Page images
PDF

LEW CHEW.

LEW CHEW, 1854.

COMPACT WITH LEW CHEW. CONCLUDED JULY 11, 1854; PROCLAIMED

MARCH 9, 1855.

Hereafter, whenever citizens of the United States come to Lew Chew, Ttmj. .iiowd « they shall be treated with great courtesy and friendship. Lew chew. Whatever articles these people ask for, whether from the officers or people, which the country can furnish, shall be sold to them; nor shall the authorities interpose any prohibitory regulations to the people selling, and whate%'er either party may wish to buy shall be exchanged at reasonable prices.

Whenever ships of the United States shall come into any harbor in Lew Chew, they shall be supplied with wood and water at reasonable prices; but if they wish to get other articles, they shall be purchasable only at Napa.

If ships of the United States are wrecked on Great Lew Chew, or on , w ^ islands under the jurisdiction of the royal Government of

Lew Chew, the local authorities shall dispatch persons to assist in saving life and property, and preserve what can be brought ashore till the ships of that nation shall come to take away all that may hare been saved; and the expenses incurred in rescuing these unfortunate persons shall be refunded by the nation they belong to.

Whenever persons from ships of the United States come ashore in Condon»rAn»ri. Lew Chew, they shall be at liberty to ramble where they e.TMwhoI„,a plea.se without hindrance or having officials sent to follow them, or to spy what they do; but if they violently go into houses, or trifle with women, or force people to sell them things, or do other such like illegal acts, they shall be arrested by the local officers, but not maltreated, and shall be reported to the captain of the ship to which they belong for punishment by him.

At Tumai is a burial-ground for the citizens of the United States, where their graves and tombs shall not be molested.

The Government of Lew Chew shall appoint skillful pilots, who shall be on the lookout for ships appearing oil' the island, and if one is seen coming towards Napa, they shall go out in good boats beyond the reefs to conduct her into a secure anchorage, for which service the captain shall pay the pilot five dollars, and the same for going out of the harbor beyond the reefs.

Whenever ships anchor at Napa, the officers shall furnish them with wood at the rate of three thousand six hundred copper cash per thousand catties; and with water at the rate of 600 copper cash (43 cents) for one thousand catties, or six barrels full, each containing 30 American gallons.

Signed in the English and Chinese languages, by Commodore Matthew C. Perry, commander-in-chief of the U. S. naval forces in the East India, China, and Japan Seas, and special envoy to Japan for the United States; and by Sho Fu fing, superintendent of affairs (Tsuli-kwan) in Lew Chew; and Ba Bio-si, treasurer of Lew Chew, at Shni, for the, Government of Lew Chew, and copies exchanged this 11th day of Jnlv, 1S54, or the reign Hieu lung, 4th year, (itli moon, 17th day, at the Town Hall of Napa.

M. C. PEERY.

LIBERIA.

LIBERIA, 1862.

TREATY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA. CONCLUDED AT LONDON, OCTOBER 21, 1802; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED FEBRUARY 17, 1863; PROCLAIMED MARCH 18,1863.

The United States of America and the Republic of Liberia, desiring to fix, in a permanent and equitable manner, the rules to be observed in the intercourse and commerce they desire to °°tr",m* *"""*■ establish between their respective countries, have agreed, for this purpose, to conclude a treaty of commerce and navigation, and have judged that the said end cannot be better obtained than by taking the most perfect equality and reciprocity for the basis of their agreement; and to effect this, they have named as their respective plenipotentiaries, that is to say:

The President of the United States of America, Charles Francis Adams, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of America at the Court of St. James; and the Republic of Liberia, His Excellency Stephen Allen Benson, President thereof;

"Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following articles:

Article I.

There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between the United States of America and the Republic of Liberia, and also between the citizens of both countries.

Article II.

There shall be reciprocal freedom of commerce between the United States of America and the Republic of Liberia. The citizens ^^^^401. of the United States of America may reside in and trade to <>• <»»»•"» any part of the territories of the Republic of Liberia to which any other foreigners are or shall be admitted. They shall enjoy full protection for their persons and properties; they shall be allowerl to buy from and ^ to sell to whom they like, without being restrained or prejudiced by any monopoly, contract, or exclusive privilege of sale or purchase whatever; and they shall, moreover, enjoy all other rights and privileges which are or may be granted to any other foreigners, subjects, or citizens of the most favored nation. The citizens of the Republic of Liberia shall, in return, enjoy similar protection and privileges in the United States of America and in their territories.

Article III.

Xo tonnage, import, or other duties or charges shall be levied in the Republic of Liberia on United States vessels, or on goods Du!ifi imported or exported in United States vessels, beyond what are or may be levied on national vessels, or 011 the like goods imported or exported in national vessels; and in like manner no tonnage, import, or other duties or charges shall be levied in the United States of America and their territories on the vessels of the Republic of Liberia, or on goods imported or exported in those vessels, beyond what are or may be levied on national vessels, or on the like goods imported or exported in national vessels.

Article IV.

