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tive, and issued by the proper authority of the Government who claims the surrender, in case such sentence or declaration shall have been pronounced; said document to be drawn up and certified according to the forms prescribed by the laws of the country making the demand. But if such sentence or declaration shall not have been pronounced, then the surrender may be demanded, and shall be made, when the demanding party shall have furnished such proof of culpability as would have been sufficient to justify the apprehension and commitment for trial of the accused if the offence had been committed in the country where he shall have taken refuge.
Persons shall be so delivered up who shall have been charged with or, sentenced for any of the following crimes, to wit: Murder, (including assassination, parricide, infanticide, and poison- c ing,) or attempt to commit murder; rape; piracy, (including mutiny on board a ship, whenever the crew or part thereof, by fraud or violence against the commander, have taken possession of the vessel:) arson; robbery and burglary; forgery, and the fabrication or circulation of counterfeit money, whether coin or paper money; embezzlement by public officers, including appropriation of" public funds.
The expenses of any detention and delivery, effected in virtue of the preceding provisions, shall be borne and defrayed by the party who makes the requisition and receives the fugitive. iiUul
Neither of the contracting parties shall be bound to deliver up, under the stipulations of this convention, any person who, according to the laws of the country where he shall be found, is a citizen or a subject of the same at the time his surrender is demanded.
The provisions of the present convention shall not be ap- Kor»poutim oiplied to any crime or offence of a political character.
Article VI. ,
Whenever any person, accused of any of the crimes enumerated in this convention, shall have committed a new crime in the „-„„ crlme, „„. territories of the State where he has sought an asylum or miUad' **■ shall be found, such person shall not be delivered up under the stipulations of this convention until he shall have been tried, and shall have received the punishment due to such new crime, or shall have been acquitted thereof.
This convention shall not take effect until ten days after its publication, made according to the laws of the respective Govern- Whe„thi, „,„,,,,. ments. i.o»»k»>(«n.
It shall remain in force until the end of six months after either of the high contracting parties shall have given notice to the other B„ lorx t0 ,„ of its intention to terminate the same. tore*
This convention not to apply to citi»tna or subjects, &c. It shall be ratified by the President of the United States, by and with Tob*ntit»dwitiH the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by His intcDmo-ti* Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, and the ratifications shall be exchanged within ten months from the date of its signature, or earlier if possible.
In faith whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed this convention, and have hereunto affixed their seals. Done in duplicate, at Washington, the twenty-first day of March, one s«n.tun>, M»rch thousand eight hundred and sixty, and the eighty-fourth ai, iw*>. vear 0f £j,e Independence of the United States.
LEW. CASS. [seal.]
SWEDEN AND NORWAY, 18G9.
CONVENTION AND PROTOCOL BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND SWEDEN AND NORWAY, RELATIVE TO NATURALIZATION. SIGNED MAY 26, 1869; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED JUNE 14, 1871: PROCLAIMED JANUARY 12, 1872.
The President of the United States of America and His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, led by the wish to regulate contractTM i«rt,» ^e citizenship of those persons who emigrate from the United States of America to Sweden and Norway and their dependencies and territories, and from Sweden and Norway to the United States of America, have resolved to treat on this subject, and have for that purpose appointed Plenipotentiaries to conclude a convention, that is to say: The President of the United States of America, Joseph J. Bartlett, Minister Resident; and His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, Count Charles Wachtmeister, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs; who have agreed to and signed the following articles:
Citizens of the United States of America who have resided in Swedt den or Norway for a continuous period of at least five years, th. uS«dstItTM.°e and during such residence have become and are lawfully of's'wedlu »'o recognized as citizens of Sweden or Norway, shall be held by the Government of the United States to be Swedish or Norwegian citizens, and shall be treated as such. Reciprocally, citizens of Sweden or Norway who have resided in the United States of America for a continuous period of at least s»itoi3Sli five years, and during such residence have become naturalc^n.oflhe'ukitej' ized citizens of the United States, shall be held by the Government of Sweden and Norway to be American citizens, and shall be treated as such.
The declaration of an intention to become a citizen of the one
tent not to affect Or the other country has not for either party the effect of citizenship legally acquired.
A recognized citizen of the one party, on returning to the territory
of the other, remains liable to trial and punishment for an Cltu action punishable by the laws of his original country, and TMlt*,°"<£!!Z committed before his emigration, but not for the emigration ^J" b°t"^ itself, saving always the limitation established by the laws «"»«<«"">• of his original country, and any other remission of liability to punishment.
If a citizen of the one party, who has become a recognized citizen of the other party, takes up his abode once more in his origi- re. nal country, and applies to be restored to his former ^,t,-"Ti citizenship, the Government of the last-named country is authorized to receive him again as a citizen, on such conditions as the said Government may think proper.
The convention for the mutual delivery of criminals, fugitives from justice, in certain cases, concluded between the United co»»en,,o»iorthe States on the one part and Sweden and Norway on the KS^SSi "JJSS other part, the 21st March, 18G0, remains in force without nottob"ba°«tA change.
