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part was effectually done. He sent in a citizenship and equality to one set of hearers, column of grenadiers with fixed bayonets at and of the sacred rights of sovereigns to anone end of the hall of the great council, and other. He extended the same unprincipled made them advance steadily to the other; dissimulation to the subject of religion. To driving the unhappy senators, in their fine the prelates with whom he arranged his celeclassical draperies, before them, and forcing brated Concordat, he spoke in the most serithem to leap out of the windows, and scam- ous manner of the truth and the awfulness of per through the gardens in these strange the Gospel; and to Cabanis and the philosohabiliments! Colonel Pride's purge itself was phers, he said, the same evening, -"Saveznot half so rough in its operation.

vous ce que c'est la Concordat? C'est la There was now an end, not only of liberty, Vaccine de la Religion--dans cinquante ans il but of republican tyranny; and the empire of n'y aura plus en France !" He resolved, the sword in the hand of one man, was sub- however, to profit by it while it lasted; and stantially established. It is melancholy to had the blasphemous audacity to put this, think, but history shows it to be true, that the among other things, into the national catemost abject servitude is usually established chism, approved of by the whole Gallican at the close of a long, and even generous church:-Qu. Que doit-on penser de ceux struggle for freedom; partly, no doubt, be- qui manqueroient à leur devoir envers l'Emcause despotism offers an image of repose to pereur Napoléon? Réponse. Qu'ils resistethose who are worn out with contention, but roient à l'ordre établi de Dieu lui-même-et chiefly because that military force to which se rendroient dignes de la damnation éternelle!all parties had in their extremity appealed, With the actual tyranny of the sword began raturally lends itself to the bad ambition of a the more pitiful persecution of the slavish fortunate commander. This it was which journals—the wanton and merciless infliction made the fortune of Bonaparte. His answer of exile on women and men of letters—and to all remonstrances was—“Voulez-vous que the perpetual, restless, insatiable interference je vous livre aux Jacobins ?" But his true in the whole life and conversation of every answer was, that the army was at his de- one of the slightest note or importance. The votion, and that he defied the opinion of the following passages are written, perhaps, with nation.

more bitterness than any other in the book; He began by setting up the Consulate: But but they appear to us to be substantially just. from the very first, says Madame de Staël,

“ Bonaparte, lorsqu'il disposoit d'un million assumed the airs and the tone of royalty. 'hommes armés, n'en attachoit pas moins d'im.

“Il prit les Tuileries pour sa demeure; et ce fut portance à l'art de guider l'esprit public par les un coup de partie que le choix de cette habitation. gazettes; il dictoit souvent lui-même des articles de On avoit vu là le roi de France ; les habitudes mon. journaux qu'on pouvoit reconnoître aux saccades archiques y étoient encore présentes à tous les yeux, violentes du style.... On voyoit qu'il auroit voulu et il suffisoil, pour ainsi dire, de laisser faire les mettre dans ce qu'il écrivoit, des coups au lieu de murs pour tout rétablir. Vers les derniers jours du mois! Il a dans tout son être un fond de vulgarité dernier siècle, je vis entrer le premier consul dans que le gigantesque de son ambition même ne sauroit ce palais bâti par les rois ; et quoique Bonaparte fut toujours cacher. Ce n'est pas qu'il ne sache très. bien loin encore de la magnificence qu'il a dévelop. bien, un jour donné, se montrer avec beaucoup de pée depuis, l'on voyoit déjà dans tout ce qui l'en. convenance ; mais il n'est à son aise que dans le iouroit un empressement de se faire courtisan à mépris pour les autres, et, dès-qu'il peut y rentrer, l'orientale, qui dut lui persuader que gouverner la lil s'y complait. Toutefois ce n'étoit pas unique. terre étoit chose bien facile. Quand sa voiture fut meni par goût qu'il se livroit à faire servir, dans ses arrivée dans la cour des Tuileries, ses valets ouvri. notes du Moniteur, le cynisme de la révolution au reni la portière et précipitèrent le marchepied avec maintien de sa puissance. Il ne permettoit qu'à lui une violence qui sembloit dire que les choses phy. d'être jacobin en France.-Vol. ii. p. 264. siques elles-mêmes étoient insolentes quand elles retardoient un instant la marche de leur maître! Lui Mais bientôt après il en bannii un grand nombre,

