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manner.' Following him into the farm, we soon seeking, in vain, the wholesome exercise of a arrived at the skirts of a beautiful wood, cut into strong mind, in desultory reading or conbarricadoed with a moveable bar, about three fees temptible dissipation. His Letters, however, high, fastened with a padlock. * Come,' said he, are delightful; and we are extremely obliged searching in his pocket, it is not worth our while to Mr. Hardy, for having favoured us with so to wait for the key; you, I am sure, can leap as well many of them. It is so seldom that the pure, as I can, and this bar shall not stop me.' So saying, animated, and unrestrained language of polite he ran at the bar, and fairly jumped over ii, while conversation, can be found in a printed book, we followed him with amazement, though not with that we cannot resist the temptation of tranout delight, to see the philosopher likely to become our play-fellow."'-pp. 32, 33.
scribing a considerable part of the specimens In Paris, I have frequently met him in company before us; which, while they exemplify, in with ladies, and have been as often astonished at the happiest manner, the perfect style of a the politeness, the gallantry, and sprightliness of gentleman, serve to illustrate, for more rehis behaviour. In a word, the most accomplished, Hecting readers, the various sacrifices that are have been more amusing, from the liveliness of his generally required for the formation of the chat, nor could have been more inexhaustible in envied character to which that style belongs. that sort of discourse which is best suited 10 women, A very interesting essay might be written on than this venerable philosopher of seventy years the unhappiness of those from whom nature old. But at this we shall not be surprised, when and fortune seem to have removed all the we reflect, that the profound author of L'Esprit des Loix was also author of the Persian, Letters, and of that no better assortment of proofs ard illus
causes of unhappiness :--and we are sure the truly gallant Temple de Gnide.”—p. 36.
trations could be annexed to such an essay, The following opinion, from such a quarter, ihan some of the following passages. might have been expected to have produced more effect than it seems to have done, on so “I have been but once at the club since you left warm an admirer as Lord Charlemont:- England ; where we were entertained, as usual, by
Dr. Goldsmith's absurdity. Mr. V. can give you “In the course of our conversations, Ireland, and
an account of it. Sir Joshua intends painting your its interests, have often been the topic; and, upon picture over again ; so you may set your heart at these occasions, I have always found him an advo.
rest for some time: it is true, it will last so much cate for an incorporating Union between that coun- the longer; but then you may wait these ten years try and England. • Were I an Irishman,' said he, for it. Elmsly gave me a commission from you * 1 should certainly wish for it; and, as a general about Mr. Walpole's frames for prints, wbich is lover of liberty, I sincerely desire it; and for this perfectly unintelligible : I wish you would explain plain reason, that an inferior country, connecied it, and it shall be punctually executed. The Duke with one much her superior in force, can never be of Northumberland has promised me a pair of his certain of the permaneni enjoyment of constitutional new pheasants for you ; but you must wait till all freedom, unless she has, by her representatives, a the crowned heads in Europe have been served first. proportional share in the legislature of the superior I have been at the review at Portsmouth. If you kingdom.'"- Ibid.
had seen it, you would have owned, that it is a Of Lord Charlemont's English friends and pleasant thing to be a King. It is true, made
-, who furnished the first associates, none is represented, perhaps, in a job of the claret to
tables with vinegar, under that denomination. more lively and pleasing colours than Topham Charles Fox said, ihat Lord S-wich should have Beauclerk; to the graces of whose conversa- been impeached! What an abominable world do tion even the fastidious Dr. Johnson has borne we live in! that there should not be above half a such powerful testimony. Lord Charlemont, dozen honest men in the world, and that one of and, indeed, all who have occasion to speak those should live in Ireland. You will, perhaps, of him, represent him as more accomplished allot to your country: but a sixth part is as much and agreeable in society, than any man of his as comes to its share ; and, for any ihing I know to age-of exquisite taste, perfect good-breeding, the contrary, the other five may be in Ireland 100; and unblemished integrity and honour. Un- for I am sure I do noi know where else to find them. disturbed, too, by ambition, or political ani
“ I am rejoiced to find by your letter than Lady mosities, and at his ease with regard to for- C. is as you wish. I have yet remaining so much
benevolence towards mankind, as to wish that there tune, he might appear to be placed at the very may be a son of your's, educated by you, as a specisummit of human felicity, and to exemplify men of what mankind ought to be. Goldsmith, the that fortunate lot to which common destinies other day, put a paragraph into the newspapers, in afford such various exceptions.
