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just representation of that mixture of extrava- And again :-
“Thus with the flames that from old Drury ra sort of sarcical horror. For example :- There pendulous to wait the happy hour,
When new attractions should restore their power “ The fire king one day rather amorous felt; He mounied his hol copper filly ;
Here embryo sounds in æther lie conceal'd
Like words in northern atmosphere congeai d. His breeches and boots were of lin; and the beli
Here many an embryo laugh, and half encore, Was made of cast iron, for fear it should melt
Clings to the roof, or creeps along the floor.
By puffs concipient some in æther flit,
And soar in bravos from the thund'ring pit; When an infant, 'was equally horrid,
While some this mortal life abortive miss, For the water when he was bapriz'd gave a fizz, And bubbl’d and simmer'd and started off, whizz! Crush'd by a groan, or murder'd by a hiss."-2.5 As soon as it sprinkl'd his forehead.
“The Theatre,” by the Rev. G. Crabbe Oh then there was gliver and fire in each eye,
we rather think is the best piece in the co.. For two living coals were the symbols ; His teeth were calcin’d, and his tongue was so dry imitation, not only of the peculiar style, be
lection. It is an exquisite and most master. It rauled against them as though you should try
To play the piano in thimbles."'-pp. 68, 69. of the taste, temper, and manner of descrip The drift of the story is, that this formida- tion of that most original author; and can ble personage falls in love with Miss Drury hardly be said to be in any respect a caricathe elder, who is consumed in his ardent em. ture of that style or manner-except in the brace! when Mr. Whitbread, in the character —which, though undoubtedly to be ranked
excessive profusion of puns and verbal jingle: of the Ale King, fairly bullies him from a similar attempt on her younger sister, who among his characteristics, are never so thick. has just come out under his protection.
sown in his original works as in this admiraWe have next “Playhouse Musings,” by
ble imitation. It does not aim, of course, at Mr. Coleridge-a piece which is unquestion- but seems to us to be a singularly faithic
shadow of his pathos or moral sublimity: ably Lakish—though we cannot say that we recognise in it any of the peculiar traits of copy of his passages of mere description. It that powerful and misdirected genius whose begins as follows :name it has borrowed. We rather think, " 'Tis sweet to view from half-past five to six, however, that the tuneful Brotherhood will Our long wax candles, with short cotton wieks, consider it as a respectable eclogue. This is Touch'd by the lamplighier's Promethean art, the introduction:
Start into lighi, and make the lighter start!
To see red Phæbus through the gallery pane “My pensive Public ! wherefore look you sad? Tinge with his beam the beams of Drury Lane, I had a grandmother; she kept a donkey
While gradual parties fill our widen'd pit, To carry to the mart her crockery ware,
And gape, and gaze, and wonder, ere ihey sit. And when that donkey look'd me in the face,
At first, while vacant seats give choice and ease, His face was sad ! and you are sad, my Public! Distant or near, they settle where they please;
Joy should be yours: this tenth day of October But when the multitude contracts the span, Again assembles us in Drury Lane.
And seats are rare, they settle where they can. Long wept my eye to see the timber planks “ Now the full benches, to late comers, doon That hid our ruins : many a day I cried
No room for standing, miscall'd standing room. Ah me! I fear they never will 'rebuild it!
“ Hark! the check-taker moody silence breaks, Till on one eve, one joyful Monday eve,
And bawling • Pit full,' gives the check he takes." As along Charles Street I prepar'd to walk,
pp. 116, 117. Just at the corner, by the pasiry cook's, I heard a trowel tick against a brick!
The tuning of the orchestra is given with I look'd me up, and strait a parapet
the same spirit and fidelity; but we rather U prose, at least seven inches o'er the planks. choose to insert the following descent of a Joy to thee, Drury! to myself I said,
playbill from the upper boxes :He of Blackfriars Road who hymn'd thy downfal In loud Hosannahs, and who prophesied
“Perchance, while pit and gallery cry, 'hats off, That flames like chose from prostrate Solyma And aw'd consumption checks his chided cough, Would scorch the hand that ventur’d to rebuild thee, Some giggling daughter of the queen of love Has prov'd a lying prophet. From that hour, Drops, reft of pin, her play-bill from above; As leisure offer'd, close to Mr. Spring's
Like Icarus, while laughing galleries clap, Box-office door, I've stood and eyed ihe builders." Soars, ducks, and dives in air, the printed scrap:
pp. 73, 74.
