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Nov. 16. Read, John Peter, and Ro Methwold, Norfolk, grocer; Out 15. bert, Fordingbridge, Hanis, callico Tunmings, J. B. Portsea, grocer, Nor. printers, Nov. 16.

5. Townsend, Job, Barnsby, YorkSchenider, J. H. Bow-lane, , merchant, shire, grocer, Oct. 29.

Taylor, J. Nov. 29. Stephens, W. Exeter, sadler; Worceste , draper, Nov. 26. Thomas Oct. 18. Skegg, F. Davi:-street, Berk T. and H. Cameron, Birmingham, facley-square, oilinan, Oct. 19. Stephen

tors, Nov. 6. son, C. Parliament-street, Westminster, Virtue, T. Hammersmith, carpenter, Oct. stationer, Nov. 2. Stration, G. and 29. Valery, J. Artillery-place, mer. H. Blackfriars-soad, ironmongers, Nov. chant, Dec. 19. 2. Stork, J. Great Driffield, York- Wilkinson, G. Fenchurch-strect, mercer, shire, merchant, Dec. 2. Shailcross, Nov. 2. Wheatley, J. Mark-lane, cora S. and R. Barnes, Manchester, cotton factor, Nov. 5. Whittle, J. Wheelon, spinners, Oct. 31. Style, E. South Lancashire, muslin manufacturer, Oct. Moltan, Devon, woollen-draper, Oct. 30. Wade, T. Great St. Helen's, drug 29. Stephens, J. Liverpool, merchant; merchant, Nov, 19. Walford, R. Nov. 8. Smith, T. White Hart, Dept Chester, brewer, Oct. 28. Wallis, J. ford, victualler, Nov. 2. Smee, J. E. Colchester, Essex, merchant, Oct. Newington-place, Surrey, porter, No 29. Williams, J. Llanlidan, Denbighvember 16.

shire, dealer in cattle, Nov. 23. 117Tracy, W. Portsea, llants, slopseller, thelmi, H. Martin's-lane, Cannor.

Nov. 2. Towseland, J. Paradise-tow, street, merchant, Nov. 10.
Chelsea, rectifier, Nov. 30. Took, J.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. Our Correspondent, J. R. from St. Alban's, is informed, that Major Cartwright's admirable and well-written Letters to the Duke of Bedford, on the State of the Nation, mentioned in our last Number amongst our Literacy Notices, is now before the public, and our Correspondent, of course, will be enabled to read and jucige for himself; but we shall, however, in our critical department, take an early opportunity of passing our judgment upon it. We perfectly agree with our Correspondent, that the subject in question is, at this very critical juncture, of the highest importance to every Briton, from the highest to the lowest ; and we are happy to see such a splendid subject in such able and masterly hands.'

The truly excellent abridgment of Aristocle's Poetics, communicated by our very valuable Correspondent, Gaunt Noregore, shall appear in the first Number of our next Volume.

W. B.'s favour,and several other very interesting Correspondents, are duly received and will appear in our next,

The Numbers of the Universal Magazine already published, are embellished with highly finished portraits, containing also Biographical memoirs, of Dr. Richard Watson, Lord Bishop of Landaff; Dr. Letisom; Right Hon. Henry Adelineton; General Moreau ; Dr. Joseph Priestley; General Pichegru; Dr. James Sims Pres. Med. Society, London ; Wm. Coxe; A. M. F. R. S. F. A.S. John Pinkerton, Esq. the Young Roscius, in the character of Frederick; Colonel Sir R. T. Wilson, K. M. T. Right Hon. William Pitt; Hon. Charles James Fox ;. Benjamin West, Esq. F. R. S. William Paley, D. D. Archdeacon of Carlisle. With an accurate Mlap of St. Domingo, and the Windward Islands of the West Indies; as also, a Plate of a Machine for raising Watcı by the Wind.

