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"Pour moi, je m'ennuie mortellement ici; je ne vous voulez. Cela lui était d'autant plus aisé, que vois personne, excepté deux ou trois Français. Je Marius, fondateur de ce parti, était de son pays. Il suis le Gulliver revenu du pays des Hoyinhyims, en fut même tenté, car il débuta par attaquer Sylla qui ne fait plus société qu'avec ses deux chevaux. et par se lier avec les gens du parti de l'opposition, Je vais rendre des visites de devoir aux femmes à la tête desquels, après la mort de Marius, étaient des deux ministres d'état et de finances; et puis je Claudius, Catilina, César. Mais le parti des grands dors ou je rêve. Quelle vie! Rien n'amuse ici : avait besoin d'un jurisconsulte et d'un savant; car point d'édits, point de réductions, point de retenues, les grands seigneurs, en général, ne savent ni lire point de suspensions de paiemens : la vie y est d'une ni écrire ; il sentit donc qu'on aurait plus besoin de uniformné tuante; on ne dispute de rien, pas même lui dans le parti des grands, et qu'il y jouerait un de religion. Ah! mon cher Paris ! ah ! que je te rôle plus brillant. Il s'y jeta, et dès lors on vit un regrelle !

homme nouveau, un parvenu mêlé avec les patria * Donnez-moi quelques nouvelles littéraires, ciens. Figurez-vous en Angleterre un avocat dont mais n'en attendez pas en revanche. Pour les la cour a besoin pour faire un chancelier, et qui suit grands événemens en Europe, je crois que nous en par conséquent le parui du ministère. Cicéron brilla allons devenir le bureau. On dit, en effet, que la donc à côté de Pompée, etc., toutes les fois qu'il flotte Russe a enfin débarqué à Parras, que toute la était question de choses de jurisprudence; mais il Morée s'est révoltée et déclarée en faveur des dé- lui manquait la naissance, les richesses; et surtout barqués, el que sans coup ferir ils s'en sont rendus n'étant pas homme de guerre, il jouait de ce côté-là maiires, excepté des villes de Corinthe et de Napoli un rôle subalterne. D'ailleurs, par inclination de Romanie : cela mérite confirmation. Quelle naturelle, il aimait le parti de César, et il était avanture! Nous serons limitrophes des Russes ; fatigué de la morgue des grands qui lui faisaient et d'Otrante à Pétersbourg il n'y aura plus qu'un sentir souvent le prix des bienfaits dorit on l'avail pas, et un petit trajet de mer: Dur fæmina facti. comblé. Il n'était pas pusillanime, il était incertain; Une femme aura fait cela! Cela est trop beau pour il ne défendait pas des scélérats, il défendait les gens être vrai."

de son parii qui ne valaient guère mieux que ceux The next is not such pure trifling.

du parti contraire." Vous avez reconnu Voltaire dans son sermon ;

We shall add only the following. moi je n'y reconnais que l'écho de feu M. de Vol. Le dialogue des tableaux du Louvre intéresse taire. Ah! il rabâche irop à présent. Sa Catherine peu à cinq cents lieues de Paris ; le baron de Glei. est une maîtresse femme, parce qu'elle est intol. chen et moi, nous en avons ri: personnes ne nous érante et conquerante; tous les grands hommes aurait entendus. Au reste, à propos des tableaux, ont été intolérans, et il faut l'être. Si l'on rencontre je remarque que le caractère dominant des Français sur son chemin un prince sot, il faut lui prêcher la perce toujours; ils sont causeurs, raisonneurs, badins tolérance, afin qu'il donne dans le piège, et que le par essence. Un mauvais tableau entante une parti écrasé ait le temps de se relever par la tolérance bonne brochure ; ainsi vous parlerez mieux des arts qu'on lui accorde, et d'écraser son adversaire à son que vous ne les cultiverez jamais. Il se trouvera lour. Ainsi le sermon sur la tolérance est un ser- au bout du compte, dauis quelques siècles, que vous mon fait aux sois ou aux gens dupes, ou à des gens aurez le mieux raisonné, le mieux discuté ce que qui n'ont aucun intérêt dans la chose : voilà pour toutes les autres nations auront fait de mieux. quni, quelquefois, un prince séculier doit écouier la Chérissez donc l'imprimerie, c'est votre lot dans ce tolérance ; c'est lorsque l'affaire intéresse les prêtres bas monde. Mais vous avez mis un impôt sur le sans intéresser les souverains. Mais en Pologne, les papier. Quelle sottise! Plaisanierie à part, un évêques sont tout à la fois prêtres et souverains, et. impôt sur le papier est la faute en politique la plus s'ils le peuvent, ils seront fort bien de chasser les forle que se soit commise en France depuis un siècle. Russes, et d'envoyer au diable tous les Dissidens; Il valait mieux faire la banqueroute universelle, et et Catherine fera fort bien d'écraser les évêques si laisser au Français le plaisir de parler à l'Europe à cela lui réussil. Moi je n'en crois rien ; je crois que peu de frais. Vous avez plus conquis de pays par les Russes écraseroni les Turcs par contre-coup, les livres que par les armes.

