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John 8. 31, 32.
Prov. 19. 23.
1 Cor. 2. 14. Rev. 2. 17.
2 Tim. 2. 25, 26.
Ps. 69. 17.
1 Cor. 4. 11, &c. 2 Cor. 4. 8, 9.
11 What man is he, that feareth the Lord ? him shall he teach in the way, that he shall choose.
12 His soul shall dwell at ease, and his seed shall inherit the land.
13 The secret of the Lord is among [with] them that fear him, and he will shew them his covenant.
14 Mine eyes are ever looking unto the Lord, for he shall pluck my feet out of the net.
15 Turn thee unto me, and have mercy upon me; for I am desolate, and in misery.
16 The sorrows of my heart are enlarged: 0
18 Consider mine enemies, how many they
19 O keep my soul, and deliver me: let me not be confounded, for I have put my trust in thee.
20 Let perfectness and righteous dealing wait upon (preserve] me, for my hope hath been in thee,
21 Deliver Israel, O God, out of all his troubles.
2 Sam. 16. 12. Luke 1. 25.
2 Sam. 17. 2. Matt. 27. 21, &c.
Joel 2. 26, 27.
Dan. 6. 22.
Ps. 51. 18.
righteous appointment, be designed as the punishment of his own transgressions. Ver. 17.
11 Him shall he teach, fe. God is to be regarded as graciously pointing out to the devout man, the only line of conduct, which is worthy of his choice. Psalm xxxvii. 23. 12 His soul shall dwell, gc.
Destitution and banishment were denounced in the law against all, who turned from Jehovah, and went after other gods to serve them. Plenty and a permanent abode in the land of Canaan were, on the contrary, to constitute, even in this life, the rewards of such as feared the Lord, and kept his commandments. Lev. xxvi. See on Psalm cxxviii. 7.
13 The secret, fc. All, who reverence the Lord Jehovah, are perfectly instructed by him “in his secret intent," and determinate counsels respecting the human race: they alone know and understand his mind. John vii. 17: xv. 15. It may be added too, that they alone experience his love and favor. Job xxix. 4. Prov. iii. 32.
18 Consider. See on Psalm xxxvii. 17.
19 Keep my soul. Guard and preserve my life (see on Psalm vii. 2), that my enemies
may have no power to take it from me. 20 Let perfectness, fc. The Psalmist entreats, that his humble trust in God may sanctify the integrity and uprightness of character, which he has constantly cultivated, and render them conducive to his safety.
David is imagined to have composed this Psalm whilst living in
exile, to vindicate his integrity from the slanders of his adversaries, and, particularly, from some injurious charge, which was brought against him by one of Saul's courtiers. To God, therefore, he appeals, as to an unerring judge, who was privy to his most secret thoughts and intentions: he strongly disclaims all connexion with wicked men, and declares his sincere attachment
to the services of the sanctuary. BE , .
innocently: my trust hath been also in the 2 Pet. 1. 10. Lord, therefore shall I not fall.
2 Examine me, O Lord, and prove me: try Jer. 11. 20. out my reins and my heart.
3 For thy loving-kindness is ever before 2 Kings 20. 3. mine eyes, and I will walk in thy truth.
4 I have not dwelt with vain persons, neither Ps. 101. 8, &c. will I have fellowship with the deceitful.
5 I have hated the congregation of the Matt. 9. 11, 12. wicked, and will not sit among the ungodly.
1 Cor. 5. 9, &c. 6 I will wash my hands in innocency, 0 1 Tim. 2. 8. Lord, and so will I go to thine altar;
Zech. 13. 9.
2 Examine-try out. In both places David wishes, that the same strictness may be employed in scrutinizing the inmost recesses of his heart, as is accustomed to be used in ascertaining, by means of fire, the purity of metals. Psalm xii. 7.--My reins, &c. See on Psalm xvi. 8. There is said to be a secret sympathy between the kidneys and the heart. When these two words are thus joined together, the former is put for the affections and desires of men, whether good or bad; the latter, for their thoughts and counsels.
