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of them without payiug auy duties on sale thereof. All vessels w anting provisions or refreshments shall be permitted to buy them at market price.
All ships of war belonging to the United States of North America, on anchoring in the ports of the Regency, shill receive the usual presents ot provisions aud refreshments gratis. * -»r «r nmi-d Should any of the slaves of this Regency make their escape s'"~ on board said vessels, they shall be immediately returned. No excuse shall be made that they have hid themselves amongst the people and cannot be found, or any other equivocation.
No citizen of the United States of North America shall be obliged to redeem any slave against his will, even should ho be his brother; neither shall the owner of a slave be forced to sell ""** him against his will, but all such agreements must be made by consent of parties. Should any American citizen be taken on board an enemy ship by the cruisers of this Regency, having a regular passport specifying they are citizens of the United States, they r"""rU"rc""TM"shall be immediately set at liberty. On the contrary, they having no passport, they and their property shall be considered lawful prize, as this liegency know their friends by their passports.
Should any of the citizens of the United States of North America die within the limits of this Regency, the Dey aud his subjects shall not interfere with the property of the deceased; but «rpi'nm"rs«t«8S" it shall be under the immediate direction of the Consul, un- "*'""" less otherwise disposed of by will. Should there be no Consul, the effects shall be deposited in the hands of some person worthy of trust until the party shall appear who has a right to demand them, when they shall render an account of the property. Neither shall the Dey or Divan give hiuderance in the execution of any will that may appear.
No citizen of the United States of North America shall be obliged to purchase any goods against his will, but, on the contrary, shall be allowed to purchase whatever it pleaseth him. The
tea lobe com fell
Consul of the United States of North America, or any other 'pny di*bt« of citizen, shall not be amenable for debts contracted by any one of their own nation, unless previously they have given a written obligation so to do. Should the Dey. want to freight any American vessel that may be in (he Regency, or Turkey, said vessel not being engaged, in consequence of the friendship subsisting between the two nations he expects to have the preference given him, on his paying the same freight offered by any other nation.
Auy disputes or suits at law that may take place between the subjects of the Regency and the citizens of the United States of North America shall be decided by the Dey in person, and D'"""t*"
no other. Any disputes that may arise between the citizens of the United States shall be decided by the Consul, as they are in such cases not subject to the laws of this Regency.
Should any citizen of the "United States of North America kill, wound, or strike a subject of this Regency, he shall be punished in the same manner as a Turk, and not with more severity. Should any citizen of the United States of North America in the above predicament, escape prison, the Consul shall not become answerable for him.
The Consul of the United States of North America shall have every personal security given him and his household. He shall Consul of the United llrlVC liberty to exercise his religion in his own house. All slaves of the same religion shall not be impeded in going to said Consul's house at hours of prayer. The Consul shall have liberty and personal security given him to travel, whenever he pleases, within the Regency. He shall have free license to go on board any vessel lying in our roads, whenever he shall think fit. The Consul shall have leave to appoint his own dragoman and broker.
Should a war break out between the two nations, the Consul of the United States of North America, and all citizens of said States, shall have leave to embark themselves and property unmolested on board of what vessel or vessels they shall think proper.
Should the cruisers of Algiers capture any vessel having citizens of <:,t.ttn»of eiu,'c, the United States of North America on board, they havXe^o^io'b. L\ ing papers to prove they are really so, they and their propyl i.bem. ej.f.y s\ul\\ \)C immediately discharged. And should the vessels of the United States capture any vessels of nations at war with them, having subjects of this Regency on board, they shall be treated in like manner.
On a vessel of war belonging to the United States of North America »»iuiTM u, ,e»«-h anchoring in our ports, the. Consxil is to inform the Dey of or w«r. uer arrival, a,id she shall be saluted with twenty-one guns,
which she is to return in the same quantity or number. And the Dey will send fresh provisions on board, as is customary, gratis.
The Consul of the United States of North America shall not be required rre. er.tr* for to pay duty for anything he brings from a foreign country for the use of his house and family.
Should any disturbance take place between the citizens of the United States and the subjects of this Regency, or break any article w„ „,,[ to „. de. of this treaty, war shall not be declared immediately, but f^tl,",^. ^ everything shall be searched into regularly. The party injured shall be made reparation.
On the 21st of the Lima of Safer, 1210, corresponding with the 5th September, 1795, Joseph Donaldson, jun., on the part of the „,„, „,
United States of North America, agreed with Hassan lh*D,TBashaw, Dey of Algiers, to keep the articles contained in this treaty sacred and inviolable, which we, the Dey and Divan, promise to observe, on consideration of the United States paying anuually the value of twelve thousand Algerine sequins in maritime stores. Should the United States forward a larger quantity, the overplus shall be paid for in money by the Dey and Regency. Any vessel that may be captured from the date of this treaty of peace and amity shall immediately be delivered np on her arrival in Algiers.
VIZIR HASSAN BASHAW.
[Seal of Algiers stamped at the foot of tlio original treaty in Arabic.]
