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thereof, with the value of each package extended separately, in one amount, and at the bottom of the entry shall be placed the aggregate value of all the goods contained in the entry. On each entry the owner or consignee shall certify, in writing, that the entry then presented exhibits the actual cost of the goods, and that nothing has been concealed whereby the customs of Japan would be defrauded; and the owner or consignee shall sign his name to such certificate.

The original invoice or iuvoices of the goods so entered shall be presented to the custom-house authorities, and shall remain in their possession until they have examined the goods contained in the entry.

The Japanese officers may\examine any or all the packages so entered, and for this purpose may take them to the custom-house, but such examination shall be without expense to the importer or injury to the goods; and after examination the Japanese shall restore the goods to their original condition in the packages, (so far as may be practicable,) and such examination shall be made without any unreasonable delay.

If any owner or importer discovers that his goods have been damaged on the voyage of importation, before such goods have been delivered to him, he may notify the custom house authorities of such damage; and he may have the damaged goods appraised by two or more competent and disinterested persons, who, after due examination, shall make a certificate setting forth the amount per cent, of damage on each separate package, describing it by its mark and number, which certificates shall be signed by the appraisers, in presence of the custom-house authorities, and the importer may attach the certificate to his entry, and make a corresponding deduction from it. But this shall not prevent the custom-house authorities from appraising the goods in the manner provided in article fourth of the treaty, to which these regulations are appended.

After the duties have been paid, the owner shall receive a permit authorizing the delivery to him of the goods, whether the same are at the custom-house or on ship-board. All goods intended to be exported shall be entered at the Japanese custom-house before they are placed on ship-board. The entry shall be in writing, and shall state the name of the ship by which the goods are to be exported, with the marks and numbers of the packages, and the quantity, description, and value of their contents. The exporter shall certify, in writing, that the entry is a true account of all the goods contained therein, and shall sign his name thereto. Any goods that are put on board of a ship for exportation before they have been entered at the custom house, and all packages which contain prohibited articles, shall be forfeited to the Japanese Government.

No entry at the custom-house shall be required for supplies for the use of ships, their crews, and passengers, nor for the clothing, etc., of passengers.


Ships wishing to clear shall give (24) twenty-four hours' notice at the custom-house, and at the end of that time they shall be entitled to their clearance; but, if it be refused, the customhouse authorities shall immediately inform the captain or consignee of the ship of the reasons why the clearance is refused, and they shall also give the same notice to the American Consul.

Ships of war of the United States shall not be required to enter or clear at the custom-house, nor shall they be visited by Japanese custom-house or police-officers. Steamers carrying the mails of the United States may enter and clear on the same day, and they shall not be required tof make a manifest, except for such passengers and goods as are to be landed in Japan. But such steamers shall, in all cases, enter and clear at the custom-bouse.

Whale-ships touching for supplies, or ships in distress, shall not be required to make a manifest of their cargo; but if they subsequently wish to trade, they shall then deposit a manifest, as required in regulation first.

The word ship, wherever it occurs in these regulations, or in the treaty to which they are attached, is to be held as meaning ship, barque, brig, schooner, sloop, 6r steamer.


Any person signing a false declaration or certificate, with the intent rm4 to defraud the revenue of Japan, shall pay a fine of (125) •en.,. r>« hundred and twenty-five dollars for each offence.


No tonnage duties shall be levied on American ships in the ports of Japan, but the following fees shall be paid to the Japanese TMTM" ° custom-house authorities: For the entry of a ship, (15) fifteen dollars; for the clearance of a ship, (7) seven dollars; for each r^ permit, (l£) one dollar and a half; for each bill of health,

(1£) one dollar and a half; for any other document, (1J) one dollar and a half.


Duties shall be paid to the Japanese Government on all goods lauded in the country, according to the following tariff:

Class one.—All articles in this class shall be free of duty.
Gold and silver, coined or uncoined.
Wearing apparel in actual use.

Household furniture and printed books not intended for .sale, but the property of persons who come to reside in Japan.

Class two.—A duty of (5) five per cent, shall be paid on the following articles:

All articles used for the purpose of building, rigging, repairing, or fitting out of ships.

Whaling gear of .all kinds.
Salted provisions of all kinds.
Bread and breadstufts.
Living animals of all kinds.

Timber for building houses.



Steam machinery. .




Raw silk.

Class three.—A duty of (35) thirty-five per cent, shall be paid on all intoxicating liquors, whether prepared by distillation, fermentation, or in any other manner.

Class four.—All goods not included in any of tbe preceding classes shall pay a duty of (20) twenty per cent.

All articles of Japanese production which are exported as cargo shall pay a duty of (5) Ave per cent., with the exception of gold and silver coin and copper in bars. (5) Five years after the opening of Kanagawa the import and export duties shall be subject to revision, if the Japanese Government desires it.