But, wiser far than he, combustion fears, of " Architectural Atoms,” translated by And, as it flies, eludes the chandeliers ; Dr. Busby, we can say very little more than It setiles, curling, on a fiddler's curl;
Till sinking gradual, with repeated twirl, that they appear to us to be far more capable Who from his powder'd pate the intruder strikes, of combining into good poetry than the few And, for mere malice, sticks it on the spikes." lines we were able to read of the learned Doctor's genuine address in the newspapers. They might pass, indeed, for a very tolerable lowing catalogue, are also in the very spirit
The quaintness and minuteness of the folimitation of Darwin ;-as for instance :
of the original author-bating always the un“I sing how casual bricks. in airy climb
due allowance of puns and concetti to which Encounter'd casual horse hair, casual lime;
we have already alluded :How rasters borne through wond'ring clouds elate, Kiss'd in their slope blue elemental slate !
“ What various swains our motley walls contain: Clasp'd solid beams, in chance-directed fury, Fashion from Moorfields, honour from Chick Lane; And gave to birth our renovated Drury."
Bankers from Paper Buildings here resort, pp. 82, 83.
Bankrupts from Golden Square and Riches Court;
The lottery cormorant, the auction shark,
“That which was organised by the moral ability The full-price master, and the half-price clerk ; of one, has heen executed by the physical effort of Boys who long linger at the gallery door,
many; and DRURY Laxe L'HEATRE is now com: With pence twice five,-they want but iwopence plete. Of that part behind the curtain, which has Till some Samaritan the twopence spares, more, not yet been desiined to glow beneath the brush of And sends them jumping up the gallery stairs. the varnisher, or vibrale io che hammer of the car. Critics we boast who ne'er their malice baulk, penier, little is thought by the public, and linle But ialk their minds, -we wish they'd mind their need be said by the committee. Truth, however, Big-worded bullies, who by quarrels live, [lalk! is not to be sacrificed for the accommodation of Who give the lie, and tell the lie they give ; either; and he who should pronounce that our edi. And bucks with pockets emply as their pate, fice has received its final embellishment, would be Lax in their gailers, laxer in their gait.''
disseminating falsehood without incurring favour, pp. 118, 119.
and risking the disgrace of detection without particiWe shall conclude with the episode on the
paring the advantage of success.
Let it not, however, be conjectured, that beloss and recovery of Pat Jennings hat—which, cause we are unassuming, we are imbecile; that if Mr. Crabbe had thought at all of describing, forbearance is any indication of despondency, or we are persuaded he would have described humility of demerit. He that is the most assured precisely as follows:
of success will make the fewest appeals to favour ;
aud where nothing is claimed that is undue, nothing ** Pat Jennings in the upper gallery sat,
that is due will be withheld. A swelling opening But, leaning forward, Jennings lost his hat; is too often succeeded by an insignificant conclu. Down from the gallery the beaver flew,
sion. Parturient mountains have ere now produced And spurn'd the one to settle in the two,
muscipular abortions; and the auditor who comHow shall he acı ? Pay at the gallery door pares incipient grandeur with final vulgarity, is reTwo shillings for whai cost when new but four ? minded of the pious hawkers of Constantinople, Now, while his fears anticipate a thief,
who solemnly perambulate her streets, exclaiming, John Mullins whispers, take my handkerchief. In the name of the prophet-figs!'"-pp. 54, 55. Thank you, cries Pat, but one won't make a line ; Take mine, cried Wilson, and cried Stokes take It ends with a solemn eulogium on Mr. A molley cable soon Pat Jennings ties, (mine. Whitbread, which is thus wound up :Where Spitalfields with real India vies; Like Iris' bow, down darts the painted hue
“ To his never-slumbering talents you are inStarr'd, strip'd, and spotted, yellow, red, and blue. debted for whatever. pleasure this haunt of the Old calico, iorn silk, and muslin new.
