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statement was made clearly and definitely that the city would accept and carry out this proposition. (Applause)

In providing for this area we start at the east end of the city. In this portion (indicating east of Woodbine Avenue) we have not, as a Commission, absolute control of the waterfront; and therefore the plan proposed does not provide for more than a breakwater some 600 feet out from the shore line, but it will provide protected water with forty-foot openings every two thousand feet; it will preserve the beach for the residents, and the hope is that it will be preserved for the people at large, and under no circumstances will anybody be permitted to bring a wharf out to the breakwater. Then beginning with the city park treatment at Woodbine Avenue, to give you some conception of what it means, I might say that this little piece in there (indicating) is fully as large as Hanlan's Point. We are laying out this 100-foot strip as a revenue producer, an area facing on the park frontage and the lagoon islands of a strip about three and one-half miles long and 100 feet wide which we intend to rent for approved summer cottages and from which we expect to derive from $35,000 to $40,000 a year for ground rent. The rest is a beautiful park, lagoons, and islands for every class of citizen who may come in boats or street cars and spend the summer days there or who may drive along the boulevard. There is to be a boulevard fifty feet wide and a bridle-path sixteen feet wide running from Woodbine Avenue to the eastern channel, some three and one-half miles. Here we have a 100-foot opening into the turning basin, in order to keep it provided always with pure, fresh water. In connection with this section of the place we expect to provide aquatic sites for boat clubs for the east end, and everything else that makes for a summer's pleasure in a city by the waterside. Coming to the eastern channel we cross it with a roller lift bridge. We have every hope that the Government will build the entire breakwater from one end to the other, provide the channel and turning basin with the dockage on both sides and in front of the industrial area, provide the roller lift bridges, begin the work this season, and complete it

within five or six years. There is every hope that before Parliament adjourns that this will be an assured fact.

Then passing on to the Island we diversify the boulevard treatment. We have an east-bound boulevard and a west-bound boulevard passing through and over the lagoons and through Island Park. At intervals there will be some twenty-seven bridges erected, varied in style and beautiful in every style. The larger bridges will be constructed for heavy traffic. It is not our business to provide street railway service on the Island, but if the city decides at any time to have street cars, the work of the Harbour Commission will not have to be done over again. We are also paying attention to the Henley Regatta Course; and are providing a new Island in place of this eyesore with its decayed cribwork (indicating near Hanlan's Point) to protect the new watercourse so that there will no longer be any delays on account of eastern winds.

As stated, we are making provision for two boulevards each eighteen feet wide, going east and west, and a sixteen-foot bridle-path within a beautiful park area. At the western channel we cross on a roller lift bridge and connect with a fifty-foot boulevard and the bridlepath which continues north to Bathurst Street. The Harbour Board has succeeded in arranging with the Railway Company so that Bathurst Street, we hope, will be extended south on a three per cent. grade, 100 feet wide, in order to joint the boulevard and provide access to the deep-water docks and factories that we are planning to construct at this point. From here we propose to carry the waterfront south and form another park area. To the north of this area the Bathurst Street car service will be extended and provide an eastern entrance to the Exhibition Grounds. At this point we have also provided a large site for motor-boat clubs and other aquatic organizations and a sheltered anchorage basin of forty-two acres. From here the boulevard extends in front of the Old Fort to the Exhibition Grounds and is at this point eight feet lower than the Exhibition Grounds so that from the Grounds one may overlook the boulevard and lake. Here we are providing a large pier, double-decked, for passenger landing,- landing on the lower deck, and recreation and band concerts on the upper deck.

The breakwater has forty-foot openings every two thousand feet, and it is also so arranged as to provide sheltered anchorage for steamers coming from Port Dalhousie and elsewhere, when landing or taking on passengers at the Exhibition pier.

Then we come to Parkdale, and the suggestion we make to the city is that it should acquire all this property along the waterfront for park area, and have a diversion of the boulevard to go either way, up through existing streets or along the waterfront.

When we come to Sunnyside and down the incline to a lower level, we treat the Humber Bay on a somewhat extensive scale. The erosion by water on the Humber Bay road, the main artery to the city, has reduced the road in some places to fifty feet, and part of that is taken up by street cars. It is absolutely inadequate for our purposes, so we propose to carry out the breakwater from goo to 1,100 feet, and from the land itself we provide, first, for an eighty-foot right of way for suburban traffic, our expectation being that the grade will be raised to the grade of the Grand Trunk and be ample for four tracks reaching by tunnel from Sunnyside to the heart of the city, by rapid transit. Next we provide for a sixty-sixfoot street for vehicular traffic, then we ascend to an elevation of sixteen feet and arrange for a 150-foot reservation for recreation buildings, stores, amusement places, picture galleries, and everything that is necessary to equip a summer resort that is to be healthful and entertaining from the standpoint of the citizens. This reservation will be about one and one-quarter miles long, and the expected revenue will be about $145,000, so that the whole anticipated revenue from the Harbour Plan may reach about $700,000 a year. That is what the development of areas neglected at the present time may realize in the future as an annual revenue towards the work of the city, less, of course, the cost of financing and administration. Beyond this 150-foot reservation for stores and amusement places we have 55 feet of terraced boulevard with a parapet wall in front as we descend to the lower level of eight feet above the mean water level, then a 20-foot promenade walk, then the boulevard 50 feet wide, with a 16-foot bridle-path, then a 10-foot board walk, then a 90-foot bathing-beach and a 500-foot protected water-way for all sorts of aquatic and winter sports. In a word, we are providing beaches, play grounds, bath houses, aquatic club sites, and all that will give the citizens of Toronto, from one end of the city to the other, the very best use of park land, and of a protected water-way along the entire city front at a minimum of cost, and the expectation is that we shall have a model waterfront in the years to come as well as an income from the same that will make Toronto more than ever the ideal spot on the continent for home-living through both the summer and the winter seasons. And we have every reason to believe that inside of eight or nine or ten years, what we show you on these plans will be an accomplished fact, because we have the assurance from some of Toronto's most able financiers that the moment we are ready to issue our bonds for the $11,000,000 we require, there will be no difficulty in floating them. (Applause)


An Address by J. H. BURNHAM, ESQ., M.P., before the Empire Club of Canada, on January 23, 1913 Mr. President and Gentlemen,

I shall endeavour not to detain you in trying to find out what I meant by asking the question “Are we equal to the occasion ?" The occasion I refer to, as most of you have probably supposed, is that of forming ourselves into an Empire. Are the people composing or inhabiting the various parts of what has heretofore been called the British Empire equal to the occasion of forming themselves into a body, especially for defence and for whatever other matters of regulation they see fit, or not? In speaking of this country you will understand that I am not at any time speaking in a partisan way. It is necessary of course to make references, and names perhaps are mentioned which might strike you as political, but I do not intend it in that way.

My opinion is that at the present time the great point of conflict in this country is, Shall we do something towards making ourselves into an Empire, or shall we do nothing? One policy certainly is for the taking of steps; the other is certainly for waiting, and allowing ourselves to drift further. In support of my idea I will endeavour to make quotations which will satisfy you, I think, that I have some ground for so doing.

There is growing up in this country undoubtedly a disposition among people who should know better, to forsake their duties and responsibilities as men and as members of this great Empire, whose privileges have come down to them and have enabled them to enjoy the freedom and civilization which they have to-day. But I regret to say that there is one man enjoying the Senatorial dignity and this is his conception of the duties of citizenship, and after I read it to you I will leave you to form your opinion of him, and to say what type of

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