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cur ia inere registers of eveains and mits to go further. Besides, it rebecause a chronicler confines hiniself quires a full koowledge of the His

. to these specific points, we are lo tory of the South of France and cuaclude, that a man who has lived Italy, to develope the subject ia its in Paris or ludia twenty years, never ample exteot. But it is sufficient to brings hoine a souff box or a shawl, quute the illustrivus names of Roor recommends the patterns to ma- bertson and many others, to confule oufacturers.

the strange idea, that the Crusades It is well known that the Pi. “ were ulterly slerile with respect to sans, when the Crusades first look the Arts, to learning, and to every place, fitted out smaller vessels, load. moral advantage," as Mr. Berrington ed with provisions, which they sold says, vol. 11. p. 357. note. Now it to the Crusaders, and brought back is impossible ihat intercourse with Greek columius, sculplures, and bas- foreigo nations can exist for two reliefs; and even Greek architects so centuries, and no additional koor. early as 1016; and to this commerce ledge be acquired. China, or at least is ascribed the revival of the Arts in the East, furnished the compass; evea Burope

the barbarons South-sea Islands, the Mr. Mills reasons against this, from bread-fruit; but it is waste of roon the destruction of the marbles which to confule such sweeping and rash ensued at the capture of Constanti. astirmations: and it is sufficient to nople, but these were stalues of say, that if there be additions of hcathen deities, which it was then kuowledge, there most be intellectual deemed an act of religivo to destroy. improvement. Such affirmations as So important is it to elucidate Shak. Mr. B.'s must be limited to casuistry speare by the writers of his day; and and law only: or to book-learning, to explain actions by coolemporary to be even stateable. It would be manners.

madness to say, that there is no difThe people of Genoa are also ac- ference of intellect in a rustick, beknowledyed by Mr. Mills to have fore he enlists for a soldier and after carried on great trade by means of he has served a long campaigo. It the Crusades; and Sir Walier Raleigh is the peculiar lendeocy of agricultuassures us, that Genoa was the store. ral employmeal to freeze the growth housc of all Italy, and all other places, of mind, but it is impossible to take but after they had imposed a custom an active part in the grand scenes of of sixteen per cent. all nations de. life, and io mix deeply in the busiserted them, and tho Duke of Flo. ness, toil, and danger, without mearence laid the foundation of Leghorn, tal improvement. The acuteness of with small tariffs, and thus removed old soldiers and sailors, and the prompthe trade *.

titude and skill of merchants who Most respectable writers state, that have travelled, exbibit a very difthe Crusades gave birth to the fur. ferent state of intellect, a far greater matiou of the maritime powers of Eu. accumulation of wisdom, prodeoce, rope, of which Venice, Genoa, aod and general knowledge, than can be Pisa were the first; and to the estab- found in a fox-hunter or country lishment of maritime commerce, which bumpkiu who has never left his natill then had been in the hands of the tive village. What is intercourse Greeks and Arabs +. Simon Simeoo, with the world but an unprinted book, who wrote in the year 1322, ob. which is read with the certainty of serves, that the King of England its contents being wholly remembered abounded in ships, heyond all the and must deeply impressed; and, if Kings of Christendom%" and, if the it becomes a general custoni for this maritime powers took rise from the book to be read throughout a 08Crusades, whence is a great part at tion, it must make a change in the least originaled the naval power of manuers and minds of the people. England?

The Croisade expeditions we conWe have here taken only grand ceive to have had a similar intuence: points, and it is not within our li. aod even though scholastic disputa

tions and the forms of versification . Remains, p. 134. 12010. 1702. remained the same, that circunstance

Observat. sur l'Italie, tom. iii, 261. bas no more bearing on the question,
Itiuer. p. 4.

than one would which estimated the

under. understandings of the merchants on that kiagdom ; his long resistauce to the Royal Exchange, or military men, the opposite system of Napoleon ia by examining thein in polemicks and this respect; and the motives that poetry. The results of classical edu. finally made him deterınine to retire, cation and the art of printing could and brought on the union of Holland not be reasonably expected' from with France:particulars not less inmere ipilitary expeditions, and yet teresting respecting the family of Buoupon such expectation is the censure na parte, its origin, the condilion ufihe of Mr. Berrington founded. In a bum members of it at the time of the union siness view, the Crusades were the of Corsica with France; the fortune means of vastly extending the know- and elevation of Napoleon and his ledge which is indicative of civiliza. brothers, the conquest of Italy, the tion, as tasteful architecture, naviga. expedition to Egypt, the consulship, tion, the luxury, trades, &c. inecha- the empire, the peace of Tilsit, &c., ssical skill, new inventions, improve. and the proposals then made to the zuents, &c. &c.

