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"When he came to Nottingham, Coll. Hutchin- / sought his ruine. He expresst an earnest desire to son went to see him, whom he embrac'd wih all restore the people's liberties, and 10 take and pursue the expressions of kindnesse that one friend could more safe and sober councells, and wound up all make io another, and then retiring with him, prest with a very fair courtship of the collonell to engage him to tell him what thoughts his friends, the wiib him, offering him any thing he would account lesellers, had of him. The collonell, who was the worthy of him. The collonell told him, he could freest man in the world from concealing truth from not be forward to make his owne advantage, by his friend, especially when it was requir'd of him serving to the enslaving of his country. The other in love and plaionesse, not only told him what others told him, he intended nothing more then the rethought of him, but what he himselfe conceiv'd, and storing and confirming the liberties of the good how much it would darken all his glories, if he people, in order to which he would employ such should become a slave to his owne ambition, and men of honor and interest as the people should re. be guilty of what he gave the world iust cause to joyce, and he should not refuse to be one of them. suspect, and therefore begg'd of him to weare his And after, with all his arts, he had endeavour'd to heart in his face, and to scorne to delude his enemies, excuse bis publique actions, and to draw in the but to make use of his noble courage, to maintaine collonell, he dismist him with such expressions as what he believ'd iust, against all greate oposers. were publickely taken notice of by all his little Cromwell made mighty professions of a sincere courtiers then about him ; when he went to the end heart to him, but it is certeine that for this and such of the gallery with the collonell, and there, embraclike plaine dealing with him, he dreaded the collonell, ing him, sayd allowd to bim,“ Well, collonell, satisand made it his particular businesse to keepe him fied or dissatisfied, you shall be one of us, for wee out of the armie; but the collonell, never desiring can no longer exempt a person so able and faithfull command, to serve himselfe, but his country, would from the publique service, and you shall be satisfied not use that art he detested in others, to procure in all honest things.' The collonell left him with himselse any advan'age.”—pp. 285–287.
that respect that became the place he was in ; when An after scene is still more remarkable, and of them past him by without knowing him when
immediately the same courtiers, who had some more characteristic of both the actors. After he came in, although they had bene once of his Cromwell had possessed himself of the sove- familiar acquaintance ; and ihe rest, who had look'd reignty, Colonel Hutchinson came accidentally upon him with such disdainfull neglect as those to the knowledge of a plot which had been laid liile people use to those who are not of their fac. for his assassination; and was moved, by the tion, now flocke about him, striving who should nobleness of his own nature, and his regard ofliciousnesse, redeeme their late slightings. Some
expresse most respect, and, by an extraordinary for the Protector's great qualities—though he of them desir'd he would command their
service in had openly testified against his usurpation, any businesse he had with their lord, and a thou. and avoided his presence since the time of sard such frivolous compliments, which the collonell it—to give such warning of it to Fleetwood, smiled att. and, quirting himselfe of them as soone as might enable him to escape that hazard, There he had not long bene but that he was in.
as he could, made haste to returne into the country. but at the same time without betraying the form’d, notwithstanding all these faire shewes, the names of any of the conspirators.
