« PreviousContinue »
circumstances, we really are not aware either ready to run back naked 10 the deserts, as on the how he could have lived more for himself, or Mediterranean coast of Africa. These, tell him, less for others, than he had been all along are the grand scenes for the true philosopher, for
The doing. But we leave now the painful task of Tour of Europe is like the entertainment that Plucommenting upon this book, as a memorial tarch speaks of, which Pompey's host of Epirus of his character; and gladly turn to those parts gave him. There were many dishes, and they had of it, from which our readers may
a seeming variely; but when he came to examine unmingled amusement.
them narrowly, he found them all made out of one The wit which it contains is generally strong bog, and indeed nothing but pork ditieren:ly dis
guised. and coarse, with a certain mixture of profanity
“Indeed I perfectly agree with you, that a scholar which does not always seem to consort well by profession, who knows how to employ his time with the episcopal character. There are some in his study, for the benefit of mankind, would be allusions to the Lady of Babylon, which we more than fantastical, he would be mad, to go, ramdare not quote in our Presbyterian pages. The bling round Europe, though his fortune would per
mit him. For to travel with profit, must be when reader, however, may take the following:
his faculties are at the height, his studies matured,
But to “Poor Job! It was his eternal fate to be perse- and all his reading fresh in his head. cuted by his friends. His three comforters passed waste a considerable space of time, at such a period sentence of condemnation upon him; and he has of life, is worse than suicide. Yet, for all this, the been executing in effigie ever since. He was first knowledge of human nature (the only knowledge, bound to the stake by a long catena of Greek in the largest sense of it, worth a wise man's conFathers; then tortured by Pineda! then strangled cern or care) can never be well acquired without by Caryl; and afterwards cut up by Westley, and seeing it under all its dieguises and distortions, arianatomised by Garnet. Pray don't reckon me
sing from absurd governmenis and monstrous reli. amongst bis hangmen. I only acted the tender gions, in every quarter of the globe. Therefore, I part of his wife, and was for making short work with think a collection of the best voyages no despicable him! But he was ordained, I think, by a faie like part of a philosopher's library. Perhaps there will that of Prometheus, to lie still upon his dunghill, be found more dross in this sort of literature, even and have his brains sucked out by owls. One
when selected most carefully, ihan in any other. Hodges, a head of Oxford, now threatens us with a But no matter for that; such a collection will connew Aulo de Fe."-p. 22.
tain a great and solid treasure.':-pp. 111, 112. We have already quoted one assimilation These, we think, are favourable specimens of the Church to the Ark of Noah. This idea of wit, and of power of writing. The bad is pursued in the following passage, which jokes, however, rather preponderate. There is perfectly characteristic of the force, the is one brought in, with much formality, about vulgarity, and the mannerism of Warburton's his suspicions of the dunces having stolen the writing:
lead off the roof of his coachhouse; and two “ You mention Noah's Ark. I have really for: to have no pretensions to pleasantry—but
or three absurd little anecdotes, which seemi got what I said of it. But I suppose I compared ihe Church to it, as many a grave divine has done that they are narratives, and have no serious before me.-The rabbins make the giant Gog or meaning. Magog contemporary wish Noah, and convinced by To pass from wit, however, to more serious his preaching ; so that he was disposed to take the matters, we find, in this volume, some very benefit of the ark. But here lay the distress; it by striking proofs of the extent and diligence of no means suited his dimensions. Therefore, as he could
not enter in, he contented himself to ride this author's miscellaneous reading, particuupon it astride.
And though you must suppose larly in the lists and characters of the authors that, in that stormy weather, he was more than to whom he refers his friend as authorities half-boots over, he kept his seat and dismounted for a history of the English constitution. In safely, when the ark landed on Monnt Ararat: - this part of his dialogues, indeed, it appears Image now to yourself ihis illustrious Cavalier that Hurd has derived the whole of his learnmounted on his hackney: and see if it does not bring before you the Church, bestrid by some lumpishi ing, and most of his opinions, from Warburton. minister of state, who turns and winds it at his The following remarks on the continuation of pleasure. The only difference is, that Gog believed Clarendon's History are good and liberal:ihe preacher of righteousness and religion."