English Government by France and (To be continued.)

Russia :-The invasion of Spain ; the

renunciation of Charles IV. and Per. 113. Historical Documents and Reflections divand VII.; the refusal of Louis

on the Government of Holland. By Louis Buonaparte to ascend the Spanish Buonaparte, Ex-Kling of Holland. In throne ; his opinion on the political Three Volumes, 8vo. Lackington and Co. causes of that disastrous war, &c.

THIS very interesting Work is trans. Taking this work in a second point lated faithfully from the original and of view, it may be considered as a only manuscript copy, which was

collection of political and private metransmitted to this country by the moirs relating not only to Louis Author for the express purpose of Buonaparte and his family, but to publication. This copy remains in other personages equally reniarkable. the possession of the Publishers; and

From the following summary the is open to the inspection of all who

Reader will be enabled to forin au may be induced by curiosity, or a

idea of the attractions it presents: wish to convince themselves of its The motives, hitherto secret, of the genuineness, to examine it.

marriage of Louis with the daughter of It is easy to discern in the slightest Josephine; the causes that led the marparticulars that character of fraok: ried pair mutually to agree to a separa. ness and moderation, that enlightened and followed the dissolution of Napo

tion; the circumstances that preceded philawthropy, for wkich the Author leou's marriage with Josephine ; politicat was particularly distinguished. The

reasons that induced Napoleon to refuse work may be considered in two poiots different princesses, whose hands were of view. lo the first it belongs to offered him, and to prefer the daughter of the department of History: the events the Emperor of Austria ;-correspondence of the celebrated period it relraces, of Napoleon with his brother, and of the though known, acquire an additional French ministers with the Dutch mioisinterest from the pen of their Histo. ters;—in fine, a number of new and curian. The rank he filled on the stage rious anecdotes, which render this work of the world initiated him into the truly deserving the attention of the pub. secrets of Cabinets; deriving facts

lick." from their very source, an actor or

Little need be added respecting the eye-witness in most of them, the ve. Author: his political career pertaius racity of the writer is a pledge of to the historian, and it is the busitheir accuracy. The historical part dess of history to decide upon it. But comprises all that period after Louis it is a pleasure to do homage to his Buonaparte ascended the throne of privale virtues.

His book every Bolland, till the time when he chose where displays that touching simplirather lo resign the sceptre, thau be. city, that love of mankiod, which come the subaltera tyrant of a peo. form the basis of his character. It ple, whose destiny bad been com- is particularly remarkable for a sinmitted to his care: this part displays gular degree of impartiality; while more especially a full description of neither the truth of its pictures, nor the interior admioistration of Hol. the interest attached to its details, is land; the particular views of Louis at all injured by the Author's mo. for the happiness and independence of desty in speaking of himself, or his

reserve

reserve in speaking of others. Un- curious piece of history, with the questionably there is an elevation of greater gratification, as by the kind. style, which geoius itself does not al. ness of tne Author's Represeаtatives, ways employ: but at least as a work, we are enabled to illustrate it by a in which every thing breathes good- very excellent engraving in wood. ness without weakness, philosophy

“ There was till lately in the church. without ostentativo, and a prudent yard, a square strong building, which had though courageous freedom, we ven

every appearance of having been built, ture to affirou, it cannot fail to be

at a later period than the church itself, justly valued by its readers; and will as a Campanile *, an edifice often placed be considered as a record, at once apart, and so called from the purpose it curious and authenlic, of a period was applied tu of holding the bells ; for, for ever memorable. Of this we shall

in the oldest cruciforn churcbes, the contake an early opportunity of enabling venience of their affording a belfry was our Readers to form a judgment.

but an aster-thought, or at least a secondary object in the construction of lowers;

as the great additional strength which 114. A Cursory Disquisition on the Contentual Church of Tewkesbury, &c.

they gave, by their incumbent weight, to

the main arches of the buildiog, would be [Concluded from p. 330 ]

alove sufficient to recommend them :IT is with pleasure we resume our that they soon came to be employed as account of this elegant Work. We they now are, and had bells placed in copy the following paragraph, as a them, is indisputable."