The present convention shall go into efiect immediately on the exchan ge of ratifications, and shall continue in force for ten years, co..,*.^- »h«. If neither party shall have given the other six months' pre- 1^ l^tT'co".. vious notice of its intention then to terminate the same, it uTM* shall further remain in force until the end of twelve months after either of the contracting parties shall have given notice to the other of such intention.
The present convention shall be ratified by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, n,tuc»iiM. and by His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway; and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Stockholm within twenty-four months from the date hereof.
In faith whereof the Plenipotentiaries have signed and sealed this convention.
Stockholm, May 26, 18G9.
JOSEPH J. BARTLETT. [SEAL.
The undersigned met to-day to sign the convention agreed upou in conformity with their respective full powers, relating to the citizenship of those persons who emigrate from the United States of America to Sweden and Norway, and from Sweden and Norway to the United States of America; on which occasion the following observations, more exactly defining and explaining the contents of this convention, were entered in the following protocol:
I. Eelating to the first article of the convention.
It is understood that if a citizen of the United States of America has n,. uMitiond «t. been discharged from his American citizenship, or, on the other side, if a Swede or a Norwegian has been discharged "*"""• "be°' from his Swedish or Norwegian citizenship, in the manner legally prescribed by the Government of his original country, and then in the other country in a rightful and perfectly valid manner acquires citizenship, then an additional five years' residence shall no longer be required; but a person who has in that manner been recognized as a citizen of the other country shall, from the moment thereof, be held and treated as a Swedish or Norwegian citizen, and, reciprocally, as a citizen of the United Stales.
IL Eelating to the second article of the convention.
If a former Swede or Norwegian, who under the first article is to be held as an adopted citizen of the United States of America, i,,r»T«!T .«c''thj has emigrated after he has attained the age when he berS.ro,Mst*iT i"* comes liable to military service, and returns again to his ble to fulfil' their original country, it is agreed that he remains liable to trial nui.tw~n-.ee, &c aQ(j puniahment for an action punishable by the laws of his original country and committed before his emigration, but not for the act of emigration itself, unless thereby have been committed any punishable action against Sweden or Norway, or against a Swedish or Norwegian citizen, such as non-fulfilment of military service, or desertion from the military force or from a ship, saving always the limitation established by the laws of the original country, and any other remission of liability to punishment; and that he can be held to fulfil, according to the laws, his military service, or the remaining part thereof.
III. Eelating to the third article of the convention. sw.ni. *c n, *k further agreed that if a Swede or Norwegian, who <'Z*"' if'th. has become a naturalized citizen of the United States, rei<-""«,rJTho?; ?<■".- news his residence in Sweden or Norway without the intent iXti," not to return to America, he shall be held by the Government vo'wd-lLlJ'hlu of the United States to have renounced his American citi
to renounce their , .
American cititen- ZCnSUip.
The intent not to return to America may be held to exist when the person so naturalized resides more thau two years in Sweden or Norway.
JOSEPH J. BAETLETT. [seal.
SWISS CONFEDERATION, 1847.
CONVENTION WITH THE SWISS CONFEDERATION FOE THE MUTUAL ABOLITION OF THE DROIT D'AUBAINE AND TAXES ON EMIGRATION. CONCLUDED MAY 18, 1847; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED AT WASHINGTON, MAY 3, 1843; PROCLAIMED MAY 4, 1848.
The President of tbe United States of America and the Federal Directory of the Swiss Confederation, animated by the desire to secure and extend by an amicable convention the relations happily existing between the two countries, have to this effect appointed as their Plenipotentiaries, to wit:
The President of the United States of America, James Buchanan, Secretary of State of the United States; and the Federal Directory of the Swiss Confederation, A. C. Cazenove, Swiss Consul at Alexandria; /
Who, after the exchange of their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon and signed the following articles:
The citizens of each one of the high contracting parties shall have power to dispose of their personal property within the jurisdiction of the other, either by testament, donation, or ab in- °"° testato, or in any other manner; and their heirs, being citi- Heir> zens of the other party, shall inherit all such personal estates, whether by testament or ab intestate, and they may take possession of the same, either personally or by attorney, and dispose of them as they may think proper, paying to the respective governments no other charges than those to which the inhabitants of the country in which the said property shall be found would be liable in a similar case; and in the absence of such heir, or heirs, the same care shall be taken p„I»rt,0f.b«11t of the property that would be taken in the like case for the preservation of the property of a citizen 6f the same country, until the lawful proprietor shall have had time to take measures for possessing himself of the same; and in case any dispute should arise cj^^^ between claimants to the same succession as to the property c"°" thereof, the question shall be decided according to the laws and by the judges of the country in which the property is situated.
N Article II.
If, by the death of a person owning real property in the territory of one of the high contracting parties, such property should descend, either by the laws of the country or by testament- v ary disposition, to a citizen of the other party, who, on account of his being an alien, could not be permitted to retain the actual possession of such property, a term of not less than three years shall be allowed to him to dispose of such property, and to collect and withdraw the proceeds