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country, and scampert in every section to trample on the Subbain, and indulge in drinkennese, denaucnery, and almost every species of vice and vinainy: let our hil.s and valties resound with the uproar of battle atter battle, and every pr 98 teem, every mail be loaded, evry hami: treached, day after day, with the news of victory or deteat, to keep the public mind stretched continnaiiv to its utmost tether of anxione, agonizing interest in the progress of the war; and how long before the death-nell of every revival among 13 wood toll out its last beat, and the Spirit of God, that peaceful dove, fly far, far from such realms ot' noise and strite, to retar no more tor years!

11. But finally, and more than all, peace would put a stop to the ruin of immortal souls directly occasioned by war. It is high time for the truth on this point, it on no other, to be rung aloud in the ear of every Christian community. Too long has the poor soldier bern permitted, partly through our own connivance or neglect, to dream of warding through all the atrocities and horrors of war up to the throne of an immaculate, mercitul God! Far be it from us to say, that none have ever gone even from the field of blood to the realms of glory; but if war is so notorious a hotbed of vice and irreligion; it it breathes a spirit, forms a character, and absolutely enjoins atrocities so utterly inconsistent with the gospel of Christ; if the field of battle is such a theatre for the worst passions that ever rage in the bosom of man; if fleets and camps are, the world over, such proverbial reservoirs of impiety, pollution, and crime; I dare not suppose, that such masses of moral putrefaction are borne up into the immediate presence of Him in whose sight the very heavens are not clean!

What a destroyer, then, of immortal sools! Scarce a war that does not slay its thousands, its scores of thousands; and how often have there fallen upon a single field of battle, ten thousand ! twenty, thirty, fifty thousand! a hundred, two hundred, three hundred thousand!! No uncommon number this in ancient warfare, and, since the dawn of the present century, there perished in less than six months of the Russian campaign, half a million of the French alone; in the wars of Alexander and Cesar, some three millions each; in the wars of Napoleon, six millions; in the ware of Jenghis-Khan some thirty-two millions; in the wars of the Turks and Saracens, sixty millions each; and the lowest estimate I have ever seen, puts the sum total of its ravages from the first at fourteen thousand millions, eighteen times as many as all the present population of our globe!

Will the Church of Christ, then, never awake to a subject so immensely important? Believers in the gospel of peace, followery of the Prince of Peace, song and daughters of the God of Peace, can you still fold your own hands in apathy or despair, and let such a fell destroyer of mankind for two worlds continue his work of death and perdition, unchecked, unresisted by any efforts or even prayers from you?

We know you would not, could not, if you only saw, as due inquiry and reflection would certainly show you,-how efforts

made by Christians as they should be, would banish this terribie scourge ere long from Christendom, and eventually from the face of the whole earth. There is no impossibility in the case. War is just as curable as any other evil, and requires for its extinction only the means of God's appointment. There is no more need of this custom than there is of duelling or the Slave-trade. It exists solely because men in their folly still choose it; its continuance depends entirely on their choice; and whenever you can change that choice, and make the mass of mankind resolve that war shall cease, it must of necessity come to an end at once and forever. Such a change is clearly possible; already is it rapidly taking place under the influence of this cause; and nations will one day find it just as easy for them to settle their difficulties without war, as the members of a Church now do theirs without duels. A variety of substitutes might be adopted far more effectual than the sword for all purposes of protection and redress.

But you tell us perhaps, • Make men Christians, and then wars will cease.' What sort of Christians? Surely not such as have for fifteen centuries been butchering one another! Convert men to the whole gospel, to its pacific as well as its other truths, to a kind of Christianity that shall forbid them to fight in any case; then, and only then, will the spread of our religion insure the abolition of this custom. Christianity has for ages been pretty steadily gaining ground in Christendom; and yet in the last century have her standing warriors increased not less than six hundred per cent., from half a million to more than three millions ! Can such a Christianity put an end to war?

It is not enough, then, merely to support and to propagate any form of Christianity which neglects to apply the only part of the gospel that can ever abolish this custom. For such a result, we rely of course upon the gospel, but only on the gospel rightly applied. Such an application is indispensable. What is the gospel? Merely a collection of principles which can produce no result without an application, any more than medicine can cure a sick man who does not take it. How does the gospel convert the sinner? Only by its truths addressed to his soul. How will it ever abolish paganism? Solely by being sent and applied to paganism. How can it reclaim the blasphemer or the Sabbathbreaker ? Only by a direct, specific application to their sins. In no other way can it cure any moral evil; and in like manner must we apply the gospel to war, before the spread of Christianity will insure a corresponding prevalence of peace.

But are you waiting for the millenium to come, and saying that, when it does come,-never before,-peace will follow as a matter of course ? Very true; and so will repentance and faith follow as a matter of course; but how are you to reach the millenium ? Would you first get into the millenium, and then convert the world? Is the millenium to make mon Christians, or the making of all men Christians to be itself the millenium? How would you introduce a millenium of repentance ? Simply by first filling the world with repentance—with men penitent for

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{ *****khong the t**10 o nt" c*ress, 2n' mee all ir. Yen? wwór, kan vi erite. 6seis. er or to this cause? Ther, et, We Have a pretinere Trer: use itHave you Inome! Be sursa (tx14 & ¥rtion of it; per torces for how MA | Mrs the use needs Sici, ali. We must support avaneles sont torth facturers and scatter periodicals, tracts and volumes throuch the lane. Such onerations, altogether indis

Angablareira larre amonnt of funds: an Christians should at lennth pive to this canse as liberaily as they do to other cansay that aim in like manner at the glory of God in the present and immortal welfare of mankind.