protector, finding him too constant to be wrought “Asier Collonell Hutchinson had given Fleet. upon to serve his tirannie, had resolv'd 10 secure wood that caution, he was going into the country; now grew very weary of his bondage. But though
person, least he should head the people, who when the protector sent to search him out with all it was certainly confirm'd to the collonell
how much the earnesi nesse and haste that could possibly be, he was afraid of his honesty and freedome, and and the collonell went to him; who meti bim in one that he was resolv'd not to let him longer be att of the galleries, and receiv'd him with open armes liberty, yet, before bis guards apprehended the and the kindest embraces that could be given, and collonell, death imprison'å himselle. and confin'd complain'd that the collonell should be so unkind all his vast ambition, and all his cruell designes into as never to give him a visitt, professing how well. I the narrow compasse of a grave."-pp. 340–342. come he should have bene, the most wellcome person in the land ; and with these smooth insinu- Two other anecdotes, one
discreditable ations led him allong to a private place, giving him to Cromwell, the other affording a striking thankes for the advertisement he had receiv'd from Fleetwood, and using all his art to gett out of the proof of his bravery and knowledge of man. collonell the knowledge of the persons engag'd in kind, may be found at p. 308. and 316. But the conspiracy against him. But none of his cun. we dismiss the subject of this great bad ning, nor promises, nor flatteries, could prevaile man," with the following eloquent representawith the collonell to informe him more ihan he tion of his government after he had attained thought necessary to prevent the execution of the the height of his ambition ;-a representation gave him most infinite thankes for what he had in which the keen regrets of disappointed told him, and acknowledg’d it open’d to him some patriotism are finely mingled with an indigmisteries that had perplext him, and agreed so with nant contempt for those who submitted to other intelligence he had, that he must owe his tyranny, and a generous admission of the talpreservation to him: ‘But,' says he, deare collo: ents and magnanimity of the tyrant. nell, why will not you come in and act among us ?' The collonell told him plainly, because he liked not
"In the interim Cromwell and his armie grew any of his wayes since he broke the parliament, as wanton with their power, and invented a thousand being those which led to certeine and unavoydable tricks of government, which, when nobody oppos'd, destruction, not only of themselves, but of the whole they themselves fell to dislike and vary every day. parliament party and cause, and i hereupon rooke First he calls a parliament out of his owne pockett, occasion, with his usuall freedom, to tell him into himselse naming a sort of godly men for every what a sad hazard all things were put, and how county, who meeting and not agreeing, a part of apparent a way was made for the restitution of all them, in the name of the people, give up the sove. former tyranny and bondage. Cromwell seem'd reignty to him. Shortly after, he makes up seve. to receive this honest plainnesse with the greatest rall sorts of mock parliaments, but not finding one affection that could be, and acknowledg'd his pre of them absolutely for his turne. turn'd them off cipi atenesse in some things, and with leares com- againe. He soone quitted himselfe of his triumvirs, plained how Lambert had put him upon all those and first thrust oui Harrison, then tooke away violent actions, for which he now accus'd him and | Lambert's commission, and would have bene king
but for feare of quitting his generallship. He weed, the nation, there is something in this account ed, in a few months time, above a hundred and of Colonel Hutchinson which appears to us fifly godly officers out of the armie, with whom deserving of notice with reference to both roome abundance of the king's dissolute souldiers these particulars. were entertain'd, and the armie was almost chang'd Soon after his marriage, he retired to his from that godly religious armie, whose vallour God house at Owthorpe, where he took to the study had crown'd with triumph, into the dissolute armie of divinity; and having his attention roused they had beaten, bearing yett a better name. His wife and children too, were setting up for princi.
to the state of public affairs, by the dreadful pality, which suited no better with any of thein ihan massacres of Ireland, in 1641, set himself scarlett on the ape ; only, to speak the truth of him. diligently to read and consider all the disputes selfe, he had much naturall greatnesse, and well which were then begun between the King becaine the place he had usurp'd. llis daughter and Parliament; the result of which was, a Fleetewood was humbled, and not exalted, with steady conviction of the justice of the prethese things; but the rest were insolent fooles. tensions maintained by the latter, with a Cleypoole, who married his daughter, and his son Henry, were two debauch'd ungodly cavaliers. strong anxiety for the preservation of peace. Richard was a peasant in his nature'; yet gentle and His first achievement (we are sorry to say) vertuous; but became not greatnesse. His couri was, to persuade the parson of his parish to was full of sinne and vanily, and the more abomi- deface the images, and break the painted nable, because they had not yett quite cast away glass in the windows of his church, in obethe name of God, but prophan'd it by taking it in dience to an injunction of the parliament; vaine upon them. True religion was now almost lost, even among the religious party, and hipocrisie his next, to resist Lord Newark in an illegal became an epidemicall disease, to the sad griefe of attempt to carry off the ammunition belonging Collonell Hutchinson, and all true-hearted Chris. to the county, for the use of the King. His tians and Englishınen. Almost all the ministers deportment upon this last occasion, when he every where fell in and worship! this beast, and was only twenty-five years of age, affords a city of London, and many of the degenerate lords very singular proof of temper and firmness, of the land, with the poore spirited gentry. The perfect good breeding, and great powers of cavaliers, in pollicy, who saw that while Cromwell reasoning: reduc'd all the exercise of tirannicall power under When the King set up his standard at Notanother name, there was a doore opend for the re tingham, Mr. Hutchinson repaired to the camp storing of their party, fell much in with Cromwell