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CAMPANILE, OR BELL-TOWER, (LATE THE BOROUGH GAOL)

AT TEWKESBURYI:

« " The rents or fissure, from the top to the bottom of this building, was probably effected by the too powerful vibration of the bells, which have occasioved their removal into the tower."

+ " In an old history of Ramsay Abbey, this use of a ceniral tower is excla. sively adverted to : having mentioned a lesser tower in another part of the Church, the Author proceeds, Major verò (sc. Lurris) in quudrifide structura medio colum. nas quatuor, porrectis de alia ad aliam arcubus, sibi invicem conneras, nè larè dedurent deprimebat.' Sir Christopher Wren likewise speaks of towers erected in the middle, not only for ornament, but to confirm the middle pillars against the thrast of the several rows of arches erery way forcing against them.'”

See our Miscellaneous Department for the present Month, p. 502.

A very

A very guarded remark of the frigid apathy and indifference: we could Author, pp. 25 to 28, respecting the suppose it almost impossible for himn not adoption of piopacles by the Norman to contrast the rhapsodical offices once architects is confirmed by Ducarel, performed in them, in a language unin in his " Anglo-Norman Antiquities," telligible to the worshippers, with the edit. 1767, p 51, where he is spcak. words of truth and soberness," now in, ing of the West tower of St. Ste

discrimioately addressed to the learned

and to the unlearned, to the high and to phen's, at Caen; a rich Benedictine

the low, to the rich and to the poor: the Abbey, wbich appears in many re- superstitious varieties" of Catholic wor, spects a prototype of Tewkesbury. ship must fit before his eyes, as the ebul. li was endowed by William the Cuo- lition of pride, or the engine of fraud : queror, who lay buried there till dug now happily merged in the ordinances of up by the Calvinists in 1562.

a church, which, -appealing to the comThe description of the antient mon understanding of inan, and avoiding tombs (several of wbich, after being the extremes of prodigality and meanness, plundered of their rich orpaidents, only requires, on apostolical authority, bave been removed from their ori- that " every thing be done DECENTLY AND ginal situations), is in the highest him the promiscuous assemblage of all

IN ORDER :" and when he beholds around commendable. Some of the deductions are founded ou conjecture ; but ages, and all ranks, alike “ obedient uinto

death.”—even if the awakening spectacle they are in general so ingenious, and does not direct his views beyond the grave built on such strong probabilities, is it possible for him not to be reminded that they almost amount to demon- of his own mortality? is it possible for stration. Seldom indeed bave we bim not to perceive, and meditate on, the seen such consummate skill united fast approach of that day, when he must with extreme diffidence in his own

add to the number of those spectacles,abilities. His oracles are chiefly Ben- for the entertainment perhaps, or the intham, Googb, Lysons, Milner, and struction of others, -on which his own Dallaway: who are all appropri- curiosity has beeu just employed ?" ately eulogized, where a fit oppor

“ Like leaves on trees the race of man tunity occurs.

is found,

[ground; The death of the worthy Author *, Now green in youth, now withering on the and the loss of nearly the whole im. They fall successive, and successive rise :

Another race the following spring supplies; pression of bis book by a calami.

So generations in their course decay ; tous fire at Mr. Bensley's t, have in- So fourish these, when those are past a way.duced us to dwell longer on this vo

Pope's ILIAD, LIB. VI. lume than we should otherwise have done; and to copy the affecting pa. 115. Memoirs of the Court of WestpWalia, ragraph by which the work is con- under Jerome Buonaparte ; with Aneccluded:

dotes of his Favourites, Ministers, 8c. “A vindication of the subject of this

8vo. Pp. 271. little disquisition,"-apart from all con- BY the Treaty of Tilsit, several sideration of the merits, or demerits, of provinces of the Germanic empire the performance," may appear peces. were disipembered, and created into sary to those who condemn the study of the kingdom of Westphalia ; over antiquities as useless and uncertain:” but, wbich Jerome, youngest brother of in the words of an elegant wriier 1,whose sentiments and language we are

Napoleon, was proclaimed King. The proud to borrow," those pursuits which present Work contains the events add to the conocent happiness of life, are

which characterised tbe public and too respectable to require defence:" we

private life of Jerome and his Minis. venture to add, they are not only a legi- ters, from his first entry into Cassel, timate source of innocent pleasure ;" in December 1807, till bis final expul. but, should they be denied, in the strict. sion in Novenber 1813. The whole est sense, to be essential marks of virtue History displays such a succession of and religion, they certainly may lend intrigue, dissipation, and folly, as can their aid to the furtherance of boch: we scarcely be paralleled in antient or pily the constitution of that man's mind, moderá times; and the perusal of this who can return from the perambulation of work will be so far useful, as it rethese " courts of the Lord's house" with

minds us of the true character of the * See vol. LXXXIX. ii. p. 377.

late French Government, under all its + See Ibid. i. p. 575.

various ramificatious. “Dr. Fertiar."