Besides that business, and age, and misfortunes
had perhaps sunk his spirit, the Continuation is not The following is in a broader and more am
so properly the history of the first six years of bitious style,-yet still peculiar and forcible. Charles the Second, as an anxious apology for the After recommending a tour round St. James' share himself had in the administration. This has Park, as far more instructive than the grand hurt the composition in several respects. Amongst tour, he proceeds
others, he could not, with decency, allow his pen
that scope in his delineation of the chief characiers “This is enough for any one who only wants to of the court, who were all his personal enemies, as study men for his lise. But if our aspiring friend he had done in that of the enemies to the King and would go higher, and study human nature, in and monarchy in the grand rebellion. The ondeavour to for itself, he must take a much larger tour than that keep up a show of candour, and especially to preof Europe. He must first go and catch her un- vent the appearance of a rancorous reseniment, has dressed, nay, quite naked, in Norih America, and deadened his colouring very much, besides that it at the Cape of Good Hope. He may then examine made him sparing in the use of it; else, his inimit. how she appears cramped, contracted, and buttoned able pencil had allempied, at least, lo do justice to close up in the straight tunic of law and custom, as Bennet, 10 Berkley, io Coventry, to the nighily in China and Japan ; or spread out, and enlarged cabal of facelious memory, to the Lady, and, if his above her common size, in the long and flowing excessive loyalty had not intervened to his in. robe of enthusiasm amongst the Arabs and Sara- famous masier himself. With all this, I am apt to cens; or, lastly, as she flutters in the old rags of think there may still be something in what I said worn-out policy and civil government, and almost of the nature of the subject. Exquisite virtue and
pp. 87, 88.
enormous vice afford a fine field for the historian’s | memory, we think it our duty to lay one of genius. And hence Livy and Tacitus are, in their them at least before our readers. Warburton way, perhaps equally entertaining. But the little had slipped in his garden, and hurt his arm; feating this or that measure, about displacing this whereupon thus inditeth the obsequious Dr. and bringing in that minister, which interest no.
Hurd :body very much but the parties concerned, can hardly be made very striking by any ability of the
"I thank God that I can now, with some assur. relator. If Cardinal de Reiz has succeeded, his ance, congratulate with myself on the prospect of scene was busier, and of a another nature from your Lordship's safe and speedy recovery from that of Lord Clarendon."-p. 217.
your sad disaster..
Mrs. Warburton's last letter was a cordial to His account of Tillotson seems also to be me; and, as the ceasing of intense pain, so this fair and judicious.
abatement of the fears I have been tormented with
for three or four days past, gives a certain alaenty "As to the Archbishop, he was certainly a virtu. to my spirits, of which your Lordship may look to ous, pious, humane, and moderate man; which last feel ihe effecis, in a long letter! quality was a kind of rarity in those times. I think And now, supposing, as I trust I may do, that the sermons published in his lifetime, are fine your Lordship will be in no great pain when you moral discourses. They hear, indeed, the charac. receive this letter, I am tempied to begin, as friends ter of their author,--simple, elegant, candid. clear, usually do when such accidents befal, with my and rational. No orator, in the Greek and Roman reprehensions, rather than condolence. I have otien sense of the word, like Taylor; nor a discourser, wondered why your Lordship should not use a cane in their sense, like Barrow ;-free from their ir- in your walks! which might haply have prevented regularities, but not able to reach their heights; on this misfortune! especially considering ihat Heawhich account, I prefer them infinitely to him. ven, I suppose the better io keep its sons in some You cannot sleep with Taylor; you cannot forbear sort of equality, has thought filio make your oulthinking with Barrow; but you may be much at ward sight by many degrees less perfect ihan your your ease in the midst of a long lecture from Til. inward. Even I, a young and stout son of the loison, clear, and rational, and equable as he is. church, rarely trust my firm steps into my garden, Perhaps the last quality may account for it." without some support of this kind! How improvi.
pp. 93, 94.
dent, then, was it in a father of the church to comThe following observations on the conduet
mit his unsteadfast footing to this hazard!”' &c. of the comic drama were thrown out for Mr. Hurd's use, while composing his treatise. We
There are many pages written with the think they deserve to be quoted, for their same vigour of sentiment and expression, and clearness and justness :
in the same tone of manly independence.
