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remain on board, and to take such precautions as may be necessary to prevent all illicit commerce while such vessels remain within the said jurisdiction.

Article VIII.

It is also agreed that the vessels of one of the contracting parties, entering the ports of the other, shall be permitted to dis- v.,,,,. i;id,„! charge a part only of their cargoes, whenever the captain "»"•»"*'•!<»». or owner shall desire so to do, and they shall be allowed to depart freely with the remainder, without paying any duties, imposts, or charges whatsoever, except on that part which shall have beeu landed, and which shall be marked and noted on the list or manifest containing the enumeration of the merchandise which the vessel ought to have on board, and which list ought always to be presented, without reservation, to the officers of the customs at the place where the vessel shall have arrived; and nothing shall be paid on the part of the cargo which the vessel takes away; and the said vessel may proceed therewith to any other port or ports in the same country, into which vessels of the most favoured nations are permitted to enter, and there dispose of the same; or the said vessel may depart therewith to the ports of any other country. It is, however, understood that the duties, imposts, or charges, which are payable on the vessel itself, ought to be paid at the first port where it breaks bulk and discharges a part of the cargo, and that no such duties or impositions shall be again demanded in the ports of the same country where the said vessel may thereafter enter, except the inhabitants of the country be subjected to further duties in the same circumstances.

Article IX.

The citizens or subjects of one of the contracting parties shall enjoy in the ports of the other, as well for their vessels as for their RiIht, ,„dri„. merchandise, all the rights and privileges of entrepot, which k,e" •>< M*'°tare enjoyed by the most favoured nations in the same ports.

Article X.

In case any vessel, belonging to either of the two States or to their citizens or subjects, shall be stranded, shipwrecked, or have suffered any other damage on the coasts under the dominion of either of the parties, all aid and assistance shall be given to the persons shipwrecked, or who may be in danger thereof, and passports shall be granted them to return to their own country. The ships and merchandise wrecked, or the proceeds thereof, if the effects be sold, being claimed in a year and a day, by the owners, or their attorney, shall be restored on paying the same costs of salvage, conformably to the laws and usages of the two nations, which the citizens or subjects of the country would pay in the same circumstances. The respective governments shall watch over the companies which are or may be instituted for saving shipwrecked persons aud property, that vexatious and abuses may not take place.

Article XI.

It is agreed that vessels arriving direct from the United States, at a port under the dominion of His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, or from the ports of his said Majesty in Europe'

at a port of the United States, furnished with a certificate of health from the competent health officer of the port whence they took their departure, certifying that no malignant or contagious disease existed at that port, shall not be subjected to any other quarantine than such as shall be necessary for the visit of the health officer of the port at which they may have arrived, but shall, after such visit, be permitted immediately to enter and discharge their cargoes; provided, always, that there may not be found any person on board who has been, during the voyage, afflicted with a malignant or contagious disease, and that the country from which the vessel conies may not be so generally regarded at the time as infected, or suspected, that it has been previously necessary to issue a regulation by which all vessels coming from that country are regarded as suspected and subjected to quarantine.

Article XII.

The treaty of amity and commerce concluded at Paris in 1783, hy the Plenipotentiaries of the United States and of His Maroncludeil 'in 1783', jesty the King of Sweden, is renewed and put in force by """""" the present treaty, in respect to all which is contained in the second, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth, fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth, nineteenth, twenty-first, twenty-second, twenty-third, and twenty-fifth articles of the said treaty, as well as the separate articles one, two, four, and five, which were signed the same day by the same Plenipotentiaries; and the articles specified shall be considered to have as full force and vigour as if they were inserted word for word: provided, 1 h"JE'Ik,l^ 'ii nevertheless, that the stipulations contained in the articles ViSEi'S, above mentioned shall always be considered as making no change in the conventions previously concluded with other friendly and allied nations.

Article XLU.

Considering the distance of the respective countries of the two high contracting parties, and the uncertainty that results tberefrom in relation to the various events which may take place, it is agreed that a merchant-vessel, belonging to one of the contracting parties, and destined to a port supposed to be blockaded at the time of her departure, shall not, however, be captured or condemned for having a first time attempted to enter the said port, unless it may be proved that the said vessel could and ought to have learned, on her passage, that the place in question continued to be in a state of blockade. But vessels which, after having been once turned away, shall attempt a second time, during the same voyage, to enter the same port of tlie enemy, while the blockade continues, shall be liable to detention and condemnation.

Article XIV.

The present treaty, when the same shall have been ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and by His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, shall continue in force, and be obligatory on the United States and His Majesty the King of Sweden and Xoruay, for the term of eight years from the exchange of the ratifications; and the ratifications shall be exchanged in eight months from the signature of this treaty, or sooner if possible.

In faith whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the present treaty, and have thereunto set the seal of their arms. Done at Stockholm, the fourth day of September, in the year of Grace one thousand eight hundred and sixteen.

JONA. RUSSELL.
LB COMTE D'ENGESTRO-M.
LE COMTE A. G. De Morner.

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SWEDEN AND NORWAY, 1827.

TREATY* WITH SWEDEN AND NORWAY, AND SEPARATE ARTCLE TO SAME. CONCLUDED JULY 4, 1827; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED JANUARY 18, 1828; PROCLAIMED JANUARY 19, 1828.

In the name of the Most Holy and Indivisible Trinity.