Muses is calculated to afford. If, in defiance of George Greene below, with palpitating hand, chaotic malevolence, the destroyer of the temple Loops the lası kerchief to the beaver's band: of Diana yet survives in the name of Herostratus, Upsoars the prize; the youth with joy unfeign'd, surely we may confidently predict, that the rebuilder Regain’d the felt, and felt what he regain'd; of the temple of Apollo will stand recorded to disWhile to the applauding galleries graieful Pat tant posterity, in that of-SAMUEL WHITBREAD." Made a low bow, and touch'd the ransom'd hat."
pp. 59, 60. The Ghost of Samuel Johnson is not very Our readers will now have a pretty good good as a whole: though some passages are idea of the contents of this amusing little singularly happy. The measure and solemnity volume. We have no conjectures to offer as: of his sentences, in all the limited variety of to its anonymous author. He who is such a their structure, is imitated with skill ;—but master of disguises, may easily be supposed the diction is caricatured in a vulgar and un- to have been successful in concealing him. pleasing degree. To make Johnson cal} a self ;-and with the power of assuming so door “a ligneous barricado," and its knocker many styles, is not likely to be detected by and bell its "frappant and tintinabulant ap- his own. We should guess, however, that he pendages,” is neither just nor humorous; had not written a great deal in his own charand we are surprised that a writer who has acter—that his natural style was neither very given such extraordinary proofs of his talent lofty nor very grave-and that he rather infor finer ridicule and fairer imitation, should dulges a partiality for puns and verbal pleahave stooped to a vein of pleasantry so low, and santries. We marvel why he has shut out so long ago exhausted; especially as, in other Campbell and Rogers from his theatre of livpassages of the same piece, he has shown ing poets ;—and confidently expect to have how well qualified he was both to catch and our curiosity in this and in all other particuto render the true characteristics of his original. lars very speedily gratified, when the apThe beginning, for example, we think excel- plause of the country shall induce him to take lent:
off his mask.
December, 1828.) Œuvres Inédites de Madame la Baronne de Staël, publiées par son Fils; précédées d'une Notice
sur le Caractère et les Ecrits de M. de Staël. Par Madame NECKER SAUSSURE. Trois tomes. 8vo. London, Treuttel and Wurtz: 1820.
We are very much indebted to Madame It is, to be sure, rather in the nature of a PaneNecker Saussure for this copious, elegant, and gyric than of an impartial biography-and, affectionate account of her friend and cousin. with the sagacity, morality, and skill in com93
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position which seem to be endemic in the here as in other instances; and rather think society of Geneva, has also perhaps some- the worthy financier must be contented to be thing of the formality, mannerism, and di- known to posterity chiefly as the father of dactic ambition of that very intellectual so- Madame de Staël. ciety. For a personal memoir of one so much But however that may be, the education of distinguished in society, it is not sufficiently their only child does not seem to have been individual or familiar--and a great deal too gone about very prudently, by these sage little feminine, for a woman's account of a personages; and if Mad. de Staël had not woman, who never forgot her sex, or allowed been a very extraordinary creature, both as it to be forgotten. The only things that indi- to talent and temper, from the very beginning. cate a female author in the work before us, she could scarcely have escaped being pretty are the decorous purity of her morality—the well spoiled between them. Her mother had feebleness of her political speculations and a notion, that the best thing that could be her never telling the age of her friend. done for a child was to cram it with all kinds
The world probably knows as much already of knowledge, without caring very much wheof M. and Madame Necker as it will care ther it understood or digested any part of it; ever to know: Yet we are by no means of -and so the poor little girl was overtasked opinion that too much is said of them here. and overeducated, in a very pitiless way, io They were both very good people-neither several years; till her health became seriof the most perfect bon ton, nor of the very ously impaired, and they were obliged to let highest rank of understanding,—but far above her 'run idle in the woods for some years the vulgar level certainly, in relation to either. longer-where she composed pastorals and The likenesses of them with which we are tragedies, and became exceedingly romantie. here presented are undoubtedly very favour. She was ihen taken up again ; and set to ber able, and even flattering; but still, we have studies with greater moderation. All this no doubt that they are likenesses, and even time, too, her faiher was counteracting the very cleverly executed. We hear a great deal lessons of patient application inculcated by about the strong understanding and lofty prin- her mother, by the half-playsul disputations ciples of Madame Necker, and of the air of in which he loved to engage her, and the dis. purity that reigned in her physiognomy: But play which he could not resist making of her we are candidly told also, that, with her tall lively talents in society. Fortunately, this and stiff figure, and formal manners, "il y last species of training fell most in with her avoit de la gêne en elle, et auprès d'elle ;', disposition; and she escaped being solemn .and are also permitted to learn, that after and pedantic, at some little risk of becoming having acquired various branches of know- forward and petulant. Still more fortunately, ledge by profound