Glossary of Historical Linguistics
Historical Linguistics - the study of language change - is a major field in linguistics. With its long history and numerous subfields of its own, Historical Linguistics provides challenges to both beginning students and scholars not specialized in this field. This Glossary meets these challenges by providing accessible and widely representative definitions, discussion, and examples of key terms and concepts used in the field. It is written by two well-known authorities in this field. The book is extremely valuable to anyone wishing to understand historical linguistic terminology and concepts. Key features:* A handy, easily understandable pocket guide, and a valuable companion for courses in Historical Linguistics, history of individual languages, history of linguistics, and for anyone curious about how and why languages change.* Numerous cross-references to related terms* Covers new as well as traditional terminology* Not only defines, but provides examples and relevant discussion
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ablaut affricates Altaic analogy areal linguistics assimilation become borrowing branch Campbell chain shift classification cognate comparative method consonants creole daughter languages dialect geography diphthong distant genetic relationship distinct evidence example extinct French fricatives German grammatical grammaticalization Greek Greenberg Grimm’s Law historical linguistics human language hypothesis Indo Indo-European languages innovation involves Kiliwa language change language contact language death language family language isolate Latin lexical diffusion lexical items linguistic area linguistic change loanwords loss macro-family meaning merger monogenesis morpheme morphological conditioning Neogrammarian northern nouns Old English original palatalization phoneme phonological pidgin plural Portuguese prestige pronunciation proposed distant genetic proto Proto-Germanic Proto-Indo-European proto-language reanalysis reconstruction region related languages Romance Sanskrit Sapir scholars semantic change shared similar sociolinguistic sometimes called sound change sound correspondence Spanish speakers split structure subfamily subgroup suffix syntactic change term traits typically typology usually variants varieties verb vocabulary voiced stops Vowel Shift word Yuman