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from the same place, with respect to the duties of tonuage, light-houses, pilotage, and port charges, as well as to the perquisites of public officers, and all other duties or charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, thje local authorities, or of any private establishment whatsoever; and, reciprocally, the vessels of the United States of America arriving, either laden or in ballast, into the ports of the Kingdom of Greece, from whatever place they may come, shall be treated, on their entrance, during their stay, and at their departure, upon the same footing as national vessels coming from the same place, with respect to the duties of tonnage, lighthouses, pilotage, and port charges, as well as to the perquisites of public officers, and all other duties or charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever.
Article III. »
All that may be lawfully imported into the United States of America, iu vessels of the said States,uiay also be thereinto imported rm.,himaCtmp,r. in Greek vessels, from whatever place they may come, without paying other or higher duties or charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever, than if imported in national vessels.
And, reciprocally, all that may be lawfully imported into the Kingdom of Greece, in Greek vessels.may also be thereinto imported in vessels of the United States of America, from whatever place they may come, without paying other or higher duties or charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied iu the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever, than if imported in national vessels.
* Article IV.
All that maybe lawfully exported from the United States of America, in vessels of the said States, may also be exported therefrom r,mU,m „s Mtor. in Greek vessels, without paying other or higher duties or charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever, than if exported in national vessels.
And, reciprocally, all that may be lawfully exported from the Kingdom of Greece, in Greek vessels, may also be exported therefrom in vessels of the United States of America, without paying other or higher duties or charges of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the nairie, or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever, than if exported in national vessels.
It is expressly understood that the foregoing second, third, and fourth articles are not applicable to the coastwise navigation from one port of the United States of America to an- ""*""* other port of the said States, nor to the navigation from one port of the Kingdom of Greece to another port of the said Kingdom; which navigation each of the two high contracting parties reserves to itself.
Each of the two high contracting parties engages not to grant in its purchases, or in those which might be made by companies «TM7wPrrfKni° or agents acting in its name, or under its authority, any preference to importations made in its own vessels, or in those of a third Povrer, over those made in the vessels of the other contracting party.
The two high contracting parties engage not to impose upon the navigation between their respective territories, in the vessels of 1 either, any tonnage or other duties of any kind or denomi
nation which shall be higher or other than those which shall be imposed on every other navigation, except that which they have reserved to themselves, respectively, by the fifth article of the present treaty.
There shall not be established in the United States of America, upon the products of the soil, or industry of the Kingdom of 'Greece, any prohibition, or restriction, of importation or
exportation, nor any duties of any kind or denomination whatsoever, unless such prohibitions, restrictions, and duties shall likewise be established upon articles of like nature, the growth of any other country.
And, reciprocally, there shall not be established in the Kingdom of Greece, on the products of the soil or industry of the United States of America, any prohibition or restriction of importation or exportation, nor any duties of any kind or denomination whatsoever, unless such prohibitions, restrictions, and duties be likewise established upon articles of like nature, the growth of any other country.
All privileges of transit, and all bounties and drawbacks which may prirjetMof mi,- bo allowed within the territories of one of the high contracting parties, upon the importation or exportation of any article whatsover, shall likewise be allowed on the articles of like nature, the products of the soil, or industry of the other contracting party, and on the importations and exportations made in its vessels.
The citizens or subjects of one of the high contracting parties, arrivv(,„i, e„wri„, ing with their vessels on the coasts belonging to the other, SEvjEft £tw'£h' but not wishing to enter the port; or, after having entered "■, "> u-ioaA therein, not wishing to unload any part of their cargo, shall be at liberty to depart and continue their voyage without paying any other duties, imposts, or charges whatsoever, for the vessel and cargo, than those of pilotage, wharfage, and for the support of light-houses, when such duties shall be levied on national vessels in similar cases. OMom-nooMiw I* *s understood, however, that they shall always conform Ulou., *c. to sucu regulations and ordinances concerning navigation and the places and ports which they may enter, as are, or shall be, in force with regard to national vessels, and that the custom-house officers
shall be permitted to visit tliem, to remain on board, and to take all such precautions as may he necessary to prevent all unlawful commerce, as long as the vessels shall remain within the limits of their jurisdiction.
It is furtlier agreed that the vessels of one of the high contracting parties, having entered into the ports of the other, will he v,.»„,i, „„io»,i,„, permitted to confine themselves to unloading such part only w»ofikrin>w of their cargoes as the captain or owner may wish, and that they may freely depart with the remainder without paying any duties, imposts, or charges whatsover, except for that part which shall have been landed, and which shall be marked upon and erased from the manifest exhibiting the enumeration of the articles with which the vessel was laden; which manifest shall be presented entire at the custom-house of the place where the vessel shall have entered. Nothing shall be paid on that part of the cargo which the vessel shall carry away, and with which it may continue its voyage to one or several other ports of the same country, there to dispose of the remainder of its cargo, if composed of articles whose importation is permitted on paying the duties chargeable upoh it, or it may proceed to any other country. It is un- „,,„,., ch„erM, derstood, however, that all duties, imposts, or charges what- "»th"o»rf»soever, which are or may become chargeable upon the vessels themselves, must be paid at the first port where they shall break bulk, or unlade part of their cargoes; but that no duties, imposts, or charges of the same description shall be demanded anew in the ports of the same country, which such vessels might afterwards wish to enter, unless national vessels be in similar cases subject to some ulterior duties.
