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rion a part of my readers to be favourably af. , spirit is daily becoming more and more prevalent in fected. My countrymen responded in heart to the good society. There is a growing curiosily confilial leelings I had avowed in their name towards cerning my country; a craving desire for correct the parent country; and there was a generous information, that cannot fail to lead 10 a favourable sympathy in every English bosom towards a soli. understanding. The scoffer, I trusi, has had bis tary individual, lifting up his voice in a strange land, day; the time of the slanderer is gone by. The to vindicate the injured characier of his nation.- ribald jokes, ihe stale commonplaces, which have There are some causes so sacred as to carry with so long passed current when America was the them an irresistible appeal to every virtuous bosom; theme, are now banished to the ignorant and the and he needs but liile power of eloquence, who vulgar, or only perpetuated by the hireling scribdefends the honour of his wife, his mother, or his blers and traditional jesters of ihe press. The incountry.
telligent and high-minded now pride themselves "I hail, therefore, the success of that brief paper, upon making America a study. as showing how much good may be done by a kind
Vol. ii. pp. 396–403. word, however feeble, when spoken in season-as showing how much dormant good fecling actually
From the body of the work, we must inexists in each country, towards the other, which dulge ourselves with very few citations. But only wants the slightest spark to kindle it into a we cannot resist the following exquisite degenial flame-as showing, in fact, what I bave all scription of a rainy Sunday at an inn in a along, believed and asserted, that the two nations country town. It is part of the admirable dling and malignant spirits would but throw by their legend of “the Stout Gentleman," of which mischievous pens, and leave kindred hearts to the
we will not trust ourselves with saying one kindly impulses of nature.
word more. The following, however, is perI once more assert, and I assert it with in. fect, independent of its connections. creased conviction of its truth, that there exists, among the great majority of my countrymen, a " It was a rainy Sunday, in the gloomy month favourable feeling towards England. I repeat this of November. I had been detained, in the course assertion, because I think it a iruth that cannot 100 of a journey, by a slight indisposition, from which often be reiterated, and because it has met with I was recovering ; but I was still feverish, and some contradiction. Among all the liberal and en- was obliged to keep within doors all day, in an inn lightened minds of my countrymen, among all those of the small town of Derby. A wet Sunday in a which eventually give a toné to national opinion, country inn! whoever has had the luck to experithere exists a cordial desire to be on terms of cour. ence one can alone judge of my situation. The tesy and friendship. But, at the same time, there rain pattered against the casements; the bells unfortunately exists in those very minds a distrust tolled for church with a melancholy sound. I of reciprocal goodwill on the part of England. went to the windows, in quest of something 10 They have been rendered morbidly sensitive by the amuse the eye; but it seemed as if I had been attacks made upon their country by the English placed completely out of the reach of all amusepress ; and their occasional irritability on this sub- The windows of my bed-room looked out ject has been misinterpreted into a settled and un- among tiled roofs and stacks of chimneys, while natural hostility.
those of my sitting-room commanded a full view " For my part, I consider this jealous sensibility of the stable-yard. I know of nothing more calcuas belonging to generous natures. I should look lated to make a man sick of this world than a stableupon my countrymen as fallen indeed from that yard on a rainy day. The place was littered with independence of spirit which is their birth-gift; as wet straw that had been kicked about by travellers fallen indeed from that pride of character, which and stable-boys. In one corner was a stagnant they inherit from the proud nation from which they pool of water, surrounding an island of muck. sprung, could they tamely sit down under the in- There were several half-drowned fowls crowded fiction of contumely and insult. Indeed, the very together under a cart, among which was a miseraimpatience which they show as to the misrepre-ble, crest-fallen cock, drenched out of all life and sentations of the press, proves their respect for Eng. spirit; his drooping tail malted, as it were, into a lish opinion, and their desire for English amily; for single feather, along which the water trickled from there is never jealousy where there is not strong his back. Near the cart was a half-dozing cow, regard.
