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to the agony of another removal. At length, , order to the detachment.—The alarm turned they were landed on the opposite bank; where out to be a false one. wretchedness and desolation appeared still At Laval they halted for several days; and more conspicuous. Thousands of helpless he was so much recruited by the repose, that wretches were lying on the grassy shore, or he was able to get for half an hour on horseroaming about in search of the friends from back, and seemed to be fairly in the way whom they had been divided. There was a of recovery; when his excessive zeal, and general complaint of cold and hunger; and no- anxiety for the good behaviour of the troops, body in a condition to give any directions, or tempted him to premature exertions, from the administer any relief. M. de L. suffered excru- consequences of which he never afterwards ciating pain from the piercing air which blew recovered. The troops being all collected upon his feverish frame ;-the poor infant and refreshed at Laval, it was resolved to screamed for food, and the helpless mother turn upon their pursuers, and give battle to was left to minister to both;—while her at the advancing army of the republic. The tendant went among the burnt and ruined conflict was sanguinary; but ended most villages, to seek a drop of miik for the baby. decidedly in favour of the Vendeans. The At length they got again in motion for the first encounter was in the night, and was adjoining village of Varades,-M. de L., borne characterized with more than the usual conin a sort of chair upon the pikes of his soldiers, fusion of night attacks. The two armies with his wife and the maid-servant walking crossed each other in so extraordinary a before him, and supporting his legs, wrapped manner, that the artillery of each was supup in their cloaks. With great difficulty they plied, for a part of the battle, from the caisprocured a little room, in a cottage swarming sons of the enemy; and one of the Vendean with soldiers, -most of them famishing for leaders, after exposing himself to great hazard want of food, and yet still so mindful of the in helping a brother officer, as he took him 10 rights of their neighbours, that they would be, out of a ditch, discovered, by the next flash not take a few potatoes from the garden of of the cannon, that he was an enemy-and the cottage, till Madame de L, had obtained immediately cut him down. After daybreak, leave of the proprietor.
the battle became more orderly, and ended in M. de Bonchamp died as they were taking a complete victory. This was the last grand him out of the boat; and it became necessary crisis of the insurrection. The way to La to elect another commander. M. de L. roused | Vendée was once more open; and the fugihimself to recommend Henri de Larocheja- tives had it in their power to return triumphant quelein; and he was immediately appointed. to their fastnesses and their homes, after rousWhen the election was announced to him, M. ing Brittany by the example of their valour de L. desired to see and congratulate' his and success. M. de L. and Henri both inclined valiant cousin. He was already weeping to this course; but other counsels prevailed. over him in a dark corner of the room; and Some were for marching on to Nantes—others now came to express his hopes that he should for proceeding to Rennes-and some, more soon be superseded by his recovery. “No," sanguine than the rest, for pushing directly said M. de L., “ that I believe is out of the for Paris. Time was irretrievably lost in these question: But even if I were to recover, deliberations; and the republicans had leisure I' should never take the place you have to rally, and bring up their reinforcements, now obtained, and should be proud to serve before any thing was definitively settled. as your aid-de-camp." — The day after, In the meantime, M. de L. became visibly they advanced towards Rennes. M. de L. worse ; and one morning, when his wife alone could find no other conveyance than a bag- was in the room, he called her to him, and gage-waggon; at every jolt of which he told her that he felt his death was at hand; suffered such anguish, as to draw forth the -- that his only regret was for leaving her most piercing shrieks even from his manly in the midst of such a war, with a helpless bosom. After some time, an old chaise was child, and in a state of pregnancy. For himdiscovered : a piece of artillery was thrown self, he added, he died happy, and with away to supply it with horses, and the humble reliance on the Divine mercy ;- but wounded general was laid in it, -his head her sorrow he could not bear to think of ;being supported in the lap of Agatha, his and he entreated her pardon for any neglect mother's faithful waiting-woman, and now or unkindness he might ever have shown her. the only attendant of his wife and infant. He added many other expressions of tenderIn three painful days they reached Laval ;-ness and consolation; and seeing her overMadame de L. frequently suffering from whelmed with anguish at the despairing tone absolute want, and sometimes getting noth- in which he spoke, concluded by saying, that ing to eat the whole day, but one or two sour he might perhaps be mistaken in his progapples. M. de L. was nearly insensible du- nosis;—and hoped still to live for her. Next ring the whole journey. He was roused but day they were under the necessity of moving once, when there was a report that a party forward; and, on the journey, he learned of the enemy were in sight. He then called accidentally from one of the officers, the for his musket, and attempted to get out of dreadful details of the Queen's execution, the carriage ;-addressed exhortations and re- which his wife had been at great pains tó proaches to lhe troops that were flying around keep from his knowledge. This intelligence him, and would rest till an officer in whom seemed to bring back his fever—though he he had confidence came up and restored some still spoke of living to avenge her—"If I do live,” he said, “it shall now be for vengeance march had carried her ahead; but the faithonly—no more mercy from me!" — That ful Agatha, fearful lest her appearance might evening, Madame de L., entirely overcome alarm her mistress in the midst of the jourwith anxiety and fatigue, had fallen into a ney, had remained alone with the dead body deep sleep on a mat before his bed :-And for all the rest of the day! Fatigue, grief, soon after, his condition became altogether and anguish of mind, now ihreatened Madame desperate.
