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nish, do certify that His Imperial Majesty, my master,

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(whom God preserve,) having concluded a treaty ot peace st»i« « be i,TM and commerce with the United States of America, has ,ect' ordered me, the better to com pleat it, and in addition of the tenth article of the treaty to declare, "That if any vessel belonging to the United States shall be in any of the ports of His Majesty's dominions, or within gun-shot of his forts, she shall be protected as much as possible; and no vessel whatever, belonging either to Moorish or Christian Powers, with whom the United States may be at war, shall be permitted to follow or engage her, as we now deem the citizens of America our good friends."

And, in obedience to His Majesty's commands, I certify this declaration, by putting my hand and seal to it, on the eighteenth day of Ramadan, (a) in the year one thousand two hundred.

The servant of the King, my master, whom God preserve,


I do certify that the above is a true copy of the translation made at Morocco, by Isaac Cordoza Nunez, interpreter, of a' declaration made and signed by Sidi Hage Taher Tennish, in addition to the treaty between the Emperor of Morocco and the United States of America, which declaration the said Taher Tennish made by the express directions of His Majesty.


Now, know ye, that we, the said John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, Ministers Plenipotentiary aforesaid, do approve and conclude the said treaty, and every article and clause therein contained, reserving the same nevertheless to the United States in Congress assembled, for their final ratification.

In testimony whereof, we have signed the same with our names and seals, at the places of our respective residence, and at the dates expressed under our signatures respectively.


London, January 25th, 1787.

THOM. JEFFERSON, [L. S.] Paris, January 1st, 1787.



In the name of God, the Merciful and Clement!

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(a) The Ramaduu of the year of the Hcgira 1200, commenced on the 28th of Juuo, in the year of our Lord 1786.

Praise Be To God!

This is the copy of tbe treaty of peace which we have made with the Americans, and written in this book; affixing thereto our blessed seal, that, with the belp of God, it may remain firm forever.

Written at Meccanez, the City of Olives, on the 3d day of the month Jumad el lahhar, in tbe Year of the Hegira 1252. (Corresponding to September 1G, A. D. 1836.)

Article I.

We declare that both parties have agreed that this treaty, consisting of twenty five articles, shall be inserted in this book, and delivered to James E. Leib, Agent of the United States, and now their resident Consul at Tangier, with whose approbation it has been made, and who is duly authorized on their part to treat with us concerning all tbe matters contained therein.

Article II.

If either of tbe parties shall be at war with any nation whatever, the otber shall not take a commission from the enemy, nor fight under their colors.

Article III.

If either of the parties shall he at war with any nation whatever, and take a prize belonging to tbat nation, and there shall be found on board subjects or effects belonging to either of the parties, the subjects shall be set at liberty, and the effects returned to the owners. And if any goods belonging to any nation, with whom either of the parties shall be at war, shall be loaded on vessels belonging to the other party, they shall pass free and unmolested, without any attempt being made to take or detain them.

Article IV.

A signal, or pass, shall be given to all vessels belonging to both parv.«*i> to h.r. ties, by which they are to be known when they meet at sea; pa,..pom. am] jf tli© commander of a ship of war of either party shall

have other ships under his convoy, the declaration of the commander shall alone be sufficient to exempt any of them from examination.

Article V.

If either of the parties shall be at war, and shall meet a vessel at sea r»it Ottmmu >t belonging to the other, it is agreed, that if an examination is to be made, it shall be done by sending a boat with two or three men only; and if any gun shall he fired, and injury done, without reason, the offending party shall make good all damages.

Article VI.

If any Moor shall bring citizens of the United States, or their effects, to His Majesty, the citizens shall immediately be set at libainl effects to be re- erty, and the effects restored; and, in like manner, if any Moor, not a subject of these dominions, shall make prize of any of the citizens of America or their effects, and bring them into any of the ports of His Majesty, they shall be immediately released, as they will theu be considered as under His Majesty's protection.

Article VII.

If any vessel of either party shall put into a port of the other, and have occasion for provisions or other supplies, they shall Vc,sel, i0 ^ t0 be furnished without any interruption or molestation. b..«p»uei

Article VIII.

If any vessel of the United States shall meet with a disaster at sea, and put into one of our ports to repair, she shall be at lib- Yem;], puttiM in erty to land and reload her cargo, without paying any duty t0 whatever.

Article IX.

If any vessel of the United States shall be cast on shore on any part of our coasts, she shall remain at the disposition of the owners, and no one shall attempt going near her without ° their approbation, as she is then considered particularly under our protection; and if any vessel of the United States shall be forced to put into our ports by stress of weather, or otherwise, she shall not be compelled to land her cargo, but shall remain in tranquillity until the commander shall think proper to proceed on his voyage.

Article X.

If any vessel of either of the parties shall have an engagement with a vessel belonging to any of the Christian Powers, within gun-shot of the forts of the other, the vessel so engaged within gtin-shul of shall be defended and protected as much as possible, until she is in safety; and if any American vessel shall be cast on shore, on the coast of Wadnoon, or any coast thereabout, the people belonging to her shall be protected and assisted until, by the help of God, they shall be sent to their country.

Article XI.

