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mation was the introduction of division, discord and disorder. The passions of Henry had altered many of the ancient doctrincs of the church. Edward added fresh changes to those of Henry; and Elizabeth increased the changes of Edward. However, along with all these changes, there was still permitted to subsist a multitude of popish ceremonies, and the tyrant anti-christian institution of episcopacy. All these objects, but particularly the latter, were extremely obnoxious to the followers of Calvin, who, at this period, were become very numerous, and very formidable to the nation, under the name of Puritans. The contest between these and the established church forms a very striking epoch in the annals of English history.”

“Nothing is so easy as for man to run into extremes. This was soon the case with the Puritans. They early began to fritter themselves into various classes of Brownists, Separatists, Semi-separatists, Robinsonians, and the numorous sects of Independents. The number of these sects exceeded forty. In short, England was infected with the venom of every species of corrupted opinion. There was nothing sacred that was not reprobated as profane; por hardly aught profane, that was not maintained as sacred. Even the most ignorant, and the poorest became preachers, alledging in their own defence, 'that the spirit breathes where it pleases ; and that truth is not confined to schools of learning. They preached, (the case is precisely the same with the Methodists at present) and the populace was blinded enough to believe them. How well, to use the words of the commentators of the English bible, on the 25th verse of the 10th chapter of Genesis-how well does the name of Phaleg become our time? How well might we give this name--[it signifies Division]—to every child that comes into the world! How easy would it be for us to fill up our annals with this name ; so deplorable are our divisions. Never, since the creation of the world, did there exist as many monstrous opinions, as there are at present in England.”

“From the body of the Independents as from the Trojan horse, there came forth upwards of forty different sects. Some of them rejected the Scriptures ; some taught, that there was no longer any church of God whatever, on earththese were called Waiters :-some maintained, that there was indeed a church, but it was hidden, and these were called Seekers. The opinions of some of these sectarists are too horrible to be related. For my own part, I think, as those do, who say, that England is the great nurse of error, and the great theatre where there exists the most dreadful licentiousness of believing, writing, teaching whatever passion or folly is pleased to dictate. The history of the heresies and schisms of other nations presents nothing to be compared to the scenes of error which it exhibits."

“At periods, also, still more recent than those, to which I have alluded, Great Britain continued to hold out the rest of Europe, the same, or nearly the same, scenes of extravagance and impiety with the above. You might often find in one family, as many religious, as there were individuals who come

posed it. The pretext and apology for all this, were liberty of conscience, and the privilege of general toleration. In reality, nothing is more flattering to self-love and vanity, than to judge for one's self, to assume the Ephod, and to be the arbiter of our own belief.”

RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

Chicago.-A new Catholic College “St. Mary's of the Lake,” has been opened in this city, to which is attached, for the present, the Ecclesiastical Seminary of the Diocese. The Catholic population of Chicago is at present estimated at 3,000 souls.

Detroit.–Various sources inform us that our holy religion prospers exceedingly in this city. The new and splendid Cathedral, 160 feet by 80, of the Grecian (Doric) style of architecture, is in rapid progress of erection. The new establishment of the Sisters of Charity, from St. Joseph's, Emmitsburgh, is in a flourishing condition, frequented daily by upwards of two hundred children. A large lot on fourth street, has lately been presented by Mr. Antony Beaubien, to the Superior of the Priests of the Cross and of the Brothers of St. Joseph, at Southbend, Indiana, for the purpose of erecting a charitable and literary institution.

New-ORLEANS.—The Propagateur Catholique of the 28th Sept., contains the following gratifying announcement: “We learn that the difficulties, which, for two years, have existed between the Rt. Rev. Bishop of New-Orleans, and the Trustees of the church of St. Louis, have been happily terminated; and that this church, so long without a pastor, will be governed, as all others are, according to the regulations and discipline of the Catholic church. Every Catholic must rejoice to see an end put to those lamentable troubles; and we congratulate the Trustees on having terminated them, by a step honourable to themselves.

** The Rev. Mr. Maenhaut has been nominated by the Bishop, pastor of the Cathedral. The news of this nomination cannot but add to the joy, which the arrangement of the difficulties has inspired.” We are sorry to learn from the same paper, that two days after this arrangement, sacrilegious robbers broke into the sacristy of the church of St. Louis and robbed it of six chalices, five of which were of silver.

