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9 Yea, even mine own familiar friend, whom I trusted: who did also eat of my bread, hath laid great wait for me.
io But be thou merciful urt so (And I shall rco to me, O Lord : raise thou me quite their Injuries with up again, and [I shall reward good turns, repay them
quire otherwise than them.]
they have deferved.) Mem. David declares against all perfonal Revenge or Retaliati on of Injuries, Psal. vii. 4, s.
1 By this I know thou favourest me : chat mine enemy doth not triumph against me. 12 And when I am in my word in the Hebrew, as
12 * Health :) This *health, thou upholdest me: and
well as English, may shalt fet me before thy face for signify foundness of ever.
Mind or Body : But 13 Blessed be the Lord God here it seems proper to of Irael: world without end. fenfe. In the first Ver.
take it in the latter Amen.
ses he speaks of God's Mercy in time of Sickness; here, in time of bodily Health.
This Psalm is generally believ'd to have been penned by
David, when he was driven from the House of God
O Quemadmodum. Pfal. XLII. O
the water-brooks: fo long- by the Dogso eth
my foul after thee, O God. 2 My soul is athirst for God, yea, even for the living God: When fhall I come to appear before the presence of Godt? # In bis Tabernacle.
3 [My tears have been my 3!(In stead of eating meat] day and night : while and drinking, I only they daily say unto me, Where cry and moun. is now thy God?
pour out the
4 (Now when I think thereheart] is to be greatly upon, I * pour out my heart by afflicted and disturbed. See Fob xXX. 16. 1 Sam. my self: for I went with the
multitude, and brought them [Now when I reflect forth into the house of God;] on the impious taunts of these Men, and my own deplorable Condition, I am even overcome with Grief and Concern, especially when I consider how much better it was once with me : For í used formerly not only to go with the multitude to the House of God, but to be the person who chiefly encouraged, and put forward the rest, and carried them along with me.] s (And they accom s [In the voice
of praise and bers, with Pomp and thanksgiving ; among such as Solemnity, with Praises keep holy-day.] and Acclamations. ] 6 Why art thou so full of
heaviness, O my soul : and why
artthou so disquieted within me? y For the Affiftance and Success which the I will get give him thanks (for
7 Put thy trust in God : for Divine Presence gives me.] See ver. 15.
the help of his countenance.] 8 TMy Mind, o God, 8 [My God, my soul is vexed is extremely dejected, within me : therefore will I and therefore I am forced to comfort my self remember thee concerning the with the remembrance land of * Jordan, and the little of these great things, hill of *Hermon.] which thou formerly didst for thy People ac the River Jordan,
Folh. iii. 15, 16. and at Mount Fermon, Deut. iii. 1, doc. (which, notwithstanding its height, seems a poor despicable Hill, în comparison of Zion, where I use to worship God, and enjoy his special Presence), nor doubsing bur thou wilt do as much in my behalf, if there be a just occafion.]
Probably he mencions * Fordan and * Hermon, because 'ewas between those two places, chiefly, that he was forced to remain, dusing the time of his Absence from Zion, 2 Sam. xvii. 15. 9 The Hebrew word
9 [One deep calleth another, here rendred * Water
* because of the noise of the · Pipe, fignifies any lesser Channel whereby Wa
water-pipes: all thy waves and ter is convey'd ! Here ftorms are gone over me.) it is most proper to understand by it, those secret Pipes or Passages under the Earth, whereby one sea communicates with another, and whereby the circulation of Waters in the Body of this Globe is performed. Now the Pfalmift represents the several Seas, or
great Waters, as calling or conveying Intelligence to one another, by means of these Water-Pipeś. By chis the Pfalmift intended co. describe the wrecchedness of his present Condition in a figuracive and poerick manner, it being usual in che Scripture, and particularly in the Pfalmis, by Waters to denore great Afflictions, and by the Waters or Depths calling to one another, we are to understand several sorts of Calamities provoking and joining with each other, in order to make a flood or inundacion:of Misery : So the plain meaning of this Verse is as follows, viz.
[One great Calamity does by secret and unseen means, as it were, invite another to assault'me. All manner of Tryals and Afflictions have fallen upon me with their united Forces, their greatest Weight: Yer at fast all is
10 (The Lord háth granted 10 (My Time has his loving-kindness
' on the day
been divided berween time: and in the night-feason giving Thanks, and
receiving Mercies and did I fing of him, and made my : what fresh Blessings ! prayer unto the God of my life.] have received in the 11 I will say unto the God Day, it has been my
course to commemorate of my strength, Why haft thou in the Night, and make forgotten me: why go I thụs them one great part of heavily, while the enemy op- my constant Devotions, presseth me
which I pay to that
God in whom I move, 12 My bones are smitten a- and live, and have my funder as with a sword: while being.] mine enemies that trouble me cast me in the teeth; 173 1,3)
13. Namely, while they say daily unto me; Where is now thy God?
14 Why-art thou so vexed, O my foul: and why art thou so disquiéted within me?
IS. O pút thy trust in God: Is The help of my for 1.will yetthank him, [which Countenance, 7 or of my is* the help of my countenance,] is often turn'd: And
Presence, for to the word and my God.
when he calls God the belp of his Countenance, his meaning is, that God gave Safety and Success where ever he was present. And it does not appear that David had ever been defeated in Barcel when he penn'd this Psalm : So the sense of this Phrase is this; [God is he who always affords me his Affiltance, and crowns
me with Succefs, so that Victory seems to attend my Person, and Never to depart from my Presence..
] This Pfalm feeris to have been composed on the same mourna ful Subject, and probably, on the same occasion with the former.
Judica me, Dens. Pfal. XLIII.
Ive sentence with me, o
God, and defend my cause against the ungodly people: O deliver me from the deceitful and wicked man,
2 For thou art the God of my strength, why hast thou put me from thee : and why go I fo heavily, while the enemy
oppresleth me? 3 * Thy Light:) thy 3 O fend out thy light and Favour, and comfort, thy truth, that they may lead thy Truth: that is, thy Faithfulness in
me: and bring me unto thy ho
performing Promises. ly hill t, and to thy dwelling. if Sion.
14 And that I may go unto the altar of God, even unto the God of my joy and gladness: and upon the harp will I give thanks unto thee, O God, my God.
5. Why art thou so heavy, O my soul: and why art thou
so disquieted within me? 6 Soe Psal. xli. 15. : 60 put thy trust in God :
for I will yet give him thanks, which is the help of my countenance, and my God,
The Ninth Day Morning Prayer, This Psalm was certainly composed after David's Time, ,
and when the Jewish Affairs began to be in a declining Condition; as may appear from what is here said from the 10th Verse forward. Bishop Patrick ascribes it to the times of Hezekiah, when the Assyrians, after having made several Inroeds, at last invaded Judea with a great Army, 2 Kings xviii: 13, 17,
Deus auribus. Pfal. XLIV..
ears, O God, our fathers have told us : what thou haft done in their time of old.
2 How thou hast driven out the heathen with thy hand, and planted them in: how thou hast destroyed the nations, and caft them out.
3 3. For they gat not the land in poffeffion through their own sword: neither was it their own arm that helped them.
4 But thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy 4. [Thy favourable countenance] : because thou Presence. ) hadst a favour unto them.
5 Thou art my King, O Gód: send help unto Jacob.
6 Through thee will we on verthrow our enemies : and in thy Name will we tread them under that rise up against us.'
7 For I will not trust in my bow: it is not my sword that shall help me. 8 But it is thou that favest