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the academy, he soon fell into wretched to Asti, and were all bedaubed with rouge-the health, and, growing more melancholy and use of which was then exclusively confined 10 the solitary than ever, became covered over with French. I have frequently mentioned this circum. sores and ulcers. Even in this situation, account for such an absurd and ridiculous practice,

stance several years afierwards, not being able to however, a little glimmering of literary ambi- which is wholly at variance with nature ; for when tion became visible. He procured a copy of men, to disguise the effects of sickness, or oiher Ariosto from a voracious schoolfellow, by giv calamilies, besmear themselves with this detestable ing up to him his share of the chickens which rouge, --They carefully conceal it ; well knowing formed their Sunday regale ; and read Metas- that, when discovered, it only exciies the laughier tasio and Gil Blas with great ardour and de- figures left a deep and lasting impression on my

or pity of the beholders. These painied French light. The inflammability of his imagination, mind, and inspired me with a certain feeling of dishowever, was more strikingly manifested in gust towards the females of this nation. the effects of the first opera to which he was “ From my geographical studies resulted another admitted, when he was only about twelve cause of antipathy to that nation. Having seen on years of age.

The chart the great difference in extent and popula.

tion between England or Prussia and France; and “ This varied and enchanting music," he ob- hearing, every time news arrived from the armies, serves, sunk deep into my soul, and made the most that the French had been beaten by sea and land: astonishing impression on my imagination :-it agi. ---recalling to mind the first ideas of my infancy, tated the inmost recesses of my heart to such a during which I was told that the French had fre. degree, that for several weeks I experienced the quenily been in possession of Asii; and that during most profound melancholy, which was not, how the last time, they had suffered themselves to be ever, wholly unattended with pleasure. I became taken prisoners to !he number of six or seven tired and disgusted with my studies, while at the thousand, without resistance, after conducting them. same time the most wild and whimsical ideas took selves, while they remained in possession of the such possession of my mind, as would have led me place, with the greatest insolence and tyranny ;10 portray them in the most impassioned verses, all these different circumstances, being associated had I not been wholly unacquainted with the true with the idea of the ridiculous dancing-master! tendnature of my own feelings. "It was the first time ed more and more to river in my mind an aversion music had produced such a powerful effect on my 10 the French nation.”—pp. 83--86. mind. I had never experienced any thing similar, and it long remained engraven on my memory.

At the early age of fourteen, Alfieri was When I recollect the feelings excited by the repre: put in possession of a considerable part of his sentation of the grand operas, at which I was pre- fortune; and launched immediately into every sent during several carnivals, and compare them sort of fashionable folly and extravagance. with those which I now experience, on returning His passion for horses, from which he was nessed for some time, I am fully convinced thai never entirely emancipated, now took entire nothing acts so powerfully on my mind as all spe possession of his soul; and his days were cies of music, and particularly the sound of female spent in galloping up and down the environs voices, and of contro-alto. Nothing excites more of Turin, in company chiefly with the young various or terrific sensations in my mind. Thus English who were resident in that capital. the plots of the greatest number of my tra edies From this society, and these exercises, he were either formed while listening to music, or a few hours afterwards."-p. 71-73.

soon derived such improvement, that in a

short time he became by far the most skilful With this tragic and Italian passion for jockey, farrier, and coachman, that modern Music, he had a sovereign contempt and ab- Italy could boast of producing. horrence for Dancing. His own account of For ten or twelve years after this period, the origin of this antipathy, and of the first the life of Alfieri presents a most humiliating, rise of those national prejudices, which he but instructive picture of idleness, dissipation, never afterwards made any effort to over- and ennui. It is the finest and most flattering come, is among the most striking and charac- illustration of Miss Edgeworth's admirable teristic passages in the earlier part of the tale of Lord Glenthorn; and, indeed, rather story,

outgoes, than falls short of that high-coloured “ To the natural hatred I had to dancing, was

and apparently exaggerated representation.joined an invincible antipathy towards my master Such, indeed, is the coincidence between the - Frenchman newly arrived from Paris. He traits of the fictitious and the real character, possessed a certain air of polite assurance, which, that if these Memoirs had been published when joined to his ridiculous motions and absurd dis: Miss Edgeworth's story was written, it would course, greatly increased the innate aversion I felt have been impossible not to suppose that she this aversion, that, after leaving school, I could had derived from them every thing that is striknever be prevailed on to join in any dance what ing and extraordinary in her narrative. For

