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his repartees, that had a play of words as well as found by Johnson, in the act of meditating on the of thought; as, when speaking of the difference melancholy alternative before him. He showed between laying out money upon land, or purchasing Johnson his manuscript of the Vicar of Wakefield, into the funds, he said. One was principal without but seemed to be without any plan, or even hope, interest, and the other interest without principal.' of raising money upon the disposal of it; when Certain it is he had a brevity of expression, that Jolinson cast his eye upon it, he discovered somenever hung upon the ear, and you felt the point in thing that gave him hope, and immediately look it the very moment that he made the push."

to Dodsley, who paid down the price above-men

pp. 247—249. tioned in ready money, and added an eventual con. Of Goldsmith he says,

dition upon its future sale. Johnson described the

precautions he took in concealing the amount of the That he was fantastically and whimsically vain, sum he had in hand, which he prudently adminis. all the world knows; but there was no malice in tered to him by a guinea at a time. In the event his heart. He was tenacious to a ridiculous ex. he paid off the landlady's score, and redeemed the treme of certain pretensions that did not, and by person of his friend from her embraces."'-—p. 273. nature could not, belong to him, and at the same time he was inexcusably careless of the fame which

We will pronounce no general judgment on he had powers to command. What foibles he had the literary merits of Mr. Cumberland; but he took no pains to conceal; and the good qualities our opinion of them certainly has not been of his heari were too frequently obscured by the raised by the perusal of these memoirs. There carelessness of his conduct, and the frivolity of his is no depth of thought, nor dignity of sentimauners. Sir Joshua Reynolds was very good 10 ment about him ;-he is too frisky for an old him, and would have drilled him into better trim and order for society, if he would have been amen. man, and too gossipping for an historian. His able ; for Reynolds wa a perfect gentleman, had style is too negligent even for the most famigood sense, great propriety, with all the social at- liar composition; and though he has proved tributes, and all the graces of hospitality, equal 10 himself, upon other occasions, to be a great any man. ?: Distress drove Goldsmith upon undertakings number of phrases into this work, which, we

master of good English, he has admitted a neither congenial with his studies nor worthy of his talents. I remember him, when in his chambers are inclined to think, would scarcely pass in the Temple, he showed me the beginning of his current even in conversation. “I declare to Animated Nature; it was with a sigh, such as truth”_"with the greatest pleasure in life' genius draws, when hard necessity diverts it from she would lead off in her best manner," &c. its bent to drudge for bread, and talk of birds and are expressions which we should not expect man would have done as well. Poor fellow, he to hear in the society to which Mr. Cumberhardly knew an ass from a mule, nor a turkey land belongs ;-" laid," for lay, is still more from a goose, but when he saw it on the table." insufferable from the antagonist of Lowth and

pp. 257–259. the descendant of Bentley ;="querulential" " I have heard Dr. Johnson relate with infinite strikes our ear as exotic;" locate, location, humour the circumstance of his rescuing Goldsmith and locality,” for situation simply, seem also of his Vicar of Wakefield, which he sold on his to be bad; and "intuition” for observation behalf to Dodsley, and, as I think, for the sum of sounds very pedantic, to say the least of it. ten pounds only. He had run up a debt with his Upon the whole, however, this volume is not landlady, for board and lodging, of some few the work of an ordinary writer; and we should pounds, and was at his wits end how to wipe off probably have been more indulgent to its the score, and keep a roof over his head, except by faults, if the excellence of some of the auclosing with a very staggering her part, thor's former productions had not sent us to very far from alluring, whilst her demands were its perusal with expectations perhaps someextremely urgent. In this crisis of his fate he was I what extravagant.


(Iuly, 1803.) The Works of the Right Honourable Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. Including her Correspond

ence, Poems, and Essays. Published by permission, from her Original Papers. 5 vols. 8vo. London : 1803.