now speechless, and de L. with consequences which it seems alnearly insensible ;—the sacraments were ad- together miraculous that she should have ministered, and various applications made escaped. She was seized with violent pains, without awaking the unhappy sleeper by his and was threatened with a miscarriage in a side. Soon after midnight, however, she room which served as a common passage 10 started up, and instantly became aware of the crowded and miserable lodging she had the full extent of her 'misery. To fill up procured. It was thought necessary to bleed its measure, it was announced in the course her-and, after some difficulty, a surgeon of the morning, that they must immediately was procured. She can never forget, she resume their march with the last division of says, the formidable apparition of this warlike the army. The thing appeared altogether phlebotomist. A figure six feet high, with impossible; Madame de L. declared she ferocious whiskers, a great sabre at his side, would rather die by the hands of the re- and four huge pistols in his belt, stalked up publicans, than permit her husband to be with a fierce and careless air to her bed-side; moved in the condition in which he then and when she said she was timid about the
When she recollected, however, that operation, answered harshly, “So am not 1these barbarous enemies had of late not only I have killed three hundred men and upwards butchered the wounded that fell into their in the field in my time-one of them only this power, but mutilated and insulted their re- morning-I think then I may venture to mains, she submitted to the alternative, and bleed a woman-Come, come, let us see your prepared for this miserable journey with a arm.” She was bled accordingly—and, conheart bursting with anguish. "The dying man trary to all expectation, was pretiy well again was roused only to heavy moanings by the in the morning. She insisted for a long time pain of lifting him into the carriage, -where in carrying the body of her husband in the his faithful Agatha again supported his head, carriage along with her ;-but her father. and a surgeon watched all the changes in after indulging her for a few days, contrived his condition. Madame de L. was placed to fall behind with this precious deposit, and on horseback; and, surrounded by her father informed her when he came up again, that it and mother, and a number of officers, went had been found necessary to bury it privately forward, scarcely conscious of any thing that in a spot which he would not specify. was passing—only that sometimes, in the This abstract has grown to such a bulk that bitterness of her heart, when she saw the we find we cannot afford to continue it on the dead bodies of the republican soldiers on same scale. Nor is this very necessary; for the road, she made her horse trample upon though there is more than a third part of the them, as if in vengeance for the slaughter of book, of which we have given no accounther husband. In the course of little more and that, to those who have a taste for tales than an hour, she thought she heard some of sorrow, the most interesting portion of itlittle stir in the carriage, and insisted on stop- we believe that most readers will think they ping to inquire into the cause. The officers, have had enough of La Vendée; and that all however, crowded around her; and then her will now be in a condition to judge of the father came up and said that M. de L. was degree of interest or amusement which the in the same state as before, but that he suf- work is likely to afford them. We shall add, fered dreadfully from the cold, and would however, a brief sketch of the rest of its cons be very much distressed if the door was again tents.-After a series of murderous battles, to to be opened. Obliged to be satisfied with this which the mutual refusal of quarter gave an answer, she went on in sullen and gloomy exasperation unknown in any other history, silence for some hours longer in a dark and and which left the field so cumbered with rainy day of November. It was night when dead bodies that Madame de L. assures us they reached the town of Fougeres; and, that it was dreadful to feel the lifting of the when lifted from her horse at the gate, she wheels, and the cracking of the bones, as her was unable either to stand or walk:--she heavy carriage passed over them,-ihe wreck was carried into a wretched house, crowded of the Vendeans succeeded in reaching Anwith troops of all descriptions, where she gers upon the Loire, and trusted to a furious waited two hours in agony till she heard that assault upon that place for the means of rethe carriage with M. de L. was come up. passing the river, and regaining their beloved She was left alone for a dreadful moment country. The garrison, however, proved with her mother; and then M. de Beauvol- stronger and more resolute than they had liers came in, bathed in tears,-and taking expected. Their own gay and enthusiastic both her hands, told her she must now think courage had sunk under a long course of only of saving the child she carried within suffering and disaster; and, after losing a her! Her husband had expired when she great number of men before the walls, they heard the noise in the carriage, soon after were obliged to turn back in confusion, they their setting out-and the surgeon had ac- did not well know whither, but farther and cordingly left it as soon as the order of the farther from the land to which all their hopes