praise of Lord Mayor Townshend. The same night But there is no such lot. This happy man, Drury Lane. I mentioned the circumstance of
we happened to sit next to Lord Shelburne, at so universally acceptable, and with such re, the paragraph to him. He said to Goldsmith, that sources in himself, was devoured by ennui! he hoped that he had mentioned nothing about and probably envied, with good reason, the Malagrida in it. 'Do you know,' answered Goldcondition of one half of those laborious and smith, that I never could conceive the reason why discontented beings who looked up to him they call you Malagrida ; for Malagrida was a very with envy and admiration. He was querulous, good sort of man. You see plainly what he meant Lord Charlemont assures us—indifferent, and liar to himself. Mr. Walpole says, that this story internally contemptuous to the greater part of is a picture of Goldsmith's whole life. Johnson the world ;-and, like so many other accom- has been confined for some weeks in the Isle of plished persons, upon whom the want of em-Skve. We hear thai he was obliged to swim over ployment has imposed the heavy task of self- to the main land, taking hold of a cow's tail. Be occupation, he passed his life in a languid that as it may, Lady Di. has promised to make a and unsatisfactory manner; absorbed some decay ; unless you come and relieve it, it will cer
Our poor club is in a miserable times.in play, and sometimes in study; and tainly expire. Would you imagine, that Sir Joshna
Reynolds is extremely anxious to be a member of | Rockingham, upon the warm recommendation of Almack's ? You see what noble ambition will many friends, had appointed Burke his secretary, make a man attempt
. That den is not yet opened, the Duke of Newcastle informed him, that he had consequently I have not been there ; 'so, for the unwarily taken into his service a man of dangerous preseni, I am clear upon that score. I suppose principles, and one who was by birth and education your confounded Irish politics take up your whole a papist and a jacobile; a calumny founded upon attention at present; but we cannot do without Burke's Irish connections, which were most of you. If you do not come here, I will bring all the them of that persuasion, and upon some juvenile club over to Ireland, to live with you, and ihat will follies arising from those connections. The Mar. drive you here in your own defence. Johnson shall quis, whose genuine Whiggism was easily alarmed, spoil your books, Goldsmith pull your flowers, and immediately sent for Burke, and told him what he Boswell talk to you. Stay then if you can. Adieu, had heard.' It was easy for Burke, who had been my dear Lord.”—pp. 176, 177, 178.
educated at the university at Dublin, to bring testi. " I saw a letter from Foole, the other day, with monies to his protestantism ; and with regard to the an account of an Irish tragedy. The subject is second accusation, which was wholly founded on Manlius; and the last speech which he makes, the former, it was soon done away; and Lord when he is pushed off from the Tarpeian Rock, is, Rockingham, readily and willingly disabused, de
Sweet Jesus, where am I going ? Pray send me clared that he was perfectly satisfied of the false. word if this is true. We have a new comedy here, hood of the information he had received, and that which is good for nothing: Bad as it is, however, he no longer harboured the smallest doubt of the it succeeds very well, and has almost killed Gold. integrity of his principles; when Burke, with an smith with envy. I have no news, either literary honest and disinterested boldness, told his Lordship or political, to send you. Every body, except my: that it was now no longer possible for him to be his self, and about a million of vulgars, are in the secretary ; that the reports he had heard would country. I am closely confined, as Lady Di. expects probably, even unknown to himself, create in his to be so every hour."-p. 178.
