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ST ANDREW'S CHURCH, WORCESTER, N.w.

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Broughton altends at the Church of

Mr. URBAN,

March 21. a

THE

City Church Porch, passes with it on his to the parliamentary return in 1801, shoulder up the Nave into the Chan- contained 1750 inhabitants. The mocel, and seats himself in the pew of ney raised by the Parish-rates, al 38. the Lord of the Manor, where he re- 6d. in the pound, was 4911. 88. mains until the Officiating Minister is The Church (sce Plate II.) is a Vi. about to read the Second Lesson. He carage, in thegift of the Dean and Chapthen proceeds with bis whip, to the ter of Worcester. Its value in the King's lash of which he has in the interim Books is 101. 58. 10d. The Churchaffixed a purse, which, ought to con- yard is very large, and was consetain thiriy silver pennies (instead of crated by Bp. Thornborough in 1635. which a single half-crown is sub. The Church is supposed to have been stiluted); and, kneeling down on a erecled in the eleveoth century; and cushion, or mat, before the reading. was appropriated to the Abbey of desk, bolds the purse suspended over Pershore. But the building is chiefly the Minister's head all ibc tiine he is remarkable on account of its lofty reading the Lesson ; after which he and elegant spire, which is a great returns to bis seat ; and, when the Di. ornament to ihis antient Cily. It vine Service is over, leaves the whip was built, by Nathaniel Wilkinson, in and purse at the manor house.

1751; who gave in its dimensions on It is said that the silver pieces have oath as follows: some refereuce to those which Judas

ft. in. received as the wages of his iniquity; The height of the base or tower.. . 90 and that the three cracks of the whip The beight of the spire from its base 155 6 in the Church Purch allude to the denial of our blessed Saviour by St. Peter: but the true rationale of the

The diameter of the base of the custom may perhaps be koown, lo spire is 20 ft. and under the cap 6 ft. some of your Readers, of whom I sths. The spire. is lerininated with venture to request the favour of a Corinthian capital, on which is fixed such farther particulars as may lend the weathercock. to elucidate so extraordinary a cus

The epitaphs in this Church are tom. I believe that an ancient Pric given in Green's History of Worcesory once stood in the Parish of Brough. ier, vol. II, p.cvii.

C.D. lon: had these practices any reference to the Monastic Establishment there? In whom was the Manor an

Mr. URBAN,

May 12. liently vested, and by whom is it now

THE aglient Collegiate Church of holden? By whom was the service imposed originally, and is it still per having undergone a repair, I was formed in the manner above describ. greatly disappointed on visiting it, ed, or how otherwise ? are questions to find that not only po restorations which I flatter royself that your in. had been attempted, but great part dulgence will allow ine respectfully of the few original features of the lo put to the circle of your nume- fabrick, which had escaped destrucrous Correspoudents ; to whom I have tion in former reparation, have in the been so often indebted for a solution present been obscured or entirely deof my doubts on a variely of subjects stroyed. connected with Literature and Arti

The Norib side of the Nave and its quities, that it would be ungrateful Aile, which till lately was in the oriif I did not mention my obligations, ginal state, has been modernized. with sentiments of great respect, both The venerable appearance it once to Mr. Urban, and Those by whom the possessed is hid by a covering of the well-established fame of his Miscel. new-fashioned cement, which has likelang has been so long and so ably wise been applied to the West frorit maintained : and towards which, by and the main Tower attached to it. thus eliciting, or being the means of The smoolh even surface of plaster eliciting knowledge, it affords me spread over the walls destroys every great pleasure in the humblest de- idea of the antiquity of the building, gree, to contribute,

QUESTOR. and gives Ibis antieol Church the GENT. MAG. June, 1820.

appear

mo

no doubt with the Tower) rather We the seasons.

appearance of a fantastic Golhic erec- Church to be disgraced by the burtion of yesterday.

lesque restorations of Parish CarpenThe South side of the Nave and ters and Plasterers. Aile being less exposed than the op- I have strictly confined myself to posite ooe, instead of the compo the invovations of the last repair. is merely washed over with a dirty. With those of former voes I have nowhite composition ; and the Choir, thing to do at present. So devoted which has long since been rebuilt to improvement has this edifice been with brick, and most required the during a century back, that do part application of the cement, remains in of the antient fabrick exists, excepting the same disgraceful state as formerly. the great arches and pillars, which has

The inside of the Church is io lile not in some way or other beeo me tle better condition than the exterior. dernized.

E. I. C. The windows have been despoiled of their original mullions and tracery ; ACCOUNT ON THE ANTIENT Sculpand in their stead are occupied by a TURBS IN THE ROYAL MUSEUM AT clamsy imitation of the former unes, PARIS; WITH REMARKS BY MR. copied from a bad restoration of an FOSBROOKE. No. IV. older date in the West front (coeval

(Resumed from p. 326.)

