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NETHERLANDS, 1839.

TREATY WITH THE KING OF THE NETHERLANDS. CONCLUDED JANUARY 19, 1839; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED MAY 23, 1839; PROCLAIMED MAY 24, 1839.

The United States of America and His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, anxious to regulate the commerce and navigation carried on between the two countries in their respective vessels, have, for that purpose, named plenipotentiaries, that is to say:

The President of the United States has appointed John Forsyth, Secretary of State of the said United States; and His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, Joukheer Evert Marius Adrian Martini, Member of the Body of Nobles of the Province of North Brabant, Knight of the. Order of the Netherland Lion, and his Charge" d'Affaires near the United States;

Who, having exchanged their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed to the following articles:

Article L

Goods aud merchandise, whatever their origin may be, imported into or exported from the ports of the United States from or to 11 the ports of the Netherlands in Europe, in vessels of the

Netherlands, shall pay no higher or otber duties than shall be levied on the like goods aud merchandise so imported or exported in national vessels; and, reciprocally, goods aud merchandise, whatever their origin may be, imported into or exported from the ports of the Netherlands in Europe from or to the ports of the United States, in vessels of the said States, shall pay no higher or other duties than shall be levied on the like goods and merchandise so imported or exported in national vessels. The bounties, drawbacks, or other favors of this 11 nature which may be granted in the States of either of the contracting parties on goods imported or exported in national vessels shall also and in like manner be granted on goods directly exported or imported in vessels of the other country to and from the ports of the two countries; it being understood that, in the latter as in the preceding case, the goods shall have been loaded in the ports from which such vessels have been cleared.

Article II.

Neither party shall impose upon the vessels of the other, whether carrying cargoes between the United States and the ports Totm". dul""'&c' of the Netherlands in Europe, or arriving in ballast from any other country, any duties of tonnage, harbour dues, light-houses, salvage, pUotage, quarantine, or port charges of auy kind or denomination which shall not be imposed in like cases on national vessels.

Article III.

It is further agreed between the two contracting parties that the ConPririton. »r on- suls aud Vice-Consuls of the United States in the ports of .oi., &c. tjje Netherlands iu Europe, and, reciprocally, the Consuls

aud Vice-Consuls of the Netherlands in the ports of the said States, shall continue to enjoy all privileges, protection, and assistance, as may be usual and necessary for the duly exercising of tbeir functions, in respect also of the deserters from the vessels, whether public or private, of their countries.

Article IV.

The contracting parties agree to consider and treat as vessels of the United States and of the Netherlands all such as, being furnished by the competent authority with a passport or »io.rei' S«u>,,ai»°°: sea-letter, shall, under the then existing laws and regulations, be recognized as national vessels by the country to which they respectively belong.

Article V.

In case of shipwreck or damage at sea, each party shall grant to the vessels, whether public or private, of-the other, the same A..iaoc.,(,.bip. assistance and protection which would be afforded to its own wreck"d """'*• vessels in like cases.

Article VI.

The present treaty shall be in force for the term of ten years, commencing six weeks after the exchange of the ratifications; Duration »r u>. and further until the end of twelve months after either of tmxjthe contracting parties shall have given to the other notice of its intention to terminate the same: each of the contracting parties reserving to itself the right of giving such notice to the other, after the expiration of the said term of ten years. And it is hereby mutually agreed that in case of such notice this treaty, and all the provisions thereof, shall, at the end of the said twelve months, altogether cease and determine.

Article VII.

The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington, within six months of its "^l^'^S.,!

-» , '.i j. . i month*.

date, or sooner if practicable.

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms.

Done in duplicate at the city of Washington, this nineteenth day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred aud thirty-nine.

JOHN FORSYTH, [l. S.]
ADR. MARTINI. [L. S.J

NETHERLANDS, 1852.

SUPPLEMENTAL CONVENTION TO TREATY OF JANUARY 19, 1839, WITH THE NETHERLANDS. CONCLUDED AUGUST 26, 1852; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED FEBRUARY 25, 1853; PROCLAIMED FEBRUARY 26, 1853.

The United States of America and His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, being desirous of placing the commerce of PreUnbi. the two countries on a footing of greater mutual equality,' have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries for that purpose, that is to say:

The President of the United States of America, Daniel Webster, Secretary of State of the United States; and His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, Francois Mathieu Wenceslas Baron Testa, Commander of the Royal Grand Ducal Order of the Crown of Oak of Luxembourg, Knight of the Royal Order of the Lion of the Netherlands, and of the Grand Ducal Order of the White Falcon, third class, Counsellor of Legation, and His Majesty's Charge" d'Affaires to the Government of the United States of America;

Who, after having communicated to each other their respective powers, found in good and due form, have agreed that, for and in lien of the first and second articles of the treaty of commerce and navigation, signed at Washington on the 19th of January, 1839, between the high contracting parties, the following articles shall be substituted:

Article I.

Cjoods and merchandise, whatever their origin may be, imported into proton, resect- or exported from the ports of the United States from and to imduiiM. any other country, in vessels of the Netherlands, shall pay no higher or other duties than shall be levied on the like goods and merchandise imported or exported in national vessels. Reciprocally, goods and merchandise, whatever their origin may be, imported into or exported from the ports of the Netherlands from and to any other country, in vessels of the United States, shall pay no higher or other duties than shall be levied on the like goods and merchandise imported or exported in national vessels. The bounties, drawbacks, and other privileges of this nature which Bonmi... dr.- may be granted in the States of either of the contracting bKt.,tc' parties, on goods imported or exported in national vessels, shall also and in like manner be granted on goods imported or exported in vessels of the other country.

Article II.