and wishes were directed. In the tumult of herd the sheep or cattle of her faithful and this retreat, Madame de L. lost sight of her compassionate host, along with his rawboned venerable aunt, who had hitherto been the daughter. mild and patient companion of their wander- In this situation they remained till late in ings; and learned afterwards that she had the following spring ;--and it would be endfallen into the hands of the enemy, and, at less to enumerate the hairbreadth 'scapes and the age of eighty, been publicly executed at unparalleled sufferings to which they were Rennes, for the crime of rebellion! At Fou- every day exposed-reduced frequently to geres, at Laval, at Dol, and Savenay, the live upon alms, and forced every two or three dwindled force of the insurgents had to sus- days to shift their quarters, in ihe middle of tain new attacks from their indefatigable pur- the night, from one royalist cabin to another. suers, in which the officers and most of the Such was the long-continued and vindictive soldiery gave still more extraordinary proofs, rigour of the republican party, that the most than any we have yet recorded, of undaunted eager and unrelaxing search was made for valour, and constancy worthy of better for- fugitives of all descriptions; and every adtune. The weather was now, in the latter herent of the insurgent faction who fell into end of November, extremely cold and rainy; their hands was barbarously murdered, withthe roads almost impassable; and provisions out the least regard to age, sex, or individual very scarce. Often, after a march of ten innocence! While skulking about in this hours, Madame de 'L. has been obliged to state of peril and desolation, they had glimpses fish for a few cold potatoes in the bottom of and occasional rencounters with some of their a dirty cauldron, filled with greasy water, and former companions, whom similar misfortunes polluted by the hands of half the army. Her had driven upon similar schemes of concealchild sickened from its teething, and insuffi- ment. In particular, they twice saw the cient nourishment; and every day she wit- daring and unsubduable M. de Marigny, who nessed the death of some of those gallant had wandered over the whole country from leaders whom the spring had seen assembled Angers to Nantes; and notwithstanding his in her halls in all the flush of youthful confi- gigantic form and remarkable features, had dence and glory. After many a weary march, contrived so to disguise himself as to elude and desperate struggle, about ten thousand all detection or pursuit. He could counterfeit sad survivors got again to the banks of that all ages and dialects, and speak in perfection fatal Loire, which now seemed to divide them the patois of every village. He now appeared from hope and protection. Henri, who had before them in the character of an itinerant arranged the whole operation with consum- dealer in poultry; and retired unsuspected by mate judgment, found the shores on both sides all but themselves. In this wretched condifree of the enemy :—But all the boats had tion, the term of Madame de L’s confinement been removed; and, after leaving orders to drew on; and, after a thousand frights and construet rafts with all possible despatch, he disasters, she was delivered of two daughters, himself, with a few attendants, ventured over without any other assistance than that of her in a little wherry, which he had brought with mother. One of the infants had its wrist dishim on a cart, to make arrangements for located; and so subdued was the poor mother's covering their landing. But they never saw mind to the level of her fallen fortunes, that the daring Henri again! The vigilant enemy she had now no other anxiety, than that she came down upon them at this critical moment might recover strength enough to carry it -intercepted his return-and, stationing seve- herself to the waters of Bareges, which she ral armed vessels in the stream, rendered the fancied might be of service to it;- but the passage of the army altogether impossible. poor baby died within a fortnight after it was They fell back in despair upon Savenay; and born. there the brave and indefatigable Marigny Towards the end of 1794, their lot was told Madame de L. that all