THESE volumes are so very entertaining that the facts are narrated. As the letters them. we ran them all through immediately upon selves, however, are arranged in a chronologi. their coming into our possession; and at the cal order, and commonly contain very distinct same time contain so little that is either diffi- notices of the writer's situation at their dates, cult or profound, that we may venture to give we shall be enabled, by our extracts from some account of them to our readers without them, to give a pretty clear idea of her Ladyfarther deliberation.

ship’s life and adventures, with very little asThe only thing that disappointed us was the sistance from the meagre narrative of Mr. memoir of the writer's life, prefixed by the Dallaway. editor to her correspondence. In point of com- Lady Mary Pierrepoint, eldest daughter of position it is very tame and inelegant; and the Duke of Kingston, was born in 1690; and rather excites than gratifies the curiosity of gave, in her ly youth, such indications of a the reader, by the imperfect manner in which I studious disposition, that she was initiated into the rudiments of the learned languages along acter in a different light, and was at any rate with her brother. Her first years appear to biassed by her inclinations, appears to have have been spent in retirement; and yet the addressed a great number of letters to him very first series of letters with which we are upon this occasion; and to have been at conpresented, indicates a great deal of that talent siderable pains to relieve him of his scruples, for ridicule, and power of observation, by and restore his confidence in the substantial which she afterwards became so famous, and excellences of her character. These letters, so formidable. These letters (about a dozen which are written with a great deal of female in number) are addressed to Mrs. Wortley, the spirit and masculine sense, impress us with a mother of her future husband; and, along with very favourable notion of the talents and disa good deal of girlish flattery and affectation, positions of the writer; and as they exhibit display such a degree of easy humour and her in a point of view altogether different from sound penetration, as is not often to be met any in which she has hitherto been presented with in a damsel of nineteen, even in this age to the public, we shall venture upon a pretty of precocity. The following letter, in 1709, long extract. is written upon the misbehaviour of one of her female favourites.

“I will state the case to you as plainly as I can,

and then ask yourself if you use me well. I have “My knighterrantry is at an end ; and I believe I showed, in every action of my life, an esteem for shall hence forward think freeing of galley-slaves you, that at least challenges à grateful regard. I and knocking down windmills, more laudable un. have even trusted my reputation in your hands; for dertakings than the defence of any woman's repu. I have made no scruple of giving you, under my tation whatever. To say truth, I have never had own hand, an assurance of my friendship. After any great esteem for the generality of the fair sex; all this, I exact nothing from you: If you find it in. and my only consolation for being of that gender, convenient for your affairs 10 lake so sinall a fortune, has been the assurance it gave me of never being I desire you to sacrifice nothing to me: I pretend married to any one among them! But I own, at no tie upon your honour; but, in recompense for so present, I am so much oui of humour with the ac- clear and so disinterested a proceeding, must I ever tions of Lady H***, that I never was so heartily receive injuries and ill usage ? ashamed of ' my petticoats before. My only refuge

"Perhaps I have been indiscreet: I came young is, the sincere hope that she is out of her senses; into the hurry of the world; a great innocence, and and taking herself

' for the Queen of Sheba, and Mr. an undesigning gaiety, may possibly have been cod. Mildmay for King Solomon, I do not think it quite strued coquetry, and a desire of being followed, so ridiculous: But the men, you may well imagine, though never meant by me. I cannot answer for are not so charitable; and they agree in the kind the observations that may be made on me. All who reflection, that nothing hinders women from playing are malicious attack the careless and defenceless: I the fool, but not having it in their power."

own myself io be both. I know not any thing I can Vol. i. pp. 180, 181.

say more to show my perfect desire of pleasing you,

and making you easy, than 10 proffer to be confined In the course of this correspondence with with you in what manner you please. Would any the mother, Lady Mary appears to have con- woman but me renounce all the world for one ? or ceived a very favourable opinion of the son; would any man but you be insensible of such : and the next series of letters contains her ané proof of sincerity?"-Vol. i. pp. 208–210. tenuptial correspondence with that gentleman, le other so bad, as you fancy it. Should we ever live