“ Je fus la première femme que Bonaparte exila; ne regardoit ni ne remercioit personne; comme s'il d'opinions opposées. D'où venoit ce luxe en fait de avoit craint qu'on pûr le croire sensible aux hom. méchanceté, si ce n'est d'une sorte de haine contre mages même qu'il exigeoir. En montant l'escalier tous les êtres indépendans ? Et comme les femmes, au milieu de la foule qui se pressoit pour le suivre, d'une part, ne pouvoient servir en rien ses desseins ses yeux ne se portoient ni sur aucun objet, nisur politiques, et que

, de l'autre, elles étoient moins ac aucune personne en particulier. Il y avoit quelque cessibles que les hommes aux craintes et aux espé. chose de vague et d'insouciant dans sa physionomie, rances dont le pouvoir est dispensateur, elles lui et ses regards n'exprimoient que ce qu'il lui con

donnoient de l'humeur comme des rebelles, et il se vient toujours de montrer,—l'indifférence pour le plaisoit à leur dire des choses blessantes et vul. sort, et le dédain pour les hommes."

gaires. Il haissoit autant l'esprit de chevalerie qu'il Vol. ii. pp. 258, 259.

recherchoit l'étiquette : c'étoit faire un mauvais He had some reason, indeed, to despise choix parmi les anciennes mæurs. Il lui restoit men, from the specimens he had mostly about aussi de ses premières habitudes pendani la révolu. him: For his adherents were chiefly desert- tion, une certaine antipathie jacobine contre la so. ers from the royalist or the republican party; exerçoient beaucoup d'ascendant.

Il redoutoit en

ciété brillante de Paris ; sur laquelle les femmes -the first willing to transfer their servility to elles l'art de la plaisanterie, qui, l'on doit en con. a new dynasty,—the latter to take the names venir, appartient particulièrement aux Françoises. and emoluments of republican offices from Si Bonaparte avoit voulu s'en tenir au superbe rôle the hand of a plebeian usurper. For a while de grand genéral et de premier magistrat de la réhe thought it prudent to dissemble with each; publique, il auroit plané de toute la hauteur du and, with that utter contempt of truth which de salon. Mais quand il avoit le dessein de se faire belonged to his scorn of mankind. held, in the un roi parvenu, un bourgeois gentilhomme sur le same day, the most edifying discourses of trône, il s'exposoit précisément à la moquerie du

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bon ton, et il ne pouvoit la comprimer, comme il que les flatteries serviles ; parce que, dans les unes, l'a fait, que par l'espionage et la terreur.

on n'auroit vu que son mérite, tandis que les autres Vol. ii. pp. 306, 307. attestoient son autorité. En général, il a préféré The thin måsk of the Consulate was soon plaisoit trop pour qu'il s'occupa de la postérité,

la puissance à la gloire ; car l'action de la force lui thrown off—and the Emperor appeared in his sur laquelle on ne peut l'exercer.”' proper habits. The following remarks, though

Vol. ii. pp. 399–401. not all applicable to the same period, appear There are some fine remarks on the baseto us to be admirable.