The very name of this amusement still two or three years, Alfieri contented himself makes me shudder, and laugh at the same time, with running, restless and discontentedy.over a circumstance by no means unusual with me. I the different states and cities of Italy; almost attribute, also, in a great measure, to this dancing ignorant of its language, and utterly indifferopinion I have formed of the French people! who, ent both to its literature and its arts. Connevertheless, it must be confessed, possess many sumed, at every moment of inaction, with the agreeable and estimable qualities. But it is diffi- most oppressive discontent and unhappiness, cult to weaken or efface impressions received in he had no relief but in the velocity of his early youth. I'wo other causes also contributed to render me from my infancy disgusted with the movements and the rapidity of his transitions. French character. The first was the impression Disappointed with every thing, and believing made on my mind by the sight of the ladies who himself incapable of application or reflection, accompanied the Duchess of Parma in her journey | he passed his days in a perpetual fever of


pos- this season.

few days.

impatience and dissipation ;-apparently pur- | against a rock, I could behold the sea and sky suing enjoyment with an eagerness which without interruption. In the contemplation of these was in reality inspired by the vain hope of objects, embellished by the rays of the setting sun, escaping from misery. There is much gene- Vol. i. pp. 150, 151.

I passed my time dreaining of future delights."'ral truth, as well as peculiar character, in the following simple confession.

In a very short time, however, these reve". In spite, bowever, of this constant whirl of lies became intolerable; and he very nearly dissipation, my being master of my own actions; killed himself and his horses in rushing, with potwithstanding I had plenty of money, was in the incredible velocity, to Paris. This is his own heyday of youth, and possessed a prepossessing account of the impression which was made figure ; 1 yet felt every where satiety, ennui, and upon him by his first sight of this brilliant disgusi. My greatest pleasure consisied in aliend.

metropolis. ing the opera buffa, though the gay and lively music left a deep and melancholy impression in my “It was on a cold, cloudy, and rainy morning, mind. A thousand gloomy and mournful ideas between the 15th and 201h of August, that I assailed my imagination, in which I delighted to entered Paris, by the wretched suburb of St. Marindulge by wandering alone on the shores near the ceau. Accustomed to the clear and serene sky of Chiaja and Portici.''-Vol. i. p. 128.

Italy and Provence, I felt much surprised at the When he gets to Venice, things are,


thick fog which enveloped the city, especially at sible, still worse,—though like other hypo- more disagreeable feelings than on entering the

Never in my life did I experience chondriacs, he is disposed to lay the blame damp and dirty suburb of St. Germain, where I on the winds and the weather. The tumult was to take up my lodging. What inconsiderate of the carnival kept him alive, it seems, for a haste, what mad folly had led me into this sink

of filth and nastiness! On entering the inn, I felt

myself 'horoughly undeceived; and I should cer. But no sooner was the novelty over, than my rainly have set off again immediately, had not shame habitual melancholy and ennui returned. I passed and fatigue withheld me. My illusions were still several days together in complete solitude, never further dissipated when I began to ramble through leaving the house nor stirring from the window, Paris. The mean and wretched buildings; the whence I made signs to a young lady who lodged contemptible ostentation displayed in a few houses opposite, and with whom I occasionally exchanged dignified with the pompous appellation of hotels a few words. During the rest of the day, which and palaces; the filihiness of the Gothic churches; hung very heavy on my hands, I passed my time the truly vandal-like construction of the public either in sleeping or in dreaming, I knew not which, theatres at that time, besides innumerable other and frequenily in weeping without any apparent disagreeable objects, of which not the least dis. motive. I had lost my tranquillity, and I was unable gusting to me was the plastered countenances even to divine what had deprived me of it. A few of many very ugly women, far outweighed in my years afterwards, on investigating the cause of this mind the beauty and elegance of the public walks occurrence, I discovered that it proceeded from a and gardens, the infinite variety of fine carriages, malady which attacked me every spring, some the lofty façade of the Louvre, as well as the numtimes in April, and sometimes in June : its dura- ber of spectacles and entertainments of every tion was longer or shorter, and its violence very kind."'-Vol. i. pp. 153, 154. different, according as my mind was occupied.