was now over, somewhat softened by the compassionate that it was altogether impossible to resist the kindness of a Madame Dumoutiers, who offerattack that would be made next day—and ed them an asylum in her house; in which, advised her to seek her safety in flight and though still liable to the searches of the blooddisguise, without the loss of an instant. She hounds of the municipality, they had more set out accordingly, with her mother, in a assistance in eluding them, and less misery gloomy day of December, under the conduct to endure in the intervals. The whole his. of a drunken peasant; and, after being out tory of their escapes would make the advenmost of the night, at length obtained shelter tures of Caleb Williams appear a cold and in a dirty farm house, from which, in the barren chronicle ; but we have room only to course of the day, she had the misery of see- mentionąthat after the death of Robespierre, ing her unfortunate countrymen scattered over there was a great abatement in the rigour of the whole open country, chased and butchered pursuit; and that a general amnesty was without mercy by the republicans, who now speedily proclaimed, for all who had been took a final vengeance for all the losses they concerned in the insurrection. After several had sustained. She had long been clothed inward struggles with pride and principle, in shreds and patches, and needed no disguise Madame de L. was prevailed on to repair to to conceal her quality. She was sometimes Nantes, to avail herself of this amnesty ;-but, hidden in the mill, when the troopers came first of all, she rode in to reconnoitre, and conto search for fugitives in her lonely retreat ; sult with some friends of her hostess; and -and oftener sent, in the midst of winter, to proceeded boldly through the hostile city, in
the dress of a peasant, with a sack at her back, , aucun soin, A peine les connaissait-on. Les and a pair of fowls in her hands. She found cadavres restaicnt quelquefois plus d'un jour sans that the tone was now to flatter and conciliate qu'on vint les emporter.
Agaihe ne doutant plus d'une mort prochaine, the insurgents by all sorts of civilities and compliments; and after some time, she and petit bâlinient à soupape, dans lequel on avait noyé
envoya chercher Lamberty. Il la conduisit dans un her mother applied for, and obtained, a full les prêtres, et que Carrier lui avait donné. Il était pardon for all their offences against the Re- seul avec elle, e: voulut en profiter : elle résista. publican government.
Lamberty la menaça de la noyer: elle courut pour This amnesty drew back to light many dir: Allons! tu es une brave fille, je te sauverai.
se jeter elle-même à l'eau. Alors cet homme lui of her former friends, who had been univer- Il la laissa huit jours seule dans le bâtiment, où elle sally supposed to be dead; and proved, by entendait les noyades qui se faisaient la nuit ; ensuite the prodigious numbers whom it brought from il la cacha chez un poinmé $***, qui était
, comtheir hiding-places in the neighbourhood, how me lui, un fidele exécuteur des ordres de Carrier. generally the lower orders were attached to "Quelque temps aprés, la discorde divisa les ré. their cause, or how universal the virtues of publicains de Nantes. On prit le prétexte d'accuser
Lamberty d'avoir dérobé des femmes aux noyades, compassion and fidelity to confiding misery et d'en avoir noyé qui ne devaient pas l'être. Un are in the national character. It also brought jeune homme, nommé Robin, qui était fort dévoué to the writer's knowledge many shocking à Lamberry, vint saisir Agathe chez Madame S***, particulars of the cruel executions which so la traîna dans le batean, et voulut la poignarder, fong polluted that devoted city. We may give pour faire disparaître une preuve du crime qu'on a few of the instances in her own words, as a parvint à l'attendrir, et il la cacha chez un de ses specimen of her manner of writing; to which, amis, nommé Lavaux, qui était honnête homme, et in our anxiety to condense the information she qui avait déjà recueilli Madame de l'Epinay: mais affords us, we have paid perhaps too little on sut dès le lendemain l'asile d'Agathe, ei on vint attention.
Cependant le parti ennemi de Lamberty con. “Madame de Jourdain fut menée sur la Loire, tinuait à vouloir le détruire. Il résulta de cette pour être noyée avec ses trois filles. Un soldat circonstance, qu'on jeta de l'intérêt sur Agathe. voulut sauver la plus jeune, qui était fort belle. On loua $*** et Lavaux de leur humanité, et l'on Elle se jeta à l'eau pour partager le sort de sa mère: parvint à faire périr Lamberty! Peu après arriva la La malheureuse enfant tomba sur des cadavres, et mort de Robespierre. Agathe resta encore quelques n'enfonça point. Elle criait: Poussez-moi, je n'ai mois en prison, puis obtint sa liberté."-Vol. ii. pp. pas assez d'eau ! et elle périt.