Vous ne devez la et ne feront qu'agrandir et réveiller les Polonais, gloire de la nation qu'à vos ouvrages, et vous voulez comme Philippe II. et la maison d'Autriche écra. vous forcer à vous iaire !" sèrent l'Allemagne et l'Italie, en voulant iroubler “Ma belle dame, s'il servait à quelque chose de la France qu'ils ne firent qu'ennoblir : voilà mes pleurer les morts, je viendrais pleurer avec vous la prophéties."

perte de notre Helvétius; mais la mort n'est autre "Votre lettre du 8 juin n'est point gaie ; il s'en chose que le regret des vivans; si nous ne le regretsagt même beaucoup: vous avouez vous-même que tons pas, il n'est pas mort: tout comme si nous ne vous n'avez que quelques lueurs de gaieté ; je crains l'avions jamais ni connu ni aimé, il ne serait pas né. que cela ne vienne au physique, et que vous ne vous Tout ce qui existe, existe en nous par rapport à porliez pas bien : voilà ce qui me fâche. Pour moi, nous. Souvenez-vous que le petit prophète faisait je fais tout ce que je puis pour vous égayer, et ce de la métaphysique lorsqu'il était triste ; j'en fais de n'est pas un petit effort pour moi : car je suis si même à préseni. Mais enfin le mal de la perte ennuyé de mon existence ici, qu'en vérité je deviens d'Helvétius est le vide qu'il laisse dans la ligne du homme d'affaires et homme grave de jour en jour bataillon. Serrons donc les lignes, aimons-nous davantage, et je finirai par devenir Nepolitain, tout davantage, nous qui restons, et i n'y paraîtra pas. comme un auire."

Moi qui suis le major de ce malheureux régiment, Another contains some admirable remarks je vous crie à tous: serrez les lignes, avancez, feu!

On ne s'apercevra pas de notre perle. Ses enfans on the character of Cicero, introduced in the n'ont perdu ni jeunesse ni, beauté par la mort de same style of perfect ease and familiarity. leur père; elles ont gagné la qualité d'héritières ; "On peut regarder Cicéron comme lidérateur, Elles se marieront, n'en doutez pas : cet oracle est

pourquoi diable allez-vous pleurer sur leur sort ? comme philosophe et comme homme d'état. 11 a plus sur que celui de Colchas. Sa femme est plus à été un des plus grands livérateurs qui aient jamais plaindre, à moins qu'elle ne rencontre un gendre été; il savait tout ce qu'on savait de son iemps, \ aussi raisonnable que son mari, ce qui n'est pas excepté la géométrie et autres sciences de ce genre. bien aisé, mais plus aisé à Paris qu'ailleurs. Il y a Il était médiocre philosophe : car il savait tout ce que les Grecs avaient pensé, et le rendait avec une dans votre Paris ; il y en a plus qu'ailleurs, croyez.

encore bien des meurs, des verius, de l'héroïsme clarté admirable, mais il ne pensait rien et n'avait moi : c'est ce qui me le fait regretter, et me le fera pas la force de rien imaginer. Comme homme peut-être revoir un joạr." d'état, Cicéron, étant d'une basse extraction, et voulant parvenir, aurait dû se jeter dans le parti de