"I likewise experienced that my intellectual There, then, as was naturally to be exfaculties resembled a barometer, and that I pog. pected, he again found himself tormented sessed more or less talent for composition, in prou" by the demon of melancholy;": and, after prevalence of the solstitial and equinoctial winds trying in vain the boasted stimulant of play, 1 was always remarkably stupid, and uniformly he speedily grew wearied of the place and evinced less penetration in the evening than the all its amusements, and resolved to set off, morning: I likewise perceived that the force of without delay, for England. To England, my imagination, the ardour of enthusiasm, and ca: accordingly, he goes, at midwinter; and with pability of invention, were possessed by me in a such a characteristic and compassionable cramiddle of summer, than during the intermediate ving for all sorts of powerful sensations, that periods. This materiality, which I believe to be “he rejoiced exceedingly at the extreme cold, common to all men of a delicate nervous system, which actually froze the wine and bread in his has greatly contributed to lessen the pride with carriage during a part of the journey." Prewhich the good I have done might have inspired pared, as he was, for disappointment, by the the shame I might have felt for the errors I have continual extravagance of his expectation, committed, particularly in my own art."-Vol. i. Alfieri was delighted with England. “The pp. 140-142.

roads, the inns, the horses, and, above all, the In his nineteenth year, he extends his incessant bustle in the suburbs, as well as in travels to France, and stops a few weeks at the capital, all conspired to fill my mind with Marseilles, where he passed his evenings delight.” He passed a part of the winter in exactly as Lord Glenthorn is represented to

good society, in London ; but soon “ becoming have done his at his Irish castle. To help mined no longer to play the lord 'in the

disgusted with assemblies and routs, deteraway the hours, he went every night to the play, although his Italian ears were disgusted drawing-room, but the coachman at the gate!" with the poverty of the recitation; and,

and accordingly contrived to get through

three laborious months, by being “five or —"after the performance was over, it was my six hours every morning on horseback, and regular practice to bathe every evening in the sea. being seated on the coachbox for two or three I was induced to indulge myself in this luxury, in hours every evening, whatever was the state tongue of land lying to the right of the harbour, of the weather."" Even these great and where, scated on the sand, with my back leaning meritorious exertions, however, could not


long keep down his inveterate malady, nor | off to Vienna. The state of his mind, both quell the evil spirit that possessed him; and as to idleness and politics, is strikingly reprehe was driven to make a 'hasty tour through sented in the following short passage. the west of England, which appears to have “I might easily, during my stay at Vienna, have afforded him very considerable relief. been introduced io the celebrated poet Metastasio,

- The country then so much enchanted me that at whose house our minister, the old and respecta: I deterinined to seule in it; not that I was much ble Count Canale, passed his evenings in a select attached to any individual, but because I was de company of men of letters, whose chief amusement lighted with the scenery, the simple manners of the consisted in reading portions from the Greek, Lainhabitants, the modesty and beauty of the women, tion for me, he wished, out of piiy to my idleness,

tin, and Italian classics. Having taken an affec. and, above all, with the enjoyment of political lib. to conduct me thither. But I declined accompany. eriy, all which made me overlook its murable ing him, either from my usual awkwardness, or climate, the melancholy almost inseparable from it, from the contempt which the constant habit of and the exorbitant price of all the necessaries of reading French works had given me for Italian prolife." - Vol. i. pp. 162, 163.

ductions. Hence I concluded, that this assemblage Scarcely, however, was this bold resolution of men of letters, with their classics, could be only of settling adopted, when the author is again Metastasio, in the gardens of Schoenbrunn. perform

a dismal company of pedants. Besides, I had seen " seized with ihe mania of travelling;" and the customary genuflexion to Maria Theresa in skims over to Holland in the beginning of such a servile and adulatory manner, that I, who summer. And here he is still more effec- had my head stuffed with Plutarch, and who exag. tually diverted than ever, by falling in love gerated every thing I conceived, could not think of with a young married lady at the Hague, who binding myself, either by the ties of familiarity or was obliging enough to return his affection. friendship, with a poet who had sold himself to a

despotism which I so cordially detested." Circumstances, however, at last compel the

Vol. i. pp. 182, 183. fair one to rejoin her husband in Switzer

From Vienna he flew to Prussia, which, he land; and the impetuous Italian is affected with such violent despair, that he makes a says, looked all like one great guardhouse; desperate attempt on his life, by taking off and indignation he felt at beholding oppres

and 'where he could not repress

the horror the bandages after being let blood; and re-sion and despotism assuming the mask of tums sullenly to Italy, without stopping lo look at any thing, or uttering a single word to virtue." From Prussia he passed on to Denhis servant during the whole course of the mark; where his health was seriously affect

ed by the profligacy in which he indulged; journey.