study, she unluckily be the strength of her understanding was such came persuaded that all virtues and accom- as to exempt her almost entirely from this plishments might be learned in the same smaller disadvantage. manner; and accordingly set herself, with Nothing, however, could exempt her from might and main, "to study the arts of conver- the danger and disadvantage of being a youthsation and of housekeeping-together with ful Prodigy; and there never perhaps was an the characters of individuals, and the manage- instance of one so early celebrated, whose ment of societyto reduce all these things celebrity went on increasing to the last period to system, and to deduce from this system of her existence. We have a very lively picprecise rules for the regulation of her con- ture of her, at eleven years of age, in the duct.” Of M. Necker, again, it is recorded, work before us; where she is represented as in very emphatic and affectionate terms, then a stout brown girl, with fine eyes, and that he was extraordinarily eloquent and ob- an open and affectionate manner, full of eager serving, and equally full of benevolence and curiosity, kindness, and vivacity. In the drav. practical wisdom : But it is candidly admit- ing-room, she took' her place on a little stool fed that his eloquence was more sonorous beside her mother's chair
, where she was than substantial, and consisted rather of well- forced to sit very upright, and to look as de
rounded periode than impressive thoughts; mure as possible : But by and by, two or that he was reserved and silent in general three wise-looking oldish gentlemen, with society, took pleasure in thwarting his wife round wige, came up to her, and entered into in the education of their daughter, and actu- animated and sensible conversation with her, ally treated the studious propensity of his as a wit of full age; and those were ingenious consort with so little respect, as to Raynal, Marmontel, Thomas, and Grimm. Ai prohibit her from devoting any time to com- table she listened with delighted attention to position, and even from having a table to all that fell from those distinguished guests; write at!—for no better reason than that he and learned incredibly soon to discuss all submight not be annoyed with the fear of dis-jects with them, without embarrassment or turbing her when he came into her apart- affectation. Her biographer says, indeed. that ment! He was a great joker, too, in an inno- she was always young, and never a child;" cent paternal way, in his own family; but we but it does seem to us a trait of mere child. cannot find that his witticisms ever had much ishness, though here cited as a proof of her success in other places. The worship of M. filial devotion, that, in order to insure for her Necker, in short, is a part of the established parents the gratification of Mr. Gibbon's soreligion, we perceive, at Geneva; but we ciety, she proposed, about the same time, that -suspect that ihe Priest has made the God, I she should marry him! and combated, wit
great earnestness, all the objections that were , tageously contrasted with Rousseau; who, stated to this extraordinary union.
with the same warmth of imagination, and Her temper appears from the very first to still greater professions of philanthropy in his have been delightful, and her heart full of writings, uniformly indicated in his individual generosity and kindness. Her love for her character the most irritable, suspicious, and father rose almost to idolatry; and though her selfish dispositions; and plainly showed that taste for talk and distinction carried her at his affection for mankind was entirely theolast a good deal away from him, this earliest retical, and had no living objects in this world. passion seems never to have been superseded, Madame de Staël's devotion to her father or even interrupted, by any other. Up to the is sufficiently proved by her writings;-but age of twenty, she employed herself chiefly it meets us under a new aspect in the Memoir with poems and plays ;-but took after that to now before us. The only injuries which she prose. We do not mean here to say any thing could not forgive were those offered to him. of her different works, the history and ana- She could not bear to think that he was ever lysis of which occupies two-thirds of the No- to grow old; and, being herself blinded to his tice before us. Her fertility of thought, and progressive decay by her love and sanguine warmth of character, appeared first in her temper, she resented, almost with fury, every Letters on Rousseau; but her own character is insinuation or casual'hint as to his age or debest portrayed in Delphine-Corinne showing clining health. After his death, this passion rather what she would have chosen to be. took another turn. Every old man now reDuring her sufferings from the Revolution, she called the image of her father! and she wrote her works on Literature and the Pas- watched over the comforts of all such persions, and her more ambitious book on Ger- sons, and wept over their sufferings, with a many. After that, with more subdued feel painful intenseness of sympathy. The same ings--more confirmed principles and more deep feeling mingled with her devotions, and practical wisdom, she gave to the world her even tinged her strong intellect with a shade admirable Considerations on the French Revo- of superstition. She believed that her soul lution; having, for many years, addicted her communicated with his in prayer; and that it self almost exclusively to politics, under the was to his intercession that she owed all the conviction which, in the present condition of good that afterwards befell her. Whenever the world, can scarcely be considered as erro- she met with any piece of good fortune, she neous, that under“ politics were comprehend- used to say, “ It is my father that has obtained morality, religion, and literature.