We have little more to say of this curious “ As those intricate Spanish plois have been in volume. Like all Warburton's writings, it use, and have taken both with us and some French bears marks of a powerful understanding and writers for the stage, and have much hindered ihe main end of Comedy, would it not be worth while an active fancy. As a memorial of his perto give them a word, as it would tend to the further sonal character, it must be allowed to be at illustration of your subject? On which you might least faithful and impartial; for it makes us observe, that when these unnatural plots are used, acquainted with his faults at least, as distinctthe mind is not only entirely drawn off from the ly as with his excellences; and gives, indeed. characters by those surprising turns and revolu: the most conspicuous place to the former. It being called out and displaying themselves; for the has few of the charms, however, of a collecactors of all characters succeed and are embarrassed tion of letters ;--no anecdotes-no traits of alike, when the instruments for carrying on designs simplicity or artless affection ;-noihing of are only perplexed apartments, dark entries, dis. the softness, grace, or negligence of Cowper's plot is
, and must indeed be carried on by deceit. the elegant prattlement of Pope's or Lady guised habils, and ladders of ropes. The comic correspondence—and little of the lightness or The Spanish scene does it by deceiving the man through his senses ;-Terence and Moliere, by de Mary Wortley's. The writers always appear ceiving him through his passions and affections. busy, and even laborious persons,--and perAnd this is the right way; for the characier is not sons who hate many people, and despise many called out under the first species of deceit:-under more. But they neither appear very happy, the second, the character does all.”—p. 57.
nor very amiable; and, at the end of the There are a few of Bishop Hurd's own let- book, have excited no other interest in the ters in this collection; and as we suppose they reader, than as the authors of their respective were selected with a view to do honour to his publications.
( Nove in ber, 1811.) Memoirs of the Political and Private Life of James Caulfield, Earl of Charlemont, Knight of
St. Patrick, &c. &c. By FRANCIS Hardy, Esq., Member of the House of Commons in the three last Parliaments of Ireland. 410. pp. 426. London: 1810.*
This is the life of a Gentleman, written by with anxious and uninteresting details, and, a Gentleman,-and, considering the tenor of at another, omitting even such general and many of our late biographies, this of itself is summary notices of the progress of events as no slight recommendation. But it is, more- are necessary to connect his occasional narraover, the life of one who stood foremost in tives and reflections. the political history of Ireland for fifty years The most conspicuous and extraordinary preceding her Union,--that is, for the whole of his irregularities, however, is that of his period during which Ireland had a history or style ;-which touches upon all the extremes politics of her own—written by one who was of composition, almost in every page, or every a witness and a sharer in the scene,-a man paragraph ;-or rather, is entirely made up of of fair talents and liberal views;-and distin- those extremes, without ever resting for an guished, beyond all writers on recent politics instant in a medium, or affording any pause that we have yet met with, for the handsome for softening the effects of its contrasts and and indulgent terms in which he speaks of transitions. Sometimes, and indeed most frehis political opponents. The work is enliven- quently, it is familiar, loose, and colloquial, ed, too, with various anecdotes and fragments beyond the common pitch of serious converof the correspondence of persons eminent for sation; at other times by far too figurative, talents, learning, and political services in both rhetorical, and ambitious, for the sober toné countries; and with a great number of char- of history. The whole work indeed bears acters, sketched with a very powerful, though more resemblance to the animated and versomewhat too favourable hand, of almost all satile talk of a man of generous feelings and who distinguished themselves, during this mo- excitable imagination, than the mature promentous period, on the scene of Irish affairs. duction of an author who had diligently cor
From what we have now said, the reader rected his manuscript for the press, with the will conclude that we think very favourably fear of the public before his eyes. There is of this book : And we do think it both enter- a spirit about the work, however,-independtaining and instructive. But (for there is ent of the spirit of candour and indulgence of always a but in a Reviewer's praises) it has which we have already spoken-which realso its faults and imperfections; and these, deems many of its faults; and, looking upon alas! so great and so many, that it requires it in the light of a memoir by an intelligent all the good nature we can catch by sympathy contemporary, rather than a regular history or from the author, not to treat him now and profound dissertation, we think that its value then with a terrible and exemplary severity. will not be injured by a comparison with any He seems, in the first place, to have begun work of this description that has been recently and ended his book, without ever forming an offered to the public. idea of the distinction between private and The part of the work which relates to Lord public history; and sometimes