mind such suspicions, as might prevent his tho• Why should you be vexed to find that mankind roughly confiding in him ; and thai no earıhly conare fools and knaves? I have known it so long, sideration should induce him to stand in that relathat every fresh instance of it amuses me, provided tion with a man who did not place entire confidence it does not immediately affect my friends or myself. in him. The Marquis, struck with this manliness Politicians do not seem to me to be much greater of sentiment, which so exactly corresponded with rogues than other people ; and as their actions the feelings of his own heart, frankly and positively affect, in general, private persons less than other assured him, that what had passed, far from leaving kinds of villany do, I cannot find that I am so an. any bad impression on his mind, had only served gry with them. It is true, that the leading men into fortify his good opinion ; and that, i Trom no both countries at present, are, I believe, ihe most other reason, he might rest assured, ihat froin his corrupt, abandoned people in the nation. But now conduct upon that occasion alone, he should ever that I am upon this worthy subject of human na. esteem, and place in him the most unreserved conture, I will inform you of a few particulars relating fidential trusi-a promise which he faithfully per. to the discovery of Otaheite."-p. 180.
formed. It must, however, be confessed, that his “There is another curiosity here, -Mr. Bruce. early habits and connections, though they could His drawings are the most beautiful things you ever never make him swerve from his duty, had given saw, and his adventures more wonderful than those his mind an almost constitutional bent towards the of Sinbad the sailor.-and, perhaps, nearly as true. popish party. Prudence is, indeed, the only virtue I am much more afflicted wiih the account you send he does not possess; from a total want of which, me of your health, than I am at the corruption of and from the amiable weaknesses of an excellent your ministers. I always hated politics; and I now heart, his estimation in England, though still great, hate them ten times worse; as I have reason to is certainly diminished."-pp. 343, 344. think that they contribute towards your ill health. You do me great justice in thinking, that whatever
We have hitherto kept Mr. Hardy himself concerns you, must interest me; but as I wish you so much in the back ground, that we think it most sincerely to be perfectly happy, I cannot bear is but fair to lay before the reader the sequel to think that the villanous proceedings of others which he has furnished to the preceding notice should make you miserable : for, in that case, un. of Lord Charlemont. The passage is perfectly doubtedly you will never be happy. Charles Fox characteristic of the ordinary colloquial style is a member at the Turk's Head; but not till he was a patriot; and you know, if one repenis, &c. of the book, and of the temper of the author. There is nothing new, but Goldsmith's Retaliation, which you certainly have seen. Pray tell Lady though slight, may be here added. Burke's dis
“ Thus far Lord Charlemont. Something, Charlemont, from me, that I desire she may keep union, and final rupture with Mr. Fox, were at. you from politics, as they do children from sweet- tended with circumstances so distressing, so far meals, that make ihem sick."--pp. 181, 182.
surpassing the ordinary limits of political hostility, We look upon these extracts as very inter- that the mind really aches at the recollection of esting and valuable; but they have turned them. But let us view him, for an instant, in better out to be so long, that we must cut short this able, of pleasing access, and most agreeably com
scenes, and better hours. He was social, hospit. branch of the history. We must add, how- municative. One of the most satisfactory days, ever, a part of Lord Charlemont's account of perhaps, that I ever passed in my life. was going Mr Burke, with whom he lived in habits of with him, tête-à-tête, from London to Beconsfield. the closest intimacy, and continual corres. He stopped a Uxbridge, whilst his horses were pondence, till his extraordinary breach with of I know not what militia, who appeared to be
feeding; and, happening to meet some gentlemen, his former political associates in 1792. Mr, perfect strangers to him, he entered into discourse Hardy does not exactly know at what period with them at the gateway of the inn. His conver, the following paper, which was found in Lord sation, at that moment, completely exemplified Charlemont's handwriting, was written.