chewing the cud, and standing patiently to be rained To the magnanimous spirits of both countries on, with wreaths of vapour rising from her reeking must we trust to carry such a natural alliance of hide. A wall-eyed horse, tired of the loneliness affection into full effect. To pens more powerful of the stable, was poking his spectral head out of than mine I leave the noble task of promoting the a window, with the rain dripping on it from the cause of national amity. To the intelligent and eaves. An unhappy cur, chained to a dog-house enlightened of my own country, I address my hard by, uttered something every now and then, parting voice, entreating them to show themselves between a bark and a yelp. A drab of a kitchen superior in the perly attacks of the ignorant and the wench tramped backwards and forwards through worthless, and still to look with a dispassionate and the yard in pattens, looking as sulky as the weather philosophic eye to the moral character of England, itself. Every thing, in short, was comfortless and as the intellectual source of our own rising great forlorn-excepting a crew of hard-drinking ducks, ness; while I appeal to every generous-minded assembled like boon companions round a puddle, Englishman from ihe slanders which disgrace ihe and making a riotous noise over their liquor. press, insult the understanding, and belie ihe mag: “I sauntered to the window and stood gazing at nanimiiy of his country: and I invite him to look the people, picking their way to church, with petti. 10 America, as to a kindred nation, worthy of its coats hoisted mid-leg high, and dripping umbrellas. origin; giving in the healthy vigour of its growth, The bells ceased to toll, and the streets became the best of comments on its parent stock; and re- silent. I then amused myself with watching the flecting, in the dawning brightness of its fame, the daughters of a tradesman opposite ; who, being con moral effulgence of British glory.
fined to the house for fear of wetting their Sunday "I am sure, 100, that such appeal will not be finery, played off their charms at ihe front winmade in vain. Indeed I have noticed, for some dows, to fascinate the chance tenanıs of the inn. time past, an essential change in English sentiment They at length were summoned away by a vigilant with regard to America. In Parliament, that foun- vinegar-faced mother, and I had nothing furiher tain-head of public opinion, there seems to be an from without to amuse me. emulation, on both sides of the House, in holding " The day continued lowering and gloomy. The the language of courtesy and friendship. The same slovenly, ragged, spongy clouds, drifted heavily 81
3 D 2
along. There was no variery even in the rain ; it, and moan if there is the least draught of air. When was one dull, continued, monotonous parter-pai- any one enters the room, they make a most iyre ier-patier, excepting that now and ihen I was nical barking that is absolutely deafening. They | enlivened by the idea of a brisk shower, from the are insolent to all the other dogs of the estabs rattling of the drops upon a passing umbrella. Itment. There is a noble stag.hound, a great favourite was quite refreshing (if I may be allowed a hack of the squire's, who is a privileged visitor to the neyed phrase of the day) when, in the course of the parlour ; but the moment he makes his appearance, morning, a horn blew, and a stage coach whirled ihese intruders fly at him with furious rage ; and I through the street, with outside passengers stuck have admired the sovereign indifference and con all over it, cowering under cotton umbrellas, and tempt with which he seems to look down upon his seethed together, and reeking with the steams of puny assailants. When her ladyship drives out, wet box-coats and upper Benjamins. The sound ihese dogs are generally carried with her to take brought out from their lurking-places a crew of the air ; when they look out of each window of Le vagabond boys, and vagabond dogs, and the car: carriage, and bark ai all vulgar pedestrian dogs" roty-headed hostler, and that nondescript animal Vol. i. pp. 75–77. ycleped Boots, and all the other vagabond race that infest the purlieus of an inn; but the bustle was
We shall venture on but one extract more transient. The coach again whirled on its way; -and it shall be a specimen of the author's and boy and dog, and hostler and Boots, all slunk more pensive vein. It is from the chapter back again to their holes. The street again became of " Family Reliques;" and affords, especially silent, and the rain continued to rain on.