CincinnATI.—We learn from the Catholic Telegraph that an eligible site has been procured in that city at the junction of Race Street and Corporation-line, for a new German Catholic Church. This is the third Church for the German Catholics of Cincinnati. vol. 2.

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BALTIMORE.—On Sunday, the 22d of September, the new church of St. Peter, in the western section of the city of Baltimore, was dedicated to the worship of God, by the Most Rev. Archbishop Eccleston, who was assisted in the ceremony by the Right Rev. Dr. Hughes, bishop of New-York, the Right Rev. Dr. Chanche, bishop of Natchez, and the Rev. gentlemen and students of St. Mary's seminary. After the ceremony of the blessing, a solemn high mass was celebrated by the Very Rev. Dr. Deluol, superior of the seminary, at which the prelates assisted. Dr. Hughes preached on the occasion to a crowded and delighted audience; and in the afternoon, at vespers, another discourse was delivered by the Very Rev. J. Ryder, superior of the Society of Jesus in the Maryland province, and president of Georgetown college.

The building is one hundred and twenty-three feet in length, and seventythree in width. The interior is nearly finished in the Corinthian style, while the exterior is Doric, presenting a range of six columns in front, which give an imposing aspect to the building.–U. S. Cath. Mag.

On the 2nd of October, Miss Virginia Scott, daughter of Major General Scott of the United States Army, and Miss Sarah Linton received the white veil in the Visitation Convent, Georgetown, District of Columbia, from the hands of the Most Rev. Arch-Bishop of Baltimore.--Ib.

PhiladeLPHIA.--Messrs. John Flanagan and William Jennings, students of the Theological Seminary, were promoted to the order of sub-deacon; and the Rev. William Harnet, 0. S. A., was ordained priest, on Saturday the 19th of September, in the Cathedral.- Catholic Herald.

Florida.-- Pensacola.--A correspondent of the Catholic Herald gives us some interesting details of an imposing ceremony, which lately took place in the Catholic Church of this town. On the great day of the Assumption of the ever Blessed Virgin, six sailors, belonging to the French Sloop of War La Brilliante, in port of Pensacola, after having followed, an assiduous and full course of instruction under the Rev. Pastor, appeared for the first time at the holy table to receive communion. It was truly an imposing sight, says the writer, to see those hardy sailors, burnt by the tropical sun, kneeling so humbly at the foot of the altar, returning their thanks to Mary for the protection she had manifested towards them in a cruise of over three years, and asking of God through her intercession a prosperous voyage to their Belle France, where they are soon to return.

New-ENGLAND States. The new churches of Houlton and Aroostook in Maine are nearly finished, and the Catholics of Pittsfield, Massachusetts have likewise commenced the erection of a new church in that town.

Canada.—The episcopal See of Quebec has been raised by the Sovereign Pontiff to the rank of an Archbishopric. Rev. J. C. Prince, Canon of the Cathedral of St. James, Montreal, has been appointed by the Holy See, bishop of Martyropolis in partibus, and Coadjutor of the Right Rev. James Bourget,

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Bishop of Montreal. An Ecclesiastical retreat, at which one hundred and five Priests were present, was commenced at Montreal on the 1st of September, and terminated on the 7th. Another eight days retreat, at which one hundred and twenty-two Priests assisted, was terminated at Quebec, on the 12th September last.

Italy.--In proof, how preposterous are the efforts of the Christian League of New-York, for the enlightenment of the Italians, we call the attention of our readers to the existence and the operations of the Italian Scientific Assocition, composed of upwards of 500 literati of the country. This Association has in view to promote science and learning among all classes of men. In September 1843, the fifth annual session was held at Lucca, in which an interesting paper was read by Count Serristori ; “ On the Male Orphan Schools of Italy, with reference to the Technological Instruction of the Working Classes.” There are upwards of seventy of these schools in Italy, principally supported by voluntary contributions, and doing much good. The session of 1844, is to be held at Milan; great preparations are in progress for the occasion.

