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MANNERS AND CUSTOMS

or

THE ANCIENT IKISH.

VOL. III.

MANNEES AND CUSTOMS

op

THE ANCIENT IRISH.

A SERIES OF LECTURES

DELIVERED BT THE LATI

EUGENE O'CURRY, M.R.I.A.,

PEOF£iSOR OF IRISH HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY IN TDK CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OP IRELAND;
CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE SOCIETT OF ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND, tTO.

FD1TED, WIT H

AN INTRODUCTION, APPENDIXES, ETC.,

DT

W. K. SULLIVAN, Ph.d.,

SECRKTABY OF THE ROTAL IRISH ACADEMY, AND PROFESSOR OF CHKUISTBT TO THB .
CATHOLIC CMVKRS1TY OF IK ELAND, AND TO THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE.

VOL. III.

LECTURES, VOL. II.

WILLIAMS AND NORGATE,

14 HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN, LONDON,
AND 20 SOUTH FREDERICK STREET, EDINBURGH.

W. B. KELLY, 8 GKAFTON STREET, DUBLIN.
SCRIBNER, WELFORD, & CO., NEW YORK.

1873.

OXFORD

DUBLIN:

JOHN F. FOWLER, PRINTER, 3 CROW STREET, DIME STREET.

CONTENTS.

LECTURE XIX. Or Buildings, Furniture, Etc., In Ancient

Erinn ........ 1—22

(VII.) Or Buildings, Furniture, Etc. (continued). Of the number

and succession of the colonists of ancient Erinn. Tradition ascribes

no buildings to Parlkalon or bis people; their sepulchral mounds at

Tallaght near Dublin. Definitions of the Rath, the Dun, the £»,

the Caiseal, and the Cathair; the latter two were of stone ; many

modern townland-names derived from these terms; remains of

many of these structures still exist Rath na Righ or " Bath of the

Kings", at Tara; the Teach Mdr Milibh Amus, or " Great House of

the Thousands of Soldiers". Several houses were often included

within the same Rath, Dun, Lis, or Caiseal. Extent of the demesne

lands of Tara. The Rath or Cathair ofAileach; account of its building;

the houses within the Rath aa well as the latter were of stone ; why

called Aileach Frigrindl Aileach mentioned by Ptolemy. Account

of the Rath of Cruachan in the Taut B6 Fraich. The " House of the

Royal Branch". Description of a Dun in Fairy Land. The terms Rath,

Dun, and Lis applied to the same kind of enclosure. The Foradh at

Tara. Description of the house of Crede. Two classes of builders,—

the Rath-buMer, and the CatseaZ-builder; list of the professors of

both arts from the Book of Leinster. Dubhaltach Mac Firbissigh's

copy of the same list (note); his observations in answer to those who

deny the existence of stone-building in ancient Erinn. The story of

Bricriu's Feast; plan of his house; his Grianan or "sun house"; his

invitation to Conckobar and the Ultonians; he sows dissensions

among the women j the Briathar Ban Uladh;—his house was

made of wicker-work.

LECTURE XX. Of Buildincs, Furniture, Etc., In Ancient

Erinn ....... 23—38

(VII.) Buildings, Furniture, Etc.; (continued). The description

of buildings in our ancient MSS., even when poetical in form, and

not strictly accurate as to date, are still valuable for the object of

these lectures. Veracity of the evidence respecting the "Great

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