ness of those who solicited employment and Bonaparte avoit lu l'histoire d'une manière favours under Bonaparte, and have since joinconfuse. Peu accoutumé à l'étude, il se rendoit ed the party of the Ultras, and treated the beaucoup moins compte de ce qu'il avoit appris whole Revolution as an atrocious rebelliondans les livres, que de ce qu'il avoit recueilli par and a very clear and masterly view of the l'observation des hommes. Il n'en étoit pas moins policy by which that great commander subresté dans sa téte un certain respect pour Attila et dued the greater part of Continental Europe. pour Charlemagne, pour les lois féodales et pour le despotisme de l'Orient, qu'il appliquoit à tort et à But we can afford no room now for any further travers, ne se trompant jamais, toutefois, sur ce account of them. As a general, she says, he qui servoit instantanémeni à son pouvoir ; mais du was prodigal of the lives of his soldiersreste, citant, blâmant, louant et raisonnant comme haughty and domineering to his officers and le hasard le conduisoit. Il parloit ainsi des heures utterly regardless of the miseries he inflicted entières avec d'autant plus d'avantage, que per on the countries which were the scenes of sonne ne l'interrompoit, si ce n'est par les applays his operations. The following anecdote is dans des occasions semblables. Une chose singu. curious—and to us original. lière, c'est que, dans la conversation, plusieurs officiers Bonapartistes ont emprunté de leur chef

"On l'a vu dans la guerre d'Autriche, en 1809, cel héroïque, galimatias, qui véritablement ne sig. quitter l'île de Lobau, quand i! jugeoit la bataille nifie rien qu' à la tête de huit cent mille hommes. perdue. Il traversa le Danube, seul avec M. de

Vol. ii. pp. 332, 333.

Czernitchef, l'un des intrépides aides

l'empereur de Russie, et le maréchal Berthier. "Il fit occuper la plupart des charges de sa mai. L'empereur leur dit assez tranquillement qu'après son par des Nobles de l'ancien régime ; il aimoit avoir gagné quarante batailles, il n'étoit pas extra, les flatteries des courtisans d'autrefois, parce qu'ils ordinaire d'en perdre une; et lorsqu'il fut arrivé s'entendoient mieux à cet art que les hommes nou. de l'autre côté du fleuve, il se coucha et dormit veaux, même les plus empressés. Chaque fois jusqu'au lendemain malin ! sans s'informer du sort qu'un gentilhomme de l'ancienne cour rappeloit de l'arınée françoise, que ses généraux sauvèrent l'étiquette du temps jadis, proposoit une révérence pendant son sommeil."-Vol. ii. p. 358. de plus, une certaine façon de frapper à la porte de quelque anti-chambre, une manière plus céré. Madame de Staël mentions several other monieuse de présenter une dépêche, de plier une instances of this faculty of sleeping in molettre, de la terminer par telle ou telle formule, il ments of great apparent anxiety. The most étoit accueilli comme s'il avoit fait faire des progrès remarkable is, that he fell fast asleep before au bonheur de l'espèce humaine ! Le code de l'éliquette impériale est le document le plus remarqu. taking the field in 1814, while endeavouring able de la bassesse à laquelle on peut réduire to persuade one of his ministers that he had l'espèce humaine."-Vol. ii. pp. 334, 335. no chance of success in the approaching cam

“Quand il y avoit quatre cents personnes dans paign, but must inevitably be ruined ! son salon, un aveugle auroit pu s'y croire seul, tant She has extracted from the Moniteur of le silence qu'on observoit étoii profond ! Les July 1810, a very singular proof of the au. maréchaux de France, au milieu des fatigues de la dacity with which he very early proclaimed guerre, au moment de la crise d'une bataille, en his own selfish and ambitious views. It is troient dans la tente de l'empereur pour lui demander ses ordres, -et il ne leur étoit pas permis a public letter addressed by him to his de s'y asseoir ! Sa famille ne souffroit pas moins nephew, the young Duke of Berg, in which que les étrangers de son despotisme et de sa hau. he says, in so many words, "N'oubliez jateur. Lucien a mieux aimé vivre prisonnier en mais, que vos premiers devoirs sont envers Louis Bonaparte, dont le caractère est générale: Moi-vos seconds envers la France-ceux ment estimé, se vit constraint par sa probité même, envers les peuples que je pourrois vous conà renoncer à la couronne de Hollande ; et, le croi. fier, ne viennent qu'après.” This was at roit-on ? quand il causoit avec son frère pendant least candid—and in his disdain for mankind, deux heures tête-à-tête, forcé par sa mauvaise santé a sort of audacious candour was sometimes de s'appuyer péniblement contre la muraille, Na: alternated with his duplicity. poléon ne lui offroit pas une chaise ! il demeuroit lui-même debout, de crainte que quelqu'un n'eût “Un principe général, quel qu'il fût, déplaisoit l'idée de se familiariser assez avec lui, pour s'asseoir à Bonaparte ; comme une niaiserie, ou comme un en sa présence.