“ The evening gradually wore away. The travel in the latter part, another striking instance of lers read the papers two or three times over. Some the pathetic melody of his style. The introdrew round the fire, and told long stories about ductory part is also a good specimen of his their horses, about their adventures, Their overturns: sedulous, and not altogether unsuccessful and breakings.down. They discussed the credits of imitation of the inimitable diction and coliodifferent merchants and different inns; and the two
of Addison. wags told several choice anecdotes of pretty cham. bermaids and kind landladies. All this passed as
“The place, however, which abounds most with they were quietly taking what they called their mementos of past times, is the picture gallery ; ard night.caps, that is to say, strong glasses of brandy there is something strangely pleasing, Though mel
. and water and sugar, or some other mixture of the ancholy, in considering he long rows of portraits kind; after which, they one after another rang for which compose the greater part of the collection. " Boots" and the chambermaid, and walked off to They furnish a kind of narrative of the lives of the bed, in old shoes, cut down into marvellously un family worthies, which I am enabled to read with comfortable slippers.
the assistance of the venerable housekeeper, wbo ". There was only one man left; a short-legged, is the family chronicler, prompted occasionally by long-bodied, plethoric fellow, with a very large Master Simon. There is the progress of a fine -sandy head.' He sat by himself with a glass of port lady, for instance, through a variety of portraits. wine negus, and a spoon ; sipping and stirring, and One represents her as a little girl, with a long waist meditasing and sipping, until nothing was left but and hoop, holding a killen in her arms, and ogling the spoon. He gradually fell asleep bolt upright in the spectator out of the corners of her eyes, as 11 his chair, with the empty glass standing before him ; she could not turn her head. In another we find and the candle seemed to fall asleep too! for the her in the freshness of youthful beauty, when she wick grew long, and black, and cabbaged at the end, and dimmed the little light that remained in cause several unfortunate gentlemen to run despe
was a celebrated belle, and so hard-hearted as 10 the chamber. The gloom that now prevailed was rate and write bad poetry. In another she is decontagious. Around hung the shapeless, and almost picted as a stately dame, in the maturity of her spectral box-coats of departed travellers, long since charms, next to the portrait of her husband, a gal. buried in deep sleep. I only heard the ticking of lant colonel in full-bottomed wig and gold-laced hai, the clock, with the deep-drawn breathings of the who was killed abroad : and, finally, her monument sleeping toper, and the drippings of the rain, drop is in the church, the spire of which may be seen -drop-drop, from the eaves of the house."
from the window, where her effigy is carved in Vol. i. pp. 112—130.
marble, and represents her as a venerable dame of The whole description of the Lady Lilly- seventy-six.- There is one group that particularly craft is equally good in its way; but we can interested me. It consisted of four sisters of nearly only make room for the portraits of her canine the same age, who flourished about a century since, attendants.
and, if I may judge from their portraits, were ex:
iremely beautiful. I can imagine what a scene of “She has brought two dogs with her also, out gaiety and romance this old mansion must have of a number of pets which she maintains at home. been, when they were in the hey-day of their One is a fat spaniel, called Zephyr—though heaven charms; when ihey passed like beautiful visions defend me from such a zephyr! He is fed out of through its halls, or stepped daintily to music in the all shape and comfort; his eyes are nearly strained revels and dances of the cedar gallery ; or printed, out of his head; he wheezes with corpulency, and with delicate feet, the velvet verdure of these cannot walk without great difficulty. The other lawns," &c. is a little, old, grey.muzzled curmudgeon, with an “ When I look at these faint records of gallantry unhappy eye, tha: kindles like a coal if you only and renderness; when I contemplate the fading look at him; his nose turns up; his mouth is drawn portraits of these beautiful girls, and think that into wrinkles, so as to show his teeth ; in short, he ihey have long since bloomed, reigned, grown old, has altogether the look of a dog far gone in misan- died, and passed away, and with ihem all their thropy, and totally sick of the world. When he graces, their triumphs, their rivalries, their admiwalks, he has his iail curled up so tight that it seems rers ; the whole empire of love and pleasure in which to lift his hind feet from the ground, and he seldom they ruled-'all dead, all buried, all forgotten,:makes use of more than three legs at a time, keep- I find a cloud of melancholy stealing over the pres. ing the other drawn up as a reserve. This last ent gaieties around me. I was gazing. in a musing wretch is called Beauty.