ed this for me!" She was, from a very early period, a lover In her happier days, this ruling passion took of cities, of distinction, and of brilliant and occasionally a more whimsical aspect : and varied discussion-cared little in general for expressed itself with a vivacity of which we the beauties of nature or art—and languished have no idea in this phlegmatic country, and and pined, in spite of herself, when confined which more resembles the childish irritability to a narrow society. These are common of Voltaire, than the lofty enthusiasm of the enough traits in famous authors, and people person actually concerned. We give, as a of fashion and notoriety of all other descrip- specimen, the following anecdote from the tions: But they were united in her with a work before us. Madame Saussure had come to warmth of affection, a temperament of enthu- Coppet from Geneva in M. Necker's carriage; siasm, and a sweetness of temper, with which and had been overturned in the way, but withwe do not know that they were ever combined out receiving any injury. On mentioning the in any other individual. So far from resem- accident to Madame de Staël on her arrival, bling the poor, jaded, artificial creatures who she asked with great vehemence who had live upon stimulants, and are with difficulty driven ; and on being told that it was Richel, kept alive by the constant excitements of her father's ordinary coachman, she exclaimnovelty, flattery, and emulation, her great ed in an agony, “My God, he may one day characteristic was an excessive movement of overturn my father!”; and rung instantly with the soul-a heart overcharged with sensibility, violence for his appearance. While he was a frame over-informed with spirit and vitality. coming, she paced about the room in the All her affections, says Madame Necker,-her greatest possible agitation, crying out, at every friendship, her filial, her maternal attachment, turn, "My father, my poor father! 'he might partook of the nature of Love-were accom- have been overturned !-and turning to her panied by its emotion, almost its passion-friend, “At your age, and with your slight and very frequently by the violent agitations person, the danger is nothing—but with his which belong to its fears and anxieties. With age and bulk! I cannot bear to think of it." all this animation, however, and with a good The coachman now came in; and this lady, deal of vanity-a vanity which delighted in so mild and indulgent and reasonable with all recounting her successes in society, and made her attendants, turned to him in a sort of her speak without reserve of her own great frenzy, and with a voice of solemnity, but talents
, influence, and celebrity—she seems choked with emotion, said, “Richel, do you to have had no particle of envy or malice in know that I am a woman of genius?”—The her composition. She was not in the least poor man stood in astonishment—and she degree vindictive, jealous, or scornful; but went on, louder, “ Have you not heard, I say, uniformly kind, indulgent, compassionate, and that I am a woman of genius?" Coachy was forgiving—or rather forgetful of injuries. In still mute. “Well then! I tell you that I am these respects she is very justly and advan- ! a woman of genius—of great genius—of prodigious genius!—and I tell you more—that y escape the seductions of a more sublime e all the genius I have shall be exerted to se- perstition. In theology, as well as in cure your rotting out your days in a dungeon, thing else, however, she was less degree if ever you overturn my father!” Even after than persuasive; and, while speaking it the fit was over, she could not be made to the inward conviction of her own heart, prora laugh at her extravagance; but was near be- out its whole warmth, as well as its corre ginning again—and said “And what had I to tions, into those of others; and never seen conjure with but my poor genius?"