Il n'étoit point sanguinaire, mais indiffé"Le peur qu'il causoit dans les derniers temps rent à la vie des hommes. Il ne la considéroit que étoit telle, que personne ne lui adressoit le premier comme un moyen d'arriver à son but, ou comme la parole sur rien. Quelquefois il s'entretenoit un obstacle à écarter de sa route. Il n'étoit pas avec la plus grande simplicité au milieu de sa cour, même aussi colèré qu'il a souvent paru l'être : il et dans son conseil d'état. Il souffroit la contra vouloit effrayer avec ses paroles, afin de s'épargner diction, il y encourageoit même, quand il s'agissoit le fait par la menace. Tout étoit chez lui moyen de questions administratives ou judiciaires sans re- ou but; l'involontaire ne se trouvoit nulle part, ni lation avec son pouvoir. Il falloit voir alors l'atten dans le bien, ni dans le mal. On prétend qu'il a drissement de ceux auxquels il avoit rendu pour un dit : J'ai lant de conscrits à dépenser par an. Ce moment la respiration libre ; mais, quand le maître propos est vraisemblable ; car Bonaparte a souvent reparoissoit, on demandoit en vain aux ministres de assez méprisé ses auditeurs pour se complaire dans présenter un rapport à l'empereur contre une me. un genre de sincérité qui n'est que de l'impudence. sure injuste.--Il aimoit moins les louanges vraies | Jamais il n'a cru aux sentimens exaltés, soit dans

ennemi.

war,

les individus, soit dans les nations ; il a pris l'examples better, he has that of his own Henri pression de ces sentimens pour de l'hypocrisie.”- IV. before him. That great and popular Vol. ii. pp. 391, 392.

prince at last found it necessary to adopt the Bonaparte, Madame de Staël thinks, had religious creed of the great majority of his no alternative but to give the French nation people. In the present day, it is at least as a free constitution; or to occupy them in necessary for a less popular monarch to study

and to dazzle them with military glory. and adopt their political one. Some of those He had not magnanimity to do the one, and about him, we have heard, rather recommend he finally overdid the laiter. His first great the example of Ferdinand VII.! But even the error was the war with Spain; his last, the Ultras, we think, cannot really forget that campaign in Russia. All that followed was Ferdinand, instead of having been restored put upon him, and could not be avoided. by a foreign force, was dethroned by one; She rather admires his rejection of the terms that there had been no popular insurrection, offered at Chatillon; and is moved with his and no struggle for liberty in Spain; and that, farewell to his legions and their eagles at besides the army, he had the priesthood on Fontainebleau. She feels like a French- his side, which, in that country, is as omnip, woman on the occupation of Paris by foreign otent, as in France it is insignificant and conquerors; but gives the Emperor Alexan- powerless, for any political purposes. We der full credit, both for the magnanimity of cannot now follow Madame de Stael into the his conduct as a conqueror, and the gene- profound and instructive criticism she makes rosity of his sentiments on the subject of on the management of affairs during Bola. French liberty and independence. She is parte's stay at Elba ;-though much of it is quite satisfied with the declaration made by applicable to a later period—and though we the King at St. Ouen, and even with the do not remember to have met any where with charter that followed-though she allows so much truth told in so gentle a manner. that many further provisions were necessary Madame de Staël confirms what we beliere to consolidate the constitution. All this part all well-informed persons nou admit, that for of the book is written with great temperance months before the return of Bonaparte, the and reconciling wisdom. She laughs at the attempt was expected, and in some measure doctrine of legitimacy, as it is now main- prepared for—by all but the court, and the tained; but gives excellent reasons for pre- royalists by whom it was surrounded. When ferring an ancient line of princes, and a the neurs of his landing was received, they fixed order of succession of the Ultras, or were still too foolish to be alarmed; and, when unconstitutional royalists, as she calls them, the friends of liberty said to each other, with she speaks with a sort of mixed anger and bitter regret, “There is an end of our liberty pity; although an unrepressed scorn takes if he should succeed—and of our national inihe place of both, when she has occasion to dependence if he should fail,"—the worthy mention those members of the party who Ultras went about, saying, it was the luckiest were the abject flatterers of Bonaparte du- thing in the world, for they should now get ring the period of his power, and have but properly rid of him; and the king would no transferred to the new occupant of the throne, longer be vexed with the fear of a pretender! the servility to which they had been trained Madame de Staël treats with derision the idea under its late possessor.

