Language, Education, and Ideology: Mapping the Linguistic Landscape of U.S. Schools

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002 - Education - 199 pages

Language educators in general, and foreign language educators in particular, need to be aware of and sensitive to issues related to the interface and nexus of language, education, and ideology. This work places foreign language education in its social context, as well as applying critical pedagogy to the foreign language classroom, to help educators become more aware of the social, political, historical, and economic contexts in which they work and which effect the classroom setting.

Research and scholarship in critical pedagogy is impressive, extensive, and powerful, and has had significant impact on nearly every aspect of contemporary educational scholarship. One area in which critical theory and critical pedagogy have been slow to have a noticeable effect, however, is that of language education, especially foreign language education. Further, while a number of important works address issues of critical literacy, there are no general works presenting critical perspectives on language and language issues targeting classroom teachers and other educators.

This work offers a broad and comprehensive overview of language and linguistic issues that emerge in the classroom context from a critical philosophical perspective. The central focus is on the nexus of issues of language, education, and ideology, as the title suggests, and specific topics covered will include language and power, linguistic purism, the marginalization of second language education in the United States, the phenomenon of ideological monolingualism in the United States, the hierarchy of the less commonly taught languages (both in terms of its etiology and the ideological and hegemonic functions this hierarchy serves), nonmainstream language varieties in school settings, issues of linguistic legitimacy in the classroom context, the politics and ideological context of bilingual education in the United States, language policy both as a tool for oppression and as a means of empowerment, and finally, the need for critical language awareness on the part of all educators.

 

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Contents

Language and Power in School and Society Cui bono?
1
French isnt a real class The Marginalization of Foreign Language Education
15
Failure As Success Language and Ideology in US Foreign Language Education
29
Why Study Uzbek? Considering the Less Commonly Taught Languages1
41
My Language Is Better Than Yours Language Bias and Language Variation in the Classroom
57
Language and Multiculturalism Coming to Grips with Diversity
83
Delighting in Dead Languages Critical Pedagogy and the Classics
99
Fallacies Factoids and Frustrations Bilingual Education in the United States
113
Language for Oppression Language for Liberation Language Policy as Applied Sociolinguistics
127
Critical Language Awareness in the Curriculum
147
Bibliography
155
Index
189
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About the author (2002)

TIMOTHY REAGAN is Professor of Educational Linguistics, Neag School of Education, University of Connecticut.

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