, of Essex, the parliamentary general; but "did and heighten'd all his disorders. He at last exercis'd such an arbitrary power, that the whole not then find a clear call from the Lord to join land grew weary of him, while he sett up a com
with him." His irresolution, however, was panie of silly meane fellows, call'd maior-generalls, speedily dissipated, by the persecutions of the as governors in every county. These rul'd, accord; Royalists, who made various efforts to seize ing to their wills, by no law but what seem'd good him as a'disaffected person. He accordingly in their owne eies; imprisoning men, obstructing began to consult with others in the same prethe course of iustice beiweene man and man, per: dicament: and having resolved to try to defend verting right through partiallity, acquitring some that were guilty, and punishing some that were the town and castle of Nottingham against the innocent as guilty. Then he exercised another assaults of the enemy, he was first elected proiect to rayse mony, by decimation of the estates governor by his associates, and afterwards of all the king's party, of which actions 'uis said had his nomination confirmed by Fairfax and Lambert was the instigator. At last he tooke upon him to make lords and knights; and wanted by the Parliament. A great deal too much not many fooles, both of the armie and gentry, io of the book is occupied with an account of the accept of and struit in his mock titles. Then the petty enterprises in which this little garrison Earle of Warwick's grandchild and the Lord Fal: was engaged; the various seuds and dissenconbridge married his two daughters; such pittifull sions which arose among the different officers slaves were the nobles of those dayes. At last and the committees who were appointed as Lambert, perceiving himselfe to have bene all this their council; the occasional desertion and while deluded with hopes and promises of succes. sion, and seeing that Cromwell now intended to treachery of various individuals, and the many confirme the government in his own famely, fell contrivances, and sacrifices, and exertions by off from him, but behav'd himselfe very pitifully which Colonel Hutchinson was enabled to and meanely, was turn'd out of all his places, and maintain his post till the final discomfiture of return'd againe to plott new vengeance at his house the Royal party. This narrative contains, no in his garden, and worke at the needle with his doubt, many splendid examples of courage wife and his maides! while he was watching an and fidelity on both sides; and, for the variety oppertunity to serve againe his ambition, which had of intrigues, cabals, and successful and unthis difference from the protector's; the one was successful attempts at corruption which it gallant and greate, the other had nothing but an exhibits, may be considered as a complete unworthy pride, most insolent in prosperity, and as miniature of a greater history. But the insig, abiect and base in adversity.”—p. 335—338.
nificance of the events, and the obscurity of In making these miscellaneous extracts, for the persons, take away all interest from the the amusement of our readers, we are afraid story; and our admiration of Colonel Hutchthat we have too far lost sight of the worthy inson's firmness, and disinterestedness and colonel, for whose honour the whole record valour, is scarcely sufficient to keep our attenwas designed; and though the biography of a tion alive through the languishing narrative private person, however eminent, is seldom of the obscure warfare in which he was emof much consequence to the general reader, ployed. except where it illustrates the manners of the It has often been remarked, and for the times, or connects with the public history of honour of our country can never be too often repeated, that history affords no example of a , late King. Such were the liberal pursuits civil contest carried on for years at the point and elegant recreations of one whom all our of the sword, and yet producing so little fero- recent histories would lead us to consider as city in the body of the people, and so few a gloomy fanatic, and barbarous bigot! instances of particular violence or cruelty. Upon the death of the Protector, he again No proscriptions-no executions-no sacking took his seat in Parliament, for the county of of cities, or Jaying waste of provinces--no Nottingham; and was an indignant spectator vengeance wreaked, and indeed scarcely any of the base proceedings of Monk, and the severity inflicted, upon those who were noto- headlong and improvident zeal of the people riously hostile, unless found actually in arms. in the matter of the restoration. In the course Some passages in the wars of Henry IV., as of the debate on the treatment to be dealt to narrated by Sully, approach to this character; the regicides, such of them as were members but the horrible massacres with which that of the House rose in their places, and made contest was at other stages attended, exclude such a defence of their conduct as they reit from all parallel with the generous hostility spectively thought it admitted of. The folof England. This book is full of instances, not lowing passage is very curious, and gives us merely of mutual toleration, but of the most a high idea of the readiness and address of cordial friendship subsisting between indi- Colonel Hutchinson in a situation of extraorviduals actually engaged in the opposite par- dinary difficulty. ties. In particular, Sir Allan Apsley, Mrs.