what Johnson said of him-That you could not
meet Burke for half an hour under a shed, without “ This most amiable and ingenious man was saying that he was an extraordinary man.' He private secretary to Lord Rockingham. It may not was, on that day, altogether, uncommonly instruc. be superfluous io relate the following anecdote, the tive and agreeable. Every object of the slightest truth of which I can assert, and which does honour notoriety, as we passed along, whether of natural to him and his truly noble patron. Soon after Lord or local history, furnished him with abundant ma. terials for conversation. The House at Uxbridge, I in this crisis. The volunteers were irresistible, where the treaty was held during Charles the First's while they asked only for their country what time; the beautiful and undulating grounds of Bul. Tall the world saw she was entitled to: But strode, formerly the residence of Chancellor Jeffe. ries; and Waller's tomb in Beconsfield church they became impotent the moment they deyard, which, before we went home, we visited, and manded more. They were deserted, ai that whose character, as a gentleman, a poet, and an moment, by all the talent and the respeei. orator, he shorily delineated, but with exquisite ability which had given them, for a time, the felicity of genius, altogether gave an uncommon absolute dominion of the country. The coninterest to his eloquence; and, although one-and. cession of their just rights operated like a twenty years have now passed since that day, I retain the inost vivid and pleasing recollection of it. talisman in separating the patriotic from the He reviewed the characters of many statesmen.
factious: And when the latter afterwards alLord Bath’s. whom, I think, he personally knew, tempted to invade the lofty regions of legitiand that of Sir Robert Walpole, which he pour mate government, they were smitten with intrayed in nearly the same words which he used stantaneous discord and confusion, and speedwith regard to that eminent man, in his appeal from the Old Whigs to the New. He talked much of ily dispersed and annihilated from ļhe face of the great Lord Chatham; and, amidst a variety of the land. These events are big with instrucparticulars concerning him and his family, stated, tion to the times that have come after; and ihat his sister, Mrs. Anne Pitt, used often, in her read an impressive lesson to those who have allercations with him, to say, "That he knew now to deal with discontents and conventions nothing whatever except Spenser's Fairy Queen: in the same country. * And,' continued Mr. Burke, no matter how that was said; but whoever relishes, and reads Spenser
But if it be certain that the salvation of Ireas he ought to be read, will have a strong hold of land was then owing to the mild, liberal, and the English language.' These were his exact enlightened councils of the Rockingham ad. words. "Of Mrs. Anne Pitt he said, that she had ministration as a body, it is delightful to see, the most agreeable and uncommon talents, and was, in some of the private letters which Mr. Hardy beyond all comparison, the most perfectly eloquent has printed in the volume before us, how corlamented that he did not put on paper a conversa: dially the sentiments professed by this mintion he had once with her; on what subject I forget. istry were adopted by the eminent men who T'he richness, variety, and solidity of her discourse, presided over its formation. There are letters absolutely astonished him. *
io Lord Charlemont, both from Lord Rocking.
ham himself, and from Mr. Fox, which would Certainly no nation ever obtained such a almost reconcile one to a belief in the possideliverance by such an instrument, and hurt bility of ministerial fairness and sincerity. itself so little by the use of it; and, if the We should like to give the whole of the in Irish Revolution of 1782 shows, that power here; but as our limits will not admit of that, and intimidation may be lawfully employed we must content ourselves with some extracts to enforce rights which have been refused to from Mr. Fox's first letter alter the new min. supplication and reason, it shows also the ex- istry was formed,—for the tone and style of treme danger of this method of redress, and which, we fear, few precedents have been the necessity there is for resorting to every left in the office of the Secretary of State. precaution in those cases where it has become “My dear Lord, If I had had occasion to write indispensable. Ireland was now saved from to you a month ago, I should have written with all the horrors of a civil war, only by two cir- great confidence that you would believe me perfectly cumstances;—the first, that the great military
sincere, and would receive any thing that came from force which accomplished the redress of her one who acted upon the same political principles. !
me with the partiality of an old acquaintance, and grievances, had not been originally raised or hope you will now consider me in the same' light; organised with any view to such an interfer- bui I own I write with much more diffidence, as i ence; and was chiefly guided, therefore, by am much more sure of your kindness to me per. men of loyal and moderate characters, who sonally, than of your inclination to listen wiih iahad taken up arms for no other purpose but State. The principal business of this levier is to the defence of their country against foreign inform you, that the Duke of Portland is appointed invasion :—The other, that the just and rea- Lord Lieutenant of Ireland,
and Colonel Fitzpatrick sonable demands to which these leaders ulti- his secretary; and, when I have said this. I need mately limited their pretensions, were address- not add, that I feel myself, on every private as well ed to a liberal and enlightened administration,
as public account, most peculiarly inierested in the -00 just to withhold, when in power, what and characters are not disagreeable to your Lord.