3 For thy loving-kindness, fc. By meditating constantly on the attributes of God, particularly on his merciful disposition, he had been enabled, in some degree, to imitate them in his daily conduct, so that he did not hesitate to commit himself to the divine examination: besides, he entertained a strong inclination and desire still to regulate the course of his life, as he had hitherto done, by a stedfast faith in the truth of God's promises.
4 I have not dwelt, &c. I have entered into no intimacy with lying and deceitful men.
5 I have hated, &c. I have ever shewn, and shall continue to shew, my abhorrence of wickedness, by resolutely avoiding the company of evil doers. Psalm i. 1.
6 I will wash, fe. That is, I will appear before thy altar adorned with the graces and perfections of a sincere and inward piety. To wash the hands became a common practice among the Israelites (Deut. xxi. 6, 7.) on any solemn occasion of protesting their innocence, and
1 Sam. 25. 29. Ps. 28. 3.
2 Chron.20.26,&c. 7 That I may shew the voice of thanksLuke 19. 37, &c. giving, and tell of all thy wondrous works. 2 Kings 22.3, &c. 8 Lord, I have loved the habitation of thy John 2. 13, &c. house, and the place, where thine honor dwell
9 O shut not up my soul with the sinners, nor my life with the blood-thirsty;
10 In whose hands is wickedness, and their Isai. 33. 15, 16. right hand is full of gifts [bribes
11 But, as for me, I will walk innocently: 13. 14, 22.
O deliver me, and be merciful unto me.
12 My foot standeth right: I will praise the Lord in the congregations.
1 Sam. 8. 3.
Neh. 5. 15:
Ps. 15. 7.
PSALM XXVII. If the afflictions of the Babylonish captivity did not occasion this
Psalm to be written, it, most probably, ought to be assigned to David, during some season of persecution and distress. In it the author asserts his unshaken confidence in God for support and protection against his enemies: he expresses his earnest desire to be no longer deprived of the power of joining in the public worship; and proclaims his firm conviction, that he will soon obtain deliverance, and be restored to the enjoyment of happiness.
as a significant or symbolical token of it. Job ix. 30. Matt. xxvii. 24. But this custom was more particularly observed, as by the priests, both when they went into the tabernacle, and when they came near to the altar to minister (Exod. xxx. 17, &c.), so likewise by the people, previously to offering up their prayers, to signify, that sin was intended to be put away, and that it was purposed, for the future, to live a holy and religious life. Psalm Lxxi. 12. See on Psalm cxxxvii.i.
8 The habitation, &c. The house, which thou inhabitest.- -Thine honor. Thy glorious appearance between the cherubims over the mercy-seat.
9 Shut not up, &c. Do not include me (see on Psalm vii. 2.) in the number of “the sinners” and “the blood-thirsty,” lest, when thou comest in vengeance to destroy them, I also may be involved in their ruin. Psalm cxxv. 5. Gal. iii. 22.
10 In whose hands, fc. Who are constantly plotting against the lives of the upright, and who, moreover, do not hesitate to stand forward as the suborned accusers of the innocent. Psalm xv. 6.
12 My foot standeth right, fc. Notwithstanding the assaults of my enemies, I stand firm and unshaken, and shall certainly be again enabled to praise the Lord, as my mighty protector, in the public assemblies of his people. Ver. 1. The Bible version has—“ my foot standeth in an even place,” which sentence is designed to point out, as well David's freedom from all deceit and guile, as his intention to walk on uninterruptedly in the path of God's commandments.
; whom, then, shall I fear? the Lord is the Mic. 7. 8. strength of my life; of whom, then, shall I be afraid?
2 When the wicked, even mine enemies and Isai. 8. 9, 15. my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they John 18. 3, &c. stumbled and fell.
3 Though an host of men were laid (should Rom. 8. 35, &c. encamp] against me, yet shall not my heart be Phil. 1. 28. afraid; and, though there rose up war against me, yet will I put my trust in him.
4 One thing have I desired of the Lord, which Ps. 84. 11. I will require (seek after]; even, that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life, to behold the fair beauty of the Lord, and to visit his temple.
5 For, in the time of trouble, he shall hide Isai. 4. 6. me in his tabernacle; yea, in the secret place of his dwelling (tabernacle] shall he hide me; and set me up upon a rock of stone.
