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by relating a number of stories, the following THE DEATH WATCH. incidents are mentioned which show the (From the Technological and Microscopio origin of part of Voltaire's story of Zadig :* In the reign of Alakendra Rajah, of
Repository.—No. XX.) Alakapuri, it happened that four persons of respectability were travelling on the high THERE are many persons of weak minds, road, when they met with a merchant who who are in a continual state of alarm in had lost one of his camels. Entering into consequence of prognosticating that evil is to conversation with him, one of the travellers befal them, from what they term signs and inquired if the camel was not lame in one of tokens. Among the most prevalent of these its legs; another asked if it was not blind of tokens, is the noise made by what they call the right eye; the third asked if the tail of it the “ Denth Watch.” But these fears will be was not unusually short ; and the fourth de. dissipated when it is explained, that the manded if it was not subject to the cholic. singular noise in question, proceeds from They were all answered in the affirmative by natural causes, being produced by two differthe merchant, who was satisfied that they ent insects, one a caleopterous insect of a must have seen the animal, and eagerly de- dark colour, about a quarter of an ineh in manded where they had seen it. They length, the anobium tessellatum. Notwith? replied they had seen traces of the camel but standing its smallness of size, however, as we not the camel itself, which being inconsistent have noticed above, this creature is often the with the minute acquaintance they seemed to cause of serious alarm from the noise that it possess, the merchant accused them of being makes; and which is considered as portenthieves, and having stolen his beast, and im. tous of death to some one of the family in mediately applied to the rajah for redress. whose house it is heard. The pbilosophes The rajah, on hearing the merchant's story, and naturalist may smile at a superstition, was equally impressed with the belief that thus absurd : yet the celebrated Sir Thomas the travellers must know what had become of Brown has remarked with great earnestness, the camel, and sending for them, he threat. that the man “ who could eradicate this ened them with his extreme displeasure if error from the minds of the people, might they did not confess the truth. How could prevent the fearful passions of the heart, and they know, he demanded, that the camel was many cold sweats, taking place in grand, lame or blind, or whether the tail was long or mothers and nurses. It is chiefly in the short, or that it was subject to any malady, advanced period of spring that the insects in unless they had it in their possession ? On question commence their noise ; and which is which they severally explained the reasons no more than the call or signal by which which had induced them to express their be. they are mutually attracted to each other, lief of these particulars. The first observed and may be considered as analogous to the - I noticed in the foot-marks of the animal, call of birds. This noise does not arise that one was deficient, and I concluded ac- from their voice, but from the insect beating cordingly that he was lame in one of his on hard substances, with the shield or føre. legs.' The second said I noticed the part of its head. The general number of sucleaves of the trees on the left side of the road cessive distinct strokes, is from seven to had been snapped or torn off, whilst those on nine or eleven. These are given in pretty the right side were untouched, whence I con. quick succession, and are repeated at un. cluded the animal was blind in his right eye.' certain intervals; in old houses, where the The third remarked I saw a number of insects are numerous, they may be heard, if drops of blood on the road, which I con- the weather be warm, almost every hour in jectured had flowed from the bites of gnats the day. The noise exactly, resembles that and Aies, and I thence supposed that the made by beating moderately hard with the camel's tail was shorter than usual, in con- finger nail on a table. Mr. Stackhouse care. sequence of which he could not brush the fully observed the manner of its beating. insects away." The fourth said I observed He says, the insect raises itself upon its hirder that whilst the fore-feet of the camel were legs, and with the body, somewhat inclined, planted firmly in the ground, the hind ones beats its head with great force and agility appeared to have scarcely touched it ; whence against the place on, which it stands. This I guessed they were contracted by pain in the insect, which is the real death-watch of the belly of the animal.' The king, when he vulgar, emphatically so called, must not, heard their explanations, was much struck by however, be confounded with another minuter the sagacity of the parties, and giving the insect, not much uplike a louse, that makes a merchant a sum of money to console him for ticking noise like a watch ; but instead of the loss of the camel, he made these four beating at intervals, it continues its noise for persons his principal ministers.” -Mackenzie a considerable length of time without interColl.
mission. This latter insect belongs to a very different tribe; and is the termes pulsatorium of Linnæus. It is usually found in old wood, decayed furniture, museums, and neglected books ; and both the male and the female Prince in the Tower, or King Charles's stahave the power of making this ticking noise, tue at Charing-cross. Bravo, Sir-rode cain order to attract each other.