ENGLAND.—The Catholic Telegraph thus sums up the wonderful progress of our Holy Religion in England. Within six years, fifty-four new Catholic Churches have been erected in England, many of them splendid. There were nineteen new Communities of nuns established in England, of different orders, to those previously existing there, in that time and nine houses for men. The Press of Derby within that period has issued nearly two millions of volumes of Catholic publications. Nine clergymen have left the Establishment to embrace the ancient faith, and several Protestant young men have applied for admission to Catholic Seminaries, to study for the Church. The consecration of the new Catholic Cathedral of Nottingham, England, which lately took place, was attended by fourteen Bishops and one hundred Priests. The Preston Chronicle in a late number says: “In a letter received by a person in the neighbourhood of this town from St. Edmund's College, near Ware, Herts, occurs the following passage: "A Mr. Burton, lately a Protestant clergymen, was here during the vacation, when he was baptised, confirmed, and made his first Communion. He is at present on a visit to Oscott, and in a month, I hear, he will return here, but I am not quite sure if for the Church. A fortnight ago a Mr. Brown, from King's College, London, a layman, after being received into the Church came down here, and received Confirmation and Communior. He left on Sunday, and will return on the 20th September, when he will join us, I believe, in philosophy. There is yet another convert to come from Cambridge very shortly, but not, I think, for the Church.

Ireland.-Mr. Edmund Rice, the founder of the branch of the Christian Brothers' school in Ireland, departed this life on the 29th ult., at the Christian schools in Waterford. The particulars of the origin and progress of the labours of Mr. Rice in this truly meritorious work, are given towards the end of the “ Life of the Venerable J. B. De La Salle,” founder of the Christian

Schools. Mr. Rice was born in Callow, near Kilkenny, and was upwards of 80 years old at the time of his demise. It is impossible to estimate the value of the Christian schools, which now give the blessings of a truly religious, moral, and literary education to so many thousands in Ireland.

FRANCE.—The imposing ceremony of the inauguration of the Statute erected to the late illustrious and Venerable Archbishop of Bordeaux, the Cardinal Cheverus, formerly Bishop of Boston, took place on the 8th of August, in the grand square of Mayenne, his native city. The National Guards of Laval and Mayenne took part in the solemnity, which was presided over by the Bishop of Perigeux, Mgr. George Massonais, the late Cardinal's nephew, assisted by the Bishop of Mans. The statute is of Bronze, 8 1-2 French feet (more than 9 English feet) in height, and represents the cardinal standing, his left hand supported on the Gospels, on which are engraved the words, “Suffer little children to come unto me;" while his right hand is extended in an attitude of invitation to hear the beautiful words of the Bible explained. A cippus supports the Sacred Volume and the Cardinal's hat; and four bass reliefs in bronze ornament the pedesteal, one representing a shipwreck ; another a scene in which the venerable prelate attends at the bed of a sick negro; a third represents another touching scene of the Bishop's charity; and the fourth, some Indians singing mass in the “ Savannas” of America.

Angers.—On the 11th of August no less than fifty ladies made their Religious profession in the order of the “Sisters of the Good Shephered” at Angers. This order devotes itself exclusively to the conversion of abandoned females, who turn from the way of sin, inio the road of Christian repentance. There are houses of this order in France, Bavaria, Sardinia, England, United States and Canada.

SWITZERLAND.—The minority of the seven Catholic Cantons in the Swiss Diet, although the Argau Convent case has been regularly decided against them, continue to protest and to proclaim the decision a violation of the Federal compact. The Bishops of Switzerland have joined their voices to those of the faithful Catholics of Argau, and have unanimously presented to the Federal Diet a remonstrance, written in a firm and moderate tone, against the suppression of the Convents in Argau. On the 19th of August the Diet entertained, at the instance of Argau, the motion for the expulsion of the Jesuits from all Switzerland. This measure, and the nature of the discussion, affect deeply the sentiments and pretentions of several of the Cantons wherein the order is not merely tolerated, but religiously cherished-its seminaries being thought the best possible in every respect for the education of Catholic youth. After a long and warm debate the vote was had on the 21st instant, and the motion was rejected by fourteen out of twenty-two Cantons. The order of Loyola found zealous and skilful advocates in the Diet; the President of the Assembly signalized himself among the number. A considerable portion of the property of one of the Convents suppressed by Argau lies in the contiguous Canton of

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