171-175. “ Mademoiselle de Cuissard, âgée de seize ans, qui était plus belle encore, s'attira aussi le même
When the means of hearing of her friends intérêt d'unofficier qui passa trois heures à ses pieds, were thus suddenly restored, there was little la suppliant de se laisser sauver. Elle était avec
to hear but what was mournful. Her father une vielle parente que cet homme ne voulait pas se had taken refuge in a wood with a small party risquer à dérober au supplice. Mademoiselle de of horsemen, after the rout of Savenay, and Cuissard se précipita dans la Loire avec elle. afterwards collected a little force, with which
"Une mort affreuse fut celle de Mademoiselle de they seized on the town of Ancenis, and had la Roche St. André. Elle était grosse : on l'épargna. On lui laissa nourrir son enfant; mais il mourut,
nearly forced the passage of the Loire; but et on la fit périr le lendemain ! Au reste, il ne faut they were surrounded, and made prisoners, pas croire que toutes les femmes enceintes fussent and all shot in the market-place! The brave respectées. Cela était même fort rare; plus com- Henri de Larochejaquelein had gained the munément les soldats massacraient femmes et en north bank with about twenty followers, and fants. Il n'y avait que devant les tribunaux, où l'on wandered many days over the burnt and observait ces exceptions; et on y laissait aux femmes le temps de nourrir leurs enfants, comme étant une bloody solitudes of the once happy La Vendée. obligation républicaine. C'est en quoi consistait Overcome with fatigue and hunger, they at l'humanité des gens d'alors.
last reached an inhabited farm-house, and fell “Ma pauvre Agathe avait couru de bien grands fast asleep in the barn. They were soon dangers. Elle m'avait quitté à Nort, pour profiter roused, however, by the news that a party of de cette amnistie prétendue, dont on avait parlé dans the republicans were approaching the same devant le général Lamberty, le plus féroce des amis house; but were so worn out, that they would de Carrier. La figure d'Agathe lui plait : «As-tu not rise, even to provide against that extreme peur, brigande ?' lui dit-il. «Non, général,' répondit: hazard. The party accordingly entered; and elle. Hé bien! quand tu auras peur, souviens-toi being almost as much exhausted as the others, de Lamberty,' ajouta-t-il. Elle fut conduite à threw themselves down, without asking any l'entrepôt. C'est la trop fameuse prison où l'on entassoit les victimes destinées à être noyées. questions, at the other end of the barn, and Chaque nuit on venait en prendre par centaines, slept quietly beside them. Henri afterwards pour les mettre sur les bateaux. Là, on lait les found out M. de la Charrette, by whom he malheureux deux à deux, et on les poussait dans was coldly, and even rudely received ; but he l'eau, à coups de baïonnette. On saisissait indis. tinctement tout ce qui se trouvait à l'entrepôt; came again formidable in the scenes of his
soon raised a little army of his own, and betellement qu'on noya un jour l'état major d'une first successes :-till one day, riding a little in corvette Anglaise, qui était prisonnier de guerre. Une autre fois, Carrier, voulant donner un exemple front of his party, he fell in with two repubde l'austérité des mœurs républicaines, fit enfermer lican soldiers, upon whom his followers were trois cents. filles publiques de la ville, et les mal. about to fire, when he said, "No, no, they heureuses créatures furent noyées! Enfin, l'on shall have quarter;" and pushing up to them, estime qu'il a péri à l'entrepôt
, quinze mille per called upon them to surrender. Without say; sonnes en un mois. Il est vrai qu'outre les supplices, la misère et la maladie ravageaient les prisonniers, ing a word, one of them raised his piece, and qui étaient pressés sur la paille, et qui ne recevaient I shot him right through the forehead. He fell
at once dead before them, and was buried tle in the same cause which proved fatal to where he fell.