of Bonaparte being sincere in his professions “Mais ceux dont on avoit le plus de peine à to the constitution proposed to him after his

of regard to liberty, or his resolution to adhere contenir l'indignation verlueuse contre le parii de l'usurpateur, c'étoient les nobles ou leurs adhérens, return. She even maintains, that it was abqui avoient demandé des places à ce même usur-surd to propose a free constitution at such a pateur pendant sa puissance, et qui s'en étoient crisis. If the nation and the army abandoned séparés bien nettement le jour de sa chute. L'en. the Bourbons, nothing remained for the nation thousiasme pour la légitimité de tel chambellan de but to invest the master of that army with the Madame mère, ou de telle dame d'atour de dictatorship; and to rise en masse, till their Madame seur, ne connoissoit point de bornes; et certes, nous autres que Bonaparte avoit proscrits borders were freed from the invaders. That pendant tout le cours de son règne, nous nous they did not do so, only proves that they had examinions pour savoir si nous n'avions pas été become indifferent about the country, or that ses favoris, quand une certaine delicatesse d'âme they were in their hearts hostile to Bonaparte. nous obligeoit à le défendre contre les invectives Nothing, she assures us, but the consciousness de ceux qu'il avoit comblés de bienfaits.” — Vol. of this, could have made him submit to conmi. p. 107.

cessions so alien to his whole character and Our Charles II. was recalled to the throne habits—and the world, says Madame de Staël, of his ancestors by the voice of his people; so understood him. “Quand il a prononcé les and yet that throne was shaken, and, within mots de Loi et Liberté, l'Europe s'est rassurée: twenty-five years, overturned by the arbitrary Elle a senti que ce n'étoit plus son ancien et conduct of the restored sovereigns. Louis terrible adversaire.” XVIII. was not recalled by his people, but She passes a magnificent encomium on the brought in and-set up by foreign conquerors. military genius and exalted character of our It must therefore be still more necessary for Wellington; but says he could not have conhim to guard against arbitrary measures, and quered as he did, if the French had been led to take all possible steps to secure the attach- by one who could rally round him the affecment of that people whose hostility had so tions of the people as well as he could direct lately proved fatal. If he like domestic ex- I their soldiers. She maintains, that after the battle, when Bonaparte returned to Paris, he fuse a respectable office, with a salary of had not the least idea of being called upon 8000 louis, would certainly be considered as again to abdicate; but expected to obtain from fit for Bedlam: And in another place she obthe two chambers the means of renewing or serves, that it seems to be a fundamental continuing the contest. When he found that maxim in that country, that every man must this was impossible, he sunk at once into de have a place. We confess that we have some spair, and resigned himself without a struggle. difficulty in reconciling these incidental intiThe selfishness which had guided his whole mations with her leading position, that the great career, disclosed itself in naked deformity in majority of the French nation is desirous of a the last acts of his public life. He abandoned free constitution, and perfectly fit for and dehisarmy the moment he found that he could not serving of it. If these be the principles, not lead it immediately against the enemy-and only upon which they act, but which they and no sooner saw his own fate determined, than their advocates avow, we know no constitution he gave up all concern for that of the unhappy under which they can be free; and have no country which his ambition had involved in faith in the power of any new institutions to such disasters. He quietly passed by the counteract that spirit of corruption by which, camp of his warriors on his way to the port even where they have existed the longest, by which he was to make his own escape-their whole virtue is consumed. and, by throwing himself into the hands of With our manners in society she is not quite the English, endeavoured to obtain for him- so well pleased ;-though she is kind enough self the benefit of those liberal principles to ascribe our deficiencies to the most honourwhich it had been the business of his life to able causes. In commiserating the comparaextirpate and discredit all over the world. tive dulness of our social talk, however, has