mood, this very morning, at the portrait of she lady “ These dogs are full of elegant ailments un whose husband was killed abroad, when the fair known to vulgar dogs; and are pested and nursed Julia entered the gallery, leaning on the arm of the by Lady Lillycraft with the tenderest kindness. captain. The sun shone through the row of win. They have cushions for their express use, on which dows on her as she passed along, and she seemed they lie before the fire, and yet are apt to shiver 110 beam out each time into brightness, and relapse
again into shade, until the door at the bottom of the Addison. Of the exotic Tales which scrve 10 gallery finally closed after her. I felt a sadness of fill up the volumes, that of “Dolph Heyligera heart at the idea, that this was an emblem of her is incomparably the best-and is more charall this life, and loveliness, and enjoyment, will acteristic, perhaps, both of the author's luin have ceased, and nothing be left to commemorate of imagination and cast of humour, than any ibis beautiful being but one more perishable por thing else in the work. "The Student vi trair ; to awaken, perhaps, the trite speculations of Salamanca" is too long; and deals rather some future loiterer, like myself, when I also and largely in the commonplaces of romantic admy scribblings shall have lived through our brief venture :- while - Annette de la Barbe," existence and been forgotten.''-Vol. i. pp. 64, 65.
though pretty and pathetic in some passages, We can scarcely afford room even to al. is, on the whole, rather fale and finical-ard lude to the rest of this elegant miscellany. too much in the style of the sentimental after" Ready-money Jack” is admirable through- pieces which we have lately borrowed from out-and the old General very good. The the Parisian theatres. lovers are, as usual, the most insipid. The On the whole, we are very sorry to receive Gypsies are sketched with great elegance as Mr. Crayon's farewell—and we return it with well as spirit--and Master Simon is quite de- the utmost cordiality. We thank him most lightful, in all the varieties of his ever versa- sincerely, for the pleasure he has given ustile character. Perhaps the most pleasing for the kindness he has shown to our country thing about all these personages, is the perfect -and for the lessons he has taught, both innocence and singleness of purpose which here and in his native land, of good taste, seems to belong to them—and which, even good nature, and national liberality. We hope when it raises a gentle smile at their expense, he will come back among us soon—and rebreathes over the whole scene they inhabit member us while he is a way; and can assure an air of attraction and respect—like that him, that he is in no danger of being speedily which reigns in the De Coverley pictures of forgotten.
(April, 1807.) A Portraiture of Quakerism, as taken from a view of the Moral Education, Discipline, Peculiar
Customs, Religious Principles, Political and Civil Economy, and Character of the Society of Friends. By Thomas Clarkson, M. A. Author of several Essays on the Subject of the Slave Trade. 8vo. 3 vols. “London : 1806.