The notice of the death of Helvetius, conl'opposiúon, de la chambre basse ou du peuple, si tained in this last extract, leads us naturally to turn to the passage in M. Grimm in which Nobody knows a better or a more amiable this event is commemorated; and we there figure in ihis book, than Madame GEOFFRIN. find a very full and curious account of this Active, reasonable, indulgent, and munificent zealous philosopher. Helvetius was of Dutch beyond example for a woman in private life, extraction; and his father having been chief she laid a sure claim to popularity by taking physician to the Queen, the son was speedily for her maxim the duty of giving and forappointed to the very lucrative situation of giving;" and showed herself so gentle in her Farmer-general of the Finances. He was re- deportment to children and servants, that if markably good tempered, benevolent, and she had not been overcome with an unlucky liberal; and passed his youth in idle and vo- passion for intrigue aud notoriety, she might luptuous indulgence, keeping a sort of seraglio have afforded one exception at least to the as a part of his establishment, and exercising general heartlessness of the society to which himself with universal applause in the noble she belonged. Some of the repartees rescience of dancing, in which he attained such corded of her in these volumes, are very eminence, that he is said to have several remarkable. M. de Rulhiere threatened to times supplied the place of the famous Dupré make public, certain very indiscreet remarks in the ballets at the opera. An unhappy pas- on the court of Russia, from the sale of which sion for literary glory came, however, to dis- he expected great profits. Madame Geoffrin, turb this easy life. The paradoxes and ef. who thought he would get into difficulties by frontery of Maupertuis had brought science taking such a step, offered him a very handinto fashion; and for a season, no supper was some sum to put his manuscript in the fire. thought complete at Paris without a mathe. He answered her with many losty and, ani. matician. Helvetius, therefore, betook him-mated observations on the meanness and unself immediately to the study of geometry: worthiness of taking money to suppress truth. But he could make no hand of it; and for- To all which the lady listened with the utmost tunately the rage passed away before he had complacency; and merely replied, “Well ! time to expose himself in the eyes of the in- say yourself how much more you must have.” itiated. Next came the poetical glory of Vol. Another mot of hers became an established taire ;—and Helvetius instantly resolved to be canon at all the tables of Paris. The Comte a poet—and did with great labour produce a de Coigny was wearying her one evening long poem on happiness, which was not pub- with some interminable story, when, upon lished however till after his death, and has somebody sending for a part of the dish benot improved his chance for immortality. But fore him, he took a little knife out of his it was the success of the President Montes- pocket, and began to carve, talking all the quieu's celebrated Esprit des Loix, that final- time as before. “Monsieur le Comte,” said ly decided the literary vocation of Helvetius. Madame Goeffrin, a little out of patience, That work appeared in 1749; and in 1750 the “at table there should only be large knives Farmer-general actually resigned his office; and short stories. In her old age she was married, retired into the country, spent ten seized with apoplexy; and her daughter, long years in digesting his own book De during her illness, refused access to the phil'Esprit, by which he fondly expected to rival losophers. When she recovered a little, she the fame of his illustrious predecessor. In laughed at the precaution, and made her this, however, he was wofully disappointed. daughter's apology-by saying, “She had The book appeared to philosophers to be done like Godfrey of Bouillon-defended her nothing but a paradoxical and laborious repe- tomb from the Infidels. The idea of her tition truths and difficulties with which all ending in devotion, however, occasioned much good thinkers had long been familiar; and it merriment and some scandal among her phiprobably would have fallen into utter oblivion, losophical associates. had it not been for the injudicious clamour The name of Marmontel occurs very often which was raised against it by the bigots and in this collection ; but it is not attended with devotees of the court. Poor Helvetius, who any distinguished honours. M. Grimm achad meant nothing more than to make him- cuses him of want of force or passion in his self remarkable, was as much surprised at style, and of poverty of invention and littlethe outcries of the godly, as at the silence ness of genius. He says something, however, of the philosophers; and never perfectly re- of more importance on occasion of the first covered the shock of this double disappoint- representation of that writer's foolish little ment. He still continued, however, his habits piece, entitled, “Silvain." The courtiers and of kindness and liberality—gave dinners to sticklers for rank, he observes, all pretended the men of letters when at Paris, and hunted to be mightily alarmed at the tendency of this and compiled philosophy with great perse- little opera in one act; and the Duc de Noailles verance in the country. His temper was so took the trouble to say, that its plain object good, that his society could not fail to be was to show that a gentleman could do nothagreeable; but his conversation, it seems, was ing so amiable as to marry his maid servant, not very captivating; he loved to push every and let his cottagers kill his game at their matter of discussion to its very last results; and pleasure. It is really amusing, continues M. reasoned at times so very loosely and largely, Grimm, to observe, how positive many people as to be in danger of being taken for a person are, that all this is the result of a deep plot very much overtaken with liquor. He died of on the part of the Encyclopedistes, and that gout in his stomach, at the age of fifty-six; this silly farce is the fruit of a solemn conand, as an author, is now completely forgotten. I spiracy against the privileged orders, and in

