impartiality with regard to men wins general sympathy,

120–Impartiality with regard to states, 120–Why British writers and others

find it difficult to regard America impartially, 121—Haughtiness their danger,

121—Why Americans can more easily be impartial, 121—Republicans less

likely to speak ill of princes than men of rank, 122—Americans discriminate

between the English people and a transient ministry, 122—Question at issue, 122

—Antagonism between separated representative governments and unity of the

central power, 122—Solution by James the Second, 123—Conflict avoided from

1688 to 1763, 123—Plan formed in the ministry of Bute, 123–Townshend

brings it forward, 123—Plan modified by George Grenville's whiggism, 124–

Grenville's theory finds no support, 124—Theory of William Pitt, 125—Coun-

ter theory of Rockingham, 125—Rockingham's prevails, 125—Antagonism be-

tween the absolute power of Parliament and the rights of the Americans, 125

—Question raised on Parliamentary reform, 125—Townshend conforms to Rock-

ingham’s theory, and in conformity to it taxes the Colonies, 126—His pream-

ble, 126— Lord North defends the tax on tea, 126—Why he was not in the

right, 127—The king and the East India Company, 127—Advice of Hutchin-

son adopted, 127—And exceeded, 127–Massachusetts resists, 128—The king

threatens blows, 128—Blood shed, 128–Taxation and representation insepara-

ble, 128—Taxation and legislation inseparable, 128—The Americans propose

a compromise, 128—Richard Penn and the second petition to the king, 129.


August, September, in Europe.—November in America.

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