tells us stories Charlemont individually, though by no about Lord Charlemont, and about people means the least interesting, at least in its adwho were merely among his accidental ac- juncts and digressions,-may be digested into quaintance, far too long to find a place even a short summary. He was born in Ireland in in a biographical memoir ;-and sometimes 1728; and received a private education, unenlarges upon matters of general history, with der á succession of preceptors, of various which Lord Charlemont has no other connec- merit and assiduity. In 1746 he went abroad, tion, than that they happened during his life, without having been either at a public school with a minuteness which would not be toler- or an university; and yet appears to have ated in a professed annalist. The biography been earlier distinguished, both for scholaragain is broken, not only by large patches of ship and polite manners, than most of the inhistorical matter, but by miscellaneous reflec- genuous youths that are turned out by these tions, and anecdotes of all manner of persons; celebrated seminaries. He remained on the while, in the historical part, he successively Continent no less than nine years; in the makes the most unreasonable presumptions course of which, he extended his travels to on the reader's knowledge, his ignorance, and Greece, Turkey, and Egypt; and formed an his curiosity, -overlaying him, at one time, intimate and friendly acquaintance with the
celebrateıl David Hume, whom he met both * I reprint only ihose paris of this paper which at Turin and Paris—the President Montesrelate to the personal history of Lord Charlemont, quieu--the Marchese Maffei--Cardinal Albani and some of his contemporaries : vith the excep: -Lord Rockingham—the Duc de Nivernoistion of one brief reference to the revolution of and various other eminent persons. He had 1782, which I retain chiefly to introduce a remarkable letter of Mr. Fox's on the formation rather a dislike to the French national characand principles of the new government, of that ter; though he admired their literature, and
the general politeness of their manners.
In 1755 he returned to his native country, which his youth had been delighted, an! at the age of twenty-eight; an object of in- those patriotic duties to which he had devoted terest and respect to all parties, and to all indi- his middle age. The sittings of the Irish viduals of consequence in the kingdom. His Academy, over which he presided from its intimacy with Lord John Cavendish naturally first foundation, were frequently held at Chardisposed him to be on a good footing with his lemont House ;—and he always extended the brother, who was then Lord Lieutenant; and most munificent patronage to the professors of " the outset of his politics," as he has himself art, and the kindest indulgence to youthsa! observed," gave reason to suppose that his talents of every description. His health had life would be much more courtly than it prov. declined gradually from about the year 1790; ed to be.” The first scene of profligacy and and he died in August 1799,-esteemed and court intrigue, however, which he witnessed, regretted by all who had had any opportunity determined him to act a more manly part of knowing him, in public or in private, as a " to be a Freeman," as Mr. Hardy says, " in friend or as an opponent.-Such is the sure the purest sense of the word, opposing the reward of honourable sentiments, and mild court or the people indiscriminately, when- and steady principles ! ever he saw them adopting erroneous or mis- To this branch of the history belongs a conchievous opinions." To this resolution, his siderable part of the anecdotes and characters biographer adds, that he had the virtue and with which the book is enlivened; and, in a firmness to adhere; and the consequence was, particular manner, those which Mr. Hardy that he was uniformly in opposition to the has given, in Lord Charlemont's own words, court for the long remainder of his life! from the private papers and memoirs which
Though very regular in his attendance on have been put into his hands. His Lordship the Irish Parliament, he always had a house in appears to have kept a sort of journal of every London, where he passed a good part of the thing interesting that befel him through life, winter, till 1773; when feelings of patriotism and especially during his long residence on and duty induced him to transfer his residence the Continent. From this document Mr. Haralmost entirely to Ireland. The polish of his dy has made copious extracts, in the earlier manners, however, and the kindness of his part of his narrative; and the general style of disposition,-his taste for literature and the them is undoubtedly very creditable to the arts, and the unsuspected purity and firmness noble author,-a little tedious, perhaps, now of his political principles, had before this time and then,-and generally a little too studiously secured him the friendship of almost all the and maturely composed, for the private medistinguished men who adorned England at moranda of a young man of talents ;-but this period. With Mr. Fox, Mrs. Burke, and always in the style and tone of a gentleman, Mr. Beauclerk - Sir Joshua Reynolds, Dr. and with a character of rationality, and calm Johnson, Sir William Chalmers—and many indulgent benevolence, that is infinitely more others of a similar character-he was always pleasing than sallies of sarcastic wit, or periods particularly intimate. During the Lieuten- of cold-blooded speculation. ancy of the Earl of Northumberland, in 1772,
