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Consulate Of The United States Of America
For The Empire Of Morocco.
To all icliom it may concern.
Be it known.
Whereas the undersigned, James R. Leib, a citizen of the. United States of North America, and now their resident Consul at Tangier, having been duly appointed Commissioner by letters-patent, under the signature of the President and seal of the United States of North America, bearing date, at the city of Washington, the fourth day of July, A. D. 1835, for negotiating and concluding a treaty of peace and friendship between the United States of North America and the Empire of Morocco: I, therefore, James R. Leib, Commissioner as aforesaid, do conclude the foregoing treaty and every article and clause therein contained, reserving the same, nevertheless, for the final ratification of the President of the United States of North America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto aflixed my signature and the seal of this consulate, on the first day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six, and of the Independence of the United States the sixty-first.
JAMES R. LEIB. [l. S-l
CONVENTION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES, AUSTRIA, BELGIUM, SPAIN, FRANCE, GREAT BRITAIN, ITALY, THE NETHERLANDS, PORTUGAL, AND SWEDEN, ON THE ONE PART, AND THE SULTAN OF MOROCCO, ON THE OTHER PART, CONCERNING THE ADMINISTRATION AND UPHOLDING OF THE LIGHT-HOUSE AT CAPE SPARTEL. CONCLUDED MAY 31,1865; PROCLAIMED MARCH 12. 1867.
In the name of the only God I There is no strength nor power but of God.
His Excellency the President of the United States of America, and His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, His Majesty the King of the Belgians, Her Majesty the Queen of Spain, His Majesty the Emperor of the French, Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, His Majesty the King of Italy, His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, His Majesty the King of Portugal and the Algarves, His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, and His Majesty the Sultan of Morocco and of Fez, moved by a like desire to assure the safety of navigation along the coasts of Morocco, and desirous to provide, of common accord, the measures most proper to attain this end, have resolved to conclude a special convention, and have for this purpose appointed their Plenipotentiaries, to wit: His Excellency the President of the Republic of the United Suites Jesse Harland McMath, esquire, his Consul-General near his en.po en isne». Majesty the Sultan of Morocco;
His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and of Bohemia: Sir John Hay Drumnioud Hay, commander of the very honorable Order of the Bath, his General Agent ad interim near his Majesty the Saltan of Morocco;
His Majesty the King of the Belgiaus: Ernest Daluin, knight of his Order of Leopold, commander of number of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, of Spain, commander of the Order of Nichan Eftikhar of Tunis, his Consul-General for the west coast of Africa;
Her Majesty the Queen of Spain: Don Francisco Merry y Coloin, Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, knight of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, decorated with the Imperial Ottoman Order of Medjidieofthe 3d class, officer of the Order of the Legion of Honor,etc., her Minister Besident near his Majesty the Sultan of Morocco;
His Majesty the Emperor of the French: Anguste Louis Victor, Baron Ayme d'Aquin, officer of the Legion of Honor, commander of the Order of Francis the First of the Two Sicilies, commander of the Order of St. Maurice and Lazarus of Italy, commander of the Order of Christ of Portugal, commander of the Order of the Lion of Brunswick, knight of the Order of Constantino of the Two Sicilies, knight of the Order of Guelphs of Hanovrer, his Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the Sultan ot Morocco;
Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: Sir John Hay Drummond Hay, commander of the very honorable Order of the Bath, her Minister Eesideut near His Majesty the Sultan of Morocco;
His Majesty the King of Italy: Alexander Verdinois, knight of the Order of St. Maurice and Lazarus, Agent and Consul-General of Italy near His Majesty the Sultan of Morocco;
His Majesty the King of the Netherlands: Sir John Hay Drummond Hay, commander of the very honorable Order of the Bath, Acting ConsulGeneral of the Netherlands in Morocco;
His Majesty the King of Portugal and the Algarves: Jose" Daniel Colaco, commander of his Order of Clirist, knight of the Order of the Rose of Brazil, his Consul-General near His Majesty the Sultan of Morocco;
His Majesty the King of Sweden and of Norway: Selim d'Ehrenhoflf, knight of the Order of Wasa, his Consul-General near His Majesty the Sultan of Morocco;'
And His Majesty the Sultan of Morocco and of Fez, the Literary Sid Mohammed Bargash, his Minister for Foreign Affairs—
Who, after having exchanged their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following articles:
His Majesty Scherifienne, having, in an interest of humanity, ordered the construction, at the expense of the Government of Mo- T,1c a^ciion or rocco, of a light-house at Cape Spartel, consents to devolve, c,%'if„bSTM,w a" throughout the duration of the present convention, the *—< **• superior direction and administration of this establishment on the representatives of the contracting Powers. It is well understood that this delegation does not import any encroachment on the rights, proprietary and of sovereignty, of the Saltan, whose flag aloue shall be hoisted on the tower of the Pharos.