This work, which is esteemed an excellent companion on a long voyage, as well as a very profitable article of commerce, forms a volume every six months, price 10s. Od. neatly half bound and lettered,

ERRATA-In the Modern Discoveries, page 264 of our last, for. “ that great mathematician and universal genius" --stad, " that great mathematician and universal genius, Leibnitz, &c. &c."

The Reformer, page 323, for “ Collins lives"---read, “Coliius lives."

Life of Scanderbeg, page 3:5, 24 column), instead of, " would appear alıcgether astonishing, &c.”-read, “ the itht would appear, &c.' Morio to the Reformer, page 322, " for quicqui dagunt,?. read

quicquid !!!, &c."

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No. XXIV.-Vol. IV.]

For NOVEMBER, 1805.

[New Series.



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A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THE LIFE allowing himself to enquire into its neOF THE RT. HONOURABLE VISCOUNT cessity or expediency, let the governors

of the country not forget how great is Venimus nunc ad fortissimum virum, maxi- the responsibility on those who wan

mique consiliin Ea que prospere, ei tonly open the temple of Janus, or uncesserunt non magnitudine copiarum sed necessarily delay one hour to shut its consilio quo tum omnes superabat, acci- gates. The virtue of a senator, and the derunt.

courage of a soldier, are yainly exerted the. country is shed for its defence, ment. A minister may exultmgly disit is impossible for the most insensible play the riches of the country; he unof our countrymen to be wholly indiffe- dertakes to govern, he may boast of the

dominion rent to the causes or the measures which

oyer' those

seas, through have committed us to such hazard, which that wealth is wafted into his Thus every man, in some degree,

treasuries : for unless his wisdom conforced, with whatever reluctance,

is tribute

as much


the sailor or soldier's connect the fate of the individual with sword, to protect what he so highly the condition of his country. The hero prizes, he will but awaken envy, create whose name our feeble pen so gladly enemy after enemy, and immolate withcontributes to immortalize, is no more the one whose loss we have too much He planned, he in great part consuin; mated another splendid victory! But, reason to deplore. We have a powerful alas! the cypress is so largely entwined and an inveterate enemy to cope with. with the laurel, that the eye weeps

He is a furious, and, in many respects, while the heart would fain exult. The a fortunate emulator of Alexander. He mingled sensation is painful in the ex

has the ainbition of that Grecian, with treme. The valiant warrior should have the disposition of a Nadir Shaw, and an survived the moment which is to unscal and being a soldier of fortune, like these

to obtain its gratification; the fortune or the doom of his

country: He has more than once, as by a coun

two latter chiefs, he may be supposed termine, blown up the hostile and the to seek his safety in nearly the saine insidious operations of those enemies,

measures, though in different quarters declared or otherwise, who had taken

of the globe. It will be the interest o. measures for sapping the

a civilized plunderer to spare as little as founda

very tions of our greatness : he should have

a barbarian plunderer. Agra and Delhi lived to see the perfection of his pa- than any inodern cities contain, tis true,

were sacked of more immense treasures triotism, the reward of his devotion, in the end of the troubles which involved but it was not so much to the advantage his beloved, his grateful country. His

of the Eastern conquerors to destroy ardor and his sacrifice are the more ho- those thrones, as it would be in ã nourable to him as a warrior, because Western, to subvert

that of the capital he has never been considered a courtier.

of Britain. It is a folly to estimate the Though he even disapproved of the strength of an empire by its riches, rameasures of an administration, he felt ther than by the maxims which are cala it his duty to struggle to his utmost

culated to uphold them. power for ihe salvation of his country's

This illustrious Briton was born on glory. In his expiring eyes might be the 29th of September, 1958, in the read the apophthegm of Horace :

parsonage-house of Burnham Thorpe,

in the county of Norfolk. His grand“ Dulce et decorum est pro patria

father was rector of Hilborough, in the mori."

same county, where the family had

been longʻresident, and of which living While the generous combatant thus they are, and for many years

have been, pours out his blood in battle, without the patrons. His Lordship’s father,

Vol. ly.