pitally! We will now try a little trot. ReThese insects are excellent anatomists. collect, Sir, to keep your nag well in hand The writer of this having had many fine – trot." cabinet specimens of insects destroyed by their “ Well done indeed, Sir-knees a little operations, the thought occurred that it was lower down, if you please, that's higher, possible to render them useful, by making Sir-no, no, Sir, that's higher, I say-you thein effect some delicate dissections for the look for all the world like a tailor on his microscope. In order to try this experiment, shop-board! What are your elbows doing up a few were placed in a pill-box in which were there, Sir? Elbows close to your body--you also put the heads of three dead flies. On pay no attention to what I say, Sir-faster, examining the box some time afterwards, in faster. order to see how they had proceeded with
“ Oh dear! oh dear! oh dear! Sergeant, their anatomical dissections, he found they had halt, for God's sake! I shall be off! I shall cleared the interior of some of the eyes com
be off! oh dear, oh dear!" pletely from all the blood vessels, leaving the
“ Bravo, Sir, that's better-faster." lenses in the cornea most beautifully tran
“ Sergeant! I am sick, Sergeant !" sparent, and so infinitely superior to any pre
“ Never mind such trifles, Sir; riding is parations of his own, that he had them pre- an excellent remedy for all kinds of sickness. served as a natural curiosity.
Now, recollect, in changing from one to two, you round the horse's croup well, by applying your right leg to his flank, and take care he does not kick you off.
Change from one to two. THE MILITARY RIDING SCHOOL.
“ Halt, Sir; halt! that won't do; what the devil are you about ? That's the wrong
way; I told you from one to two; turn your The first morning after a young officer joins horse about from one to two." his regiment, he tinds himself exalted on a “ I can only just see the top of the ridings spirited steed, some sixteen bands high, school-I can see no figures at all, Sergeant." from whose back he dares not cast the eye “Well, Sir, we'll dispense with this for downward, to take even a glimpse of the the present; but soldiers should learn to immense space between him and the earth. turn their eyes every where. Suppose we His chin is so elevated by a leather stock, have another niarch, Sir-March-trotthat he can just see the head and ears of the faster-faster ; very well indeed ! Now, animal on which he sits; his heels are Sir, you must recollect, when I say the word screwed out by the iron fist of the rough- halt, that you pull your horse smartly up, by rider, and the small of his back is well bent throwing your body well back, and pressing in. Having been knocked and hammered the calves (if any) of your legs to his side. into this posture, the word “ march" is If you don't keep your body upright, the given. This command the well-drilled ani- horse's bead will soon put it in its proper mal obeys immediately, and the machine is place. Faster-a little faster-halt. There, suddenly set in motion, the result of which Sir, I told you what would be the conseusually is, that the young gentleman speedily quence of your not keeping your head profinds his way to the ground, with a loss of perly up!" half a yard of his skin from his shin, or Stop, stop; my nose bleeds, my nose with bis nose grubbing in the earth.
bleeds !" " Well done, Sir; Astley himself could ." Rough-rider, get a bucket of water for not have done better. Mount again, Sir;
You had better dismount, these things will happen in the best-regulated Sir." riding academies ; and in the army, Sir, you
“ Dismount, Sergeant? How am I to get will have many ups and downs. Come, Sir, off this great beast?" jump up, and don't be downhearted because Why jump, Sir, to be sure-jump off. you are floored.”
Come, Sir, we cannot wait all day, you “Well, Sergeant, but I am very seriously delay the whole drill. Come, come, Sir, dishurt."
mount." “ Nay, nay, I hope not, Sir; but you must “ Put your hand on the horse's back, and be more cautious for the future."