" When it came to Inglesbies turne, he, with Hutchinson's brother, who commanded a troop many leares, profest his repentance for that murther; of horse for the King, and was frequently and fold a false tale, how Cromwell held his hand, employed in the same part of the country and forc'd him to subscribe the sentence ! and made where Colonel Hutchinson commanded for a most whining recantation; after which he retir'd, the Parliament, is represented throughout as and another had almost ended, when Collonell living on a footing of the greatest friendship Hutchinson, who was not there at the beginning,
came in, and was told what ihey were about, and and cordiality with this valiant relative. Un- that it would be expected he should say something. der the protection of mutual passes, they pay He was surpriz’d with a thing he expected not; yet frequent visits to each other, and exchange neither then, nor in any tho like occasion, did he various civilities and pieces of service, with ever faile bimselse, bui told them, : That for his out any attempt on either side to seduce the actings in those dayes, if he had err'd, it was the other from the cause to which his conscience ment, and not the malice of his heart, which had
inexperience of his age, and the defect of his judge. had attached him. In the same way, the ever prompted him to persue the generall advantage houses and families of various royalists are of his country more then his owne; and if the sacri, left unmolested in the district commanded by fice of him might conduce to the publick peace and Colonel Hutchinson's forces; and officers con- seulement, he should freely submit his life and forducting troops to the siege of the castle, are unes to their dispose ; that the vain expence of his repeatedly invited to partake of entertain- had runne him into, as they were testimonies that ments with the garrison. It is no less curious neither avarice nor any other interest had carried and unique to find Mrs. Hutchinson officiating him on, so they yielded him iust cause to repent as a surgeon to the wounded; and the Colonel ihat he ever forsooke his owne blessed quieti, to administering spiritual consolation to some embarque in such a troubled sea, where he had of the captives who had been mortally hurt and as to that particular action of the king, he de
made shipwrack of all things but a good conscience; by the men whom he had led into action.
sir'd them to believe he had that sence of it that beAfter the termination of the war, Colonel fitted an Englishman, a Christian, and a gentleHutchinson was returned to Parliament for man.' Assoone as the collonell had spoken, he the town which he had so resolutely defended. retir'd into a roome, where Inglesbie was, with his He was appointed a member of the High ceed his whinings, and embracing Collonell HutCourt of Justice, for the trial of the King ;-chinson, . 0 collonell,' say'd he, * did I ever imagine and after long hesitation, and frequent prayer wee could be brought to this? Could I have sus. to God to direct him aright in an affair of so pected it, when I brought them Lambert in the much moment, he deliberately concurred in other day, this sword should have redeem'd us from the sentence which was pronounced by it ;
being dealt with as criminalls, by that people, for Mrs. Hutchinson proudly disclaiming for him The collonell told him, he had foreseene, ever since
whom we had so gloriously exposed ourselves.' the apology, afterwards so familiar in the those usurpers thrust out the lawfull authority of mouths of his associates, of having been over the land, to enthrone themselves, it could end in awed by Cromwell. His opinion of the Pro- nothing else; but the integrity of his heart, in all tector, and of his government, has been pretty he had done, made him as chearefully ready to
The result fully explained in the extracts we have already of the house that day was 10 suspend Collonell given. During that usurpation, he lived in Hutchinson and the rest from sitting in the house. almost unbroken retirement, at Owthorpe; Monke, after all his greate professions, now sate where he occupied himself in superintending still, and had not one word to interpose for any perthe education of his children, whom he him- son, but was as forward to sett vengeance on foot self instructed in music and other elegant as any man."