The above reciprocal equality in relation to the flags of the two counR«cipr»c,ty to «- trie's is understood to extend also to the ports of the colonies uoi u, clonic. an(j dominions of the Netherlands beyond the seas, in which goods and merchandise, whatever their origin may be, imported or exported from and to any other country in vessels of the United States, shall pay no higher or other duties than shall be levied on the like goods and merchandise imported or exported from and to the same places in vessels of the Netherlands. The bounties, drawbacks, or other privileges of similar denomination which may be there granted on goods and merchandise imported or exported in vessels of the Netherlands shall also, and in like manner, be granted on goods and merchandise imported or exported in vessels of the United States.

Article III.

Neither party shall impose upon the vessels of the other, whether TonnMe, tc, du. carrying cargoes or arriving in ballast from either of the '**• two countries, or auy other country, any duties of tonnage,

harbor dues, light-house, salvage, pilotage, quarantine, or port charges of any kind or denomination, which shall not be imposed in like cases on national vessels.

Article IV.

The present arrangement does not extend to the coasting trade and fisheries of the two countries respectively, which are exclusively Co»«TMtTMd» <md allowed to national vessels: it being moreover understood s,h"ri"mx#tithat, in the East Indian Archipelago of the Netherlands, the trade from island to island is considered as coasting trade, and likewise in the United States, the trade between their ports on the Atlantic and their ports on the Pacific; and if, at any time, either the Netherlands or the United States shall allow to any other nation the whole or any part of the said coasting trade, the same trade shall be allowed on the same footing and to the same extent to the other party. It being, however, expressly understood and agreed that nothing in this article shall prevent the vessels of either nation from entering and landing a portion of their inward cargoes at one port of the other nation, and then proceeding to any other port or ports of the same, to enter and land the remainder, nor from preventing them in like manner from loading a portion of their outward cargoes at one port and proceeding to another port or ports to complete their lading, such landing or lading to be done under the same rules and regulations as the two governments may respectively establish for their national vessels in like cases.

Abticle V.

The above reciprocal equality in relation to the flags of the two countries is not understood to prevent the Government of the Di«rimiTMun,dUNetherlands from levying discriminating duties of import ^Zinl"Zy"LcZor export in favor of the direct trade between Holland and p°",i her colonies and dominions beyond the seas; but American vessels engaged in such direct commerce shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities, whether as regards import or export duties, or otherwise, tbat are or may be enjoyed by vessels under the Dutch flag. Likewise, the Uuited States shall continue to levy the discriminating duties imposed by the present tariff on teas and coffee, in favor of the direct importation of these articles from the place of their growtb, but also without discriminating between the flags of the two countries. And if, at any time, the Netherlands or the United States shall abolish the said discriminating duties, it is understood that the same shall be %iu like manner abolished in relation to the commerce of the other country.

Article VI.

The present convention shall be considered as additional to the above-mentioned treaty of the 19th of January, 1839, and ni, lmlJ to shall, altogether, with the unmodified articles of that treaty, "to"'tm.U^'"!? be in force for the term of two years, commencing six weeks ;^,°.c°jm3 lTMj after the exchange of the ratifications; and further, until icthe end of twelve mouths after either of the contracting Tw,,i,o month, .r. parties shall have given to the other notice of its intention 1"{C\','"^T"Zto terminate the same, each of the contracting parties re- cra*eserving to itself the right of giving such notice to the other, after the expiration of the said term of two years. And it is hereby mutually agreed that, in case of such notice, this convention, and all the provisions thereof, as well as the said treaty of 19th January, 1S39, and the provisions thereof, shall, at the end of the said twelve mouths, altogether cease and determine.

Article VII.

The present convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington within six months of its date, or sooner if possible. In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms.

Done in duplicate at the city of Washington, this twenty-sixth day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-two.

DAN'L WEBSTER, [seal.]
FS. TESTA. [seal.]

NETHERLANDS, 1855.

CONVENTION WITH THE NETHERLANDS RESPECTING CONSULS OF THE UNITED STATES IN DUTCH COLONIES. CONCLUDED JANUARY '.22, 1855; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED MAY 25, 1855; PROCLAIMED MAY 26, 1855.

Dis Majesty the King of the Netherlands, wishing to strengthen the bonds of friendship subsisting between the United States of America and the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and to give the amplest possible development to the commercial intercourse so happily established between the two nations, has, for the accomplishment of that purpose, and in order to satisfy a desire repeatedly expressed by the Government of the United States, consented to receive Consuls from said States in the principal ports of the Dutch colonies, with the reservation, however, of making this concession the subject of a special convention, which shall determine, in a clear and precise manner, the rights, duties, and privileges of said Consuls in the colonies above mentioned.

Accordingly, the President ot the United States has named August Belmont, a citizen of the United States, and their Minister '"°""J"- Resident near His Majesty the King of the Netherlands;

His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, the Sieur Floris Adriaan Van Hall, Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion, His Majesty's Minister of State and for Foreign Affairs, and the Sieur Charles Ferdinand Pahud. Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion, His Majesty's Minister for the colonies;

Who, after communicating to each other their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following articles:

Article I.

Consuls-General, Consuls, and Vice-Consuls of the United States of Amerika will be admitted into all the ports in the Sjj'"oio„»"of'ibJ transmarine possessions or colonies of the jSetherlands, which are open to the vessels of all nations.

Article II.

The Consuls-General, Consuls, and Vice-Consuls of the United States n.eir p.,TM, »nd of America are considered as commercial agents, protectors offiet- of the maritime commerce of their conn try men, in the ports

within the circumference of their consular districts. They are subject to the laws, both civil and criminal, of the country To .= .obket to hi which they reside, with such exceptions as the present tbc uw, convention establishes in their favor.

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