“ One part of my character is not so good, nor from 1710 to 1712. Though this corresponds together, you would be disappointed both ways; ence has interested and entertained us as you would find an easy equality of temper you do much at least as any thing in the book, we are not expect, and a thousand faults you do not imaafraid that it will afford but little gratification gine. You think, if you married me, I should be to the common admirers of love letters. Her passionately fond of you one month, and of someLadyship, though endowed with a very lively esteem, I can be a friend; but I don't know whe

body else the next. Neither would happen. I can imagination, seems not to have been very sus- ther I can love. Expect all that is complaisant and ceptible of violent or tender emotions, and to easy, but never what is fond, in me. have imbibed a very decided contempt for *: If you can resolve to live with a companion that sentimental and romantic nonsense, at an age will have all the deference due to your superiority which is commonly more indulgent. There of good sense, and that your proposals can be are no raptures nor ecstasies, therefore, in agreeable to those on whom I depend, I have no

thing to say against them. these letters; no flights of fondness, nor vows · As to travelling, 'tis what I should do with great of constancy, nor upbraidings of capricious af- pleasure, and could easily quit London upon your fection. To say the truth, her Ladyship acts account; but a retirement in the country is not so a part in the correspondence that is not often disagreeable to me, as I know a few months would allotted to a female performer. Mr. Wortley, make it resome to you. Where people are tied though captivated by her beauty and her vi- of one another. If I had the personal charms tbat vacity, seems evidently to have been a little I want, a face is 100 slight a foundation for happi. alarmed at her love of distinction, her propen- ness.

You would be soon tired with seeing every sity to satire, and the apparent inconstancy of day the same thing. Where you saw nothing else, her attachments. Such a woman, he was

you would have leisure to remark all the defects; afraid, and not very unreasonably, would make lessened, which is always a great charm. I should

which would increase in proportion as the novelty rather an uneasy and extravagant companion have the displeasure of seeing a coldness, which, to a man of plain understanding and moderate hough I could not reasonably blame you for, being fortune; and he had sense enough to foresee, involuntary, yet it would render me uneasy ; and and generosity enough to explain to her, the the more, because I know a love may be revived, risk to which their mutual happiness might which absence, inconstancy, or even infidelity, has be exposed by a rash and indissoluble union. extinguished: But there is no returning from a de Lady Mary, who probably saw her own char: 1 gout given by satiety."-Vol. i. pp. 212—914.

"I begin to be tired of my humility; I have ca

ried my complaisances to you farther than I ought. , an opinion of your merit, which, if it is a mistake, You make new scruples: you have a great deal of I would not be undeceived. It is my interest to fancy! and your disirusts, being all of your own believe (as I do) that you deserve every ihing, and making, are more immovable ihan if there were are capable of everything ; but nobody else will some real ground for them. Our aunts and grand believe it, if they see you get nothing."'--Vol. i. mothers always tell us, that men are a sort of ani. pp. 250—252. mals, that if ever they are constant, 'ris only where they are ill-used. 'Twas a kind of paradox I could

The second volume, and a part of the third, never believe; but experience has taught me the are occupied with those charming letters, truth of it. You are the first I ever had a corres. written during Mr. Wortley's embassy to pondence with ; and I thank God, I have done with Constantinople, upon which the literary repuit for all my life. You needed not to have told me tation of Lady Mary has hitherio been excluyou are not what you have been; one must be stupid not to find a difference in your letters. You sively founded. It would not become us to seem, in one part of your last, to excuse yourself say any thing of productions which have so from having done me any injury in point of fortune. long engaged the admiration of the public. Do I accuse you of any ?