To all to whom these presents shall come or be made known:' Whereas the underwritten, David Humphreys, hath been duly appointed Commissioner Plenipotentiary by letters patent, under the signature of the President and seal of the United States of America, dated the 30th of March, 1795, for negotiating and concluding a treaty of peace with the Dey and Governors of Algiers; whereas, by instructions, given to him on the part of the Executive, dated the 28th of March and 4th of April, 1795, he hath been further authorized to employ Joseph Donaldson, jun., on an agency in the said business; whereas, by a writing under his hand and seal, dated 21st May, 1795, he did constitute and appoint Joseph Donaldson, jun., agent in the business aforesaid, and the said Joseph Donaldson, jun., did, on the 5th of September, 1795, agree with Hassan Bashaw, Dey of Algiers, to keep the articles of the preceding treaty sacred and inviolable:
Now know ye that I, David Humphreys, Commissioner Plenipotentiary aforesaid, do approve and conclude the said treaty, and every article and clause therein contained; reserving the same, nevertheless, for the final ratification of the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the said United States.
In testimony whereof I have signed thcsame with my hand and seal, at the citv of Lisbon, this 28th of November, 1795.
[L. S.J * DAVID HUMPHREYS.
TREATY OP PEACE AND AMITY CONCLUDED BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND HIS HIGHNESS OMAR BASHAW, DEY OF ALGIERS, JUNE 30 AND JULY 6, 1815.
There shall be, from tlie conclusion of this treaty, a firm, inviolable, and universal peace and friendship between the President ,«n ,P. an(j citizens of the United States of America on the one part, and the Dey and subjects of the Regency of Algiers, in Barbary, on the other, made by the free consent of both parties and on tbe terms of F.vor. i„ the most favored nations. And if either party shall heretic .ndcommere--. aft;er grant to any other nation any particular favor or privilege in navigation or commerce, it shall immediately become common to the other party freely, when it is freely granted to such other nations, but when the grant is conditional, it shall bo at the option of the contracting parties to accept, alter, or reject such conditions, in such manner as shall be most conducive to their respective interests.
It is distinctly understood between the contracting parties, that notribute, either as biennial presents, or under anv other form
Abolition of tribute. / . ,. * , ,' , ,
or name whatever, shall ever be required by the Dey and Regency of Algiers from the United States of America, on any pretext whatever.
The Dey of Algiers shall cause to be immediately delivered up to the AmenTM citinn American squadron now off Algiers all the American citizens . to be <<ei.v«<»i up. now ja jjjg possession, amounting to ten, more or less; and all the subjects of the Dey of Algiers, now in possession of the United States, amounting to five hundred, more or less, shall be delivered up to him; the United States, according to the usages of civilized nations, requiring no ransom for the excess of prisoners in their favor.
A just and full compensation shall be made by the Dey of Algiers to indemniiic«iion to such citizens of the Uuited States as have been captured iSZ^iiStofZr and detained by Algeriue cruisers, or who have been forced to •roporu, &c abandon their property in Algiers, in violation of the twentysecond article of the treaty of peace and amity concluded between the United States and the Dey of Algiers on the fifth of September, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-five.
And it is agreed between the contracting parties, that, in lieu of the above, the Dey of Algiers shall cause to be delivered forthwith into the hands of the American Consul residing at Algiers, the whole of a quantity of bales of cotton left by the late Gousul General of the Uuited States in the public magazines in Algiers; and that he shall pay into the hands of the said Consul the sum of ten thousand Spanish dollars
* Statutes at Large, Vol. VIII, p. 224 tl »eq.
If any goods belonging to any nation with which either of the parties are at war should be loaded on board vessels belonging to . , the other party, they shall pass free and unmolested, and K°*m'"* '""**'• no attempts shall be made to take or detain them. . •
If any citizens or subjects, with their effects, belonging to either party, shall be found on board a prize vessel taken from an enemy by the other party, such citizens or subjects shall be uk^'"°'^r",
liberated immediately, ai)jj in no case, or on any other pretense whatever, shall any American citizen be kept in captivity or confinement, or the property of any American citizen found on board of any vessel belonging to any other nation with which Algiers may be at war be detained from its lawful owners after the exhibition of sufficient proofs of American citizenship and of American property, by the Consul of the United States residing at Algiers.
Proper passports shall immediately be given to the vessels of both the contracting parties, on condition that the vessels of war belonging to the Regency of Algiers, on meeting with mer- of^TOTrtr7u^it chant vessels belonging to the citizens of the United Staets °r v"" r"tr'c'"iof America, shall not be permitted to visit them with more than two persons besides the rowers; these only shall be permitted to go on board without first obtaining leave from the commander of said vessel, who shall compare the passport, and immediately permit said vessel to proceed on her voyage; and should any of the subjects of Algiers insult or molest the commander, or any other person, on board a vessel so Ab„M of ri!ht of visited, or plunder any of the property contained in her, on ,Uit complaint being made by the Consul of the United States residing in Algiers, and on his producing sufficient proof to substantiate the fact, the commander or rais of said Algerine ship or vessel of war, as well as the offenders, shall be punished in the most exemplary manner.
All vessels of war belonging to the United States of America, on meeting a cruiser belonging to the Kegency of Algiers, on ^ ej having seen her passports and certificates from the Consul »m'"^z°mi, of the United States residing in Algiers, shall permit her bemole"u,dto proceed on her cruise unmolested and without detention. No passport shall be granted by either party to any vessels but such as are absolutely the property of citizens or subjects of the said contracting parties, on any pretense whatever.
A citizen or subject of either of the contracting parties having bought a prize vessel condemned by the other party, or by any other m„t ,M| ^ ,aS. nation, the certificates of condemnation and bill of sale shall cienl be a sufficient passport lor such vessel for six months; which, considering the distance between the two countries, is no more than a reasonable time for her to procure proper passports.
Vessels of either of the contracting parties putting into ports of the other, and having need of provisions or other supplies, shall he furnished at the market price; and if any such vessel M 'r*""°TM