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AUSTRIA.

AUSTRIA, 1821).*

TREATY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND HIS MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA, CONCLUDED AUGUST 27, 1829; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED FEBRUARY 10, 1831; PROCLAIMED THE SAME DAY.

The United States of America and His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of lluugary and Bohemia, equally aniiuated with the desire of maintaining the relations of good understandiug which have hitherto so happily subsisted between their respective States, of extending, also, and* consolidating the commercial intercourse between them, and convinced that this object, cannot better be accomplished than by adopting the system of an entire freedom of navigation and a perfect reciprocity, based upon principles of equity equally beneficial to both countries, have, in consequence, agreed to enter into negotiations for the conclusion of a treaty of commerce and navigation, for which purpose the President of the United States has conferred full powers on Martin Van Buren, their Secretary of State; and His Majesty the Emperor of Austria lias conferred like powers on Lewis, Baron de Lederer, his said Majesty's Consul for the port of Xew York, and the said Plenipotentiaries having exchanged their said full powers, found in good and due form, have concluded and signed the following articles:

Article I.

There shall be between the territories of the high contracting parties a reciprocal liberty of commerce and navigation. The inhab- rTM*ioa, or cum. itants of their respective States shall mutually have liberty m,rc°to enter the ports, places, and rivers of the territories of each party, wherever foreign commerce is permitted. They shall be at liberty to sojourn and reside in all parts whatsoever of said territories, in order to attend to their commercial affairs; and they shall enjoy, to that effect, the same security, protection, and privileges as natives of the country wherein they reside, on condition of their submitting to the laws and ordinances there prevailing.

Article II.

Austrian vessels arriving, either laden or in ballast, in the ports of the United States of America, and, reciprocally, vessels of the Toira,,«, duti„ United States arriving,either laden or in ballast, in the ports *'•.«> <■.•!»•. of the dominions of Austria, shall be treated on their entrance, during their stay, and at their departure, upon the same footing as national vessels coming from the same place, with respect to the duties of tonnage, light-houses, pilotage, and port charges, as well as to the fees and perquisites of public officers and all other duties or charges of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name, or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishment whatsoever.

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Article III.

All kind of merchandise and articles of commerce, either the produce No <wrimi»,tioi. of the soil or the industry of the United States of America, iodut,t.oo import or 0f any 0ther country, which maybe lawfully imported into the ports of the dominions of Austria, in Austrian vessels, may also be so imported in vessels of the United States of America, without paying other or higher duties or charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever, than if the same merchandise or produce had been imported in Austrian vessels. And, reciprocally, all kind of merchandise and articles of commerce, either the produce of the soil or of the industry of the dominions of Austria, or of any other country, which may be lawfully imported into the ports of the United States, in vessels of the said States, may also be so imported in Austrian vessels without paying other or higher duties or charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever, than if* the same merchandise or produce had been imported in vessels of the United States of America.

Article IV.

To prevent the possibility of any misunderstanding, it is hereby declared » that the stipulations contained in the two preceding articles tion»«1ito°iiyl«ra.u- are, to their full extent, applicable to Austrian vessels and their cargoes arriving in the ports of the United States of America; and, reciprocally, to vessels of the said States and their cargoes arri%Tiug in the ports of the dominions of Austria, whether the said vessels clear directly from the ports of the country to which they respectively belong, or from the ports of any other foreign country.

Article V.

No higher or other duties shall be imposed on the importation into the United States of any article the produce or manufacture

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of the dominions of Austria; and no higher or other duties shall be imposed on the importation into the dominions of Austria of any article the produce or manufacture of the United States, than are or shall be payable on the like article, being the produce or manufacture of any other foreign country. . "Nor shall any prohibition be imposed on the importation or exportation of any article the produce or manufacture of the United States, or of the dominions of Austria, to or from the ports of the United States, or to or from the ports of the dominions of Austria, which shall not equally extend to all other nations.

Article VI.

All kinds of merchandise and articles of commerce, either the produce rioducrimimtioom of the soil or of the industry of the United States of America, oreSicS"1 oo*' °°x or of any other country, which may be lawfully exported or reexported from the ports of the said United States in national vessels, may also be exported or reexported therefrom in Austrian vessels, without paying other or higher duties or charges of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishment whatsoever, than if the same merchandise or produce had been exported or reexported in vessels of the United States of America.

An exact reciprocity shall be observed in the ports of the dominions of Austria, so that all kinds of merchandise and articles of commerce either the produce of the soil or of the industry of the said dominions of Austria, or of any other country, which may be lawfully exported or reexported from Austrian ports in national vessels, may also be exported or reexported therefrom in vessels of the United States of America, without paying other or higher duties or charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever, than if the same merchandise or produce had been exported tor reexported in Austrian vessels. -~

And the same bounties and drawbacks shall be 'allowed, whether such exportation or reexportation be made in vessels of the one party or of the other.

Article VII.

It is expressly understood and agreed that the coastwise navigation of both the contracting parties is altogether excepted from CotinJ traiK the operation of this treaty, and of every article thereof.

Article VIII.

No priority or preference shall be given, directly or indirectly, by either of the contracting' parties, nor by any company, corporation, or agent, acting on their behalf or under their authority, in the purchase of any article of commerce, law- 'ore<L fully imported, on account of or in reference to the character of the vessel, whether it be of the one party or of the other, in which such article was imported, it being the true intent and meaning of the contracting parties that no distinction or difference whatever shall be made in this respect. ,

, Article IX.