The grace and vivacity, the ease and concise“I have not spirits to dispute any longer with ness of the narrative and the description which me determine for you, and save you the trouble of they contain, still remain unrivalled, we think, writing again. Adieu for ever; make no answer. by any epistolary compositions in our lanI wish, among the variety of acquaintance, you may guage; and are but slightly shaded by a find some one to please you : and can't help the sprinkling of obsolete tittle-tattle, or womanvanity of thinking, should you try them all, you ish vanity and affectation. The authenticity wont find one that will be so sincere in their treat of these letters, though at one time disputed, ment, though a thousand more deserving, and every has not lately been called in question; but one happier."'-Vol. i. pp. 219-221.

the secret history of their first publication has These are certainly very uncommon pro- never, we believe, been laid before the public. ductions for a young lady of twenty; and in- The editor of this collection, from the original dicate a strength and elevation of character, papers, gives the following account of it. that does not always appear in her gayer and

“In the later periods of Lady Mary's life, she more ostentatious performances. Mr. Wort- employed her leisure in collecting copies of the letley was convinced and re-assured by them; ters she had written during Mr. Wortley's embassy, and they were married in 1712. The con- and had transcribed them herself, in two small cluding part of the first volume contains her volumes in quarto. They were, without doubt, letters to him for the two following years. return to England for the last time, in 1761, she

sometimes shown to her literary friends. Upon her There is not much tenderness in these letters; gave these books 10 a Mr. Snowden, a clergyman nor very much interest indeed of any kind of Rotterdam, and wrote the subjoined memoranMr. Wortley appears to have been rather in- dum on the cover of them: These two volumes dolent and unambitious; and Lady Mary are given to the Reverend Benjamin Snowden, takes it upon her, with all delicacy and ju- | thinks proper. This is the will and design of M. dicious management however, to stir him Woriley Montagu, December 11, 1761.' up to some degree of activity and exertion.

After her death, the late Earl of Bute commis. There is a good deal of election-news and sioned a gentleman 10 procure them, and to offer small politics in these epistles. The best of Mr. Snowden a considerable remuneration, which them, we think, is the following exhortation he accepted. Much to the surprise of that nobleto impudence.

man and Lady Bute, the manuscripts were scarcely

safe in England, when three volumes of Lady Mary "I am glad you think of serving your friends. 1 Wortley Montagu's Letters were published by hope it will put you in mind of serving yourself. i Becketi; and it has since appeared, that a Mr. Cle. need not enlarge upon the advantages of money: had negotiated before, was again despatched to

land was the editor. The same gentleman, who every thing we see, and every thing we lear, puts Holland; and could gain no further intelligence us in remembrance of it. If it were possible to restore liberty to your country, or limit the encroach from Mr. Snowden, than that a short time before menis of the prerogative, by reducing yourself to a called on him to see the Letters, and obtained their

he parted with the MSS. two English gentlemen garret, I should be pleased to share so glorious a poverty with you: But as the world is, and will request. They had previously contrived that Mr. be, 'tis a sort of duty to be rich, that it may be in Snowden should be called away during their peone's power to do good; riches being another word rusal ; and he found on his return that they had disfor power ; towards the obtaining of which, the first appeared with the books. Their residence was necessary qualification is Impudence, and (as De- unknown to him ; but on the next day they brought mosthenes said of pronunciation in oratory) the back the precious deposit, with many apologies. It second is impudence, and the third, still, impu- may be fairly presumed, that she intervening night dence! No modest man ever did,' or ever will was consumed in copying these letters by several make his fortune. Your friend Lord Halifax, R. amanuenses."-Vol. i. pp. 29–32. Walpole, and all other remarkable instances of A fourth volume of Lady Mary's Letters, quick advancement, have been remarkably impu: published in the same form in 1767, appears dent. The ministry, in short, is like a play at court: There's a linle door to get in, and a great

now to have been a fabrication of Cleland's; crowd without, shoving and thrusting who shall be as no corresponding MSS. have been found foremost; people who knock others with their el. among her Ladyship's papers, or in the hands bows, disregard a little kick of the shins, and still of her correspondents. thrusi heartily forwards, are sure of a good place. Your modest man stands behind in the crowd, is and the justness of her representations of ori;