support of the horrible doctrine of universal, et qu'il ne sera pas plus permis que par le passé de equality. If they would only condescend to parler chez elle ni d'affaires intérieures, ni d'affaires consult me, however, he concludes, I could extérieures; ni d'affaires de la cour, ni d'affaires de oblige them with a much simpler, though less ni de gouvernement; ni de théologie, ni de méta

la ville ; ni de paix, ni de guerre ; ni de religion, magnificent solution of the mystery; the truth physique ; ni de grammaire, ni de musique ; ni, en being, that the extravagance of M. Marmon- général, d'aucune matière quelconque ; et qu'elle tel's little plot proceeds neither from his love commei dom Burigni, bénédictin de robe courte, of equality, nor from the commands of an anti- pour faire taire tout le monde, à cause de sa dexsocial conspiracy, but purely from the poverty térité, connue, et du grand crédit dont il jouit, et of his imagination, and his want of talent for Pes contraventions à ces défenses. L'Eglise, condramatic composition. It is always much sidérant que le silence, et notamment sur les mamore easy to astonish by extravagance, than tières dont est question, n'est pas son fort, promet to interest by natural representations; and d'obéir autant qu'elle y sera contrainte par forme those commonplaces, of love triumphing over

de violence." pride of birth, and benevolence getting the We hear a great deal, of course, of Diderot, better of feudal prejudices, are among the in a work of which he was partly the author; most vulgar resources of those who are inca- and it is impossible to deny him the praise pable of devising incidents at once probable of ardour, originality, and great occasional and pathetic.

eloquence. Yet we not only feel neither reThis was written in the year 1770;-and spect nor affection for Diderot—but can selwhile it serves to show us, that the imputa- dom read any of his lighter pieces without a tion of conspiracies against the throne and certain degree of disgust. There is a tone of the altar, of which succeeding times were blackguardism—we really can find no other doomed to hear so much, were by no means word)—both in his indecency and his proan original invention of the age which gave fanity, which we do not recollect to have met them the greatest encouragement, it may with in any other good writer; and which is help also to show upon what slight founda- apt, we think, to prove revolting even to those tion such imputations are usually hazarded. who are accustomed to the licence of this Great national changes, indeed, are never the fraternity. They who do not choose to look result of conspiracies—but of causes laid deep into his Religieuse for the full illustration of and wide in the structure and condition of so- this remark—and we advise no one to look ciety,—and which necessarily produce those there for any thing—may find it abundantly, combinations of individuals, who seem to be though in a less flagrant form, in a little essay the authors of the revolution when it happens on women, which is inserted in these volumes to be ultimately brought about by their in- as a supplement or corrective to the larger strumentality. The Holy Church Philosophic work of M. Thomas on that subject. We of Paris, however, was certainly quite inno- must say, however, that the whole tribe of cent of any such intention; and, we verily be- French writers who have had any pretensions lieve, had at no time any deeper views in its to philosophy for the last seventy years, are councils than are expressed in the following infected with a species of indelicacy which is extract from its registers.

peculiar, we think, to their nation ; and strikes "Comme il est d'usage, dans notre sainte Eglise us as more shameful and offensive than any philosophique, de nous réunir quelquefois pour don- other. We do not know very well how to ner aux fidèles de salutaires et utiles instructions describe it, otherwise than by saying, that it sur l'état actuel de la foi, les progrès et bonnes consists in a strange combination of physical @uvres de nos frères, j'ai l'honneur de vous adres. ser les annonces et bans qui ont eu lieu à la suite de science with obscenity, and an attempt to notre dernier sermon.'