the first, during the short period of Bonaparte's " Ainsi perit, à vingt et un ans, Henri de la last reign, and but a few days before the deRochejaquelein. Encore à présent, quand les pay. cisive battle of Waterloo. sans se rappelient l'ardeur et l'éclat de son courage,
We have not left room now for any general sa modestie, sa facilité, et ce caractère de guerrier, observations—and there is no need of them. et de bon enfant, ils parlent de lui avec fierté et avec The book is, beyond all question, extremely amour. Il n'est pas un Vendéen dont on ne voie curious and interesting—and we really have le regard s'animer, quand il raconte comment il a servi sous M. Henri."-Vol. ii. pp. 187, 188.
no idea that any reflections of ours could ap
pear half so much so as the abstract we have The fate of the gallant Marigny was still now given in their stead. One remark, howmore deplorable. He joined Charrette and ever, we shall venture to make, now that our Stoffet; but some misunderstanding having abstract is done. If all France were like La arisen among them upon a point of discipline, Vendée in 1793, we should anticipate nothing they look the rash and violent step of bring- but happiness from the restoration of the ing him to a court-martial, and sentencing him Bourbons and of the old government. But the to death for disobedience. To the horror of very fact that the Vendeans were crushed by all the Vendeans, and the great joy of the re- the rest of the country, proves that this is not publicans, this unjust and imprudent sentence the case: And indeed it requires but a mowas carried into execution; and the cause de- ment's reflection to perceive, that the rest of prived of the ablest of its surviving champions. France could not well resemble La Vendée in
When they had gratified their curiosity with its royalism, unless it had resembled it in these melancholy details, Madame de L. and the other peculiarities upon which that royalher mother set out for Bourdeaux, and from ism was founded-unless it had all its nothence to Spain, where they remained for blesse resident on their estates; and living in nearly two years—but were at last permitted their old feudal relations with a simple and to return;-and, upon Bonaparte's accession agricultural vassalage. The book indeed to the sovereignty, were even restored to a shows two things very plainly,—and both of great part of their possessions. On the earnest them well worth remembering. In the first entreaty of her mother, she was induced at place, that there may be a great deal of kind. last to give her hand to Louis de Larochejaque- ness and good affection among a people of lein, brother to the gallant Henri—and the in- insurgents against an established government; heritor of his principles and character. This -and, secondly, that where there is such an match took place in 1802, and they lived in aversion to a government, as to break out in peaceful retirement till the late movements spontaneous insurrection, it is impossible enfor the restoration of the house of Bourbon. tirely to subdue that aversion, either by The notice of this new alliance terminates the severity or forbearance-although the differoriginal Memoirs; but there is a supplement, ence of the two courses of policy is, that containing rather a curious account of the in- severity, even when carried to the savage extrigues and communications of the royalist tremity of devastation and indiscriminate party in Bourdeaux and the South, through slaughter, leads only to the adoption of similar the whole course of the Revolution, -and of atrocities in return—while forbearance is at the proceedings by which they conceive that least rewarded by the acquiescence of those they accelerated the restoration of the King in who are conscious of weakness, and gives 1814. It may not be uninteresting to add, time and opportunity for those mutual concesthat since the book was published, the second sions by which alone contending factions or husband of the unfortunate writer fell in bat- | principles can ever be permanently reconciled.
(November, 1812.) Mémoires de FREDERIQUE SOPHIE WILHELMINE DE PRUSSE, Margrave de Bareith, Sæur de Frederic le Grand. Ecrits de sa Main. 8vo. 2 tomes. Brunswick, Paris, et Londres : 1812.
PHILOSOPHERS have long considered it as intermediate classes are subjected, by their probable, that the private manners of absolute mutual dependence, and the need they have sovereigns are vulgar, their pleasures low, and for the good will and esteem of their fellows. their dispositions selfish ;—that the two ex- Those who are at the very bottom of the scale tremes of life, in short, approach pretty closely are below the sphere of this influence; and to each other; and that the Masters of man- those at the very top are above it. The one kind, when stripped of the artificial pomp and have no chance of distinction by any effort magnificence which invests them in public, they are capable of making; and the other resemble nothing so nearly as the meanest of are secure of the highest degree of it, without the multitude. The ground of this opinion any. Both therefore are indifferent, or very is, that the very highest and the very lowest nearly so, to the opinion of mankind: the forof mankind are equally beyond the influence mer, because the naked subsistence which of that wholesome control, to which all the they earn by their labour will not be affected