-pp. 367—369. accomplishments; in the embellishment of He was afterwards comprehended in the his residence by building and planting; in act of amnesty, and with some difficulty obadministering justice to his neighbours, and tained his pardon ; upon which he retired to in making a very choice collection of painting the country; but was soon after brought to and sculpture, for which he had purchased a town, in order to see if he could not be prenumber of articles out of the cabinet of the vailed on to give evidence against such of the regicides as it was resolved to bring to trial. | time every day on the beach; but this mitigaThe Inglesby who is commemorated in the tion came too late. A sort of aguish fever, preceding extract, is known to have been the brought on by damp and confinement, bad chief informer on that occasion ; and Colonel settled on his constitution; and, in little more Hutchinson understood, that it was by his in-than a month after his removal from the stigation that he also had been called as a Tower, he was delivered by death from the witness. His deportment, when privately ex- mean and cowardly oppression of those whom amined by the Aitorney-General, is extremely he had always disdained either to flatter or characteristic, and includes a very fine and betray; bitter piece of irony on his base associate, England should be proud, we think, of who did not disdain to save himself by false- having given birth to Mrs. Hutchinson and hood and treachery. When pressed to specify her husband; and chiefly because their charsome overt acts against the prisoners, acters are truly and peculiarly English; ac
cording to the standard of those times in which "the collonell answered him, that in a busi- national characters were most distinguishable. nesse transacted so many years agoe, wherein life Not exempt, certainly, from errors and defects, was concern’d, he durst not beare a testimony; they yet seem to us to hold out a lofty example he could not remember the least title of that most of substantial dignity and virtue; and to possess eminent circumstance, of Cromwell's forcing Collo most of those talents and principles by which nell Inglesby to sell to his unwilling hand, which, if public life is made honourable, and privacy his life had depended on thal circumstance, he could delightful. Bigotry must at all times debase, not have affirm'd! And then, sir,' sayd he, 'if I and civil dissension embitter our existence; have lost so great a thing as that, it cannot be ex. pected lesse eminent passages remaine with me.'
but, in the ordinary course of events, we may p. 379.
safely venture to assert, that a nation which
produces many such wives and mothers as It was not thought proper to examine him Mrs. Lucy Hutchinson, must be both great on the trial; and he was allowed, for about a and happy. year, to pursue his innocent occupations in For the Reverend Julius Hutchinson, the the retirement of a country life. At last he editor of these Memoirs, it is easy to see that was seized, upon suspicion of being concern- he is considerably perplexed and distracted, ed in some treasonable conspiracy; and, between a natural desire to extol those illusthough no formal accusation was ever exhib- trious ancestors, and a fear of being himself ited against him, and no sort of evidence spe- mistaken for a republican. So he gives us cified as the ground of his detention, was alternate notes in laud of the English levellers, conveyed to London, and committed a close and in vituperation of the atheists and jacoprisoner to the Tower. In this situation, he bins of France. From all this, our charity was treated with the most brutal harshness; leads us to infer, that the said Reverend Julius all which he bore with great meekness of Hutchinson has not yet obtained that preferspirit; and consoled himself in the constant ment in the church which it would be convestudy of the Scriptures, and the society of nient for him to possess; and that, when he his magnanimous consort, who, by the power is promoted according to his merits, he will ful intercession of her brother, was at last ad- speak more uniformly in a manner becoming mitted to his presence. After an imprison his descent. In the mean time, we are very ment of ten months, during which the most much obliged to him for this book, and for the urgent solicitations could neither obtain his pains he has taken to satisfy us of its authendeliverance, nor the specification of the charges ticity, and of the accuracy of its publication. against him, he was suddenly ordered down We do not object to the old spelling, which to Sandown castle in Kent, and found, upon occasions no perplexity; but when the work his arrival, that he was to be closely confined comes to another edition, we would recomin a damp and unwholesome apartment, in mend it to him to add a few dates on the which another prisoner, of the meanest rank margin, to break his pages into more paraand most brutal manners, was already estab- graphs, and to revise his punctuation. He lished. This aggravated oppression and in- would make the book infinitely more saleable, dignity, however, he endured with a cheerful too, if
, without making the slightest variation magnanimity; and conversed with his wife in what is retained, he would omit about two and daughter, as she expresses it, “ with as hundred pages of the siege of Nottingham, pleasant and contented a spirit as ever in his and other parish business; especially as the whole life. Sir Allen Apsley at last procured whole is now put beyond the reach of loss or an order for permitting him to walk à certain corruption by the present full publication.