One of the first characters that appears on he was, without any solicitation, advanced to the scene, is our excellent countryman, the the dignity of an Earl; and was very much celebrated David Hume, whom Lord Charledistinguished and consulted during the short mont first met with at Turin, in the year 1750: period of the Rockingham administration ;-1-and of whom he has given an account rather Though neither at that time, nor at any other, more entertaining, we believe, than accurate. invested with any official situation. In 1768, We have no doubt, however, that it records he married; and in 1780, he was chosen Gene- with perfect fidelity the impression which he ral of the Irish Volunteers, and conducted him then received from the appearance and conself in that delicate and most important com- versation of that distinguished philosopher. mand, with a degree of temper and judgment, But, with all our respect for Lord Charlemont, liberality and firmness, which we have no we cannot allow a young Irish Lord, on his doubt contributed, more than any thing else, first visit at a foreign court, to have been preboth to the efficacy and the safety of that most cisely the person most capable of appreciating perilous but necessary experiment. The rest the value of such a man as David Hume; of his history is soon told. He was the early and though there is a great fund of truth in patron and the constant friend of Mr. Grat- the following observations, we think they ilian; and was the means of introducing the lustrate the character and condition of the Single-Speech Hamilton to the acquaintance person who makes them, fully as much as of Mr. Burke. Though very early disposed to ihat of him to whom they are applied. relieve the Catholics from a part of their disabilities, he certainly was doubtful of the pru- unlike this real characier than David Hume. The
"Nature, I believe, never formed any man more dence, or propriety, of their more recent pre- powers of physiognomy were basħed by his countetensions. He was from first to last a zealous, nance; nor could the most skilful in that science, active, and temperate advocate for parlia- | pretend to discover the smallest trace of the facul. mentary reform. He was averse to the Legis- lies of his mind, in the unmeaning features of his lative Union with Great Britain. He was uni- visage. His face was broad and fat, his mouth formly steady to his principles, and faithful wide, and without any other expression than that to his friends'; and seems to have divided the of imbecility. His eyes, vacant and spiritless; and latter part of his life pretty equally between fired to communicate the idea of a turtle-eating al
the corpulence of his whole person was far better those elegant studies of literature and art by derman, than of a refined philosopher. His speech,
young, mose peoleren
, aniqnae competishemired of at Another of the eminent persons of whom
in English, was rendered ridiculous by the broadest l ' ever showed a mind more truly beneficent than Scotch accent; and his French was, it possible, Hume's whole conduct with regard to Rousseau. still more laughable ; so that wisdom, mosi certain. That story is 100 well known to be repeated; and ly, never disguised herself before in so uncouth a exbibits a striking picture of Hume's heart, whilst garb. Though now near fifty years old he was it displays the strange and unaccountable vanity and healthy and strong ; but his health and strength, madness of the French, or rather Swiss moralist. far from being advantageous to his figure, insiead When first they arrived together from France, hap. of manly comeliness, had only the appearance of pening to meei with Hume in the Park, I wished rusticity. His wearing an uniform added greatly him joy of his pleasing connection ; and particularly to his natural awkwardness ; for he wore it like a hinted, that I was convinced he must be perfectly grocer of the trained bands. Sinclair was a lieuien. happy in his new friend, as their religious opinions ant-general, and was sent to the courts of Vienna were, I believed, nearly similar. Why no, man,' and Turin as a military envoy, to see that their said he, ‘in that you are mistaken. Rousseau is quota of troops was furnished by the Austrians and not what you think him. He has a hankering atier Piedmontese. It was therefore thought necessary the Bible; and, indeed, is little better than a Chris. that his secretary should appear to be an officer; tian, in a way of his own!'"-p. 120. and Hume was accordingly disguised in scarlet. “In London, where he often did me the honour
“Having thus given an account of his exterior, it to communicate the manuscripts of his additional is but fair that I should state my good opinion of his Essays, before their publication, I have sometimes, character. Of all the philosophers of his sect, none, in the course of our intimacy, asked him, whether I believe, ever joined more real benevolence to its he thoughi that, if his opinions were universally to mischievous principles than my friend Hume. His take place, mankind would not be rendered more love to mankind was universal, and vehement; and unhappy than they now were; and whether he did there was no service he would not cheerfully have not suppose, that ihe curb of religion was necessary done to his fellow-creatures, excepting only ihat of to human nature? The objections,' answered he, suffering them to save their own souls in their own ' are not without weight; but error never can pro. way. He was lender-hearted, friendly, and char. duce good; and truth ought to take place of all con. itable in the extreme."--pp. 8, 9.