To the accuracy of her local descriptions, shoved about by every body, his clothes torn, almost

ental squeezed to death, and sees a thousand get in before manners, Mr. Dallaway, who followed him, that don't make so good a figure as himself.

her footsteps at the distance of eighty years, “If this letter is impertinent, it is founded upon and resided for several months in the very

3 x 2


palace which she had occupied at Pera, bears Majesty, no bloodshed ensued. However, things a decided and respectable testimony; and, in are now tolerably accommodated ; and the fair lady vindication of her veracity in describing the rides thrrough the town in the shining berlin of her interior of the seraglio, into which no Christian 1001. a month, which 'tis said, he allows her. I is now permitted to enter, he observes, that will send you a letter by the Count Caylus, whom, the reigning Sultan of the day, Achmed the if you do not know already, you will thank me for Third, was notoriously very regardless of the introducing to you. He is a Frenchman, and do injunctions of the Koran, and ihat her Lady- fop; which, besides the curiosity of it, is one of the ship’s visits were paid while the court was in prettiest things in the world."-Vol

. iii. pp. 120–122. a retirement that enabled him to dispense birth-night ; my brain warmed with all the agreeable

"I write to you at this time piping hot from the with many ceremonies. We do not observe ideas that fine clothes, fine gentlemen, brisk tunes, any difference between these letters in the and lively dances can raise there. It is to be hoped present edition, and in the common copies, that my letter will entertain you; at least you will except that the names of Lady Mary's corres- certainly have the freshest account of all passages pondents are now given at full length, and on that glorious day., First, you must know that I short notices of their families subjoined, upon more, I believe in my conscience I made one of

led up the ball, which you'll stare at; but what is their first introduction. At page eighty-nine the best figures there: For, to say truth, people are of the third volume, there are also two short grown so extravagantly ugly, that we old beauties letters, or rather notes, from the Countess of are forced to come oui on show.days, to keep the Pembroke, that have not hitherto been made court in countenance. I saw Mrs. Murray there, public ; and Mr. Pope's letter, describing the through whose hands this epistle will be conveyed; death of the two rural lovers by lightning, is compliment to you that I do. Mrs. West was with here given at full length; while the former her, who is a great prude, having but iwo lovers at editions only contained her Ladyship’s an- a time; I think those are Lord Haddington and Mr. swer,-in which we have always thought that Lindsay; the one for use, the other for show. her desire to be smart and witiy, has intruded “The world improves in one virtue to a violent itself a little ungracefully into the place of a degree - I mean plain dealing. Hypocrisy being, more amiable feeling,

as the Scripture declares, a damnable sin, I bope The next series of letters consists of those our publicans and sinners will be saved by the open

profession of the contrary virtue. I was told by a written to her sister the Countess of Mar, from very good author, who is deep in the secret, thai at 1723 to 1727. These letters have at least as this very minute there is a bill cooking up at a huni. much vivacity, wit, and sarcasm, as any that ing seat at Norfolk, to have not taken out of the have been already published; and though they commandments, and clapped into the creed, the icontain little but the anecdotes and scandal ensuing session of Parliament. To speak plainly, of the time, will long continue to be read and which is now as much ridiculed by our young ladies

I am very sorry for the forlorn state of matrimony; admired for the brilliancy and facility of the as it used to be by young fellows: In short, both composition. Though Lady Mary is exces- sexes have found the inconveniences of it; and the sively entertaining in this correspondence, we appellation of rake is as genteel in a woman as a cannot say, however, that she is either very the maid of honour, looks very well now she is out amiable, or very interesting. There is rather again; and poor Biddy Noel has never been quite a negation of good affection, we think, through- well since her last confinement. You may imagine out; and a certain cold-hearted levity, that we married women look very silly : We have noborders sometimes upon misanthropy, and thing to excuse ourselves, but that it was done a sometimes on indecency. The style of the great while ago, and we were very young when we following extracts, however, we are afraid,

did it."'-Vol. iii. pp. 142–145. has been for some time a dead language.