6 And now shall he lift up mine head above 1 Sam. 7. 9. mine enemies round about me.
7 Therefore will I offer in his dwelling an Num. 10. 10. oblation with great gladness; I will sing, and 2 Cor. 2. 14. speak praises, unto the Lord.
Luke 2. 37.
Jer. 36. 26.
1 Chron. 22. 18.
1 My light. The light of my way: he, who shines upon me, and graciously enables me to perceive the path, in which I shall walk with safety. Psalm cxix. 105.
2 Came upon me, &c. Like wild beasts thirsting for my blood. Jer. xxx. 16. Mic. iii. 3. Some persons conceive that calumniators are thus described, in agreement with an Eastern idiom. See ver. 14.They stumbled, &c. This, in all likelihood, is spoken in anticipation of what the Psalmist foresaw would undoubtedly take place, a past tense being put for a future.
4 The fair beauty, fc. His glorious magnificence, as manifested by the splendor, with which he is worshipped- -Temple. See on Psalm v. 7.
5 He shall hide me, fc. The tabernacle, or rather, the altar of God, was a sure place of refuge for all offenders, except such as had committed wilful murder. Exod. xxi. 14. 1 Kings ii. 28, &c. If God took David under his own immediate protection he was certain of safety. Upon a rock, fc. See on Psalm xviii. 1. Palestine, being a mountainous region, its numerous rocks constituted much of the strength of the country; for, in times of danger, the people retired to them, and there found security against the sudden irruptions of their enemies. 1 Sam. xiii. 6. Isai. ii. 19, 21.
7 With great gladness. Jehovah was usually praised in hymns
Ps. 130.2, &c:
8 Hearken unto my voice, O Lord, when I cry unto thee: have mercy upon me, and hear
Jer. 29. 12, 13.
Isai. 59. 2.
Heb. 13. 5.
1 Sam. 18. 9. Isai. 30. 20, 21.
Ps. 35. 11, 25.
9 My heart hath talked of thee, Seek ye my face: Thy face, Lord, will I seek.
10 O hide not thou thy face from me, nor
cast [put] thy servant away in displeasure. 2 Tim. 4. 17, 18.
11 Thou hast been my succour: leave me
not, neither forsake me, O God of my salvation. Matt. 10. 21, 22.
12 When my father and my mother forsake me, the Lord taketh me up.
13 Teach me thy way, O Lord, and lead me in the right way, because of mine enemies.
14 Deliver me not over into the will of mine Matt. 26. 59, &c. adversaries; for there are false witnesses risen
up against me, and such as speak wrong. 2 Sam. 15. 25, 26.
15 I should utterly have fainted, but that I believe verily to see the goodness of the Lord in the land of the living.
16 O tarry thou the Lord's leisure: be strong, Heb. 10. 35, &c. and he shall comfort thine heart; and put thou
thy trust in the Lord.
PSALM XXVIII. Like many others among the Psalms of David, this is filled with
hopes and fears, with praises and prayers. He implores God to defend him from the iniquitous and violent proceedings of his
Jer. 11. 19.
Isai. 25. 9.
with choral chants, which were accompanied by stringed instruments 6 and all kinds of music.” Psalm xxxiii. 2: xlii. 4: Lxxxi. 1, 2.
9 My heart, fc. My heart is ever suggesting to me, that thou hast given thy servants this command, Seek ye, &c.
12 When my father, fc. This appears to be a proverbial expression. In my greatest afflictions, and when even my dearest earthly friends have abandoned me, I am ever accustomed to experience God's providential care. Isai. xlix. 15.
13 In the right way, &c. In a straight way, where I may pursue my intended course of piety and goodness, without fear of meeting with difficulty, or danger of wandering out of it; so that they, who narrowly pry into all my actions, and watch for my faults, may gain no advantage over me.
14 Such as speak wrong. Such as endeavor to ruin my character by their calumnies. Psalm iv. 2.
15 I should utterly, &c. My heart would completely fail me, did I not firmly trust in God, and look to enjoy prosperity and happiness also here in this present life, that by my preservation, the divine faithfulness may be made manifest even to my enemies.
16 Tarry thou, &c. This is an address to himself and to his own soul. Psalm xxxv. 9: xlii. 14, 15.