E now proceed to the Hall of than from originals still remaining at the Eastern end of the Ailes. In XXXV. VENUS GENETRIX. The the Clerestury the windows contain figures of Venus, with the suroame only plain muilions, witbout even the of Genetrix, which we see upon the large quatrefoils that appear in the Imperial coins, present to us that lower lier. In addition, the windows Goddess, regarded by the Romans as have been new glazed in the modern the inother of their accesturs, prestyle. By this improvement, several cisely in the sanie altitude as this coats of arms, in stained glass, which fine statue. She appears dressed in were to be seen before these repairs, a trausparent tunick, which is scarcely are totally lost.

detached from the graceful coolour Tbe walls and pillars are covered of her limbs, and she holds in her with a yellow wash, the peculiar co- haod the apple of Paris. Her ears Avuring of garrets and stables; except are pierced; for it was usual to susthe mouldings of the arches, the ca- pend valuable peodants from the ears pitals to the columns, and different of statues wbich represented Godlines of the building, which are white- desses. This statue of Parian marble washed.

ornamented the Gardens of the VerThe antient Stalls (though little sailles. (Visconti, p. 16.) There is care is bestowed in their preserva- considerable difficuliy on the subject tion), I am happy to add, have es- of these Venuses. Cæsar first called caped 'the varnish brush. But the her Venus Genetrix, as the common Exeter Monument has not shared mother of his family, and Lessing their good fate, baving received a thinks that she was represepled as a coarse coat of whitewash, greatly to Venus Victrix, but he observes, that the detriment of the curious and de- many Venuses have been so denomilicale sculpture of the canopy, and nated by the Restorers merely plac80 lbickly applied as to fill up the ing an apple in the hand. The best accumulated initials which the idle explanation of those accompanied and mischievous had cut upon the with Cupid is, that they were in hoeffigies.

pour of ihe accouchemens of the Emí ani pot aware whether this re

presses. Armed Venuses are of Grepair has been at the expeoce of the cian antiquity. Chapter or the Precinct. If the lat. XXXVI. COMMODUS. A Bust. The

pus. ter, as, judging by the work I should ferocious visage of this Emperor aupronounce it to be, the Antiquary bounces his character. (Visconti, p. will bave great cause to lament the 17.) It was in this reign, says Winckelapathy of the Master and Brethren man (Art. VI. 7) that the Arts beof the Hospital of St. Katherine, who, gan to decline. His portraits are at a period which produced so many very rare. One exceedingly five is good revivals of this neglected style at the Capitol : another at the Far. of Architecture, suffered iheir antient nese Palace; a third in the Pio-Cle. mentine Museum, and two in the XLII. ENEAS. A Bust. This war. French ; one brought from the Pa- rior, whose head is covered with a lace of Modena, the other from the helmet, and who seems to direct gor. Villa Albani. After his busts, all towful looks to Heaven, has been those of the following Emperors de. taken for a wounded Diomede, im. cline in merit.

mentine

ploring the protection of Minerva, XXXVII. A WOUNDED COMBA. bul the absence of every iodication of TANT. A Statue. The attitude is re- a wound, and the crooked form of the inarkable. Thc wounded hero, with top of the helmet, which seems to imiope knee on the ground, does not ap: tale the Phrygian boppet, may rather pear vanquished. (Visconti, p. 17.) induce us to thiok, that it represents It is just as probable that he is in the a Trojan Hero, probably Eneas, who, act of supplicating mercy from his upon the shore of Africa, where he conqueror: unless the statue refers has been thrown by a tempest, is into one of Homer's herocs.

voking the aid of his Goddess mother. XXXVIII. A Young HERCULES (Visconti, p. 18.) This conjecture is WITHOUT A BEARD. The bandeau very ingenious, for the helmet of around his head was often given by Boeas is of this fashion in the illumithe Greeks to deified heroes. (Viso Dations of the Vatican Virgil, supconli, p. 17.) Upon the Palais Royal posed to be of the reigo of TheodoGem: (1. pl. 80.) is a head, very fine, sius, towards the end of the fourth of the young Hercules : but, whether century, and it also occurs upon the young or old, his forehead has the head of the Goddess Rome, in the form of that of a bull: and his hair coins of the family Cornelia. These is curled upon his head.

are the authorities from which the XXXIX. ANTINOUS. A Bust. The presumptive form of the Trojan helIvy crown which encircles bis head, met is taken. gives him the character of a Bacchus, XLIII. AN EGYPTIAN GOD. A or Osiris. (Visconti, p. 17.) All the Statue of alabaster. Egyptian murepresenlations of Antinous are in numents sculptured in alabaster are ibe Egyptian style, as it was modis very rare. This seated figure is of a fied by the Greeks under the Lagidæ. large dimension and Egyptian work. Tbe iwo finest known heads of him maoship: and is, for its malter and are engraved in the Monumenta In- antiquity extremely precious. . The edita. Mr. Hope bas a fine bust in seat is ornamented with hieroglythe Greco-Egyptian style. The pre- phicks. It is probable that this statended Belvidere Antinous, so common iue formed the orpament of the Tere, in the shops, is a Meleager, or a Mer- ple of Oros, in some town of Egypt, cury.