This violent fit of depression, however, and and where the only amusement he could rel? the seclusion by which it was followed, led ish, consisted in driving a sledge with inhim, for the first time, to look into his books;

conceivable velocity over the snow.” In this and the perusal of the Lives of Plutarch seems way he wandered on through Sweden and to have made such an impression on his ardent Finland to Russia ; and experienced, as usual

, and susceptible spirit, that a passion for liberty a miserable disappointment on arriving at St.

Petersburg. and independence now took the lead of every other in his soul, and he became for life an " Alas! no sooner had I reached this Asiatic as. emulator of the ancient republicans. He read semblage of wooden huis, than Rome, Genoa, Ve. the story of Timoleon, Brutus, &c., he assures could not refrain from laughing. What I after. us, with floods of tears, and agonies of admi- wards saw of this country tended still more strongly ration. “I was like one beside himself; and to confirm my first impression, that it merited not shed tears of mingled grief and rage at having to be seen. Every thing, except their beards and been born at Piedmont; and at a period, and their horses, disgusted me so much, that, during six under a government, where it was impossible mined not to become acquainted with any one ; nor to conceive or execute any great design."

even to see the iwo or ihree youths with whom I The same sentiment, indeed, seems to have had associated al Turin, and who were descended haunted him for the greater part of his life; from the first families of the country. I took no and is expressed in many passages of these measure to be presented to the celebrated AutoMemoirs besides the following.

cratrix Catherine II. ; nor did I even behold the

countenance of a sovereign who in our days has Having lived two or three years almost wholly outstripped fame. On investigating, at a future pe. among the English ; having heard their power and riod, the reason of such extraordinary conduci, i riches everywhere celebrated; having contemplated became convinced that it proceeded from a certain their great political influence, and on the other hand intolerance of character, and a hatred to every spe. viewing Italy wholly degraded from her rank as acies of tyranny, and which in this particular instance nation, and the Italians divided, weak, and enslaved, attached itself to a person suspected of the most I was ashamed of being an Italian, and wished noi horrible crime-the murder of a defenceless hus. to possess any thing in common with this nation.”—band."-Vol. i. pp. 194, 195. Vol. i. p. 121. “I was naturally attached to a domestic life; but

This rage for liberty continued to possess after having visited England at nineteen, and 'read him in his return through Prussia, and really Plutarch with the greatest interest at twenty years seems to have reached its acmé when it dicof age, I experienced the most insufferable repug: tated the following most preposterous pasnance at marrying and having my children born at sage,-which, we cannot help suspecting, is Turin.''-Vol. i. p. 175.

indebted for part of its absurdity to the transThe time, however, was not yet come lator. when study was to ballast and anchor this

"I visited Zorndorff, a spot rendered famous by agitated spirit. Plutarch was soon thrown the sanguinary battle fought between the Russiang aside; and the patriot and his horses gallop, and Prussians, where thousands of men on both


sides were immolated on the allar of despotism, much elevation of soul as myself, took no other re. and thus escaped from the galling yoke which op. venge for my outrageous conduct, excep! preserve pressed them. The place of their interment was ing for several years two handkerchiefs stained with easily recognised by its greater verdure, and by blood which had been bound round his head, and yielding more abundant crops than the barren and which he occasionally displayed to my view. It is unproductive soil in its immediate vicinity. On this necessary to be fully acquainted with the character occasion, I reflected, with sorrow, that slaves seem and manners of the Piedmontese, in order to com. everywhere only born to fertilize the soil on which prehend the mixture of ferocity and generosity disthey vegetate."--Vol. i. pp. 196, 197.

played on both sides in this affair. After this he meets with a beautiful ass at

When at a more mature age, I endeavoured 10

discover the cause of this violent transport of rage. Gottingen, and regrets that his indolence pre- I became convinced that the trivial circumstance vented him from availing himself of this which gave rise to it, was