At this point Madame de Stael terminates not this philosophic observer a little overlooked somewhat abruptly her historical review of the effects of national tastes and habits-and the events of the Revolution; and here, our is it not conceivable, at least, that we who are readers will be happy to learn, we must stop used to it may really have as much satisfactoo. There is half a volume more of her work, tion in our own hum-drum way of seeing each indeed, -and ove that cannot be supposed the other, as our more sprightly neighbours in least interesting to us, as it treats chiefly of their exquisite assemblies?' In all this part the history, constitution, and society of Èng- of the work, too, we think we can perceive land. But it is for this very reason that we the iraces rather of ingenious theory, than of cannot trust ourselves with the examination of correct observation ; and suspect that a good it. We have every reason certainly to be satis- part of the tableau of English society is rather fied with the account she gives of us; nor can a sort of conjectural sketch, than a copy from any thing be more eloquentand animating than real life; or at least that it is a generalization the view she has presented of the admirable from a very few, and not very common exmechanism and steady working of our consti- amples. May we be pardoned too for hinting, tution, and of its ennobling effects on the char- that a person of Madame de Staël's great acter of all who live under it. We are willing talents and celebrity, is by no means well to believe all this too to be just; though we qualified for discovering the true tone and are certainly painted en beau. In some parts, character of English society from her own obhowever, we are more shocked at the notions servation ; both because she was not likely to she gives us of the French character, than see it in those smaller and more familiar asflattered at the contrast exhibited by our own. semblages in which it is seen to the most adIn mentioning the good reception that gentle- vantage, and because her presence must have men in opposition to government sometimes had the unlucky effect of imposing silence on meet with in society, among us, and the up- the modest, and tempting the vain and ambiright posture they contrive to maintain, she tious to unnatural display and ostentation. says, that nobody here would think of con- With all its faults, however, the portion of dolmg with a man for being out of power, or her book which we have been obliged to pass of receiving him with less cordiality. She over in silence, is well worthy of as ample a notices also, with a very alarming sort of ad- notice as we have bestowed on the other miration, that she understood, when in Eng- parts of it, and would of itself be sufficient to land, that a gentleman of the law had actually justify us in ascribing to its lamented author refused a situation worth 60001. or 70001. a that perfection of masculine understanding, year, merely because he did not approve of and female grace and acuteness, which are the ministry by whom it was offered; and so rarely to be met with apart, and never, we adds, that in France any man who would re- believe, were before united.