The Government of Morocco not at this time having any marine,^' n>. .iktm of either of war or commerce, the expenses necessary for upholding and managing the light-house shall be borne by the contracting Powers by means of an annual contribution, the quota of which shall be alike for all of them. If, hereafter, the Sultan should have a naval or commercial marine, he binds himself to take share in the expenses in like proportion with the other subscribing Powers. The expenses of repairs, and in need of reconstruction, shall also be at bis cost.
The Sultan will furnish for security of the light-house a guard, comou»r<irortb.iiiht- posed of a Kaid and four soldiers. He engages, besides, to provide for, by all the means in his power, in case of war, whether internal or external, the preservation of this establishment, as well as for the safety of the keepers and persons employed. On the other part, the contracting Powers bind themselves, each so far as concerned, to respect the neutrality of the light-house, and to continue the payment of the contribution intended to uphold it, even in case (which God forbid) hostilities should break out cither between them or between one of them and the Empire of Morocco.
The representatives of the contracting Powers, charged in virtue of suprrmtcii.nc.or Article I of the present convention, with the superior direcu,0 a.i,ni,hmeoL ^j011 an(i nianageiuent of the light-house, shall establish the necessary regulations for the service and superintendence of this establishment, and no modification shall be afterward applied to these articles, except by common agreement between the contracting Powers.
The present convention shall continue in force for ten years. In case, DuronTM of thu within six months of the expiration of this term, none of the conation. high contracting parties should, by official declaration, have made known its purpose to bring to a close, so far as may concern it, the effects of this convention, it shall continue in force for one
FurlhercoDtinuance. -. n' ... « ,.
year more, and so from year to year, until due notice.
The execution of the reciprocal engagements contained in the present Emotion or ti,,, convention is subordinated, so far as needful, to the accommTdTJniorj.nli'iJl' plishment of the forms and regulations established by the tc- constitutional laws of those of the high contracting Powers
who are held to ask for their application thereto, which they bind themselves to do with the least possible delay.
The present convention shall be ratified, and the ratifica
Ratifications. , i ■* , m • 'it
tious be exchanged at Tangier as soon as can be done. In faith whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed and affixed thereto the seals of their arms.
Done in duplicate original, in French and in Arabic, at Tangier, protected of God, the fifth day of the moon of Moharrem, year of the Hegira 1282, which corresponds with the 31st of the' month of May of the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five.
A TREATY OF AMITY AND COMMERCE BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND HIS MAJESTY SEYED SYEED BTN, SULTAN OF MUSCAT, AND HIS DEPENDENCIES. CONCLUDED SEPTEMBER 21, ;PROCLALMED JUNE 24, 1837.
There shall be a perpetual peace between the United P'rp"°*1States of America and Seyed Syeed Bin, Sultan, and bis dependencies.
The citizens of the United States shall have free liberty to enter all the ports of His Majesty Seyed Syeed Bin, Sultan, with their
Cittern of United r ,. , ^ J il- j ■ j' • _
sute. mi,je„ter ,,n cargoes, ot whatever kind the said cargoes may consist; uo w"r,"!i,e'ir TMJ: and they shall have liberty to sell the same to any of the subjects of the Sultan, or others who may wish to buy the same, or to barter the same for any produce or manufactures of the kingdom, or other articles that may be found there. No price shall be fixed by the Sultan, or his officers, on the articles to be sold by the merchants of the United States or the merchandise they may wish to purchase; but the trade shall be free on both sides to sell or buy, or exchange, on the terms and for the prices the owners may think lit; and whenever the said citizens of the United States may think fit to depart, they shall be at liberty so to do; and if any officer of the Sultan shall contravene this article, he shall be severely punished. It is understood and agreed, however, that the articles of muskets, powder, and ball can only be sold to the Government in the island of Zanzibar; but, in all the other porta of the Sultan, the said munitions of war may be freely sold, without any restrictions whatever, to the highest bidder.
Vessels of the United States entering any port within the, Sultan's dominions shall pay no more than five per cent, duties on ."wKfKrfmtS the cargo landed; and this shall be in full consideration of all import and export duties, tonnage, license to trade, pilotage, anchorage, or any other charge whatever; nor shall any charge be paid on that part of the cargo which may remain on board unsold and re-exported; nor shall any charge whatever be paid on any vessel of the United States which may enter any of the ports of His Majesty for the purpose of refitting, or for refreshments, or to inquire the state of the market.
The American citizen shall pay no other duties on export or import, Andean, u. p»T tonnage, license to trade, or other charge whatsoever, than »o other d«tes, 4c tjje uation the most favoured shall pay.