The United States of America and His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, equally animated with the desire of extending and consolidating the commercial relations subsisting between their respective territories, and convinced that this object cannot better be accomplished than by placing them on the basis of a perfect equality and reciprocity, have, in consequence, agreed to enter into negotiation for a new treaty of commerce and navigation; and to this effect have appointed Plenipotentiaries, to wit:

The President of the United States of America, John James Appleton, Charge d'Affaires of the said States at the court of His . Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway; and His Majesty e°t'"'eiL the King of Sweden and Norway, the Sieur Gustave Count do Wetterstedt, his Minister of State and of Foreign Affairs, Knight Commander of his orders, Knight of the Orders of St. Andrew, St. Alexander Newsky, and St. Ann, of the first class, of Russia; Knight of the Order of the Red Eagle, of the first class, of Prussia; Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold, of Austria; one of the Eighteen of the Swedish Academy;

Who, after having exchanged their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following articles:

Article I.

The citizens and subjects of each of the two high contracting parties may, with all security for their persons, vessels, and cargoes, Navi„„,„n ,nd freely enter the ports, places, and rivers of the territories of <K'mmt'"* the other, wherever foreign commerce is permitted. They shall be at liberty to sojourn and reside in all parts whatsoever of said territories; to rent and occupy houses and warehouses for their commerce; and they shall enjoy, generally, the most entire security and protection in their mercantile transactions, on condition of their submitting to the laws and ordinances of the respective countries.

Article II.

Swedish and Norwegian vessels, and those of the island of St. Bartholomew, arriving either laden or in ballast, into the ports s„,,„h ,ni „„ of the United States of America, from whatever place!hey «•»»••««*.*«•'• may come, shall be treated, on their entrance, during their stay, and at

* Translation from original in the French language.

their departure, upon the same footing as national vessels coming from the same place, with respect to the duties of tonnage, light-houses, pilotage, and port charges, as well as to the perquisites of public officers, and all other duties or charges of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishment whatsoever. And reciprocally, the vessels of the United States of America, arrivRadprocai «, to ing either laden or in ballast in the ports of the Kingdoms America vt,„ei,. 0f gwe(]en am\ Norway, from whatever place they may come, shall be treated, on their entrance, during their stay, and at their departure, upon the same footing as national vessels coming from the same place, with respect to the duties of tonnage, light-houses, pilotage, and port charges, as well as to the perquisites of public officers, and all other duties or charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever.

Article III.

All that may be lawfully imported into the United States of America in vessels of the said States may also be thereinto imported in Swedish and Norwegian vessels, and in those of the island of St. Bartholomew, from whatever place they may come, without paying other or higher duties or charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever, than if imported in national vessels.

And, reciprocally, all that may be lawfully imported into the Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway in Swedish and Norwegian vessels, or in those of the island of St. Bartholomew, may also be thereinto imported in vessels of the United States of America, from whatever place they may come, without paying other or higher duties or charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever, than if imported in national vessels.

Article IV.

All that may be lawfully exported from the United States of America in vessels of the said States may also be exported therefrom 'in Swedish and Norwegian vessels, or in those of the island

of St. Bartholomew, without payiug other or higher duties or charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit ot the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever, than if exported in national vessels.

And, reciprocally, all that may be lawfully exported from the Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway in Swedish and Norwegian vessels, or in those of the island of St. Bartholomew, may also be exported therefrom in vessels of the United States of America, without paying other or higher duties or charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever, than if exported in national vessels.

Article V.

The stipulations contained in the three preceding articles are to their

full exteiit applicable to the vessels of the United States

of America, proceeding, either laden or not laden, to the pTMTMXr t"'"i!

colony of St. Bartholomew, in the West Indies, whether

from the ports of the Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway or from any

other place whatsoever, or proceeding from the said colony, either laden

or not laden, whether bound for Sweden or Norway, or for any other

place whatsoever.

Article VI.

It is expressly understood that the foregoing second, third, and fourth articles are not applicable to the coastwise navigation from Cotwue one port of the United States of America to another port of l""L the said States, nor to the navigation from one port of the Kingdoms of Sweden or of Norway to another, nor to that between the two latter countries; which navigation each of the two high contracting parties reserves to itself.

Article VII.

Each of the two high contracting parties engages not to grant in its purchases, or in those which might be made by companies or agents acting in its name or under its authority, any be «r»nlni M m,preference to importations made in its own vessels, or in p<",''t"""those of a third Power, over those made in the vessels of the other contracting party.

Article VIII.

The two high contracting parties engage not to impose upon the navigation between their respective territories, in the vessels of either, any tonnage or other duties, of any kind or Too°*"! a,ies denomination, which shall be higher or other than those which shall be imposed on every other navigation except that which they have reserved to themselves, respectively, by the sixth article of the present treaty.

Article IX.

There shall not be established in the United States of America, upon the products of the soil or industry of the Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, or of the island of St. Bartholomew' Sj be imposed upon imany prohibition or restriction of importation or exportation, v"UUOMnor any duties of any kind or denomination whatsoever, unless such prohibitions, restrictions, and duties shall likewise be established upon articles of like nature the growth of any other country.

And, reciprocally, there shall not be established in the Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, nor in the island of St. Bartholomew's, on the products of the soil or industry of the United States of America, any prohibition or restriction of importation or exportation, nor any duties of any kind or denomination whatsoever, unless such prohibitions, restrictions, and duties be likewise established upon articles of like nature the growth of the island of St. Bartholomew, or of any other place, in case such importation be made into or from the Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway; or of the Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, or of any other place, in case such importation or exportation be made into or from the island of St. Bartholomew.

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