to feel any thing for the errors of bet es Her insensibility to natural beauty is rather panions but a generous compassion, and unaccountable, in a mind constituted like hers, affectionate desire for their removal se and in a native of Switzerland. But, though rather testified in favour of religion, in sbar born in the midst of the most magnificent than reasoned systematically in its super scenery, she seems to have thought, like Dr. and, in the present condition of the tr. Johnson, that there was no scene equal to the this was perhaps the best service that or high tide of human existence in the heart of be rendered. Placed in many respects in the a populous city. “Give me the Rue de Bae," most elevated condition to which bomar. said she, when her guests were in ecstasies could aspire-possessed unquestionably of t with the Lake of Geneva and its enchanted highest powers of reasoning-emancipated a shores—“I would prefer living in Paris, in a a singular degree, from prejudices, and err fourth story, with an hundred Louis a year." ing with the keenest relish into all the feel These were her habitual sentiments;—But that seemed to suffice for the happiness a she is said to have had one glimpse of the occupation of philosophers, patriots, and ice glories of the universe, when she went first she has still testified, that without rehger to Italy, after her father's death, and was en- there is nothing stable, sublime, or satisfyiz gaged with Corinne. And in that work, it is and that it alone completes and consumimatcertainly true that the indications of a deep all to which reason or affection can aspireand sincere sympathy with nature are far A genius like hers, and so directed, is, as be more conspicuous than in any of her other biographer has well remarked, the only Ms writings. For this enjoyment and late-de- sionary that can work any permanent effect on veloped sensibility, she always said she was the upper classes of society in modem times indebted to her father's intercession. upon the vain, the learned, the scornful, and a
The world is pretty generally aware of the gumentative,-they who stone the Prophes brilliancy of her conversation in mixed com- while they affect to offer incense to the Muses pany; but we were not aware that it was Both her marriages have been censured :generally of so polemic a character, or that the first, as a violation of her principlesshe herself was so very zealous a disputant, second, of dignity and decorum. In that was -such a determined intellectual gladiator as M. de Staël, she was probably merely passere her cousin here represents her. Her great It was respectable, and not absolutely e delight, it is said, was in eager and even vio- happy; but unquestionably not such as saites lent contention; and her drawing-room at her. Of that with M. Rocca, it will not per Coppet is compared to the Hall of Odin, where haps be so easy to make the apology. W the bravest warriors were invited every day have no objection to a love-match at fifty:to enjoy the tumult of the fight, and, after But where the age and the rank and fortune having cut each other in pieces, revived to are all on the lady's side, and the bridegroot. renew the combat in the morning. In this seems to have little other recommendati. trait, also, she seems to have resembled our than a handsome person, and a great deal e Johnson, though, according to all accounts, admiration, it is difficult to escape ridiculeshe was rather more courteous to her oppo- or something more severe than ridicule. Mai nents. These fierce controversies embraced N. S. seems to us to give a very candid and all sorts of subjects — politics, morals, litera- interesting account of it; and undoubtedly ture, casuistry, metaphysics, and history. In goes far to take off what is most revolting e the early part of her life, they turned oftener the first view, by letting us know that it origiupon themes of pathos and passion-love and nated in a romantic attachment on the par
: death, and heroical devotion; but she was of M. Rocca; and that he was an ardent suitor cured of this lofty vein by the affectations of to her, before the idea of loving him had es her imitators. I tramp in the mire with tered into her imagination. The broken state wooden shoes,” she said, "whenever they of his health, toothe short period she sur. would force me to go with them among the vived their union--and the rapidity with which clouds,” In the same way, though suffici- he followed her to the grave-all tend not only ently given to indulge, and to talk of her to extinguish any tendency to ridicule, but to emotions, she was easily disgusted by the disarm all severity of censure; and lead us parade of sensibility which is sometimes made rather to dwell on the story as a part only of the by persons of real feeling; observing, with tragical close of a life full of lofty emotions. admirable force and simplicity, “Que tous Like most other energetic spirits, she des les sentiments naturels ont leur pudeur.” pised and neglected too much the accommoda
She had at all times a deep sense of religion. tion of her body-cared little about exercise, Educated in the strict principles of Calvinism, and gave herself no great trouble about health. she was never seduced into any admiration With the sanguine spirit which belonged to of the splendid apparatus and high pretensions her character, she affected to triumph over of Popery; although she did not altogether I infirmity; and used to say—" I might have