This, we think, is a book peculiarly fitted I might evidently have been told, either under for reviewing: For it contains many things the head of their Doctrinal tenets, or of their which most people will have some curiosity peculiar Practices; but Mr. Clarkson, with a to hear about; and is at the same time so in- certain elaborate infelicity of method, chooses tolerably dull and tedious, that no voluntary to discuss the merits of this society under the reader could possibly get through with it. several titles, of their moral education-their
The author, whose meritorious exertions for discipline—their peculiar customs-their rethe abolition of the slave trade brought him ligion—their great tenets—and their characinto public notice a great many years ago, , ter; and not finding even this ample distribuwas recommended by this circumstance to tion sufficient to include all he had to say on the favour and the confidence of the Quakers, i the subject, he fills a supplemental hali-vowho had long been unanimous in that good lume, with repetitions and trifles, under the cause; and was led to such an extensive and humiliating name of miscellaneous particulars. cordial intercourse with them in all parts of Quakerism had certainly undergone a conthe kingdom, that he came at last to have a siderable change in the quality and spirit of more thorough knowledge of their tenets and its votaries, from the time when George Fox living. manners than any other person out of went about pronouncing woes against cities, the society could easily obtain. The effect attacking priests in their pulpits, and exhortof this knowledge has evidently been to ex- ing justices of the peace io do justice, to the cite in him such an affection and esteem time when such men as Penn and Barclay for those worthy sectaries, as we think can came into the society “by convincement, scarcely fail to issue in his public conversion; and published such vindications of its docand, in the mean time, has produced a more trine, as few of its opponents have found it minute exposition, and a more elaborate de convenient to answer. The change since fence of their doctrines and practices, than their time appears to have been much less has recently been drawn from any of their considerable. The greater part of these voown body.
lumes may be considered, indeed, as a wilful The book, which is full of repetitions and deterioration of Barclay's Apology: and it is plagiarisms, is distributed into a number of only where he treats of the private manners needless sections, arranged in a most unna- and actual opinions of the modern Quakers, tural and inconvenient order. All that any that Mr. Clarkson communicates any thing body can want to know about the Quakers, which a curious reader might not have learni from that celebrated production. The lauda-, other purpose, but to mortify himself into a tory and argumentative tone which he main- proper condition for the next;—that all oor tains throughout, gives an air of partiality to feelings of ridicule and sociality, and all the his statements which naturally diminishes spring and gaiety of the animal spirits of our reliance on their accuracy and as the youth, were given us only for our templation; argument is often extremely bad, and the and that, considering the shortness of this life, praise apparently unmerited, we are rather and the risk he runs of damnation after it inclined to think that his work will make a man ought evidently to pass his days in de less powerful impression in favour of the jection and terror, and to shut his heart to "friends,” than might have been effected by every pleasurable emotion which this transi. a more moderate advocate. With many praise- tory scene might hold out to the unthinking worthy maxims and principles for their moral The fundamental folly of these ascetic mar. conduct, the Quakers, we think, have but little ims has prevented the Quakers from adoptto say for most of their peculiar practices; and ing them in their full extent; but all the make a much better figure when defending peculiarities of their manners may evidently their theological mysteries, than when vindi- be referred to this source; and the qualitica. cating the usages by which they are separated tions and exceptions under which they mainfrom the rest of the people in the ordinary in- tain the duty of abstaining from enjoyment, tercourse of life. It will be more convenient, serve only, in most instances, to bring opon however, to state our observations on their their reasonings the additional charge of inreasonings, as we attend Mr. Clarkson through consistency. his account of their principles and practice. Their objection to cards, dice, wagers, horse
He enters upon his task with such a wretch- races, &c. is said to be, first, that they may ed display of false eloquence, that we were lead to a spirit of gaming, which leads, again, very near throwing away the book. Our to obvious unhappiness and immorality; but readers will scarcely accuse us of impatience, chiefly, that they are sources of amusement when we inform them that the dissertation unworthy of a sober Christian, and tend, by on the moral education of the Quakers begins producing an unreasonable excitement, to dis. with the following sentence :
turb that tranquillity and equanimity which