success of their administration. That their persons they had laboured to procure when in opposi- ship, I may venture to assure myself, without being tion,--and too magnanimous to dread the 100 sanguíne ; and I think myself equally certain, effect of conceding, even to armed petitioners, that there are not in the world two men whose what was clearly and indisputably their due general way of thinking upon political subjects is It was the moderation of their first demands, therefore, too much to desire and hope, that you
more exacıly consonani to your own. It is not, and the generous frankness with which they will at least look upon the administration of such were so promptly granted, that saved Ireland men with rather a more favourable eye, and ineline
to trust them rather more than you could do most I here omit the long abstract which originally of those who have been their predecessors."followed, of the Irish parliament and public history, “The particular time of year at which this change from 1750 to the period of the Union, together with happens, is productive of many great inconveniences, all the details of the great Volunteer Association in especially as it will be very difficult for the Duke 1780, and its fortunate dissolution in 1782—10 which of Portland to be at Dublin before your Parliament remarkable event the paragraph which now follows meets; but I cannot help hoping that all reasonable in the text refers.
men will concur in removing some of these diffi
culies, and that a short adjournment will not be readers one or two specimens of his gift of denied, if asked. I do not throw out this as know. drawing characters, in the exercise of which ing from any authority that it will
be proposed, but he generally rises 10 a sort of quaint and 10 show that I wish 10 talk with you, and consult brilliant conciseness, and displays a degree with you in the same frank manner in which I of acuteness and fine observation that are not should have done before I was in this situation, so to be found in the other parts of his writing. very new to me. I have been used to think ill of His greatest fault is, that he does not abuse all ihe ministers whom I did know, and to suspect any body,—even where the dignity of history, Those whom I did not, that when I am obliged to and of virtue, call loudly for such an infliction. a very suspicious character; but I do assure you I Yet there is something in the tone of all his am the very same man, in all respects, that I was delineations, that satisfies us that there is nowhen you knew me, and honoured me with some thing worse than extreme good nature at the share in your esteem-that I maintain the same bottom of his forbearance. Of Philip Tisdal, opivions, and act with the same people.
who was Attorney-general when Lord Charle“Pray make my best compliments to Mr. Grai. tan, and tell him, ihat the Duke of Portland and mont first came into Parliament, he says: Fizparrick are shoroughly impressed with the im
“He had an admirable and most superior under. portance of his approba ion, and will do all they can to deserve it. i do most sincerely hope, that he standing; an understanding natured by years-by may hit upon some line that may be drawn honour, from his youth-with the bar, with Parliameni,
long experience-by babits with the best company ably and advantageously for both countries; and thai, when that is done, he will show the world that with the State. To this strength of imellect was there may be a government in Ireland, of which he never suffered him to be carried away by attach
added a constitutional philosophy, or apaihy, which is not ashamed io make a part. That country can never prosper, where, what should be the ambition and things so clearly; he understood so well the
ment to any pariy, even his own. He saw men of men of houour, is considered as a disgrace."
whole farce and fallacy of life, that it passed before pp. 217-219.
him like a scenic representation; and, ull almost The following letter from Mr. Burke in the the close of his days, he went through the world
with a constant sunshine of soul, and an inexorable end of 1789, will be read with more interest, gravity of feature. His countenance was never gay, when it is recollected that he published his and his mind was never gloomy. He was an able celebrated Reflections on the French Revolu- speaker, as well at the bar as in the flouse of Comtion, but a few months after.