(October, 1829.) Memoirs of LADE Fanshawe, Wife of the Right Honourable Sir Richard Fanshawe, Baronet,
Ambassador from Charles the Second to the Court of Madrid in 1665. Written by herselt. To which are added, Extracts from the Correspondence of Sir Richard Fanshawe. 8vo. pp. 360. London: 1829.
There is not much in this book, either of voted attachment, and participated not unindividual character, or public story. It is, worthily in all his fortunes and designs, was, indeed, but a small affair—any way; but yet consequently, in continual contact with the pleasing, and not altogether without interest movements which then agitated society; and or instruction. Though it presents us with no had her full share of the troubles and triumphs traits of historical importance, and but few of which belonged to such an existence. Her personal passion or adventure, it still gives us memoirs ought, therefore, to have formed an a peep at a scene of surpassing interest from interesting counterpart to those of Mrs. Hutcha new quarter; and at all events adds one inson; and to have recalled to us, with equal other item to the great and growing store of force and vivacity, the aspect under which those contemporary notices which are every those great events presented themselves to a day familiarizing us more and more with the female spectatress and sufferer, of the oppoliving character of by-gone ages; and without site faction. But, though the title of the book, which we begin, at last, to be sensible, that we and the announcements of the editor, hold can neither enter into their spirit, nor even un- out this promise, we must say that the body of derstand their public transactions. Writings it falls far short of performance: and, whether not meant for publication, nor prepared for it be that her side of the question did not admit purposes of vanity or contention, are the only of the same force of delineation or loftiness of memorials in which the true “form and pres- sentiment; or, that the individual chronicler sure” of the ages which produce them are has been less fortunately selected, it is certain ever completely preserved; and, indeed, the that, in point both of interest and instruction; only documents from which the great events in traits of character, warmth of colouring, or which are blazoned on their records can ever exaltation of feeling, there is no sort of combe satisfactorily explained. It is in such. parison between these gossiping, and, though writings alone, -confidential letters-private affectionate, yet relatively cold and feeble, diaries family anecdotes and personal re- memoranda, and the earnest, eloquent, and monstrances, apologies, or explanations:--that graphic representations of the puritan heroine. the true springs of action are disclosed-as Nor should it be forgotten, even in hinting at well as the obstructions and impediments, such a parallel, that, in one important respect, whether in the scruples of individuals or the the royalist cause also must be allowed to general temper of society, by which their have been singularly happy in its female repoperation is so capriciously, and, but for these resentative. Since, if it may be said with revelations, so unaccountably controlled.= some show of reason, that Lucy Hutchinson They are the true key to the cipher in which and her husband had too many elegant tastes public annals are almost necessarily written; and accomplishments to be taken as fair speciand their disclosure, after long intervals of mens of the austere and godly republicans ; time, is almost as good as the revocation of it certainly may be retorted, with at least equal their writers from the dead-to abide our in- justice, that the chaste and decorous Lady terrogatories, and to act over again, before us, Fanshawe, and her sober diplomatic lord, in the very dress and accents of the time, a shadow out rather too favourably the general portion of the scenes which they once guided manners and morals of the cavaliers. or adorned. It is not a very striking portion, After all
, perhaps, the true secret of her perhaps, that is thus recalled by the publica- inferiority, in all at least that relates to politition before us; but whatever interest it pos- cal interest, may be found in the fact, that the sesses is mainly of this character. It belongs fair writer, though born and bred a royalist, to an era, to which, of all others in our history, and faithfully adhering to her husband in his curiosity will always be most eagerly directed; efforts and sufferings in the cause, was not and it constantly rivets our attention, by ex- naturally, or of herself, particularly studious citing expectations which it ought, in truth, of such matters; or disposed to occupy herto have fulfilled; and suggesting how much self more than was necessary with any public more interesting and instructive it might so concern. She seems to have followed, like a easily have been made.
good wife and daughter, where her parents or Lady Fanshawe was, as is generally known, her husband led her; and to have adopted the wife of a distinguished cavalier, in the their opinions with a dutiful and implicit conHeroic Age of the civil wars and the Protec- fidence, but without being very deeply moved torale; and survived till long after the Res by the principles or passions which actuated toration. Her husband was a person of no those from whom they were derived; while mean figure in those great transactions; and Lucy Hutchinson not only threw her whole she, who adhered to him with the most de- heart and soul into the cause of her party,