they look upon as essential to moral virtue. “When the blooming spring sheds abroad its benign influence, man feels it equally with the rest They believe," says Mr. Clarkson, " that still. of created nature. The blood circulates more freely, ness and quietness both of spirit and of body, are and a new current of life seems to be diffused in his necessary, as far as they can be obtained. Hence, veins. The aged man is enlivened, and the sick Quaker children are rebuked for all expressions of man feels himself refreshed. Good spirits and anger, as lending to raise those feelings which cheerful countenances succeed. But as the year ought to be suppressed: a raising even of the voice changes in its seasons, and rolls round to its end, beyond due bounds, is discouraged as leading 10 the tide seenis to slacken, and the current of feeling the disturbance of their minds. They are taught to return to its former level."'--Vol. i. p. 13. to rise in the morning in quierness; to go about
their ordinary occupation with quietness; and o This may serve, once for all, as a specimen retire in quieiness to their beds.' of Mr. Clarkson's taste and powers in fine
Now this, we think, is a very miserable writing, and as an apology for our abstaining, in our charity, for making any further oố picture. The great curse of life, we believe. servations on his style. Under the head of cessive stillness and quietness, and the want
in all conditions above the lowest, is its ermoral education, we are informed that the of interest and excitement which it affords: Quakers discourage, and strictly prohibit in
and though we certainly do not approve of their youth, all games of chance, music, dancing, novel reading, field sports of de
cards and wagers as the best exhilarators of scription, and, in general, the use of idle the spirits, we cannot possibly concur in the words and unprofitable conversation. The principle upon which they are rejected with motives of these several prohibitions are dis- mark which Mr. Clarkson himself makes af
such abhorrence by this rigid society. A re. cussed in separate chapters of extreme dul- terwards, might have led him to doubt of the ness and prolixity. It is necessary, however, soundness of their petrifying principles. in order to come to a right understanding with those austere persons and their apologist,
“ It has often been observed," he says, “ that a to enter a little into the discussion.
Quaker Boy has an unnatural appearance. The The basis of the Quaker morality seems which, taken together, have produced an appear,
idea has arisen from his dress and his sedateness, evidently to be, that gaiety and merriment ance of age above the youth in his countenance. I ought, upon all'occasions, to be discouraged; have often been surprised to hear young Quakers that everything which tends merely to ex- talk of the folly and vanity of pursuiis in which perhilaration or enjoyment, has in it a taint of sons, older than themselves, were then embarking criminality; and that one of the chief duties in pursuit of pleasure." &c. of man is to be always serious and solemn, We feel no admiration, we will confess, for and constantly occupied, either with his prodigies of this description; and think that worldly prosperity, or his eternal welfare. If the world is but little indebted to those moralit were not for the attention which is thus ists, who, in their efforts to ameliorate our permitted to the accumulation of wealth, the condition, begin with constraining the volatile Quakers would scarcely be distinguishable spirit of childhood into sedateness, and extinfrom the other gloomy sectaries, who main- guishing the happy carelessness and anima. tain, that man was put into this world for no tion of youth, by lessons of eternal quietness.
The next chapter is against music; and is, recommendation which must operate in its faas might be expected, one of the most absurd vour, in the first instance at least, even with and extravagant of the whole. This is Mr. the most rigid moralist. The only sound or Clarkson's statement of the Quaker reasoning consistent form of the argument, in short, is against this delightful art.
that which was manfully adopted by the mor• Providener gave originally 10 man a beautiful tified hermits of the early ages; but is exand a perfect world. He filled it will things neres. pressly disclaimed for the Quakers by their sary, and things delightful: and yet man has ofien present apologist, viz. that our well-being in turned these from their true and original design. This world is a matter of so very little conThe very wood on the surface of the earth he has cern, that it is altogether unworthy of a reacut down, and the very stone and metal in its bowels sonable being to bestow any care upon it; and he has hewn and casi, and converted into a graven that our chance of well-being in another world cent Creator. The food which he has given him depends so much upon our anxious endeavours for his nourishment, he has fregilently converted after piety upon earth, that it is our duty to by his intemperance into the means of injuring his employ every moment of our fleeting and health. The wine, that was designed to make his uncertain lives in meditation and prayer; and heart glad, on reasonable and necessary occasions, consequently altogether sinful and imprudent he has used often to the stupefaciion of his senses, and the degradation of his moral character. The to indulge any propensities which
intervery raiment, which has been afforded him for his rupt those holy exercises, or beget in us any body, he has abused also, so that it has frequently interest in sublunary things. become a source for the excitement of his pride. , There is evidently a tacit aspiration after