mous, though his diction was very indifferent. He
did not speak so much at length as many of his par. · My dearest Lord, I think your Lordship has liamentary coadjutors, though he knew the whole acied with your usual zeal and judgment in estab. of the subject much better than they did. He was lishing a Whig club in Dublin. These meetings not only a good speaker in Parliament, but an ex. prevent the evaporation of principle in individuals, cellent manager of the House of Commons. He and give them joint force, and enliven their exer
never said 100 much: and he had great merit in tions by emulation. You see the matter in its true what he did not say; for Government was never light; and with your usual discernment. Party is committed by him. He plunged into no difficulty; absolutely necessary at this time. I thought it al.
nor did he ever suffer his antagonist to escape from ways so in this country, ever since I have had any one.”—pp. 78, 79. thing 10 do in public business; and I rather fear, thai there is noi virtue enough in this period to sup. Of Hussey Burgh, afterwards Lord Chief port party, than that party should become necessa: Baron, he observes :ry, on account of the want of virtue to support itself by individual exertions. As to us here, our thoughts “To those who never heard him, as the fashion of of every thing at home are suspended by our as. this world in eloquence as in all things soon passes tonishinent at the wonderful spectacle which is ex. away, it may be no easy matter to convey a just hibited in a neighbouring and rival country. What idea of his siyle of speaking. It was sustained by spectators, and what actors ! England gazing with great ingenuity, great rapidity of intellect, luminous astonishment at a French struggle for liberty, and and piercing satire ; in refinement abundant, in sim. not knowing whether to blame, or to applaud. The plicity storile. The classical allusions of this orator, thing, indeed, though I thought I saw something for he was most truly one, were so apposite, they like it in progress for several years, has still some followed each other in such bright and varied suc. what in it paradoxical and mysterious. The spirit cession, and, at times, spread such an unexpected it is impossible not to admire; but the old Parisian and triumphant blaze around his subject, that all ferocity has broken out in a shocking manner. It persons who were in the least tinged with literais true, that this may be no more than a sudden ex. iure, could never be tired of listening to him; and plosion ; if so, no indication can be taken from it ; when in the splendid days of the Volunteer Assobut if it should be character, rather than accident, ciation, alluding to some coercive English laws, then that people are not fit for liberty-and must and to that institution, then in its proudest array, have a strong hand, like that of their former mas he said, in the House of Commons, “That such ters, to coerce them. Men must have a certain laws were sown like dragons' teeth, -and sprung fund of natural moderation to qualify them for free. up in armed men,' the applause which followed, dom; else it becomes noxious to themselves, and a and the glow of enthusiasm which he kindled in perfect nuisance 10 every body else. What will be every mind, far exceed my powers of description.” ihe event, it is hard, I think, still 19 say. To form -pp. 140, 141. a solid constitution, requires wisdom as well as spirit; and whether the French have wise heads Of Gerard Hamilton, he gives us the folamong them, or, if they possess such, whether they lowing characteristic anecdotes. have authority equal to iheir wisdom, is yet to be seen. In the mean time, the progreas of this whole " The uncommon splendour of his eloquence, affair is one of the most curious matters of specula- which was succeeded by such inflexible taciturnity tion that ever was exhibited.”—pp. 321, 322. in St. Stephen's Chapel, became the subject, as We should now take our leave of Mr. Hardy; | The truth is, that all his speeches, whether delivered
might be supposed, of much, and idle speculation. —and yet it would not be fair to dismiss him in London or Dublin, were not only prepared, but from the scene entirely, without giving our studied, with a minuteness and exactitude, of which
those who are only used 10 the carelessness of mont, in relation to that parliamentary grant, modern debating, can scarcely form any idea. Lord by which an honour was conferred on an isCharlemont, who had been long and intimately ac- dividual patriot, without place or official situsland, often mentioned that he was the only speaker, tion of any kind, and merely for his persona! among the many he had heard, of whom he could merits and exertions, which has in other cases say, with certainty, that all his speeches, however been held to be the particular and appropria:e long, were written and got by heart. A gentleman, reward of triumphant generals aud commandwell known to his Lordship and Hamilion. assured
When the mild and equable tempera. him, that he heard Hamilton repeat, no less than ment of Lord Charlemont's mind is recol. three times, an oration, which he afterwards spoke in the House of Commons, and which lasted almost lected, as well as the caution with which all three hours. As a debaier, therefore, he became his opinions were expressed, we do not know as useless 10 his political patrons as Addison was 10 that a wise ambition would wish for a proude: Lord Sunderland; and, if possible, he was more or more honourable testimony than is cocscrupulous in composition than even that eminent tained in the following short sentences.