AMERICAN PEACE SOCIETY, BOSTON, NASS.

THE ONLY REMEDY FOR WAR.

BY W. E. CHANNING, D.D.

If the most terrible view of war be, that it is the triumph and jubilee of selfish and malignant passions, then its true cure is to be sought in the diffusion of the principles of Universal Justice and Love, in that spirit of Jesus Christ which expels the demons of selfishness and malignity from the heart. Even supposing that war could be abolished by processes which leave the human character unchanged, that it could be terminated by the progress of a civilization which, whilst softening manners, would not diminish the selfishness, mercenariness, hard-heartedness, fraud, ambition of men, its worst evils would still remain, and society would reap in some other forms the fruits of its guilt. God has ordained, that the wickedness within us shall always find its expression and punishment in outward evil. War is the fiend within coming out. Human history is nothing more than the inward nature manifested in its native acts and issues. Let the soul continue unchanged; and, should war cease, the inward plague would still find its way to the surface. The infernal fire at the centre of our being, though it should not break forth in the wasting volcano, would not slumber, but by other eruptions, more insensible, yet not less deadly, would lay waste human happiness. I do not beheve that any remedy but the Christian spirit can avail against war. The wild beast, that has gorged on millions of victims in every age, is not to be tamed by a polished or selfish civilization. Christianity is the only true remedy for war; not Christianity in name, not such Christianity as we see, not such as has grown up under arbitrary governments in church and state, not such as characterizes any Christian sect at the present day; but Christianity as it lived in the soul, and came forth in the life of its founder; a religion that reveals man as the object of God's infinite love, and which commends him to the unbounded love of his brethren; a religion, the essence of which is self-denial, selfsacrifice, in the cause of human nature ; a religion, which proscribes, as among the worst sins, the passion of man for rule and dominion over his fellow-creatures; which knows nothing of rich or poor, high or low, bond or free, and casts down all the walls of partition which sever men from one another's sympathy and respect.

Christian love alone can supplant war; and this love is not a mere emotion, a tenderness awakened by human suffering, but an intelligent, moral, spiritual love, a perception and deep feeling of the sacredness of human nature, a recognition of the inalienable rights, the solemn claims of every human being. It protests fearlessly against all wrong, no matter how obscure the victim. It desires to lift up each and all, no matter how fallen. It is a sym

P. T. NO. xxxv.

pathy oth he spiritual principle ivealing inder every human form. T118 he ore #uch so conquer var: MI. IS jet bus han span ittle diffiigest. Tie ace thich Christ. greatnes, vich looke thrigh nan' inity to he mmortai spirt whicil see something finne in the aiional anni noral swers at he awes inman being, and which hauengng for the owest. he rnpatlıy, especte and tostering is of nis see: 19 jag tror are ind post its only by the radnai diffusion of his. That the giarlle it war can se stavert. This partine hamamty, nirt it eren pari Arrongh a narrow here, sonin 1 indi ngother j'IL 1 sal DOHY * mene wonid send orth a testimony task Vir, vnica puni break the tumher or she Carstan vorin, and the awe inta nany

contemner at ms app.

I am aware, that others are ioning for the wonition of war ho other Canapz: and staer 5211908. i am zire nnst le mong inta 2011nn. I only way, that, unlegg oinest vih ve Iri cť ChrsGanity, they give no assurance of continuedi epose This thourit I wonid Bretty itingtrate. The present inusvai reg9aton ot amus in the Christian worin 1220 sto sme z promise of a happier era in human atairs. It is indeed a cheering act, anri may wel wursrse 1. when we consider how many cause of wax have been in action, how many threatening etonds have overcast, the ponticai si, Aming the penge of war. Purt if we examine the cases of tranonivity, we shari learn not to connde in it ton strgy.

1. The first canse was the exhanstion in whica Eurcpe 12 left by the bioorty condicts of the French Revolution. The nahons, worn ont, with strigyles, wasiert by successive in7 sicce, and staggering onder an anprecedenter. load of debt yearned for

opose. The strong, man har biedt too freely to jirrt more. For years powerty has kept the peace in Ensope. One of the fruits ot en hviation is the increasing expers eness of war, so that when the voice of humamty cannot be heard, the holow sound of an empty treasury is a warning, which cannot be elighted. This cause of peace is evidently temporary. Nations, resting from exhaustiottes may be expected to renew their pernicious activity, when their strength is renewed.

2. Another cause of the contimance of peace is undoubtedly the extension of new and profitable relations through the civilized world. Since the pacification of Europe, in 1816, a new impulse has been given to industry. The discoveries of science have been applied with wonderful success to the useful arts. Nations have begun in earnest to develope their resources, Labor is discovered to be the grand conqueror, enriching and building up nationis more surely than the proudest battles. As a necessary rewult of this new impuise, commerce has been wonderfully enlarged. Nations send the products of their coil and machinery, where once they sent, armies, and such a web of common inter ests has been woven, that hostilities can spring up in no corner of the civilized world, without deranging in a measure the order and industry of every other state.

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