, so to speak, like the last excellent opportunity for writing some im- drop poured into a vessel ready io run over. My measurably facetious verses “upon this ren- irascible temper, which must have been rendered counter of a German and an Italian ass, in so still more irritable by solitude and perpetual idlecelebrated an university!" After a hasty ex

ness, required only the slighiesi impulse to cause it

to burst forth. Besides, I never lifted a hand pedition to Spa, he again traverses Germany against a domestic, as that would have been putting and Holland, and returns to England in the them on a level with myself. Neither did I ever twenty-third year of his age; where he is employ a cane, nor any kind of weapon in order to speedily involved in some very distressing chastise them, though I frequently ihrew at them and discreditable adventures. He engages in any moveable that fell in my way, as many young an intrigue with an English lady of rank, and people do, during the first ebullitions of anger; yet is challenged, and slightly wounded by her even esteemed the domestic who should on such husband. After this eclat, he consoles him- occasions have rendered me back the treatment he self with the thought of marrying the frail received, since I never punished them as a master, fair, with whom he is, as usual, most heroic- but only contended wiih them as one man with ally in love; when he discovers, to his infi- another."-Vol. i. pp. 244–246. nite horror and consternation, that, previous At Lisbon he forms an acquaintance with a to her connection with him, she had been literary countryman of his own, and feels, for equally lavish of her favours to her husband's the first time of his life, a glow of admiration groom? whose jealous resentment had led on perusing some passages of Italian poetry. him to watch and expose this new infidelity. From this he reiurns to Spain, and, after After many struggles between shame, resent- lounging over the whole of that kingdom, rement, and unconquerable love, he at last tears turns through France to Italy, and arrives at himself from this sad sample of English vir- Turin in 1773. Here he endeavours to maintue, and makes his way to Holland, bursting tain the same unequal contest of dissipation with grief and indignation ; but without against ennui and conscious folly, and falls seeming to think that there was the slightest furiously in love, for the third time, with a occasion for any degree of contrition or self-woman of more than doubtful reputation, ten condemnation. From Holland he goes to years older than himself. Neither the in. France, and from France 10 Spain -as idle, toxication of this passion, however, nor the and more oppressed with himself than ever daily exhibition of his twelve fine horses, -buying and caressing. Andalusian horses, could repress the shame and indignation and constantly ready to sink under the heavy which he felt at thus wasting his days in inburden of existence. At Madrid he has set glorious licentiousness; and his healih was at down an extraordinary trait of the dangerous last seriously affected by those compunctious impetuosity of his temper. His faithful ser- visitings of his conscience. In 1774, while vant, in combing his hair one day, happened watching by his unworthy mistress in a fit of accidentally to give him pain by stretching sickness, he sketched out a few scenes of a one hair a little more than the rest, upon dramatic work in Italian, which was thrown which, without saying a word, he first seized aside and forgotten immediately on her rea candlestick, and felled him to the ground covery; and it was not till the year after, with a huge wound on his temple, and then that, after many struggles, he formed the resodrew his sword to despatch him, upon his lution of detaching himself from this degrad. offering to make some resistance. The sequel ing connection. The efforts which this cost of the story is somewhat more creditable to him, and the means he adopted to ensure his his magnanimity, than this part of it is to his own adherence to his resolution, appear alself-command.

together wild and extravagant to our northern "I was shocked at the bruial excess of passion imaginations. In the first place, he had him. into which I had fallen. Though Elias was some self lashed with strong cords to his elbow what calmed, he still appeared to retain a certain chair, to prevent him from rushing into the degree of resentment; yet I was not disposed to presence of the syren; and, in the next place, display towards him the smallest distrusi. Two he entirely cut off his hair, in order to make hours after his wound was dressed I went to bed, leaving the door open, as usual, between my apart.

it impossible for him to appear with decency ment and the chamber in which he slept; notwith in any society! The first fifteen days, he standing the remonstrance of the Spaniards, who assures us, he spent entirely “in uttering the pointed out 10 me the absurdity of putting ven. most frightful groans and lamentations,' and geance in the power of a man whom I had so much the next in riding furiously through all the frritated. I said even aloud to Elias, who was als solitary places in the neighļourhood. At last, inclined, during the night; and that I justly merited however, this frenzy of grief began to subsuch a fate. But this brave man, who possessed as | side; and, most fortunately for the world and

pp. 48–51.

the author, gave place to a passion for litera- | in verse. This was the case with Charles I., which lure, which absorbed the powers of this fiery I began to write in French prose, immediately after spirit during the greater part of his future ex. finishing Philippe. When I had reached to about istence. The perusal of a wretched tragedy became so benumbed, that I found it impossible to

the middle of ihe third act, my heart and my hand on the story of Cleopatra, and the striking re- hold my pen. The same thing happened in regard semblance he thought he discovered between 1o Romeo and Juliet, the whole of which I nearly his own case and that of Antony, first inspired expanded, though with much labour to myself, and him with the resolution of attempting a dra- at long intervals. On reperusing this sketch, I matic piece on the same subject; and, after found iny enthusiasm so much lowered that, transencountering the most extreme difficulty from further, but threw my work into the fire."-Vol. ii.