Addison would stop the press 10 correct the most trivial error in a large publication ; and Ham. "Respecting the grant, I know with certainty ilion, as I can assert on indubitable authority, that Grattan, though he felt himself flatered by would recall the footman, if, on recollection, any the intention, looked upon the act with the deepes word, in his opinion, was misplaced or improper, in concern, and did all in his power to deprecale r. ihe slightest note io a familiar acquainiance."
As it was found impossible to defeat the design, al
pp. 60, 61. his friends, and I among others, were employed to No name is mentioned in these pages with lessen the sum. It was accordingly decreased by higher or more uniform applause, than that one half, and that principally by his positive decis.
ration, through us, that, if the whole were insised of Henry Grattan. But that distinguished on, he would refuse all but a few hundreds, what person still lives: and Mr. Hardy's delicacy he would retain as an honourable mark of the goodhas prevented him from attempting any de- ' ness of his country. By some, who look ons inte lineation, either of his character or his elo- themselves for information concerning human na. quence. We respect his forbearance, and ture, this conduct will probably be construed into shall follow his example:-Yet we cannot hypocrisy:: To such, the excellence and pre-em
nency of virtue, and the characıer of Gratian, are deny ourselves the gratification of extracting as invisible and incomprehensibe, as the brightness one sentence from a letter of Lord Charle- of the sun to a man born blind."--p. 237.
(September, 1816.) An Inquiry whether Crime and Misery are produced or prevented by our present System of Prison
Discipline. Illustrated by Descriptions of the Borough Compter, Tothill Fields Prison, the Jail at St. Albans, the Jail al Guildford, the Jail at Bristol, the Jails at Bury and Ilchester, the Maison de Force at Ghent, the Philadelphia Prison, the Penitentiary at Millbank, and the Proceedings of the Ladies' Committee at Newgate. By Thomas FoWELL Buxton. 8vo. p. 171. London : 1818.
There are two classes of subjects which But what we mean is, that they are not its naturally engage the attention of public men, natural occasions, and do not belong to those and divide the interest which society takes in topics, or refer to those principles, in relation their proceedings. The one may, in a wide to which the great Parties of a free country sense, be called Party Politics—the other necessarily arise. One great part of a states. Civil or Domestic Administration. To the man's business may thus be considered as former belong all questions touching political Polemic-and another as Deliberative; his rights and franchises—the principles of the main object in the first being to discomfit and Constitution—the fitness or unfitness of min- expose his opponents—and, in the second, to isters, and the interest and honour of the discover the best means of carrying into effect country, as it may be affected by its conduct ends which all agree to be desirable. and relations to foreign powers, either in peace Judging à priori of the relative importance or war. The latter comprehends most of the or agreeableness of these two occupations, branches of political economy and statistics, ' we should certainly be apt to think that the and all the ordinary legislation of internal latter was by far the most attractive and compolice and regulation; and, besides the two fortable in itself, as well as the most likely great heads of Trade and Taxation, embraces to be popular with the community. The fact, the improvements of the civil Code—the care however, happens to be otherwise : For such of the Poor—the interests of Education, Re- is the excitement of a public contest for inticligion, and Morality-and the protection of ence and power, and so great the prize to be Prisoners, Lunatics, and others who cannot won in those honourable lists, that the highest claim protection for themselves. This dis- talents are all put in requisition for that de tinction, we confess, is but coarsely drawn partment, and all their force and splendour --since every one of the things we have reserved for the struggle: And indeed, whea last enumerated may, in certain circumstan- we consider that the object of this struggle is ces, be made an occasion of party contention., nothing less than to put the whole power of