** Just so it has been, and so it is, with Music, at this sublime absurdiiy in almost all the Quathe present day."
ker prohibitions; and we strongly suspect, We do not think we ever before met with that honest George Fox, when he inhabited a an argument so unskilfully, or rather so pre- hollow tree in the vale of Beevor, taught nothposterously put: Since, if it follows, from these ing less to his disciples. The condemnation premises, that music ought to be entirely re- of music and dancing, and all idle speaking, jected and avoided, it must follow also, that was therefore quite consistent in him; but we should go naked, and neither eat nor drink! since the permission of gainful arts, and of and as to the arguments that follow against most of the luxuries which wealth can prothe cultivation of music, because there are cure, to his disciples, it is no longer so easy to some obscene and some bacchanalian songs, reconcile these condemnations, either to reawhich it would be improper for yo persons son, or to the rest of their practice. A Quaker to learn, they are obviously capable of being may suspend all apparent care of his salvaused, with exactly the same force, against tion, and occupy himself entirely with his their learning to read, because there are im- worldly business, for six days in the week, moral and heretical books, which may possi- like any other Christian. It is even thought bly fall into their hands. The most authentic laudable in him to set an example of diligence and sincere reason, however, we believe, is and industry to those around him; and the one which rests immediately upon the gene- fruits of this industry he is by no means reral ascetic principle to which we have already quired to bestow in relieving the poor, or for made reference, viz. that "music tends to the promotion of piety. He is allowed to emself-gratification, which is not allowable in the ploy it for self-gratification, in almost every Christian system.". Now, as this same self-way--but the most social and agreeable! He denying principle is really at the bottom of may keep an excellent table and garden, and most of the Quaker prohibitions, it may be be driven about in an easy chariot by a pious worth while to consider, in a few words, how coachman and two, or even four, plump horses; far it can be reconciled to reason or morality, but his plate must be without carving, and his
All men, we humbly conceive, are under carriage and horses (perhaps his flowers also) the necessity of pursuing their own happiness; of a dusky colour. His guests may talk of and cannot even be conceived as ever pursu- oxen and broadcloth as long as they ihink fit; ing any thing else. The only difference be- but wit and gaiety are entirely proscribed, tween the sensualist and the ascetic is, that and topics of literature but rarely allowed. the former pursues an immediate, and the His boys and girls are bred up to a premature other a remote happiness; or, that the one knowledge of bargaining and housekeeping; pursues an intellectual, and the other a bodily but when their bounding spirits are struggling gratification. The penitent who passes his in every limb, they must not violate their sedays in mortification, does so unquestionably dateness by a single skip ;-their stillness must from the love of enjoyment; either because not be disturbed by raising their voices be. he thinks this the surest way to attain eternal yond their common pitch ;-and they would happiness in a future world, or because he be disowned, if they were to tune their innofinds the admiration of mankind a sufficient cent voices in a hymn to their great Benefaccompensation, even in this life, for the hard-tor! We cannot help saying, that all this is ships by which he extorts it. It appears, absurd and indefensible.' Either let the Quatherefore, that self-gratification, so far from kers renounce all the enjoyments of this life, being an unlawful object of pursuit, is neces- or take all that are innocent. The pursuit of sarily the only object which a rational being wealth surely holds out a greater temptation can be conceived to pursue; and consequently, to immorality, than the study of music. Let that to argue against any practice, merely that them, then, either disown those who accumuit is attended with enjoyment, is to give it a late more than is necessary for their subsist