perhaps that which the antiepl GeoXL. PLANTILLA. A Bust. This graphers called the “Cils of Ala. undoubted portrait of the wise of Ca- basters.” We know that the Egypracalla, is equally perfect in conserva. tians were accustomed to sculp the tion and execution. (Visconti, p. 17.) images of this God of Light upon Qu. if this bust is not unique, or ex.

white stones. (Visconti, p. 19.) Only cessively rare ? Mongey takes no DO

to olber Egyptian slalues of ala. lice of any bust.

baster are known; they are two lsises XLI. BACCHANTE. A Statue. She seated, holding horns upon their is crowned with vipe leaves, and dra. koces. One is ai the Roman College ; ped in two tunics without sleeves, of the other at the Villa Albava. unequal length, over which a goat

(To be continued.) skin is vegligently Ibrowo. (Visconti,

Mr. URBAN,

May 13.

years ago enquiries were rora of Pleasure. They have the an. tient character of comic grace, like specting the custom of lighting fires Fauos, a gay smile, delinealed by the on Midsummer Eve, slated to be preangles of the mouth, drawn upwards. valent in the West of England. It Besides this, the fine Bacchantc of the seems to be pretty well established, Villa Albani has a flat profile, and the that it is a relique of Pagan worship. eyes elevated, like those of Fauns. Gebelin in his' Allegories Orientales, The goat's skin, says Montfaucon, is Hist. d'Hercule, observes, that at the common.

moment of summer solstice the an.

tients

Pace of a Bacchante expresses the Au So made into your Miscellangere

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tients were accustomed to light fires And many other Aowers faire, with violets in honour of the New Year, which in their hands; [whosoever stands they held to have origioally com

Where as they all doe fondly thinke that ienced in fire. Nor is there, he age

And thorow the flowers beholds the flame,

bis eyes shall feel no paine, serts, any computation of time more antiently received than that which

When thus 'rill night they daunced bave,

they through the fire amain fixes the beginuing of the year in

With striving minds doe run, and all their Jupe. These fires, he proceeds, were herbs they cast therein; accompanied with vows and sacri. And then with words derout, and prayers, tices for plenty and prosperity, with they solemnly begin, dances and leaping over the flames, Desiring God that all their illes may there and each person on his departure confounded be; took a firebrand of greater or less Whereby they thinke through all that magnitude, while the rest was scat. yeare from augues to be free.” tered to the wiod in order that it Vide Strutt's Sports and Pastimes, p. 317. might disperse every evil as it dis- The vestiges of these rites are not persed the ashes.

quite obliterated in South Wales, and The vigil of St. John the Baptist may perhaps be instanced as one falling on this day, the Midsummer. amongst inany proofs of resemblance Eve rites seem to have been care

between Welsh and Scottish customs. fully practised and handed down by At Port-Einon, a small village in that our more immediate ancestors; for insulated part of Glamorganshire, Stowe and his contemporaries par-called Gower, culm is collected and ticularly describe its' observance. bid against a fire on the 23d of June, Bourne mentions it in 1725, and Bor- as I had an opportunity of being wil. lase about 30 years later. As to the ness to last year: on enquiry I found voiversality of this custom through that the custom had been observed out the nations of Celtic origin, we

time immemorial. Al Llangeneth, a know that in the North of England, neighbouring village, the festival of in Ireland, and in Scotland, it is still the Patron-saint, or Mabsapt, i.e. retained. And may perhaps argue holy man, falling on the 24th, the from its name Belleine-Bel's Beal's, garlands and the poll, as well as the or the Suu's fire-that it is coeval dances and bonfire, are still retained. with the Aboriginals of our Island, This ceremonial is not wholly unwho, as well as almost every other known in Pembrokeshire. li does nation of Idolalers, paid homage to not appear that it was necessary to that glorious luminary. Traces of it light the fire invariably in the same appear in Sweden, where the houses spot, although a conspicuous situare oroamented with boughs. Slowe alion was generally chosen. The says they ought to be greene birch, foundations of a small inclosure once Long Feonell, St.Joho's Wort, Aspin, used for this purpose, may still be While Lillies, and such like, and the traced in the turf about a furlong yonng people dance around a poll till from the noted well at the secluded inorning, and even among the Ve village of Newton in Glamorganshire. hosti, a Tartar tribe, subject to Ru

A few of the old people still remem. sia, who assemble, as we are told, ber convening there, and throwing a under a tree at night, and remain till small cheese across through the flame moroing on the festival of St. John,

on Midsummer's Eve. They report sbrieking and singing and dancing that the enclosure was afterwards round a greal fire.

used as a pound, though it seems too The best account of the altendant small for ihal purpose, and that the ceremonies is given by Googe, in 1570, stones have been taken to mend the io a translation which he dedicated road that leads to the little barbour to Queen Elizabeth.

below. "Theu doth the joyfull feast of John the

I have only to add, that the lines Baptist take his turne,

above cited contain so satisfactory a When bonfires great, with lofty Aame, in description of this curivus rite, that every towne doe burne,

should it fall into total disuse, I cao still And young men round about with maydes heartily congratulate Morganery and doe dance in every street

her neighbours on being free from With garlands wrought of motherwort, or

the evils which it was erst intended to else of vervaine sweet, deprecalc.

H. Mr.

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