Merchandise or goods coming from the United States of America in any vessels, or imported in United States vessels from any country, shall not be prohibited by the Eepublic of Liberia, nor be subject to higher duties than are levied on the same kinds of merchandise or goods coming from any other foreign country or imported in any other foreign vessels. All articles the produce of the Republic of Liberia may be exported therefrom by citizens of the United States and United States vessels on as favorable terms as by the citizens and vessels of any other foreign country.

In like manner all merchandise or goods coming from the Republic of Liberia in any vessels, or imported in Liberian vessels from any country, shall not be prohibited by the United States of America, nor be subject to higher duties than are levied on the same kinds of merchandise or goods coming from any other foreign country or. imported in any other foreign vessels. All articles the produce of the United States, or of their territories, may be imported therefrom by Liberian citizens and Liberian vessels on as favorable terms as by the citizens and vessels of any other foreign country.

Article V.

When any vessel of either of the contracting parties shall be wrecked, foundered, or otherwise damaged on the coasts or within v' 1 the territories of the other, the respective citizens shall

receive the greatest possible aid, as well for themselves as for their vessels and effects. All possible aid shall be given to protect their property from being plundered and their persons from ill treatment.

Should a dispute arise as to the salvage, it shall be settled by arbitration, to be chosen by the parties respectively.

Article VI.

It being the intention of the two contracting parties to bind themselves by the present treaty to treat each other on the footing of the most favored nation, it is hereby agreed between them that any favor, privilege, or immunity whatever in matters of commerce and navigation, which either contracting party has actually grauted, or may hereafter grant, to the subjects or citizens of any other State, shall be extended to the citizens of the other contracting party, gratuitously, if the concession in favor of that other State shall have been gratuitous, or in return for a compensation as nearly as possible of proportionate value and effect, to be adjusted by mutual agreement, if the concession shall have been conditional.

Article VII.

Each contracting party may appoint consuls for the protection of trade, to reside in the dominions of the other; but no such 'consul shall enter upon the exercise of his functions until he shall have been approved and admitted, in the usual form, by the Government of the country to which he is sent.

Article VIII.

The United States Government engages never to interfere, unless solicited by the Government of Liberia, in the affairs between the aboriginal inhabitants and the Government of the Republic of Liberia, in the jurisdiction and territories of the Republic. Should any United States citizen suffer loss, iu person or property, from violence by the aboriginal inhabitants, and the Government of the Republic of Liberia should not be able to bring the aggressor to justice, the United States Government engages, a requisition having been first made therefor by the Liberian Government, to lend such aid as may be required. Citizens of the United States residing in the territories of the Republic of Liberia are desired to abstain from all such intercourse with the aboriginal inhabitants as will tend to the violation of law and a disturbance of the peace of the country.

Article IX.

The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications exchanged at London, within the space of nine months from the date

, «' * Ratifications.

hereot.

In testimony whereof the Plenipotentiaries before mentioned have hereto subscribed their names and affixed thefr seals.

Done at London the twenty-first day of October, in the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two.

CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS.
STEPHEN ALLEN BENSON.

SEAL.
SEAL.

MADAGASCAR.

MADAGASCAR, 1SG7.

TREATY BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE QUEEN OP MADAGASCAR. CONCLUDED FEBRUARY 14, 1867; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED JULY 8, 1868; PROCLAIMED OCTOBER 1,1868.

Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and of Her Majesty the Queen of Madagascar.

Between Rainimaharavo, Chief Secretary of State, 16 vtra., Andriantsitohaiua, 10 vtra., Rafaralahibemalo, head of the civilians, contr.ci,n«Part,M. on ^e parj 0f j]je Government of Her Majesty the Queen of Madagascar, and Major John P. Fiukelnieier, the Commercial Agent of the U. S. for Madagascar, on the part of the Government of the TJ. S. of America, all duly authorized to that effect by their respective Governments, the following articles of a comercial treaty have this day been drawn up and signed by mutual agreement:

Her Majesty Rasoherina Manjaka, Queen of Madagascar, and his p<»c. »nd Mend- Excellency Andrew Johnson, President of the U. S. of ,h* America, both desirous, for the good and welfare of their

respective countries, to enter into a more close comercial relation and friendship between the subjects of Her Majesty and the people of the U. S., hereby solemnly declare that peace and good friendship shall exist between them and their respective heirs and successors forever without war.

II.

The dominions of each contracting party, as well a* the right of domicil of their inhabitants, are sacred; and no forcible R«ht o mmpOSSession 0f territory shall ever take place in either of them by the other party, nor any domiciliary visits or forcible entries be made to the houses of either party against the will of the occupants. But whenever it is known for certain, or suspected, that transgressors against the laws of the Kingdom are in certain premises, they may be entered in concert with the U. S. Consul, or, in his absence, by a duly authorized officer, to look after the offender.

The right of sovereignty shall in all cases be respected in the doininRei iOU.wor.hip i°ns °* one Government by the subjects or citizens of the ou.won p. otuer (jitizens of the U. S. of America shall, while in Madagascar, enjoy the privilege of free and unmolested exercise of the Christian religion and its customs; new places of worship, however, shall not be builded by them without the permission of the Government.

They shall enjoy full and complete protection and security for theuiRi,hu or per»n. selves and their property, equally with the subjects of Mada»od proper. gascar; the right to lease or rent lan'd, houses, or store

« PreviousContinue »