If either party shall hereafter grant to any other nation any particular favor in navigation or commerce, it shall immediately become common to the other party freely, where it is freely °" granted to such other nation, or on yielding the same compensation when the grant is conditional.

Article X.

The two contracting parties hereby reciprocally grant to each other the liberty of having, each in the ports of the other, Con- prirUof, suls, Vice-Consuls, Agents, and Commissaries of their own °f'*cappointment, who shall enjoy the same privileges and powers as those of the most favored nations. But if any such Consuls shall exercise commerce, they shall be subjected to the same laws and usages to which the private individuals of their nation are subject in the same place, in respect of their commercial transactions.

Article XI.

The citizens or subjects of each party shall have power to dispose of their personal goods within the jurisdiction of the other, by ruS?""TM!-*"*, testament, donation, or otherwise; and their representatives, 'c"h'j;rt""y °r ,h" being citizens or subjects of the other party, shall succeed to their per sonal goods, whether by testament or db intestate, and may take possession thereof, either by themselves or by others acting for them, and dispose of the same at their will, paying such dues, taxes, or charges only as the inhabitants of the country wherein the said goods are shall be subject to pay in like cases. And in case of the absence of the representative, such care shall be taken of the said goods as would be taken of the goods of a native in like case, until the lawful owner may take measures for receiving them. And if any question should arise among several claimants to which of them said goods belong, the same shall be decided finally by the laws and judges of the land wherein the said goods are. But this article shall not derogate in any manner from the force of the laws already published, or hereafter to be published, by His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, to prevent the emigration of his subjects.

Article XII.

The present treaty shall continue in force for ten years, countingDun,!.TM of th« from the day of the exchange of the ratifications; and if twelve months before tbo expiration of that period neither of the high contracting parties shall have announced by an official notification to the other its intention to arrest the operation of said treaty; it shall remain binding for one year beyond that time, and so on, until the expiration of the twelve months which will follow a similar notification, whatever the time at which it may take place.

Article XIL1,

This treaty shall be approved and ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and ^consent of the Senate thereof, and by His Majesty the Emperor of Austria; and the ratifications shall be exchanged in the city of Washington, within twelve mouths from the date of the signature hereof,* or sooner if possible. *

Iu faith whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed and sealed this treaty, both in the English and German languages, declaring, however, that, it having been originally composed in the former, the English version is to decide the interpretation, should any difiereuce in regard to it unfortunately arise.

Done in triplicate, at Washington, this twenty-seventh day of August, in the jear of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine.

[l. s.l M. VAN BUREK

L. s.l L. BARON DE LEDERER.

* Thin period was extended, with the advico and consent of the Senate, expressed iu its resolution of February 3,1831, and with the consent of the Emperor of Austria, expressed Itv his Minister iu his certificate of the exchange of ratifications, Fel>ruti»v10, 1S31.

ACSTRIA, 1S4S.»

CONTENTION FOB THE EXTENSION OF CERTAIN STIPULATIONS CONTAINED Df THE TREATY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION OF 27th AUGUST, 1829, BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND HIS MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA, CONCLUDED MAY 8, 1^48; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED* AT WASHINGTON, FEBRUARY 23, 1850; PROCLAIMED FEBRUARY 25, 1?50.

The United States of America and His Majesty the Emperor of Austria having agreed to extend to all descriptions of pro]>erty the exemption from dues, taxes, or charges, which was soured to the personal goods of their respective citizens and subjects by the eleventh article of the treaty of commerce aud navigation which was concluded between the parties on the 27th of August, 1829, aud also for the purpose of increasing the powers granted to their respective Consuls by the tenth article of said treaty of commerce aud navigation, have chosen for this purpose their respective Plenipotentiaries, namely:

The President of the United States of America has conferred full lowers on James Buchanan, Secretary of State of the United States; and His Majesty the Emperor of Austria upon his Charge d"Affaires to the United States, John George Hiilsemanu;

Who, after having exchanged their said full powers, found in due and proper form, have agreed to and signed the following articles:

Article I.

The citizens or subjects of each of the contracting parties shall have power to dispose of their personal property within the States „r »f the other, by testament, donation,or otherwise; and their heirs, legatees, and donees, being citizens or subjects of "",°' lh°»ltw'the other contracting party, shall succeed to their said personal property, and may take possession thereof, either by themselves or by others acting for them, and dispose of the same at their pleasure, paying such duties only as the inhabitants of the country, where the said property lies, shall be liable to pay in like cases.

Article II.

Where, on the death of any person holding real property, or property not personal, within the tenitoriesof one party, sued real ,,„,„ ,„ property would, by the laws of the land, descend on a citizen or subject of the other, were he not disqualified by the laws of the •wintry where such real property is situated, such citizen or subject shall lie allowed a term of two years to sell the same, which term may be reasonably prolonged, according to circumstances, and to w ithdraw the proceeds thereof, without molestation, and exempt from any other charges than those which may be imposed in like cases upon the inhabitants of the country from which such proceeds may be withdrawn.

Article III.

In case of the absence of the heirs, the same care shall be taken, provisionally, of such real or personal property as would be

Property of absent

taken in a like case of property belonging to the natives h°""

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