Each of the high contracting parties grants to the other the privilege of appointing iu its commercial ports and places Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and commercial agents, who shall enjoy the full protection and receive every assistance necessary for the due exercise of their functious; but it is expressly declared that incase of illegal or improper conduct with respect to the laws or Government of the country in which said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or commercial agents shall reside, they may be prosecuted and punished conformably to the laws, and deprived of the exercise of their functions by the offended Government, -which shall acquaint the other with its motives for having thus acted; it being understood, however, that the archives and Arrhi»„. of documeuts relative to the affairs of the consulate shall be exempt from all search, and shall be carefully preserved under the seals of the Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or commercial agents, and of the authority of the place where they may reside.
The Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or commercial agents, or the persons duly authorized to supply their places, shall have the right, as such, to sit as judges and arbitrators in such differences tlS jiidise and arbitrate may arise between the captains and crews of the vessels be- CMTM' longing to the nation whose interests are committed to their charge without the interference of the local authorities, unless the conduct of the crews, or of the captain, should disturb the order or tranquillity of the country; or the said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or commercial agents should require their assistance to cause their decisions to be carried into effect or supported. It is, however, understood, that this species of judgment or arbitration shall not deprive the contending parties of the right they have to resort, on their return; to the judicial authority of their country.
The said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or commercial agents are authorized to require the assistance of the local authorities for the arrest, detention, and imprisonment of the deserters from the ships of war and merchant vessels of their country ; and for this purpose they shall apply to the competent tribunals, judges, and officers, and shall, in writing, demand said deserters, proving by the exhibition of the registers of the vessels, the rolls of the crews, or by other official documents, that such individuals formed part of the crews, and on this reclamation being thus substantiated the surrender shall not be refused. Such deserters, when D,«rtrr.. arrested, shall be placed at the disposal of the said Consuls, »nd h!',T toT'*2: Vice-Consuls, or commercial agents, and may be confined in Pom or. tue public prisons at the request and cost of those who claim
them, in order to be sent to the vessels to which they belonged, or to others of the same country. But if not sent back within the space of two months, reckoning from the day of their arrest, they shall be set at liberty, and shall not be again arrested for the same cause.
It is understood, however, that if-the deserter should be found to have committed any crime or offence, his surrender may be delayed until the tribunal before which the case shall be depending shall have pronounced its sentence, and such sentence shall have been carried into effect.
In case any vessel of one of the high contracting parties shall have A,.i.t.,«,to.hi1v been stranded or shipwrecked, or shall have suffered any »r«k«d tc other damage on the coasts of the dominions of the other, every aid and assistance shall be given to the persons shipwrecked or in danger, and passports shall be granted to them to return to their country. The shipwrecked vessels and merchandise, or their proceeds, if the same shall have been sold, shall be restored to their owners, or to those entitled thereto, if claimed within a year and a day, upon paying such costs of salvage as would be paid by national vessels in the same circumstances; and the salvage companies shall not compel the acceptance of their services except in the same cases and after the same delays as shall be granted to the captains and crews of national vessels. Moreover, the respective Governments will take care that these companies do not commit any vexatious or arbitrary acts.
It is agreed that vessels arriving directly from the United States of Q.nrMii,,- America at a port Avithin the dominions of His Majesty the King of Greece, or from the Kingdom of Greece at a port of the United States of America, and provided with a bill of health granted by an officer having competent power to that effect at the port whence such vessel shall have sailed, setting forth that no malignant or contagious diseases prevailed iu that port, shall be subjected to no other quarantine than such as may be necessary for the visit of the health officer of the port where such vessels shall have arrived, after which said vessels shall be allowed immediately to enter and unload their car
^oes: Provided, always, that there shall be on board no person who, • luring the voyage, shall have been attacked with any malignant or contagious diseases; that such vessels shall not duriug their passage have communicated with any vessel liable itself to undergo a quarantine, and that the country whence they came shall not at that time be so far infected or suspected that before their arrival an ordiuanco had been issued, in consequence of which all vessels coming from that country should be considered as suspected, and consequently subject to quarantine.
Considering the remoteness of the respective countries of the two high contracting parties, and the uncertainty resulting therefrom with respect to the various events which may take place, »«.r"i.ii"« u,V0?Z I it is agreed that a merchant vessel belonging to either of 'KU""ip<",'*<' them which may be bound to a port supposed at the time of its departure to be blockaded, shall not, however, be captured or condemned for having attempted a first time to enter said port, unless it can be proved that said vessel could and ought to have learned duriug its voyage that the blockade of the place in question still continued. But all vessels which, after having beeu warned off once, shall during the same voyage attempt a second time to enter the same blockaded port, during the continuance of said blockade, shall then subject themselves to be detained and condemned.
The present treaty shall continue in force for ten years, counting from the day of the exchange of the ratifications, and if, before D.,n.ti..n »r ib, the expiration of the first niue years, neither of the high "**"• contracting parties shall have announced by an official notification to the other its intention to arrest the operation of said treaty, it shall remain binding for one year beyond that time, and so.ou, until the expiration of the twelve months which will follow a similar notification, whatever the time at which it may take place.
The present treaty shall be ratified by the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and by His Majesty the King of Greece, and the ratifications to be exchanged at London within the space of twelve months from the signature, or sooner if possible.
In faith whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries of the high contracting; parties have signed the present treaty, both in English and French, and have affixed thereto their seals.
Done in duplicate at London, the _-^^_( of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven.
A. STEVEN SOX. [l. s.l