The followiog cbaracter of the InIruder shows how unfit a person he phalian army took in the Rumian was to be elevated to supremne power: campaign, which eoded in the total

truder

" Jerome loves the truth, said bis subdestruction of the French army. Jejects, but he does not seek it. Lively rome allerwards returned to Cassel, and volatile, like a boy escaped from and the courtiers of Westphalia, faith. school, he had the mania or aping bis ful to their priociples of frivolits, brother in public; but while at mirib in occupied themselves with balls and the palace, gave himself up without re- plays. After the battle of Dresden, straint, to all the idle gaiety of childhood.

The plans of the French were every Having laid aside all his gravity, Jerome put on an updress, for the purpose of

where frustrated, and nothing but disbeing able to perform his part in a game

aster and defeat accompanied their of leap-frog; while in the midst of this projects in all parts of Germany. amusement, his Majesty observed several The Russian General Czernichew persons in an opposite window, who seem- entered Cassel by surprize ; Jerome ed to be looking towards the scene in had scarcely time to dress himself and which he was so attentively engaged. It mount his horse. The courtiers, wo. will be readily conceived that the King men, and all that were useless, croud. was not a little annoyed at this intrusion; ed to the public roads and fled preaccordingly the house was purchased next cipilately, while others quietly await

. day, and ine inhabitants ordered to pro- ed the result, before they decided of cure another residence."

the steps they should take. Jerome Such were the amusements of the finally assembled the wreck of bio new King of Westphalia, while his army, and retired, with his Generals sanguinary brother was laying waste and Ministers, lo Coblentz. the Austrian domioions with fire aod General Czernichew immediately sword:

addressed an animated proclamation The character of the late Duke of to the inhabitants, in which he iaBrunswick Oels is well delineated, formed them, that the kingdom of aod his masterly retreat through ao Westphalia was dissolved, and that enemy's country, surrounded with they were delivered entirely from the difficulties and opposed by such suo dominion of the French. perior numbers, deserves to be re- This work is evidently the procorded, and may be compared with duction of a Frencbman, and must be the famous retreat of the ten thou. read with cautivo ; but the events sand Greeks under the command of which it describes are highly interestXenophon.

ing, and deserving of the serious con“The result was that the Duke of Oels, sideration of every well-wisher to Jest to himself with his troops, had the al- the future tranquillity of Europe. ternative of making war on his own account, or of forcing a passage through Germany and going to England, in the

116. The Life of the Most Reverend Fa. pay of which he was. This Prince is the

ther in God, Thomas Wilson, D. D. Lord same who was killed at the battle of Wa

Bishop of Sodor and Man. By the Rev. terloo. It is a remarkable coincidence

Hugh Stowell, Rector of Ballaogh, Isle that bis troops were placed precisely op

of Man. 'With a Portrait. 8ro. PP posite to those commanded by Jerome, op

419. Rivingtons. that sanguinary day. He was a man

BISHOP WILSON was a pattern about forty, of a commanding stature and character for Prelates, as to ibe exmartial countenance ; partial to the alted principles upon which be acled, French, speaking their language from pre- the holy purity of his molives, tbe dilection, and fighting them like a lion heroic inflexibility of his mind, and because they had deprived bim of the the sublime benevolence of his cbaDuchy of Brunswick. Amidst bis com

racter. This Life is a book which panions in arms, he appeared a private soldier ; a brown great coat and a cap of cannot be read by thinking persons the same colour, composed his outward without improvement; and the friends

From sleeping on the ground of piety and philanthropy will derive with bis troops, sharing their labours, from it the useful knowledge of be privations, and dangers, he commanded ing “Lights to the world.” Il abounds, a body of heroes ; small in number, but in the language of Mr. Stowell, in formidable in courage and loyalty.” “ Lessons of Wisdom, and Maxims of

The tenth chapter details the events Piely." (Pref. p. vii.) To minds of the which preceded the narch into Rus Evangelical turn, the professed form sia, and the share which the West. of the work is studiously adapted,

and

costume,

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