"Sixpenny worth of common sense, divided

among a whole nation, would make our lives roll "I made a sort of resolution, at the beginning away glibly enough: But then we make laws, of my letter, not to trouble you with the mention and we follow customs. By the first we cut off of what passes here, since you receive it with so our own pleasures, and by the second we are anmuch coldness. But I find it is impossible to forbear swerable for the faults and extravagances of others. telling you the metamorphoses of some of your ac. All these things, and five hundred more, convince quaintance, which appear as wondrous to me as me that I have been one of the condemned ever any in Ovid. Would any one believe that Lady since I was born ; and in submission to the Divine H*****ss is a beauty, and in love? and that Mrs. Justice, I have no doubt but I deserved it, in some Anastasia Robinson is at the same time a prude and pre-existent state. I will still hope, however, that a kept mistress? The first of these ladies is ten- I am only in purgatory; and that after whining and derly attached to the polite Mr. M***, and sunk in pining a certain number of years, I shall be transall the joys of happy love, notwithstanding, she lated io some more happy sphere, where virtue will wants the use of her two hands by a rheumatism, be natural, and custom reasonable ; that is, in short, and he has an arm that he cannot move. I wish I where common sense will reign. I grow very could tell you the particulars of this amour ; which devout, as you see, and place all my hopes in the seems to me as curious as that between two oysters, next life-being totally persuaded of the nothingand as well worth the serious attention of naturalists. ness of this. Don't you remember how miserable The second heroine has engaged half the town in we were in the little parlour, at 'Thoresby? we then arms, from the nicety of her virtue, which was not thought marrying would put us at once into possesable to bear the too near approach of Senesino in the sion of all we wanted. Then came—though, after opera; and her condescension in accepting of Lord all, I am still of opinion, that it is extremely silly Peterborough for her champion, who has signalized to submit to ill-fortune. One should pluck up a both his love and courage upon this occasion in as spirit. and live upon cordials; when one can have many instances as ever Don Quixote did for Dul. no other nourishment. These are my present encinea. Innumerable have been the disorders be. deavours; and I run about, though I have five tween the two sexes on so great an account, besides thousand pins and needles in my heart. I try to half the House of Peers being put under arrest. By console myself with a small damsel, who is at prethe Providence of Heaven, and the wise care of his I sent every thing I like-but, alas ! she is yet in a white frock. At fourteen she may run away with The last series of letters, which extends to the the butler." - Vol. iij. pp. 1784-180.

middle of the fifth volume, and comes down ** I cannot deny but that I was very well diverted to the year 1761, consists of those that were on the coronation-day. I saw the procession much at my ease, in a house which I filled with my own

addressed by Lady Mary, during her resicompany; and then got into Westminster-hall dence abroad, to her daughter the Countess without trouble, where it was very entertaining to of Bute. These letters, though somewhat observe the variety of airs that all meant the same less brilliant than those to the Countess of thing. The business of every walker there was to Mar, have more heart and affection in them conceal vanity and gain admiration. For these pur: than any other of her Ladyship’s productions ; poses some languished and others siruited; but a visible satisfaction was diffused over every counte- and abound in lively and judicious reflections. nance, as soon as the coronet was clapped on the They indicate, at the same time, a very great head.' But she that drew the greatest number of share of vanity; and that kind of contempt eyes was indisputably Lady, Orkney. She exposed and indifference for the world, into which the behind, a mixture of fat and wrinkles; and before, veterans of fashion are most apt to sink.a considerable protuberance, which preceded her. Add to this, the inimitable roll of her eyes, and her With the exception of her daughter and her grey hairs, which by good fortune stood directly children, Lady Mary seems by this time to upright, and 'uis impossible to imagine a more de- have, indeed, attained to the happy state of lightful spectacle She had embellished all this with really caring nothing for any human being; considerable magnificence, which made her look as and rather to have beguiled the days of her big again as usual; and I should have thought her declining life with every sort of amusement, one of the largest things of God's making, if my than to have soothed them with affection or Lady Si. J***, had not displayed all her charms in honour of the day. The poor Duchess of M***se friendship. After boasting of the intimacy crept along with a dozen of black snakes playing in which she lived with all the considerable round her face; and my Lady P**nd (who has tallen people in her neighbourhood, she adds, in one away since her dismission from Court) represented of her letters, " The people I see here make very finely an Egyptian mummy embroidered over with hieroglyphics. In general, I could not per