unite the pedantic and disgusting details of " Frère Thomas fait savoir qu'il a composé un anatomy and physiology, with images of voEssai sur les Femmes, qui fera un ouvrage con. luptuousness and sensuality ;-an attempt, sidérable. L'Eglise estime la pureté de meurs et

we think, exceedingly disgusting and deles verius de frère Thomas; elle craint qu'il ne connaisse pas encore assez les femmes ; elle lui basing, but not in the least degree either conseille de se lier plus intimement, s'il se peut, seductive or amusing. Maupertuis and Volavec quelques unes des héroïnes qu'il fréquente, taire, and Helvetius and Diderot, are full of pour le plus grand bien de son ouvrage ; et, pour this. Buffon and d'Alembert are by no means le plus grand bien de son style, elle le conjure de free of it; and traces of it may even be disconsidérer combien, suivant la découverte de notre covered in the writings of Rousseau himself. illustre patriarche, l'adjectif affaiblit souvent le sub. s'antif, quoiqu'il s'y rapporte en cas, en nombre ei We could pardon some details in the Emile

-or the Confessions ;—but we own it en genre.

appears ** Sour Necker fait savoir qu'elle donnera tou. to us the most nauseous and unnatural of all jours à diner les vendredis : l'Eglise s'y rendra, things, to find the divine Julie herself informparce qu'elle fait cas de sa personne et de celle de ing her cousin, with much complacency, that son époux ; elle voudrait pouvoir en dire autant de she had at last discovered, that'"quoique son son cuisinier.

"Sæur de l'Espinasse fait savoir que sa fortune cæur trop, tendre avoit besoin d'amour, ses ne lui permet pas d'offrir ni à dîner, ni à souper, et

sens n'avoient plus besoin d'un amant.”' qu'elle n'en a pas moins d'envie de recevoir chez The following epigram is a little in the elle les frères qui voudront y venir digérer. L'Eglise taste we have been condemning ;—but it has m'ordonne de lui dire qu'elle s'y rendra, et que, the merit of being excessively clever. Maquand on a autant d'esprit et de mérite, on peut se dame du Chatelet had long lived separate passer de beaulé et de fortune.

Mere Geoffrin fait savoir qu'elle renouvelle les from her husband, and was understood to redéfenses et lois prohibitives des années précédentes, ceive the homage of two lovers—Voltaire and

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M. de St. Lambert. She died in childbirth; came rather late to a great supper in the neighand the following dramatic elegy was circu- bourhood; and as it was known that she made lated all over Paris the week after that catas- it a point of honour to attend on him, the trophe.

catastrophe was generally suspected. She * M. de Chatelet.-Ah! ce n'est pas ma mentioned it, however, herself, immediately faute !

on coming in ;-adding, that it was lucky he * M. de Voltaire. Je l'avais predit! had gone off so early in the evening, as she " M. de St. Lambert.-Elle l'a voulu !" might otherwise have been prevented from

Crebillon the younger is naturally brought appearing. She then sate down to table, and to our recollection by the mention of wit and made a very hearty and merry meal of it! indecency. We have an account of his death, Besides Pont-de-Vesle, however, this celeand a just and candid estimate of his merits, brated lady had a lover almost as ancient, in in one of the volumes before us. However the President Henault-whom also she had frivolous and fantastic the style of his novels the misfortune to survive; though he had the may appear, he had still the merit of invent- complaisance, as well as his predecessor, to ing that style, and of adorning it with much live to near pinety years for her sake. The ingenuity, wit, and character. The taste for poor president, however, fell into dotage, behis writings, it seems, passed away very ra- fore his death; and one day, when in that pidly and completely in France; and long state, Madame du Deffant having happened before his death, the author of the Sopha, and to ask him, whether he liked her or Madame Les Egaremens du Caur et de l'Esprit

, had de Castelmoron the best, he, quite unconscious the mortification to be utterly forgotten by of the person to whom he was speaking, not the public. M. Grimm thinks this reverse of only declared his preference of the absent fortune rather unmerited ; and observes, that lady, but proceeded to justify it by a most in foreign countries he was still held in esti- feeling and accurate enumeration of the vices mation, and that few French productions had and defects of his hearer, in which he grew had such currency in London as the Sopha. so warm and eloquent, that it was quite imThe reason perhaps may be, that the manners possible either to stop him, or to prevent all and characters which the French at once who were present from profiting by the comknew to be unnatural, might be mistaken by munication. When Madame de Chatelet died, us for true copies of French originals. It is a Madame du Deffant testified her grief for the little more difficult, however, to account for most intimate of her female acquaintance, by the fact, that the perusal of his works inspired circulating all over Paris, the very next morna young lady of good family in this country ing, the most libellous and venomous attack with such a passion for the author, that she on her person, her understanding, and her ran away from her friends, came to Paris, morals. When she came to die herself, howmarried him, and nursed and attended him ever, she met with just about as much symwith exemplary tenderness and affection to pathy as she deserved. Three of her dearest his dying day. But there is nothing but luck, friends used to come and play cards every good or bad-as M. Grimm sagely observes- evening by the side of her couch-and as she in this world. The author of a licentious chose to die in the middle of a very interestnovel inspires a romantic passion in a lady of ing game, they quietly played it out-and rank and fortune, who crosses seas, and settled their accounts before leaving the apartabandons her family and her native country ment. We hope these little traits go near to for his sake;-while the author of the Nouvelle justify what we ventured to say in the outset, Heloise, the most delicate and passionate of of the tendency of large and agreeable society all lovers that ever existed, is obliged to clap to fortify the heart;-at all events, they give up a match with his singularly stupid cham- us a pretty lively idea of the liaisons ihat bermaid !