If we shall be at war withany Christian Power, and any of our vessels sails from the ports of the United States, no vessel belonging to the enemy shall follow until twenty-four hours °e!°7'""*"■ after the departure of our vessels; and the same regulations shall be observed towards the American vessels sailing from our ports, be their enemies Moors or Christians.

Article XII.

If any ship of war belonging to the United States shall put into any of our ports, she shall not be examined on any pretence whatever, even though she should have fugitive slaves on 1 *"' board, nor shall the governor or commander of the place compel them to be brought on shore on any pretext, nor require any payment for them.

Article XIII.

If a ship of war of either party shall put into a port of the other, and salute, it shall be returned from the fort with an equal number of guns, not more or less.

Article XIV.

The commerce with the United States shall be on the same footing as is Mo«favored foot- the commerce with Spaiu, or as that with the most favored "* nation for the time being; and their citizens shall be re

spected and esteemed, and have full liberty to pass and repass our country and seaports whenever they please, without interruption.

Article XV.

Merchants of both countries shall employ only such interpreters, and such other persons to assist them in their business as they interpreters, c. gjjgj] think proper. No coinmuuder of a vessel shall transport his cargo on board another vessel; he shall not be detained iu»port longer than he may think proper: and all persons employed in loading or unloading goods, or in any other labor whatever, shall be paid at the customary rates, not more and not less.

Article XVI.

Iu case of a war between the parties, the prisoners are not to be made Escrow oi PriS. slaves, but to be exchanged, one for another, captain for captain, officer for officer, and one private man for another; and if there shall prove a deficiency on either side, it shall be made up by the payment of one hundred Mexican dollars for each person wanting. And it is agreed that all prisoners shall be exchanged in twelve months from the time of their being taken, and that this exchange may be effected by a merchant or any other person authorized by either of the parties.

Article XVII.

Merchants shall not be compelled to buy or sell any kind of goods but such as they shall think proper, and may buy and sell Baymgorsei.M. 0f mcrc]iaiUiise ijUt such as are prohibited to the

other Christian uations.

Article XVIII.

All goods shall be weighed and examined before they are sent on ExamiTM^TM of board; and to avoid all detention of vessels, no examination ■ood.onb<»rd. sha\] afterwards be made, unless it shall first be proved that contraband goods have been sent on board, in which case the persona who took the contraband goods on board shall be punished according to the usage and custom of the country, and no other person Whatever shall be injured, nor shall the ship or cargo incur any penalty or damage whatever.

Article XIX.

Xo vessel shall be detained iu port on any pretence whatever, nor be obliged to take on board any article without the consent of the commander, who shall be at full liberty to agree for the

Detention of vrsstK

freight of any goods he takes on board.

Article XX.

If any of the citizens of the United States, or any persons under their protection, shall have any dispute with each other, the Consul shall decide between the parties; and whenever the *<•• Consul shall require any aid or assistance from our Government to enforce his decisions, it shall be immediately granted to him.

Articlk XXI.

It a citizen of the United States should kill or wound a Moor, or, on the contrary, if a Moor shall kill or wound a citizen of the United States, the law of the country shall take place, and »w"1"y'ih''i,uw'"Sr equal justice shall be rendered, the Consul assisting at the 1 <,cou°"T trial; and if any delinquent shall make his escape, the Consul shall not be answerable for him in any manner whatever.

Article XXII.

If an American citizen shall die in our country and no will shall appear, the Consul shall take possession of his effects; and ,.„„„„„ JriW! in. if there shall be no Consul, the effects shall be deposited in t"l'uthe hands of some person worthy of trust, until the party shall appear who has a right to demand them; but if the heir to the person deceased be present, the property shall be delivered to him without interruption; and if a will shall appear, the property shall descend agreeably to that will, as soon as the Consul shall declare the validity thereof.

Article XXIII.

The Consul of the United States of America shall reside in any seaport of our dominions that they shall think proper, and they shall be respected and enjoy all the privileges which the Bc" e°TM° Consuls of any other nation enjoy; and if any of the citizens of the United States shall contract any debts or engagements, the Consul shall not be in any manner accountable for them, unless he shall have given a promise in writing for the payment or fulfilling thereof, without which promise in writing no application to him for any redress shall be made.

Article XXIV.

If any differences shall arise by either party infringing on any of the articles of this treaty, peace and harmony shall remaiu, notwithstanding, in the fullest force, uutil a friendly applica- "to"°"' tion shall be made for an arrangement; and until that application shall be rejected, no appeal shall be made to arms. And if a war in , . shall break out between the parties, nine mouths shall be ro.niy«TM»"io""d°'to granted to all the subjects of both parties to dispose of their '" ""' effects and retire with their property. And it is further declared that whatever indulgence, in trade or otherwise, shall be granted to any of the Christian Powers, the citizens of the United States shall be equally entitled to them.

Article XXV.

This treaty shall continue in force, with the help of God, for fifty years; after the expiration of which term, the treaty shall con- o tinue to be binding on both parties, until the one shall give °r*"°°0 "* twelve months' notice to the other of an intention to abandon it; in which case its operations shall cease at the' end of the twelve mouths.

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