pored with rage against myself, I could proceed no his utter ignorance of poetical diction, and of pure Italian, he at last hammered out a trage

Two or three years were passed in these dy, which was represented with tolerable success in 1775. From this moment his whole nine or ten tragedies, at least, were in a con

bewitching studies; and, during this time, heart was devoted to dramatic poetry; and siderable state of forwardness. In 1778, the literary glory became the idol of his imagi- study of Machiavel revived all that early zeal nation.

for liberty which he had imbibed from the In entering upon this new and arduous career, he soou discovered that greater sacrifices perusal of Plutarch; and he composed with were required of him than he had hitherto great rapidity his two books of " La Tiranide ;' offered to any of the former objects of his perhaps the most nervous and eloquent of idolatry. The defects of his education, and period, his poetical studies experienced a still

all his prose compositions. About the same his long habits of indolence and inattention to

more serious interruption, from the commenceevery thing connected with letters, imposed

ment of his attachment to the Countess of upon him far more than the ordinary labour of a literary apprenticeship. Having never attachment that continued to soothe or to

Albany, the wife of the late Pretender;-an been accustomed to the use of the so many years of travelling, he found himself house of Stolberg, was then in her twenty, can, and being obliged to speak French during agitate all the remaining part of his existence. shamefully deficient in the knowledge of that fifth year, and resided with her ill-matched beautiful language, in which he proposed to husband at Florence. Her beauty and acenter his claims to immortality; and began, complishments made, from the first, * a powtherefore, a course of the most careful and erful impression on the inflammable heart of critical reading of the great authors who had Alfieri, guarded as it now was with the love adomed it. Dante and Petrarca were his

of glory and of literature; and the loftiness great models of purity; and, next to them of his character, and the ardour of his admiAriosto and Tasso; in which four writers, he

ration, soon excited corresponding sentiments gives it as his opinion, that there is to be in her, who had suffered for some time from found the perfection of every style, except the ill temper and gross vices of her superthat fitted for dramatic poetry—of which, he more than insinuates, that his own writings the trouble to assure us that their intimacy

annuated husband. Though the author takes are the only existing example. In order to never exceeded the strictest limits of honour,', acquire a perfect knowledge and command it is not difficult to understand, that it should of their divine language, he not only made have aggravated the ill-humour of the old many long visits to Tuscany, but absolutely husband, which increased, it seems, so much, interdicted himself the use of every other that the lady was at last

' forced to abandon sort of reading, and abjured for ever that his society, and to take refuge with

his brother, French literature which he seems to have the Cardinal York, at Rome. To this place always regarded with a mixture of envy and Alfieri speedily followed her; and remained disdain. To make amends for this, he went there, divided between love and study, for resolutely back to the rudiments of his Latin; and read over all the classics in that language dian becoming scandalized at their intimacy,

upwards of two years; when her holy guarwith a most patient and laborious attention. it was thought necessary for her reputation, He likewise committed to memory many thou that they should separate. The effects of sand lines from the authors he proposed to this separation he has himself described in imitate; and sought, with the greatest assi, the following short, but eloquent passage. duity, the acquaintance of all the scholars and critics that came in his way,- pestering them * For two years I remained incapable of any with continual queries, and with requesting kind of study whatever, so different was my prestheir opinion upon the infinite quantity of bad verses which he continued to compose by way formed, was in the great gallery of Florence ;-a

* His first introduction to her, we have been inof exercise. His two or three first tragedies circumstance which led him to signalize his admirahe composed entirely in French prose; and tion by an extraordinary act of gallantry: As they afterwards translated, with infinite labour, into stopped to examine the picture of Charles XII. of Italian verse.

Sweden, The Countess observed, that the singular

uniform in which that prince is usually painted, ap“In this manner, without any other judge than peared 10 her extremely becoming. Nothing more my own feelings, I have only finished those, the was said at the time; but, in two days after, Alfieri sketches of which I had written with energy and appeared in ine streets in the exact costume of that enthusiasm ; or, if I have finished any other, I warlike sovereign,-o the utter consternation of have at least never taken the trouble to clothe them all the peaceful inhabitants.

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