united kindred souls at Paris. We might add Of all the loves, however, that are recorded to the number several anecdotes of the Presiin this chronicle, the loves of Madame du dent Henault-and of the Baron d'Holbach, Deffant and M. de Ponte-de-Vesle, are the who told Helvetius, a little time before the most exemplary; for they lasted upwards of death of the latter, that though he had lived fifty years without quarrel or intermission. all his life with irritable and indigent men of The secret of this wonderful constancy is, at letters, he could not recollect that he had all events, worth knowing; and we give it in either quarrelled with, or done the smallest the words of an authentic dialogue between service to, any one among them. this venerable Acmé and Septimius.

There is a great deal of admirable criticism " Pont-de-Vesle ?–Madame ?-Où êtes-vous ? in this work, upon the writings and genius of -Au coin de votre cheminée.- Couché les pieds almost all the author's contemporaries_Dorat, sur les chenets, comme on est chez ses amis ?- Piron, Millot, Bernard, Mirabeau, Moncrif, Oui, Madame.-11 faut convenir qu'il est peu de Colardeau, and many others, more or less liaisons aussi anciennes que la nôire.-Cela est vrai.--Il y a cinquante ans. -Oui, cinquante ans know any publication, indeed, so well calcu.

generally known in this country; nor do we passés - Ét dans ce long intervalle aucun nuage, lated to give a stranger a just and comprehenpas même l'apparence d'une brouillerie.--C'est ce que j'ai toujours admiré.--- Mais. Pont-de-Vesle, sive view of the recent literature of France. cela ne viendrait-il point de ce qu'au fond nous The little we can afford to extract, however, avons toujours été fori indifférens l'un à l'autre ? must be hung upon names more notorious. Cela se pourrait bien, Madame."

The publication of a stupid journal of MonThe evening this veteran admirer died, she taigne's Travels in Italy gives M. Grimm an

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opportunity of saying something of the Essays ! -Hawkesworth's Voyages are also very much of that most agreeable veteran. Nothing can commended; and Sir William Jones' letter to be more just than the greater part of the fol- Anquetil du Perron, is said to be capable, with lowing observations.

a few retrenchments, of being made worthy Quoi qu'il y ai: davis ses Essais une infinité de of the pen of the Patriarch himself.—Mrs. fai's d'anecdotes et de citations, il n'est pas difficile Montagu's Essay on Shakespeare is also apde s'appercevoir que ses études n'étaient ni l'usies plauded to the full extent of its merits; and, ni protundes. Il n'avait guère lu que quelques po- indeed, a very laudable degree of candour and ēles latins, quelques livres de voyage, et sou Sènèque moderation is observed as to our national taste et son Plutarque.'' * De tous les au'eurs qui nous restent de l'an; fit for us, and Racine for them; and each