no more impression on my mind than the ceive but that the old were as well pleased as the figures on the tapestry, while they are before young: and I who dread growing wise more than my eyes. I know one is clothed in blue, and any thing in the world, was overjoyed to find that another in red: but out of sight they are so one can never outlive one's vaniiy. I have never entirely out of memory, that I hardly rememreceived the long letter you talk of, and am afraid ber whether they are tall or short." that you have only fancied that you wrote it." Vol. iii. pp. 181-183.

The following reflections upon an Italian

story, exactly like that of Pamela, are very In spite of all this gaiety, Lady Mary does much in character. not appear to have been happy. Her discreet biographer is silent upon the subject of her

“In ny opinion, all these adventures proceed

from artifice on one side, and weakness on the other. connubial felicity; and we have no desire to An honest, tender heart, is often betrayed to ruin revive forgotten scandals; but it is a fact, by the charms that make the fortune of a designing which cannot be omitted, that her Ladyship head; which, when joined with a beautiful face, went abroad, withont her husband, on account can never fail of advancement except barred by a of bad health, in 1739, and did not return to

wise mother, who locks up her daughiers from view England till she heard of his death in 1761. The Duchess of Bolion was educated in solitude,

till nobody cares to look on them. My poor friend Whatever was the cause of their separation, with some choice of books, by a saint-like goverhowever, there was no open rupture; and she ness: Crammed with virtue and good qualities, seems to have corresponded with him very she thought it impossible not to find gratitude, regularly for the first ten years of her absence. though she failed to give passion; and upon this These letters, which occupy the latter part of plan threw a way her estate, was despised by her the third volume, and the beginning of the in an alehouse, and produced on the stage, has ob

husband, and laughed at by the public. Polly, bred fourth, are by no means so captivating as most tained wealth and uitle, aud even found the way to of the preceding. They contain but little wit, be esteemed !"-Vol. iv. p. 119, 120. and no confidential or striking reflections.They are filled up with accounts of her health of reviling, in the following extract:

There is some acrimony, and some power and her journeys; with short and general notices of any extraordinary customs she meets " I have only had time to read Lord Orrery's with, and little scraps of stale politics, picked work, which has extremely entertained, and not at up in the petty courts of Italy. They are all surprised me, having ihe honour of being accold, in short, without being formal; and are those danglers after wit, who, like those after gloomy and constrained, when compared with beauty, spend their whole time in humbly admiring. those which were spontaneously written to Dean' Swifi. by his Lordship's own account, was show her wit, or her affection to her corres- so intoxicated with the love of Aattery, that he pondents. She seems extremely anxious to sought it amongst the lowest of people, and the impress her husband with an exalted idea of silliest of women; and was never so well pleased the honours and distinction with which she while he insulted them. His character seems to

with any companions as those that worshipped him, was everywhere received ; and really seems

me a parallel with that of Caligula ; and had he more elated and surprised than we should had the same power, he would have made the same have expected the daughter of an English use of it. That Emperor erected a temple to him. Duke to be, with the aitentions that were self, where he was his own high-priest, preferred shown her by the noblesse of Venice, in par- fessed enmity to the human race, and at last lost

his horse 10 the highest honours in the siate, pro. ticular. From this correspondence we are his life by a nasty jest on ne of his inferiors, not tempted to make any extract.

which I dare swear Swift would have made in his

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