siderations. He never failed, indeed, in the midst
of His Lordship then tells a story in illustration thing tolerable that was either said or written
any controversy, lo give its due praise 10 every of the philosopher's benevolence, which we against him. His sceptical turn made him doubi, have no other reason for leaving out-but that and consequently dispute, every thing; yet was he we know it not to be true; and concludes a lit- a fair and pleasant disputant. He heard with patle dissertation on the pernicious effects of his tience, and answered without acrimony. Neither doctrines, with the following little anecdote; his more scrupulous companions. His good sense, of the authenticity of which also, we should and good nature, prevented his saying any thing entertain some doubts, did it not seem to have that was likely to shock ; and it was not till he was fallen within his own personal knowledge. provoked to argument, ihat, in mixed companies,
he entered into his favourite topics."-p. 123. professed himself the admirer a Turin, who only laughed at his passion. One day Lord Charlemont has recorded his impressions he addressed her in the usual common-place strain, in his own hand, was the celebrated Montesthat he was abimé, anéanti.- Oh! pour anéanti,' quieu; of whose acquaintance he says, and replied the lady, 'ce n'est en effet qu'une opération with some reason, he was more vain, than of très-naturelle de votre système.'”-p. 10.
having seen the pyramids of Egypt. He and The following passages are from a later part another English gentleman paid their first of the journal: but indicate the same turn of visit to him at his seat near Bourdeaux; and mind in the observer:
the following is the account of their introduc
tion:“Hume's fashion at Paris, when he was there as Secretary to Lord Heriford, was truly ridiculous; " The first appointment with a favourite mistress and nothing ever marked in a more striking man. I could not have rendered our night more restless ner, the whimsical genius of the French. No man, than this flattering invitation; and the next morning from his manners, was surely less formed for their we set out so early, that we arrived at his villa be. society, or less likely to meet with their approba. fore he was risen. The servant showed us into his rion ; but that flimsy, philosophy which pervades library; where the first object of curiosity that preand deadens even their most licentious novels, was sented itself was a table, at which he had apparently then the folly of the day. Freethinking and Eng. been reading the night before, a book lying upon lish frocks were the fashion, and the Anglomanie it open, turned down, and a lamp extinguished. was the ton du pais. From what has been already Eager to know the nocturnal studies of this great said of him, it is apparent that his conversation to philosopher, we immediately flew to the book. It strangers, and particularly to Frenchmen, could be was a volume of Ovid's Works, containing his little delightful; and still more particularly, one Elegies; and open at one of the most gallant poems would suppose to Frenchwomen. And yet, no of that master of love! Before we could overcome lady's toileite was complete without Hume's at. our surprise, it was greatly increased by the en. tendance! At the opera, his broad, unmeaning trance of the president, whose appearance and man: face was usually seen entre deux jolis minois. The ner was totally opposite to the idea which we had ladies in France give the ton, and the ton, at this formed to ourselves of him. Instead of a grave, time, was deism; a species of philosophy ill suited austere philosopher, whose presence might strike 10 the softer sex, in whose delicate frame weakness with awe such boys as we were, the person who is interesting, and timidity a charm. But the women now addressed us, was a gay, poliie, sprightly in France were deists, as with us they were char- Frenchman; who, after a thousand genteel compliioteers. How my friend Hume was able to endurements, and a thousand thanks for the honour we the encounter of those French female Titans, I had done him, desired to know whether we would know not. In England, either his philosophiç pride, not breakfast; and, upon our declining the offer, or his conviction that infidelity was ill suited to having already eaten at an inn not far from the women, made him always averse from the initia- house, Come, then,' says he, 'let us walk; the tion of ladies into the mysteries of his doctrine." day is fine, and I long to show you my villa, as I -pp. 121, 122.
have endeavoured to form it according to the Eng. Nothing,"
," adds his Lordship, in another place, I lish taste, and to cultivate and dress it in the English