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( February, 1816.) Mémoires de MADAME LA MARQUISE DE LAROCHEJAQUELEIN; avec deux Cartes du Théatre de la

Guerre de La Vendée. 2 tomes, 8vo. pp. 500. Paris: 1815. This is a book to be placed by the side of extraordinary incidents, unexpected turns of Mrs. Hutchinson's delightful Memoirs of her fortune, and striking displays of individual heroic husband and his chivalrons Independ- talent, and vice and virtue, than the more soents. Both are pictures, by a female hand, lemn movements of national hostility; where of tumultuary and almost private wars, car- every thing is in a great measure provided ried on by conscientious individuals against and foreseen, and where the inflexible subthe actual government of their country :—and ordination of rank, and the severe exactions both bring to light, not only innumerable traits of a limited duty, not only take away the inof the most romantic daring and devoted ducement, but the opportunity, for those exfidelity in particular persons, but a general altations of personal feeling and adventure character of domestic virtue and social gen- which produce the most lively interest, and tleness among those who would otherwise lead to the most animating results. In the have figured to our imaginations as adventur- unconcerted proceedings of an insurgent popuous desperadoes or ferocious bigots. There lation, all is experiment, and all is passion. is less talent, perhaps, and less loftiness, The heroic daring of a simple peasant lifts either of style or of character, in the French him at once.to the rank of a leader; and kinthan the English heroine. Yet she also has dles a general enthusiasm to which all things done and suffered enough to entitle her to become possible. Generous and gentle feelthat appellation; and, while her narrative ings are speedily generated by this raised acquires an additional interest and a truer state of mind and of destination; and the pertone of nature, from the occasional recurrence petual intermixture of domestic cares and of female fears and anxieties, it is conversant rustic occupations, with the exploits of troops with still more extraordinary incidents and serving without pay, and utterly unprovided characters, and reveals still more of what had with magazines, produces a contrast which been previously malignantly misrepresented, enhances the effects of both parts of the deor entirely unknown.

scription, and gives an air of moral picturOur readers will understand, from the title- esqueness to the scene, which is both pathetic page which we have transcribed, that the and delightful. It becomes much more attractwork relates to the unhappy and sanguinary ive also, in this representation, by the singu. wars which were waged against the insur- lar candour and moderation—not the most gents in La Vendée during the first and mad- usual virtue of belligerent females—with dest years of the French Republic: But it is which Madame de L. has told the story of proper for us to add, that it is confined almost her friends and her enemies—the liberálity entirely to the transactions of two years; and with which she has praised the instances of that the detailed narrative ends with the dis- heroism or compassion which occur in the solution of the first Vendean army, before the conduct of the republicans, and the simplicity proper formation of the Chouan force in Brit- with which she confesses the jealousies and tany, or the second insurrection of Poitou; excesses which sometimes disgraced the inthough there are some brief and imperfect surgents. There is not only no royalist or notices of these, and subsequent occurrences. antirevolutionary rant in these volumes, but The details also extend only to the proceed- scarcely any of the bitterness or exaggeration ings of the Royalist or Insurgent party, to of a party to civil dissensions; and it is rather which the author belonged; and do not affect wonderful that an actor and a sufferer in the to embrace any general history of the war. most cruel and outrageous warfare by which

This hard-fated woman was very young, modern times have been disgraced, should and newly married, when she was thrown, have set an example of temperance and imby the adverse circumstances of the time, partiality which its remote spectators have into the very heart of those deplorable con- found it so difficult to follow. The truth is, tests;-and, without pretending to any other we believe, that those who have had most information than she could draw from her occasion to see the mutual madness of conown experience, and scarcely presuming to tending factions, and to be aware of the traits pass any judgment upon the merits or de- of individual generosity by which the worst merits of the cause, she has made up her cause is occasionally redeemed, and of brutal book of a clear and dramatic description of outrage by which the best is sometimes deacts in which she was a sharer, or scenes of | based, are both more indulgent to human which she was an eyewitness, -and of the nature, and more distrustful of its immaculate characters and histories of the many distin- purity, than the fine declaimers who aggraguished individuals who partook with her of vate all that is bad on the side to which they their glories or sufferings. The irregular and are opposed, and refuse to admit its existence undisciplined wars which it is her business in that to which they belong. The general to describe, are naturally far more prolific of of an adverse army has always more tolera

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