lay fast hold of bis mane, cries a young - The pupil mounts again, and the order is officer who had just surmounted the same again given to march, and off goes the horse difficulties," and you will soon be off.”, The a second time, the sergeant roaring out, at tyro in riding follows this friendly advice, intervals Well done, Sir! Head a little and finds himself neatly floored by a trehigher-toes in; Sir--heels out-bend the mendous plunge of the horse thus finishing small of the back a little more-that will do, his first day's drill.-Shipp's Memoirs. Sir-you look as majestic as the Black
mber of stories, th entioned which Voltaire's story of m of Alakendra ppened that four ere travelling on
met with a mer his camels. Ent
him, one of the
asked if it was a
the animal, and ea;
sending for them, he
the foot-marks of the
The fourth said – IC
in the ground, the hi ve scarcely touched it;
were contracted by pai nimal.' The king, lanations, was much st f the parties, and giv
of money to console e camel, he made the cipal ministers." -M
ing in their
A Dutch E
fleet, and had b
Insects in a M
Coral Reefs.- It I
the most considerab luence of light to pe
rell known that all t on in the equatorial ed with narrow
ber the coachman, from cast. This wool is much more soft and de-
I am persuaded that this is entirely owing to
their ignorance, and, if a method be ever !-Around Gibraltar is discovered of spinping it, its fineness will eni great numbers. These title it rather to be called ceibo silk than of warming themselves wool. The only use they have hitherto ap
he soldiers have boiled plied it to is to fill mattresses; and in this "Ithougla chips of wood particular it must be allowed to have no je apes never think of equal.- Ulloa's Travels.
Early Rising.–We have marked taverns -In a scarce treatise, and grog-shops, and found them sooner terum," by Portius, it is nanted than any other places of resort-and eyes the interior mem- noticed that a drunkard always commences idantly provided with his career early in the day. Look where ; thence more sensible you will, and, our life on it, you see a drunk
That sort of eyes ard spend no morning in hed unless conithe north during their pelled to do so by last night's clebauch. They the deep black of the awake with the first ray of the morning ort the vivacity of the light, their minds clouded with horror for he Laplander's eyes, past conduct, their throats burning with an its the light reflected unnatural thirst, and they hasten to quench iders then subject to the one by adding to the other. These pco
ple had better let the sun rise upon their :-Charles Domery, slumbers than take another step towards a a prisoner of war at horrid death before breakfast. And yet anin one day, sixteen other class get and deserve no credit for 1, four pounds of raw leaving their beds before their neighbours; is of raw beef, two and these are those who make no good use s, besides drinking of their time after they are up. What mat.nd, although he was ters if a man have all the good qualities in
of ten men, he was the world if he makes no good use of them? 'car be ate 174 cats Would the mines of Peru benefit the world
if suffered to remain in the heart of her -There are marks of mountains ? A man may get up if he will, east they have been and spend more time on his feet than any in however, these are the country, and yet not perform half the If a cucumber be labour of one who indulges himself in bed
We have heard of a clever old Hehe, w! LE ! BETE ranches shoot there till noon.
e way of either of Jady, who was always the first person up in
rn off and avoid it, the place, and yet worth nothing after she lourdemir. X2
tone, describing a
was up. int" * Atm.
having passed it, it The Sun a Body of Ice.—Many opinions
ne. This, which is have been formed concerning the sun, wbich Lain ticar bem
perception, is only philosophers have sometimes ridiculed, and Yet rr$ of aurretes Inte,
y which plants al- sometimes seriously refuted. But of all the w to cali (. tl:ber. Cine?
or the plant turns paradoxical assertions respecting tbat lumiI that the ceas of the perrers, and suicqe t'r lle he shadow of the nary, none equal Mr. Palmer's, for that gen
tleman positively asserts it to be a body of
de ceibo, or ceibo ice! The following is the title of Mr. PalIt seets, TX Arild el, ha!
product of a very mer's book : “A Treatise on the Sublime
that name. m'mmr, but the cpiekre of the w
The Science of Heliography, satisfactorily dehere the inscrits were kwad,
red with a smooth monstrating (!) our great orb of light, the touched lioted that the deep perser.dk war meets, 15 of a middling size. Sun, to be absolutely no other than a body (wal Reefs. - It has been gerentre
tree makes a very of ice, by Charles Paliner, Gent."-8vo. ving covered with 1799.