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the Rev. E-Nelson, married Catherine, under thoʻcare of Mr. John Hathbone, danghter of the Rev. Dr. Maurice Such- who had formerly been in the king's ling, rector of Barsham, in Suffolk, and service with Captain Suckling, in the Woodton, in Norfolk, and one of the Dreadnought. liaving returned from prebendaries of Westminster*. By this this voyage, in July, 1772, Horatio lady Mr. Nelson had issue eight sons was received by his uncle on board the and three daughters, of whom only one Triumph, then lying at Chatham. E, son and two daughters are now living; this vorage to the West Indies, though the subject of our memoir was the fourth Mr. Nelson had gained a practice

knowledge of seamanship, he had se The high school at Norwich possesses quired a thorough dislike 10 tle Roy ! the honour of baring instilled the first navy, whether from the horror at the 'rudiments of education into the noble contemplation of those scenes of severity mind of this distinguished character, at one time, and of excesses and rice a from which school he afterwards re- another, cr whatever might be the cause, moved to that of North Walshamn. certain it is, that it was not without the Captain Suckling, his Lordship's ma- utmost difficulty Captain Suckling could ternal uncle, was his early and very va- remove his aversion. This, however

, luable friend. He was an officer in the was at length effected, by tke firmness sea service, and commanded, first the and address of his uncle.' Among other Raisonnable, of 64 guns, and afterwards methods adopted for accomplishing this the Triumph t. In 1770, he took desirable end, it was held ont to his iieyoung Nelson, then only twelve years phew, that if he attended well to his old, from the above school, and entered duty, he should be permitted to go in hini as midshipman on board of his own the cutter, and decked long-boat, atship. The subject of altercation, how- tached to the commanding officer's ship ever, with Spain, being adjusted, and at Chatham : this operated on the mind the Raisonnable paid off, our young of the aspiring youth, as was expected

, mariner was sent by his uncle on board and by its means he became an excellent of a West India ship, belonging to the pilot for vessels of that class, which house of Hibbert, Purrier, and Horton, sailed froin Chathain to the Tower of

London, and also down the Swin

Channel to the North Foreland. By * The Nelsons are, therefore, related these short navigations, some of them to the noble families of Walpole, Chol- in most difficult passages, the mind of mondey, and Townshend, his mother Nelson acquired that strength and firu. being the grand-daughter of Sir Charles ness, for which he was so particularis Tarner, bart. of Warham, in the county distinguished throughout his subsexpein: of Norfolk, and of Mary, daughter of glorious career. Robert Walpole, esq. of Houghton, and A voyage of discovery towards the sister to Sir Robert Walpole, first Earl North Pole having been resolved upon, of Orford, and to lloratio, first Lord the Race Horse and Carcase, bombs, Walpole, of Wolterton, whose nest were ordered in April, 1773, to be fitted sister, Dorothy, was married to Charles out for that purpose; the command of Viscount Townshend. The Sucklings the former was given to the Honourable have been seated at Woodton, in Nor- Captain Constantine John Phipps, afterfolk, near three centuries.

wards Lord Mulgrave, that of the latter + This gallant oflicer commanded to Skeffington Lutwidge, esq. The thie' Dreadnought, in the West Indies, object of this voyage was to ascertain during the month of October, 1757, the practicability of a North-west pas. when, in concert with Captain Forrest, sage into the South Seas, or at least to of the Augusta, and Captain Langdon, discover how far navigation was possible of the Edinburgh, they engaged, of Cape towards the North Pole, and to inike François seven French ships, three of such observations as might contribute them of the line, one of 50, two of 4+, to the advancement of nautical knowand two of 30 guns.

In April, 1775, leye. Instructions had been given Captain Suckling succeeded Sir Hugh that no loys should be received on Palliser as comptroller of the nary. In board; vet the ardent manner in which 1779, Captain Suckling was elected young Nelson entreated to be permitted inember of parliament for Portsmouth; to accompany the expedition, and him but died in July of the same year.

ofier to become coxswain to Captaia

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