in the drama.-Shakespeare, he observes, is tiquité. Plutarque est, sans contredie, celui qui a recueilli le plus de vérités de fait et de spéculation. should be satisfied with his lot, and would do Ses cuvres sont une mine inépuisable de lumières well to keep to his own national manner. et de connaissances : c'est vraiment l'Encyclopédie When we attempt to be regular and dignified, des anciens. Montaigne nous en a donné la fleur, we are merely cold and stiff; and when they et il y a ajouté les reflexions les plus fines, et sur aim at freedom and energy, they become abtout les résultats les plus secrets de sa propre ex. périence. Il me semble donc que si j'avais à donner surd and extravagant. The celebrity of Garune idée de ses Essais, je dirais en deux mots que rick seems to have been scarcely less at Paris c'est un commentaire que Montaigne fit sur lui. than in London,—their greatest actor being même en méditant les écrits de Plutarque. . Je familiarly designated " Le Garrick François.” pense encore que je dirais mal: ce serait lui prêter His powers of pantomime, indeed, were unitant la plume à la main, il paraîı n'avoir songé qu'au versally intelligible, and seem to have made plaisir de caliser familièrement avec son lecteur. Il a prodigious impression upon the theatrical lui rend compte de ses lectures, de ses pensées, de critics of France. But his authority is quoted ses reflexions, sans suite, sans dessein : il vent avoir by M. Grimm, for the observation, that there be plaisir de penser tout haut, et il en jouit à son is not the smallest affinity in the tragic decaise. Il cite souvent Plutarque, parce que Plu; lamation of the two countries ;—so that an tarque était son livre favori. La seule loi qu'il semble s'être prescrite, c'est de ne jamais parler actor who could give the most astonishing efque de ce qui l'intéressait vivement : de là l'énergie fect to a passage of Shakespeare, would not, et la vivacité de ses expressions, la grace et l'origi. though perfectly master of French, be able to na'ite de son langage. Son esprit a celle assurance guess how a single line of Racine should be el rette franchise aimable que l'on ne trouve que spoken on the stage. 0113 ces enfans bien nés, dont la contrainte du tunde et de l'éducation ne gêna point encore les

We cannot leave the subject of the drama, mouvemens faciles et naturels."

however, without observing, with what an

agreeable surprise we discovered in M.Grimm, After a still farther encomium on the sound an auxiliary in that battle which we have for sense of this favourite writer, M. Grimm con- some time waged, though not without trepida. cludes

tion, against the theatrical standards of France, "Personne n'a-t-il donc pensé plus que Mon- and in defence of our own more free and irregtaigne ? Je l'ignore. Mais ce que je crois bien ular drama. While a considerable part of our sivoir, c'est que personne n'a dit avec plus de sim. own men of letters, carried away by the author. plicité ce qu'il a seni, ce qu'il a pensé. On ne peu: ity and supposed unanimity of the continental ourrage ; c'est ici un livre de bonne foi. Cela est judges, were disposed to desert the cause of divin, et cela est exact.

Shakespeare and Nature, and to recognize "Qu'est-ce que toutes les connaissances hu- Racine and Voltaire, as the only true models maines ? le cercle en est si borné!.... Et depuis of dramatic excellence, it turns out that the Montesquien a dit quelque part, qu'il travaillaite greatest Parisian critic, of that best age of un livre de douze pages qui contiendrait tout ce que criticism, was of opinion that the very idea nous sarons sur la Métaphysique, la Politique et la of dramatic excellence had never been deMorele, et tout ce que de grands auteurs ont oublié veloped in France; and that, from the very dans les volumes qn' ils ont donnés sur ces sciences. causes which we have formerly specified, là . . . . . Je suis très sérieusement persuadé qu'il there was neither powerful passion nor real ne tenait qu'à lai d'aceomplir ce grand projet.'

nature on their stage. After giving some acMontesquieu, Buffon, and Raynal are the count of a play of La Harpe's, he observes, only authors, we think, of whom M. Grimm "I am more and more confirmed in the speaks with serious respect and admiration. opinion, that true tragedy, such as has never Great praise is lavished upon Robertson's yet existed in France, must, after all, be writ. Charles V.-Young's Night Thoughts are said, ten in prose; or at least can never accommoand with justice, to be rather ingenious than «late itself to the pompous and rhetorical tone pathetic: and to show more of a gloomy im- of our stately versification. The ceremonious agination than a feeling heart.—Thomson's and affected dignity which belongs to such Seasons are less happily stigmatized as ex- compositions, is quite inconsistent with the Cessively ornate and artificial, and said to just imitation of nature, and destructive of all stand in the same relation to the Georgics, true pathos. It may be very fine and very pothat the Lady of Loretto, with all her tawdry etical; but it is not dramatic :-and accordfuery bears to the naked graces of the Venus ingly Í have no hesitation in maintaining, that de Medici.-Johnson's Life of Savage is ex- all our celebrated tragedies belong to the epic tolled as exceedingly entertaining-though and not to the dramatic division of poetry. the author is laughed at, in the true Parisian The Greeks and Romans had a dramatic taste, for not having made a jest of his hero. . verse, which did not interfere with simplicity

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