each of these is Useful Arts.-Every new discovery may hotlom, consist wholly of Coral; but WW. Qoy and Gaimard bare adduced rert sans
be considered as a new species of manufacluctory reasons to prore that the zeu"ases to about an
ies in length, and ture, awakening moral industry and sagafar from raising from the depths of the ocean
pod the lana, or city, and employing, as it were, a new capital prikendicular walls, form only layers los
thoroughly ripe of mind. - Edinburgh Review'. tuts of a few fathoms' thickness. They
d the Glamentous at the species, irhich a/wars of
spreads itself into I considerable banks, reqsine 39 light to perfect them; and that all those step falls, phaout of a reddish juntorial seas, are inter home IF and deep openings nach
pear to which the counürg-lire todo
North-West Passage proverd by Whales.- through which the sea enters, and retires Whales which bave been harpooned in the with violence; whereas, if they were entirely Greenland seas, have been found in the Pacific composed of madrepores, they would have Ocean; and whales, with some lances stick- no such openings between them, since it is ing in their feet (a kind of weapon used by the property of zoöphytes to build in masses no nation now known), bave been caught that have no interruption. It is, besides, both in the sea of Spitzbergen and in Davis' ditficult to suppose that these animals can Strait. The following is one of the autho- support such different degrees of pressure rities for this fact, which, of all other argu- and temperature, as they necessarily must, ments yet offered in favour of a transpolar if they exist at such different depths in the passage, seems to be the most satisfactory:
It is, therefore, most reasonable to A Dutch East India captain, of the name conclude, that the summits of submarine of Jacob Cool, of Sardam, who had been hills and mountains are the bases upon several times at Greenland, and was, of which the zoöphytes form layers and raise course, well acquainted with the nature of up their fabrics-a supposition which perthe apparatus used in the whale-fishery, was fectly accounts for the great depths of the informed by the Fischal Zeeman, of India, sea close to the reefs and islards which they that in the sea of Tartary, there was a whale bare elevated to the surface of the water. taken, in the back of which was sticking a Fishes of New South Wales.—These, it Dutch harpoon, marked with the letters would appear, are all different from those in W. B. This curious circumstance was com- Engeland. There are scarcely any shell-fish municated to Peter Jansz Vischer, probably on the coast, with the exception of oysters, a Greenland whaler, who discovered that the which are only found on such rocks as are harpoon in question had belonged to William left uncovered by the water at low tide. Bastiaanz, Admiral of the Dutch Greenland And muscles, also, adhere to the stones that feet, and bad been struck into the whale in are always under water; and in some places the Spitzbergen sea.-Beschryving der Wal- cockles are plentiful. visvangst.
Remarkable Migrations of Birds.- By Insects in a Mummy.-M. Figeac, of Gre- wonderful instinct birds will follow cultivanoble, while examining an Egyptian mummy, tion, and make themselves denizens of new found amongst its fingers several dead cole- regions. The cross-bill has followed the opterous insects of a fine rose colour, in all apple into England. Glenco, in the Highils brilliancy. M. Jurine, of Geneva, ascer- lands of Scotland, never knew the partridge tained that they belonged to a nondescript till its farmers, of late years, introduced species of corynetes (fabricius), which he is corn into their lands; ror did sparrows ever disposed to call C. Glaber. Circumstances appear in Siberia until after the Russians indicate that the eggs of those insects were had made arable the vast wastes of those laid on the mummy during the embalming parts of their dominions. Finally, the rice process, and subsequently became perfect buntings, natives of Cuba, after the planting insects. The Arabs, indeed, had opened tbe of rice in the Carolinas, annually quit the mummy; but the envelope of the hands, island in inyriads, and liy over sea and land where the insects were found, was to partake of a harvest introduced there touched.
from the distant India. It is, however, only Coral Reefs. It has been gererally be- the feruale rice-bird which migrates. Of the lieved that the deep perpendicular reefs, very myriads which visit Carolina, a single cock near to which the sounding-line finds ro is never found. boltom, consist wholly of coral; but MM. Justralian Birds.-The birds of New Quoy and Gaimard have adduced very satis- South Wales vary in size, from the emu, factory reasons to prove that the zoophytes, which stands about six feet high, to birds little far from raising from the depths of the ocean larger than the humming-bird in the West perpendicular walls, form only layers or Indies. Black swans, cranes of various cocrusts of a few fathoms' thickness. They lours, white hawks, black and white cockaremark that the species, which always con- toos, and thousands of parrots of the most struct the most considerable banks, require splendid plumage ; ducks and quails are also the influence of light to perfect them; and cominon. Birds resembling our pigeon, it is well known that all those steep walls, pheasant, and turkey, are also got in numcommon in the equatorial seas, are inter- bers. Among the birds peculiar to the sected with narrow and deep openings, country, inay be mentioned one called the