JAPAX, 1804.


For the purpose of encouraging and facilitating the commerce of the citizens of the United States in Japan, and after due deliberation, His Excellency Robert H. Pruyn, on"*c"n">*r"" Minister Resident of the United States in Japan, and His Excellency Sibata Sadataro, Governor for Foreign Affairs, both having full powers from their respective Governments, have agreed on the following articles, viz:

Article I.

The following articles, used in the preparation and packing of teas, shall be free of duty:

Sheet lead, solder, matting, rattan, oil for painting, indigo,' gipsum, firing pans, and baskets.

Article II.

The following articles shall be admitted at the reduced duty of five per cent.:

Machines and machinery; drugs and medicines. Note.—The prohibition of the importation of opium, according to the existing treaty, remains in full force. Iron, in pigs or bars; sheet iron and iron wire; tin plates, white sugar, in loaves or crushed; glass and glassware; clocks, watches, and watch chains; wines, malted and spirituous liquors.

Article III.

The citizens of the United States, importing or exporting goods, shall always pay the duty fixed thereon, whether such goods are intended for their own use or not.

Article IV.

This convention having been agreed upon a year ago, and its signature delayed through uuavoidable circumstances, it is hereby agreed that the same shall go into effect, at Kanagawa, on the 8th of February next, corresponding to the first day of the first month of the fourth Japanese year of Bunkin Ne, and at Nagasaki and Hakodate on the 9th day of March next, corresponding to the first day of the second month of the fourth Japanese year of'Eunkin Ne.

Done in quadruplicate; each copy being written in the English, Japanese, and Dutch languages; all the versions having the same meaning, but the Dutch version shall be considered as the original.

In witness whereof the above-named Plenipotentiaries have hereunto set their hands and seals, at the city of Yedo, the 28th day of January, of the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-four, and of the Independence of the United States the eighty-eighth, corresponding to the twentieth day of the twelfth month of the third year of Bunkin Ye of the Japanese era.

[seal.] ROBERT H. PRUYN.

JAPAN, 18C4.


The representatives of the United States of America, Great Britain, France, and the Netherlands, in view of the hostile acts of Mori Dateen, Prince of Nagato and Snwo, which were assuming such formidable proportions as to make it difficult for the Tycoon faithfully to observe the treaties, having been obliged to send their combined forces to the Straits of Simonoseki in order to destroy the batteries erected by that Daimio for the destruction of foreign vessels and the stoppage of trade; and the Government of the Tycoon, on whom devolved the duty of chastising this rebellious Prince, being held responsible for any damage resulting to the interests of the treaty Powers, as well as the expenses occasioned by the expedition:

. The undersigned, representatives of treaty Powers, and Sakai Hida no Kami, a member of his second council, invested with plenipotentiary powers by the Tycoon of Japan, animated with the desire to put an end to all reclamations concerning the acts of aggression and hostility committed by the said Mori Daizen since the hist of these acts, in June, 1863, against the flags of divers treaty Powers, and at the same time to regulate definitively the question of indemnities of war, of whatever kind, in respect to the allied expedition to Simonoseki, have agreed and determined upon the four articles following:

L, The amount payable to the four Powers is fixed at three millions of dollars. This sum to include all claims, of whatever nature, for past aggressions on the part of Nagato, whether indemnities, ransom for Simonoseki, or expenses entailed by the operations of the allied squadrons.

2. The whole sum to be payable quarterly, in instalments of one-sixth, p >>t or half a million dollars, to begin from the date when the

representatives of said Powers shall make known to the Tycoon's Government the ratification of this convention and the instructions of their respective Governments.

3. Inasmuch as the receipt of money has never been the object of the said Powers, but the establishment of better relations with Japan, and the desire to place these on a more satisfactory and mutually advantageous footing is still the leading ol>ject in view, therefore, if His Majesty the Tycoon wishes to oiler, in lieu of payment of the sum claimed, and as a material compensation for loss and injury sustained, the openingof Simonoseki, orsomeother eligible port in the inland sea, it shall beat the option of the said foreign Governments to accept the same, or insist on the payment of the indemnity in money, under the conditions above stipulated.

4. This convention to be formally ratified by the Tycoon's Government within fifteen days from the date thereof.

In token of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed and sealed this convention, iu quintuplicate, with English, Dutch, and Japanese versions, whereof the English shall be considered the original.

Done at Yokohama, this 22d day of October, 1864, corresponding to the 22d day of the 9th month of the first year of Geugi.

Minister Resident of the United States in Japan.
PL. B. M?s Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary in Japan.

Ministre Plenip're de S. M. UEmpereur des Francois au Japon.

D. DE GRAEFF VAN POLSBROEK, H. N. M?s Consul General and Political Agent in Japan. (Signature of Sakai Hida no Kami.)

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